Newspaper Page Text
The Best City.
There has been so much disc
among the best citizens of eve
cality and city as to which wi
"best" city of the United State
the New York Independent ir
gated statistics touching on VJ
civic matters, and gives out th
Comparisons are odious, bi
you know that Seattle, Washir
is the best large city in the t
States and Birmingham, Ala
worst? Such is indeed the eas?
no less an authority than the pi
sor of sociology at Reed Co
Portland, Ore., has just direc
statistical inquiry into the thin
largest cities of the United S
and finds this to be the case. H
vides the subjects by which the
are to be judged into eighteen
tories and finds that all the we
cities are in the first quarter
southern cities in the last quatei
the east betwixt and between.
As to separate categories:
Seattle pays the highest wage:
hour, Charleston, S. C., the lowe
The cost of living is lowest in
neapolis, highest in Birmingham
V The death rate is lowest in Sea
highest in Charleston.
The infant mortality rate is lo
in Omaha, highest in Charleston
The proportion of population i
ried is highest in Cleveland, lowe:
Louisville heads the list in chi
membership, Portland, Ore., foot
Minneapolis has the lowest pen
age of child labor, Atlanta the h
Providence has the largest i
area per inhabitant, Atlanta
Baltimore is the best paved c
Salt Lake City, the worst.
The destruction by fire is les:
Baltimore and more in Binning}
than anywhere else.
New York owns the most valus
public properties per inhabitant, 1
mingham the least.
More people draw books out of
public library in Cincinnati and fi
er in Birmingham than elsewhere.
As might be expected, Boston
the best school attendance, Charl
ton the worst.
Kansas City has the most sch
property per child attendance, Ja
sonville the least.
New York pays the public sch
teachers the most, Jacksonville 1
In the lowest number of pupils i
teacher, Los Angeles leads. Atlai
brings up the rear.
. Seattle is the literate city. Charl
ton the most illiterate.
Jacksonville has the fewer forei
born unable to speak English, M
?waukee the most.
The Independent, from which tl
article is taken, continues.
Here they are in their proper c
1, Seattle; 2, Salt Lake City;
. Denver; 4, Los Angeles; 5, Washin
ton; 6, Portland; 7, Minneapolis;
Cincinnati; 9, San Francisco; 10, ?
Paul; ll, Omaha; 12, Cleveland; 1
Boston; 14, Buffalo; 15. St. Loui
16, Kansas City; 17, Milwaukee; 1
Newark; 19, New York; 20, Pitt
burgh; 21, Chicago; 22, Indianapoli
23, Louisville; 24, Detroit; 2
Springfield 111.; 26, New Haven; 2'
Philadelphia; 28, Baltimore; 29, Mei
phis; 30, Providence; 31, New 0;
leans; 32, Scranton; 33, Jacksonville
34, Atlanta; 35, Charleston; 36, Bil
8,00fJ> Armenians Killed al
. Constantinople, March 28.-Est:
mates of casualties in the massacre
at Marash last month, sent here b;
Americans, place the loss of life a
about 8,000 Armenians. During th
disorders 150 Turks were killed.
There are 10,000 Armenians ref
Tigees in Marash of whom 2,000 an
sheltered in American orphanage:
and hospitals. Americans are als<
.caring for wounded Turks, but then
is great suffering at Marash because
of a lack of supplies, doctors anc
nurses. A wagon-tr^in of Americar
supplies was pillaged early in Marcr
between Aintau and Marash.
Forty per cent of the buildings al
Marash were destroyed or rendered
.uninhabitable during the massacres.
Nearly all shops were destroyed,
and more than half of the churches
and mosques were laid in ruins.
The hills v.are so full of armed
bands at present that tra vein ig is al
most impossible, but two more Amer
ican doctors are now on their way to
Marash from Adana, under guard of
Por Quick Acceptance.
Galvanized Roofing at $8.50 per
square, except 10 and 12 feet lengths
which are H) cents higher. This is
cheaper than factory prices. Galvan
ized shingles on hand. A car of press
zed bick to arrive this week.
E. S. JOHNSON.
THE TASK NEXT.
Daisy M. Moore
What makes the Legioners all smile?
I know you'd like to ask;
It's just because success at last
Has crowned our long, hard task.
We are so glad our glorious states
Have taken up their stand
Sprang up against intemperance
All through our splendid land!
No wonder that our faces shine;
lt gladdens every heart
To know our Young Crusader did
Her gallant little part!
Someone has said 'Your work is done'
But we are not through yet;
We have another foe to fight
The horrid cigarette!
We'll hammer and we'll batter it
And some fine time the sun
Will shine upon the glad day when
We'll have it on the run.
SOFT DRINK TAX IS HEAVY
Returns from taxes on soft drinks
have so far surpassed estimates of
government statisticians that no ac
curate check as to whether the gov
ernment is getteing the full amount
due is possible, according to the inter
nal revenue bureau.
Original estimates were that $52,
000,000 would be derived from the
I tax, but the actual figures show that
the amount paid will aggregate be
?tween 875,000,000 and $80,000,000.
Were all returns accurate, the bu
reau estimates that the total soft
drink tax would aggregate $100,000,
Hundreds of convictions of dealers
failing to pay tax have been made.
Very soon now the delegates to
j the World's Convention and other
?workers in the prohibition cause will
I be embarking for the voyage which
lis to take them to the World's Con
tention in London, April 18-23.
; About one hundred women have been
booked for the journey and about
One hundred local unions will receive
direct inspiration from them when
they return from this first World's
Convention to be held since the
whole world went mad in 1914.
This Convention will be unique in
many ways. The delegates from the
United States W. C. T. U. will go to
it in the full flush of the victory of
their cause in this country, but they
?will have besides this victory a mes
sage of the difficulties which lie be
yond the enactment of prohibition
law-a warning to those other wo
men in the other countries which will
be represented in the London meet
ing to lay well the foundations for
prohibition in their own countries if
they would hold the victory when it
I Something New for Edgefield.
I We have installed an electric clip
per, which enables us to do faster
? and better work, and in order to ren
jder satisfactory service to the Edge
I field public, we have increased our
1 force of barbers to three regularly
I during the week, and four on Satur
day. Our patrons will not have to
wait hereafter to be served. Mr. L.
W. Smith is at first chair; Mr. C. E.
Hall, the second; Mr. Ed Corley, the
third and Mr. John H. Miller, the
PALACE BARBER SHOP.
To the rear of Bank of Edgefield.
In pursuance of the resolution of
the Board of Directors of the Bank
of Trenton, that it is advisable to in
crease the capital stock of said bank
from twenty-five thousand to fifty
thousand dollars, the stockholders of
said bank are hereby notified and re
quested to appear at said bank either
in person or by proxy at Four o'clock
p. m. on April 7th, 1920 for the pur
pose of considernig the advisability
of adopting the resolutions of the
said Board of Directors.
J. F. BETTIS
A. S. J. MILLER
B. B. BOUKNIGHT
B. R. TILLMAN
ANDREW C. YONCE
J. M. VANN
W. W. MILLER
J. M. LONG
Ninety-Day Speckle Velvet
Beans, grown by myself, at
Ellenton, S. C. $3.00 per
bushel, cash with order, f.o.b,
Ellenton, S. C.
H. M. CASSELS,
Ellenton, S. C.
WANTED: To buy Scrap Iron of
all kinds, brass, copper, aluminum,
rags, bones, etc. Highest prices paid.
Next door to Cassell's truano house.
Johnston, S. C.
DO STOCKYARDS HAW
?ar HOLD O
Buying and selling cattle in Union Ste
pens are the ones who must
Are the great stock yards of Chi
cago, Kansas City, Omaha and else
where hotbeds of monopolistic control
which succeeds In mulcting the farm
er on the one hand, and the consumer
who buys meat, on the other hand?
This will be one of the questions
threshing over in the discussion of the
Kenyon bill now before a committee of
If these big markets, where millions
upon millions of dollars change hands,
have any sort of a strangle-hold on
our food resources, few there would
be who would not say, rout them. Yet
equally few, perhaps, could give you
any sort of a vivid word-picture of
what takes place in these markets
through which flows much of our farm
Separate From Packing Plants.
The "stock yards" are synonymous
In the minds of many people with all
packingdom. This is error number
one. They are operated as corpora
tions wholly distinct from the packing
plant companies that cluster around
The stock yards perform two func
tions: they are unloading, feeding
and resting stations for live stock ; and
markets for buying and selling. As
buying and selling places, they are
among the most interesting spots in
the world-places where one may see
a nation at Its bortering. Huge auc
tion stations where a fraction of a
point counts, and counts big.
The Chicago stock yards, as the
most notable example, will receive In
a day anywhere from 10,000 to 30,000
cattle, not to mention hogs and sheep.
These would represent shipments by
many farmers. Each farmer puts his
cattle into the hands of a commission
firm who acts as his agent. The "stock
in trade" of the commission firm is a
satisfied clientele among the farmers
-the better bargainers they are for a
Ung price, the moro the farmer is ?ls
pored to patronize them.
A Game for Experts.
It ls a titanic game, and ono for ex
perts. On the one suie are arrayed
the commission men, and on the other
thc buyers representing packing con
cerns, brokers and others. Both sides
know their business, which is to say
that they .know full well what the re
ceipts of the day are and 'their rela
tion to the requirements, and they
The big auction begins. Not from
a block, but an auction for all that.
Buyers, mounted on ponies, scurry
hither and thither, making a bid on
ene lot here and on another lot there.
The commission man will hold the bid
in abeyance, dickering for a few points
higher price and awaiting the arrival
of another man on a pony who may
make him a better offer. Every com
mission man is a competitor of all the
other commission men ; and every buy
er is a competitor of all the other buy
We say that all of these men know
cattle. A steer ls not a standardized
commodity. Nature makes him what
he is. The contour of his haunches,
thc build of his body and his make-up
In general have everything to do with
HOW THE PROCEEI
OF A STEER
Who gets the money that you pay t
diagram will help you to see. It is ma
eral Department of Agriculture who f
through the packing plant and througl
meat was in the hands of the ultima
bought from the farmer; In addition to
visceral fat and other by-products. The;
added to what the retail market man
proceeds. Out of this total amount th*
the live animals. Three to 4 per cent v
market and to feed and care for then
slaughtered. The packer received 5 t(
this covered the cost of slaughtering, rel
to the local branch houses, selling to thi
to 20 per cent was received by the bu
plus his profits. The illustration indie
by the relative sizes of the money bags.
ick Yards, Chicago. The men in the
judge each steer and de
: he is worth.
what he is worth as a beef animal. No
one can determine his value but the
men in the pens,-the commission men
and the buyers.
Buyers Represent Many Firms.
Many think that these cattle are all
purchased by the big packers, which
is far from being the case. Besides
the buyers for the big packers there
are always in the Chicago yards from
a hundred to a hundred and fifty other
buyers on the scene, many of them
representing firms that are not located
near the stock yards or even In the
same city. All told, the large pack?
ers do only 44 per cent of the meat
animal slaughtering of the entire corn
The penalty which awaits the buyer
who will not bid up to true values ls
that the other buyers take the cattle
away from him and his firm will be
without Its requirements. On the oth
er hand the commission men cannot
stick it out for an exorbitant price;
for the buyers would cut down on the
amounts of their purchases. There
are some people who will buy meat
at any price, but the majority of peo
ple reduce their meat purchases pre
cisely as the prices mount upward.
The buyers In the stock yards reflect
this attitude of the general public al
most as accurately as a thermometer
indicates the temperature.
The Arena of Supply and Demand.
In other words, the stock yards are
the meeting places of two tremendous
powers of the economic world.-Sup
ply and Demand. Any one who vis
its one of these places, even as the
most casual observer, and watches
what occurs there, will give up any
Illusion he may have about monopoly
or control. Too many buyers and sell
ers are involved, and judging the
value of an individual steer or a pen
full of steers is altogether too compli
cated a matter to cover by any sort
of agreement in advance.
The Kenyon bill would make it ille
gal for any packers to have financial
holdings in stock yards corporations.
Common sense rightly asks. "Why?"
How such holdings, which, where they
exist, are nothing moro than financial
backing of a worthy enterprise, can
control the men in the pens who are
hired to use their judgment, is too
drep to be seen at a glance. The ad
vocates of the bill should be forced to
explain. And how a lack of such hold
ings would prevent control or monop
oly, if such things were possible, ls an
other thing which the proponents of
the bill should be able to elucidate.
SMALL PACKERS OPPOSE LICENSE
Cincinnati meat packers in drawing
resolutions against the licensing ol
all packers doing Interstate business,
brought attention to the fact that the
proposed legislation embodied in the
Kenyon and Kendrick bills, if enacted,
would have a tendency to drive hun
dreds of small packing firms out of the
field of interstate operations. This
would be the preference forced upon
them as against operating under a li
censing system which would be a con
tinued menace of interference.
)S FROM THE SALE
he butcher for beef? This interesting
de up from figures secured by the Fed
ollowed a number of groups of steers
i the retail market up to the time the
ite consumer. The live auimals were
the meat there was, of course, the hide,
se were sold by the packer and this sum
received for the meat gives the total
s farmer received 66 to 75 per cent for
'ere required to ship the live animal to
a in the stock yards before they were
) 6 per cent of the total proceeds, and
frlgerating, shipping in refrigerator cars
e local butcher, and also profits. Fifteen
tcher, which comprised his selling cost
?ates the proportions of these amounts
IT S NOT WHAT
Copyright 1909, br C. E. Zimmerman Co. --No-66
UVERY dollar that you spend foolishly,
every proportionate amount of money
that you earn that it would be possible to save and do
not, is only money that you have to work for again.
On the other hand every dollar you put in the bank is
money that is going to constantly work for you.
Which is the best; money always working for you, or
you always working for your money. Come in and
start that bank account. Don't put it off another day.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President: A. S. Tompkins, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard. Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, M. C.
Parker, A. S. Tompkins. B. B. Bouknight. E. J. Mime. J. H. Allen
BEST FOR HOME SHINES
SAVE THE LEATHER
THE BIG VALUE PACKAGES
PASTES AND LIQUIDS FMB^^??",?Brewn
THE F. F. DALLEY CORPORATIONS LTD., BUFFALO. N. Y.
The Married Man
They make a good many jokes at the expanse of the
"poor married man." but really marriage is no joke to
the man who is married.
It is a stern, sobering event to the average man
when he takes unto himself a wife. It means two mouths
to feed instead of one. Two people to be properly clothed, \
a home to furnish, additional duties and responsibilities.
It means more economy, more careful adjustment of
finances. An account at our bank is one of the greatest
safeguards the newly married man can make. Save a
little something every week, every month, every year
for a rainy day.
The Bank of Trenton, S. C.
We Can Give You Prompt Service
on Mill Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lumber on hand for
Woodward Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Sts., Augusta, Ga,