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TRAINING LITTLE CITIZENS.
By Helen. M. Cramp
Many changes are impressive in
our day, but none more so than the
great change that is taking place in
our schools and in our whole attitude
toward education. It is a hundred
years since Frcebel began to labor in
the interest of freer education, but
we are only beginning to apply his
The interest of children cannot be
held if they are taught in a cut and
dried way. From early childhood they
should be led into joyous activity.
At first, only the parents stand by to
help and sympathize, later teachers,
friends and society assist. The early
home influence is of great impor
tance. Comenius, Froebel and Rous
seau studied mothers. They knew
that the mother should be the first
educator, they emphasized the im
portance of her sympathy and care,
which, though it faltered and halted
and fell pitiably short in many plac
es, was necessary for right start.
Ptstolozzi expressed this fact in the
words, "Maternal love is the first
agent in education."
In the ideal school of today we
find the children choosing their own
material, directing their own stud
ies, learning indirectly rather than
directly, getting their studies linked
up with life, looking to the teacher
for guidance, sympathy and help as
well as for actual instruction.
The school should be a sort of
^miniature world in which the child
is prepared for life in the real world.
In a kindergarten worthy of the
name the child moves freely, though
in obedience to law. In old-time
schools of which there are far too
many, he is confined by a sort of
The hatred of the average child
for school is a real misfortune. For
the child's natural instinct is to learn
and know, that is why he is always
asking questions, questions that we
in our arrogance and impatience too
often set aside.
But the school doesn't always an
swer the child's questions, doesn't al
ways prepare him for life's work,
doesn't usually make things interest
ing to him, although there is much
more vocational training than former
ly. The unknown must be linked
with the unknown. Arithmetic in the
abstract is uninteresting to any
child, but having five cents to spend
and knowing how to spend it, is a
matter of practical experience.
The reason why the kindergarten
method of education is superior is
because it teaches the child through
actual experience. As a parent, then
you wisely send your child to kinder
garten. But you are not equally wise
when, later on you say, "Oh Mary's
school is all right-a school's a school
We have not-all the advantages of
schools where sympathy and imagi
nation are used, and we know that
most classes are over-crowded and
that a teacher gets the best results
when she works with small groups
and in the right environment. But we
?all assist in moulding public opinion
that shapes the schools and in paying
the taxes that underpay teachers for
the most important work in the
And until we carry the spirit of
Froebel right up from the kinder
garten through the grades and high
school and college, we cannot expect
to have the fine flowering of man
hood and womanhood that is poten
tial in our civilization.
If there is no kindergarten in your
town, work for the establishment of
one. For further information on the
establishment of the Kindergarten
write the National Kindergarten As
sociation, 8 West 40th Street, New
Just received large shipment of the
latest style, snappy, best tailored,
young men's suits. Very reasonable
Something New for Ed ge fie Id.
We have installed an electric clip
per, which enables us to do faster
;and better work, and in order to ren
ier satisfactory service to the Edge
field public, we have increased our
force of barbers to three regularly
during the week, and four on Satur
day. Our patrons will not have to
wait hereafter to be served. Mr. L.
W. Smith is at first chair; Mr. C. E.
Hall, the second; Mr. Ed Corley, the
third and Mr. John H. Miller, the
PALACE BARBER SHOP.
To the rear of Bank of Edgefield.
Our summer line of children's
wear now complete. Prices lower
Plies Cured In O to M Days
Vcnr druggist will refund money If PAZO
Ul. ?TMENT fails to cure any case of Itching,
JU!: nc'. Bleeding or Protruding Pileii in 6 to 14 days.
Thc first application gives Sn se a ad Rest. 50c
You know him. You have all met him/big, gen
erous-hearted, hard-working, sacrificing "dad."
He wants to see his children educated, wants
mother and the girls to have nice clothes, wants to
give the boys a start in life, and it keeps his nose
to the grindstone from year's end to year's end. He
is in the treadmill now and there is no stopping.
But suppose he had commenced in youth to save a
little, only a little each week, what a help that
money would be to him now. Young man, you may
be a dad some day, yourself. Detter begin saving
now. Use our bank.
The Bank of Trenton, S. C.
We Can Give You Prompt Service
on Mill Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lumber on hand for
Woodward Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Sts., Augusta, Ga,
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits - . - $135,000.00
Total Resources Over.$800,000.00
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open your account with us for the year 1920. Invest your
savings in one of our Interest Bearing ertificates of
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable pa
All busineps matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
Our lo?8 is your gain. We are closing out our entire stock
of Marathon and Porter tires and tubes at cost to us before re
cent advance of 25 to 30 per cent. These are standard first
quality goods and, not to be compared with seconds, blemishes,
ete., offered at a out price.
This is your opportunity to supply yourself whether you are
io immediate need or not. Act now, as prices we quote below
will move the stock quickly.
MARATHON AND PORTER
GIANT & RUNNER NON SKID
30x3 1-2 Clincher.$14.00.$14.50
32x3 1-2 Straight Side.$17.75.$18.50
32x4 Straight Side.$22.00.$22.50
34x4 Straight Side._.$23.00_.$23.50
31x4 1-2 Straight Side.$3U.OO
35x5 Straight Side.$33.00
3?x4 1-2 Straight Side.$32.50
MARATHON BLACK OAK
32x3 1-2 Clincher.$16.00
HEAVY FIRST QUALITY TUBES
' [ 34x4._.-.$3.90
TERMS NET CASH
MAIL ORDER :
To out-of-town friends we will ship by express or parcel post
C. O. D. Ten per cent deposit with order.
ARRINGTON BROTHERS & CO.
Cor. Cummings and Fenwick Sts. AUGUSTA, GA.
Now that the period of*
come we want to demonsi
Maxwell cars to persons ii
We claim, and make g(
for the money than these
cars over Edgefield count
Come in and let us give
salesroom. You will not
We want t]
on our gara?
mechanic of 1
tual Insurance Asso
Property Insured $8,875,360
WRITE OR CALL on the undei
iigned for any information you ma)
desire about our plan of insurance
We insure your property againr
FIRE, WINDSTORM or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared ti
prove to you that ours is the safes'
and cheapest plan of insurant
Our Association is now licensee
to write Insurance in the countiej
of Abbeville, Greenwood, McCor
mick, Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda,
Richland, Lexington, Calhoun and
The officers are: Gen. J. Frasei
Lyon, President, Columbia S. C..
J. R. Blake. Gen. Agent, Secty. and
Treas., Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A- W. Youngblood, Hodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J. Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S .C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.,
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
January 1, 1920.
Foundry, Machine, Boiler
Works and Mill Supply
Cotton Oil, Gin, Saw, Grist, Cane,
Shingle Mill, Machinery Supplies and
Repairs, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers,
Grate Bars, Pumps, Pipe, Valves and
Fittings, Injectors, Belting, Packing
Hose, etc. Cast every day.
GASOLINE AND KEROSENE
Pumping, Wood Sawing and Feed
bad roads luis passed and tlie balmy spring weather lias
.rate the superior qualities of the celebrated Essex and
i Edgefield who contemplate buying cars.
)od the claim, that there are no better cars on the market
: car?. We have satisfied users of Essex and Maxwell
y who have" put them to a severe test and can testify'
? you a demonstration. We have the cars already in our
have to wait for delayed delivery.
ial Boiler Meehanie
he public to know that we have
?e force of mechanics one spe
l in repairing steam boilers and
1 on us when you need an expert
lton Auto Co.
IT S NOT WHAT
Coprrif ht 1909, br C. E. Zimmerman Co. -No. 66
UVERY dollar that you spend foolishly,
^ every proportionate amount of money
that you earn that it would be possible to save and do
not, is only money that you have to work for again.
On the other hand every dollar you put in the bank is
money that is going to constantly work for you.
Which is the best; money always working for you, or
you always working for your money. Come in and
start that bank account. Don't put it off another day.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; A. S. Tompkins, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, M. C.
Parker, A. S. Tompkins. B. B. Bouknight. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen
BARRETT & COMPANY