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George Vanderbilts' Dr?
Vanishes With the Sale
the Model Town of Bil
(From the Kansas City Sta:
The model town of Biltmon
C., built by the late George W.
derbilt in connection with his
nificent country estate near /
ville, has been sold to the Sout
Railway and two individual pun
ers. On the site chosen by Mr.
derbilt for an adventure in Uti
the railway company will build a
million dollar passenger station
crumble the dreams of men.
How vast a scheme Vanderbilt
ceived for developing his North
olina estate, no one will ever ki
From 1S92 until his death tn 1
he made it his life's work to bloc!
gether 120,000 acres of moun
land, grub out the forests, p
trees, pipe water, build roads
level off a mountain peak for his
latial home, Biltmore house. The ;
ject cost him more than ten mil
Two years after his death his i
ow transferred to the governn
fifty thousand acres of the estate
a national forest reserve. Now
model town of Biltmore is sold,
the millionaire's plan of rural
pire begins to disintegrate. Did V
derbilt dream a fool's paradise
those North Carolina hills? He
dead; the dream is dust and ash'
On a rainy day thirty years a
Vanderbilts' private car was or
side track at Asheville waiting
take the young millionaire back
New York. After a short stay he 1
become disgusted with the wea
er, the skyline, the hotel, with eve
ching. He was to leave on the m
row. During the night the skies cle
ed and the next morning young Vi
derbilt, rising early watched a No:
Standing on the piazza of the B
tery Park Hotel he looked away
the north and saw the peak of t
Roan Mountain in Tennessee, si>
miles away. Southward was the gr
outline of Caesars' Head, a mounts
in South Carolina, fifty miles awi
To the southwest, dim in that bl
haze which gives to this mountain i
name, was the Georgia line, nine
miles away. To the east, standii
bare and bleak, and reflecting t
sun's rays from its snow-crowm
summit, was Mount Mitchell, tl
highest peak east of the Rocky Mou
Remodeled a Mountain.
George Vanderbilt looked agai
and watched the sun come un ove
the peaks of the Blue Ridge Mour
tains until it seemed to set the who!
dome of the dey on fire, colorin
every cloud to a bright copper hu<
and kindling the heavens with lon
shafts of golden light. His bewildere
?yes took in this brilliant scene, anc
when he had had his fill of it, he can
celed the order for his private ca
and began to look around for a home
He first came upon the estate o
a wealthy Southerner and offere<
to buy it. The Southerner refused al
offers. Then Vanderbilt searched th*
country-side until the found the sit?
he wanted and began to negotiate foi
the land. Some he got for five hun
dred dollars an acre; other tract!
cost him much more, for, when it was
learned that a Vanderbilt was buying
prices went sky high.
In the centre of his holdings was
a high mountain. The peak of this
earthly pile was not intended to hold
the kind of building George wanted.
So he set about correcting the errol
of Nature. He sliced off the top and
added the earth and rock of thc re
moved portion to that which was left,
making a broad plateau. On this
plateau he built Bilmore house.
And what a "house" it was! To say
that it cost more than two miilion
dollars and contained ninety rooms,
gives only a sketchy outline of it. It
was-and is-the finest country man
sion in all America, a paradise in the
^-mountains, a "Chateau of the Sky
Jarks." It stands upon an esplanade
700 x 300 feet, bound by retaining
walls of solid masonry and crowned
by a coping of finely dressed stone.
The outside walls of the palace are
375 x 192 feet. In architecture it sug
gests some of the famous chateaux
of the Loire; yet it is no slavish copy.
It has an individuality, a personality
all its own. It is considered by many
to be the crowning work of Richard
M. Hunt, one pf America's foremost
Winter Garden Under Plate Glass.
Entering the main floor from the
terrace, the visitor is struck by the
beauty of the winter garden. This is
an octagon shaped space, 24 by 25
feet, its plate glass roof supported by
twelve large curved ribs. To the west
is the salon, forty feet in length. To
the north of the garden and the cor
ridors surrounding it is the banquet
hall; beyond it, the breakfast room,
and still further north, the kitchen ?
The banquet hall has a ceiling sev
enty-five feet high, and is lighted on
ly from one end and from the ceiling,
the remainder of the wall space be
ing reserved for tapestry hangings.
It is seventy-two feet long and forty
two feet wide with one span and a
dome ceiling. Three colossal fire
places are at the western end. and an
organ aloft, with a balcony for mu
sicians, at the eastern end.
Another feature of the main floor
is the living hall, sixty feet long and
thirty feet wide, running up to the
top story. Under the main hall is a
swimming pool of exactly the same
dimensions. Noi'th of the living
room is the tapestry gallery, seventy
five feet long, where three large pan
els have been built into the wall to
receive rare works of art. To the
south of this is the library, 60 by 40
feet in 1 dimension. This is trimmed
in deep red Numidian marble, and
contains book cases filled with liter
Emerging from the library, the
visitor finds himself on a library ter
race, a plaza thirty-five feet wide
which leads down to the south ter
race, which ii more than three hun
dred feet long and contains a bowl
ing green. The porte ?cchere. the gun
room and the billiard room are to the
east of the banquet hall.
On the upper floors, reached by
the famous circular staircase, arc a
bewildering succession of sleeping
rooms, exquisitely appointed. There
are twenty bath rooms so arranged
that every sleeping room has direct
access to one.
Stranger See Only Exterior.
Cf the external appointments, the
most interesting is the "rampc
douce." Through this remarkable
structure of masonry runs a stream
of limpid water that finds its exit
through the mouths of half a dozen
gigantic black iron terrapins. Spout
ing thence, ii; rushes away in a little
stream and over artificial cascades
into an artificial lake.
On the posts of Biltmore House
are marble figures of mythological
creature?, half women and half lions,
that were imported by George Van
derbilt from Rome for the decorativo
purpose they serve. To the average
visitor, that is, one who has a permit
to drive through the Biltmore estate,
the rampe-douce and the lion ladies
are the only objects that may be
closely inspected. No stranger is per
mitted to come within one hundred
yards of the house itself.
Tennis courts, flower beds, aquatic
gardens and an outdoor swimming
pool complete the external ensemble.
One would suppose that this earth
ly paradise made a playground for
New York's millionaire "four hun
dred," but strange as it may seem,
Mr. Vanderbilt's guests were more
often literary or artistic folk than
the merely rich. Edith Wharton was
a frequent guest, and Paul Leicester
Ford was often a visitor. Vanderbilt
himself was a quiet, introspective
character, with a literary turn of
It was to house the servants and
overseers of the 120,000-acre estate
that Mr. Vanderbilt originally plan
ned and built the town of Biltmore.
But it soon outgrew the original idea.
Persons of considerable means seized
the opportunity to rent the "model
cottages" which Vanderbilt construc
ted. Soon the colony grew to a town
of two or three thousand persons. In
many ways it was a remarkable lit
tle village.'Vanderbilt himself was
mavor, common council, and law
maker. He laid down two or three
cardinal principles for conduct as
1. There shall be no dog3 nor
chickens in Bilnnore.
2. No servant employed within the
town shall sleep therein.
The first law is self explanatory;
the second, Mr. Vanderbilt believed j
would solve the difficulties of the
servant problem by making it -diffi
cult for housewives to bid against
each other for the services of the
help. Both rules worked splendidly
and Biltmore never knew what it
was to have domestic strife.
A Fine, But No City Treasury
They fined a drunken man $6 once
within the confines of Biltmore and
had a hard time disposing of the
money because there was no city
treasury; Vanderbilt always paid the
bills. The town was ouiet and clean,
the soul of order and refinement.
It is this little town that the Sou
thern railway and Messrs. Sinclair
and Stephens have purchased from
the Vanderbilt estate. Biltmore
House still remains in the family, a
tribute to the lavish genius of one of
America's most picturesque million
I ara pelling Cement, Brick. Lime,
Plaster, Plaster Pari*, Shingles,
Coal, Hulls ana MP?JI at close prices.
See me before buying. I aro still
buying cotton sepd.
M. A. TAYLOR.
Successful Tonic That Builds
Up the Blood and Puts Col
or Into the Cheeks
Cold "Hand-Shakes" Remedied
Public Warned of Imitations
Real Pepto-Mangan Always
Bears Name "Gude's"
A cold hand does not mean a warm
heart, the old saying to the contrary
People whose hands are cold have
insufficient warmth all over the body
because their blood is thin.
How can ono. express any warmth
of feeling when greeting a friend by
the clasp of a cold hand? And how
very pleasant is the warm hand-it
is so eloquent of good feeling! lt cer
tainly does indicate good health.
To live life to its fullest, we need
to bc first-class human beings, and
that means we should be sound in
body and mind. The blood is thc life
fluid and when it is not right we can
not be well and happy, because we
must devote a part of our time to
worrying about our ills and aches.
Every reader of this publication is
aware of these facts, but probably
not all know that in Pepto-Mangan
they can get help to better health. It
is put up in both liquid and tablet
Buy whichever you prefer of your
druggist. Be sure to ask for "Gude's"
Pepto-Mangan. If the name "Gude's"
is not on the package it is not Pepto
Mangan. Get what you ask for.
Notice of Final Discharge.
To All Whom These Presents May
Whereas, Mrs. Eleanor S. Schnell
has made application unto this Court
for final discharge as executrix in re
the estate of Mrs. Eleanor S. Ivey,
deceased, on this the 10th day of
April 1920. I
These Are Therefore, to cite any
and all kindred, creditors, or parties
interested, to show cause before me
a tmy office at Edgefield Court House
South Carolina, on the 10th day of
May 1920, at ll o'clock a. m., why
said order of discharge should not be
W. T. KINNAIRD,
J. P. C., E. C., S. C.
FOR SALE: Pure bred Duroc ?fer- |
sey pigs, entitled to registration. Will !
be ready for delivery May 15. j
J. H. NICHOLSON.
Bear in mind every inch of the
suits are STRICTLY ALL V
FOR A FEW
FULL SUIT AND
EXTRA PANTS . .
m This price is muc
ask for s
These suits and extra pant
dividual measure by thor
Perfect fit, good workman
and everything guarantee
that this is the greatest tai
fered. We will make to
Suit from Fine All Wool
$48, and include an extra
Order now while
The store where your
and we do act! Sell bette
effort to uphold our reputa
us a trial on your spring sh
of the very best tailoring ai
at a saving of from $10 to i
Ladies' and C
Call for McCall Patte]
Next door to Farmers Ban
The next regular teachers' exami- j
nation will be held Saturday, May 1,
I work beginning at 9 o'clock a. m.,
(and closing at 5 o'clock p. m.
White applicants will report at the \
Court House; colored applicants at
! Macedonia school.
W. W. FULLER,
Co. Supt. Ed. j
"??1 For Edgefield; Edgefield
Thestore of better finalities at j
I. M UK AS HY. ?j
Hogs and Pigs
Two brood 60ws.
Two litters of pigs, half-registered
Duroc-Jersey, at $3.00 and 86.00
each, according to size. Fine con
W. M. ROWLAND,
Meriwether, S. C.
Candidate for Warden.
I am a candidate for Warden from
Ward No. 5, town of Edgefield, sub
ject to rules of the town election.
W. F. McMURRAIN.
i material that goes into these
VOOL New Spring patterns
h less than others
al All Wool
s are cut and made to in
oughly competent tailors,
ship, first class trimmings
?d. We tell you frankly
loring opportunity ever of
5'our order an All Wool
Materials, for only $45 or
pair of pants.
) the selection of
dollar buys most. Acci?n and not words is what counts,
r merchandise for less money. We are straining every
tion as well as the reputation of the goods we sell. Give
opping tour and you will be well rewarded.
f'S AND YOUNG MEN'S SUITS
nd extra good qualities, all the latest sJtyles, will be sold
$15. A better suit at a lower price than any store
hildreivs Mittv Blouses at Bia Reduction.
rns and Magazines.
MONEY I NO IL
Sometimes Bring Large
Perhaps you have thought of letting your money work i
for you in the Texas Oil Fields but have hesitated because
of wildcat speculators invading the field with stock-selling
schemes in which you could place no confidence. There are
many such. In buying oil stock you should know the
company in which you invest. .
OIL & DEVELOPMENT COMPANY
(Incorporated under the laws of the State of South Carolina)
is one of the very few which, after investigation, have been
licensed by the Insurance Commissioner to offer stock for
sale in this State.
We do not promise to make you rich overnight, nor to
pay fabulous dividends, but we do offer you a speculation
with more than a reasonable promise of handsome returns,
and we can assure you that in investing in this stock, you
will at least get action for your money. Xo company can
honestly offer more, because every person who puts money
into oil stock takes a chance, but those who have profited
had first to take this chance.
With us the chance you take is reduced to the mini
mum, however, for the reason that, if we should never
strike oil, you stand to gain from our operations in oil
land leases in the Texas Oil Fields, and you have every
facility for investigating our company, know what we are
doing and to satisfy yourself as to the character of the
men who are handling your money. Our home office is
at Aiken, S. C., and the directing officers of the company
are business and professional men of this State who have
already profited largely through their operations in the
New Eldorado, the Texas Oil Fields.
i Ont HOLDINGS IN TEXAS ARE SURROUNDED BY FLOWING
OIL WELLS AND EXPERT OPINION IS THAT
OIL UNDERLIES OUR LANDS
To develop these properties and to further deal in oil
land leases, we invite subscriptions to the capital stock of
this company. Those who come in now get in on the
ground floor, sharing in the profits we are already earning
as our present holdings advance in market value.
Then if we should strike oil, your fortune would b? made.
If you can afford to chance $25 or $50 or $100 or $500
on a proposition of this kind, we shall be glad to have ^
your subscription with check for the amount of stock
OIL & DEVELOPMENT COMPANY .
Authorized Capital $100,000. Shares $25 Each, Fully 'Paid
Herbert E. Gyles, President; .Ino. E. Shuler, Vice-president; Wil
liam E. Hughes, vice-President aud Engineer; J. M. Holley,
Secretary and Treasurer.
Herbert E. Gyles, Jno. E. Shuler, JJ M. Holley, Walter E. Dun
can, H. H. Tyler, Aiken, S. C.; Wm. E. Hughes, Charleston, S. C.;
Dr. T. C. Brinkley, Ellenton, S. C.; J. C. Hyer, Dr. Chas. P.
Schenk, Fort Worth, Texas; Forest G. Gyles, Bloomington, III.