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Regulating Aviation Becoming
Necessary as Flying Increases.
The great increase in civilian fly
ing throughout the United States
since the beginning of good weather
this year is one of the strongest ar
guments in favor of the passage im
mediately of Federal laws regulating
aviation, according to E. de B. New
man, secretary of the Aeromarine
Plane & Motor Co., of Keyport, N. J.
Mr. Newman recently pointed out
that unless the Federal government
took steps at once toward providing
?uniform air rules the states and cit
ies themselves will attempt to solve
the problem, with the result that a
jnyriad of varying and conflicting
laws, good and bad, will spring up
throughout the country. This would
cripple aviation here, he warned.
0 "Great Britain is ahead of us in
regulating airplanes," he said. "As
a result her pilots and her manufac
turers both have an advantage over
ns, and aviation, already safe, is
made safer. Just how this law oper
ates is shown by the recent summon
ing and fining of a pilot for violation
of six counts of the Air Navigation
Act. These included flying a machine
with British markings, not verified
as airworthy, and not inspected on
the day of the flight. The pilot could
not plead ignorance because the act
was a national regulation. But if
forty-eight states make their own
laws regarding, for example, state li
censes, heights to be maintained over
cities, stunt flying, inspection, and
many other matters, hopeless confu
sion and consequent discouragement
of aviation will result.
"Already local restrictions are
?springing up. Four aviators, three
'army officers and the president of a
flying club, were arrested recently
in Boston for landing on Revere
Beach without a permit. If even
army fliers-disregarding civilians
for the moment-are to be arrested
when they land in one or another of
the hundreds of American cities be
cause they do not know every regula
tion of that particular place, aviation
will not flourish in the United States.
"How disastrous in the event of
war would be the lack of a flourish
ing aviation industry in peace times
is a matter which is so vivid that it
may be left to the imagination. Suf
" ice it to say that every civilized
country is encouraging flying.
"It may be said that state regula
tion of automobiles has not prevent
ed the growth of the industry. The an
swer is that no possible legislative
stupidity can kill either flying or au
tomobiling, but it can hinder and re
tard the growth of both. The auto
mobile industry has not been per
ceptibly aided. I may say by the
varying state laws.
"Comparison of the airplane with
the automobile is a mistake. There
are now in the airplanes and dirigi
bles far larger and carrying far heav
ier loads than an automboile can pos
sibly, and in the future there will be
vastly greater ones. The airplane is
not an automobile of the air, it is a
ship, and like the ship it can be reg
ulated adequately only by the Federr
"The sooner Congress enacts suit
able legislation so that the public
both on the ground and in the air is
protected universally from reckless
flynig, unairworthy ships, repressive
or foolish local restrictions, incompe
tent pilots, and other dangers or an
noyances, the sooner the area of the
air will come."-Columbia Record.
Frightful Toll of the World
The following data is secured from
one of our exchanges, which paper
exclaims, "Is it any wonder that the
world is slow in getting back to nor
The world war reduced the popula
tion of the earth 40,000,000. This is
the estimate of the Society for the
Study of the Social Consequences of
the War, a Copenhagen organization.
Its figures include war casualities,
rise in deaths and declines in births.
On this basis Russia was the heav
iest sufferer, losing 13,000,000. Ger
many lost 6,300,000. Austria-Hun
gary 5,800,000. France 3,340,000,
Italy 2,280,000, Great Britain 1,850
000, Serbia 1,650,000, Roumania
570,000, Belgium 375,000, Bulgaria
The Carnegie Endowment for In
ternational Peace places the direct
cost of this slaughter at $186,000,
000,000 and the indirect cost at
All the wars between Napoleon's
time and the world war showed a loss
of life on the battlefield of only 4,
450,000. The known dead of the
world war battles total 9,998,771 and
the missing 8.991,800.-Augusta
In order to close out our summer
merchandise we are offering a nice
lins of ladies' wash skirts and waists
at reduced prices.
Many Republicans Displeased
at Choice of Harding.
Chicago, June 18.-Minnesota Re
publicans today entered their protest
against the compromise nomination
of Senator Harding. leaders in the
state are dissatisfied with the ticket
and have written party workers here
in an effort to learn what, explana
tion of the nomination by the senate
group can be offered to the progres
sive element to keep it in line. One
communication contained the direct
question "Was Harding the best the
party had?" and others ask for infor
fmatl?n on various phases of the pri
mary campaign which will be equally
hard far the harmony workers to an
swer satisfactorily. Seven other
states have questioned the wisdom of
I the nomination since the convention
adjourned last Saturday and tonight
frantic efforts are being made by the
I standpatters at Republican headquar
Iters here to pacify the displeased
[elements and prevent their swinging
to the third party eyen if it be the
Hearst-La Follette organization tak
ing form in the east will drain on
the Republican votes in November to
such an extent that the success of the1
j party will be in danger if the bellig
I erent elements are not firmly lined
behind the Harding ticket.
How a solid front can be presented
at the polls in the fall is the one
question receiving the attention of
party workers here and in the East
j according to advices from Washing
! ton today and yet there are so many
factions within the camp that work
I ers are floundering in an effort to do
the most important things first.
California and all the extreme
West are in a state of political re
volt over what they term the "rail
roading of Johnson" by the conven
Jtion, and the strong Wood states of
Colorado, Michigan and Kansas are
J deeply stirred by the steam roller
I nomination. In addition to these sore
I spots there are the elements through
out the country wrought over the va
rious planks in the platform which
J will further detract from the party
I strength. Labor is not satisfied with
the labor plan as is evidenced by the
action of the A. F. of L. convention
at Montreal. Millions of voters are
professedly against the noncommit
tal league of nations plank and a
very large number have protested
against the tax plank. How all of
these factions can be lined solidly
behind one candidate and he an ultra
j conservative stanpatter is theV task
I now before the 'Republican national
committee and as yet no statement
that "the situation is well in hand"
has been offered.
J Delegates to the San Francisco
convention from Chicago and Illinois
I were interviewed today and question
! ed concerning the issues to come be
fore the assembly. The solidarity of
opinion as expressed in the series of
interviews is more striking than has
been seen in the past eight years. On
only one question is doubt expressed
and that is the dry plank. Some party
leaders are of the opinion that the
wets may stage a desperate fight on
the convention floor in an effort to
secure the party pledge of at least
I moisture. But the suggestion is not
seriously regarded by a majority of
"There is no issue which promises
Ito put the party asunder," said a
j prominent Democrat from downstate,
j "And unless some very unexpected
patch work is accomplished in the Re
I publican ranks the San Francisco
nominee will enter the November
race with greater strength than the
party has shown since 1912." The
concensus of opinion in the delega
tion is that all petty differences on
issues will be all completely ironed
out at San Francisco, and that the
solid forces of the party thus in
sured will present a platform and
ticket acceptable to the country.
COLLEGE OF CHARLESTON
Entrance examinations, and
examinations for the free coun
ty scholarships at all county
seats Friday, July 9, at a. m.
Four-year courses lead to
the B. A. and B. S. degrees.
Special two-year pre-medical
and pre-technical courses are
Spacious buildings and ath
letic grounds, well equipped
laboratories, unexcelled libra
ry facilities. Two dormitories
for men. Expenses moderate.
For terms and catalogue, ad
Harrison Randolph, Pres.
I am agent for Coggins Marble
Company, Canton, Ga. Can furnish
any design wanted in marble or
A. E. WOODWARD,
Johnston, S. C., R. F. D. No. ?..
South Carolinas College of Agriculture and Engineering
NEXT SESSION OPENS WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER, 8, 1920
EQUIPMENT AND COURSES
College Lands-1560 acres.
Value College Plant-$2,000,000.00
Teachers, Officers, Assistants-120
Ten Degree Courses in: Agricul
ture, Architecture, Chemistry,
Chemical Engineering, Civil En
gineering, Electrical Engineering,
Mechanical Engineering, Textile
Industry, Industrial Education,.
Short Courses in Agriculture and
June 14-JuIy 24
' 6 weeks course-June 14-July 24.
4 weeks course-June 28-July 24.
Cotton Grading Course
Begins June 14 and continues for
about four weeks.
_Collere Make-up Courses
Courses for Removal Entrance Con
Club Boy's Courses
July 13-July 23.
SECOND HOME COMING
July 30 ,31 and August 1.
All graduates and ex-students are
urged to attend this gathering of
"Tigers" at the old Lair! You will
be quartered in Barracks, so bring
sheets, towels, etc., as you did when
you were a cadet.
We can accommodate only 1000 in
V Barracks and will reserve space in
order of the applications received.
Value of a College Education
There was never a time when expert knowl
edge was so highly prized and so highly com
High wages for untrained labor will tempt
many a young man to discount the value of a
college education. But such an education, repre
senting the work of four years, viewed merely
as an investment of time and money, is equal in
earning capacity to an estate of more than $50,
What estate comparable with this can give
the parent of average means hope to give or
leave to his son? What young man can acquire
that much value in the same time at any other
Education fits one for a life whose possibili
ties are limited only by his capacity and charac
ter. Eventually for the untrained there awaits
the slavery of ignorant and undirected effort.
Clemson College brings within the reach of
every young man in South Carolina the benefits
and possibilities of a technical education. At
Clemson College a boy from the humblest home
in South Carolina can prepare himself for a
high place in the service of his state and nation.
W. M. RIGGS, President.
Fertilizer Analysis and Inspection
Insect and Plant Disease Control
Clemson College, S. C. /
Hog Cholera Control
Live Stock Sanitary Work
Liberty National Bank Bldg.,
Columbia, S. C.
Pee Dee Experimental Station
Florence, S. C.
Coastal Plain Experiment Station
Summerville, S. C.
Call on these agencies for assist
SCHOLARSHIPS AND EXAMINA
The College maintain.? 170 four
year scholarships in the Agricultural
and Textile Courses and 52 in the
One Year Agricultural Course (Oc
tober 1 to June 1). Each scholar
ship is worth $100.00 and free tui
Scholarship and entrance examina
tions are held at the county court
houses at 9 A. M., July 9th. Write
for full information in regard to the
scholarships open to your county
next session, and the laws governing
Those who are not seeking to
enter on scholarships are advised to
stand examinations on July 9th,
rather than wait until they come to
the College in the fall. Credit will
be given for examinations passed at
the county seat.
For Full Information Write or Wire: The Registrar, Clemson College, S. C.
DO NOT DELAY, YOU MAY BE CROWDED OUT. APPLICATIONS WILL BE CONSIDERED IN THE ORDER RECEIVED.
tual Insurance Asso
t ??-" t. ,
Property Insured $8,875.360
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you maj
desire about our plan of insurance
We insure your property againsi
FIRE, WINDSTORM or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
nany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared U
proye to you that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan of ins urana
Our Association ia now licensee
to write Insurance in the coontie!
of Abbeville, Greenwood, McCor
mick, Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda
Richland, Lexington, Calhoun ano
The officers are: Gen. J. Frasei
Lyon, President, Columbia S. C.,
J. R. Blake. Gen. Agent, Secty. and
Treas,, Greenwood, S. C.
A. O. Grant, Mt Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Hodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. G.
J. Fraser Lyon, Colombia, 3. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S .C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. G.
January lt 1920.
Foundry, Machine? Boiler
Works and Mill Supply
Cotton Oil, Gin, Saw, Grist, Cane,
Shingle Mill, Machinery Supplies and
Repairs, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers,
Grate Bars, Pumps, Pipe, Valves and
Fittings, Injectors, Belting, Packing
Hose, etc. Cast every day.
GASOLINE AND KEROSENE
Pumping, Wood Sawing and Feed
Come in and inspect our beautiful
line of men's Arrow brand shirts.
L MUKA SHY.
What a Thing it is to be Fit!
To be not merely free from actual sickness, but to be well, abundantly well,
exuberantly well-and to have the mental vim and stamina which go with
Wholesome food, regular habits, exercise-that is the way to keep fit.
Such health is out of the^question for you as long as you are constipated. And
laxative and cathartic pills only aggravate and confirm the constipation habit.
Nujol works on an entirely new principle.
Instead of forcing or irritating the system, it simply softens the food waste. This
enables the many tiny muscles in the walls of the intestines, contracting and
expanding in their normal way, to squeeze the food waste along so that it
passes naturally out of the system.
Nujol thus prevents constipation because it helps Nature maintain easy, thor
ough bowel evacuation at regular intervals-the healthiest habit in the world.
Nujol is absolutely harmless and pleasant to take. Try it.
Nujol is sold by all druggists in sealed bottles only, bearing Nujol Trade
Mark. Write Nujol Laboratories, Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey),
50 Broadway, New York, for booklet "Thinly Feet of Danger".
The Modern Method of Treating an Old Complaint
Nujol For Constipation
REC. us. PAT. orr.