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ROUGHAGE AIDS FAMOUS COW
Helen Uilkje Calamity Gained in Milk
Production When Switched From
When Helen Ifclkje Calamity 145857
was switched from a grain to a purely
roughage ration, it was thought that
she might object to this change of
diet and drop off in milk production,
but she didn't In fact, this cow actu
ally increased her flow of milk and
surpassed any of her previous years'
production records by more than 2,400
pounds of milk.
Helen, wh# comes of a good old fam
ily, and is a granddaughter of Home
stead Girl De Kol-Sarcastic Lad, was
sent by the dairy division of the Unit
ed States department of agriculture
from Beltsville,-Md., to Huntley, Mont.,
in May, 1918. When she freshened on
June 21 lt was decided to run her on a
semiofficial yearly test without any
grain in her ration.
Her ration consisted entirely of al
falfa hay, silage, and pasture, and she
was milked three times a day. The al
falfa hay was'of fine quality, and most
of the silage was com silage, although
.she received a little sunflower silage
in December, January and February.
The pasture was an irrigated tame
grass mixture and was of good qual
At four years of age Helen had pro
duced at Beltsville 11,476.6 pounds of
milk, 382.05 pounds of butterfat, on
two daily milkings, and a grain, hay
and silage ration. Again, at six years
of age she produced 11,778.2 pounds
?of milk, 3S8.29 pounds of fat, on two
milkings and a grain, hay and silage
ration. She was eight years and three
months old when the test on roughage
alone began, and her production for a
year on that feed was 14,210.1 pounds
of milk and 470.24 pounds of fat.
Helen is now being run on a sec
ond test, three milkings a day, with
the same roughage but with a grain
.mixture in addition. She has milked
.as high as 91 pounds a day, and prom
ises to increase considerably her rec
ord made on roughage alone. The
.dairy division, in co-operation with the
Montana experiment station, will run
other cows on roughage alone, and
.Cows and Corn-A Good Combination
in Profitable Dairying.
also on roughage and grain, at the
Huntley experiment farm, to ascertain
the maximum producing ability of good
cows when they are fed on good
roughage only, with access to pasture,
and also when they are given grain
in addition to the roughage and pas
RIGHT CARE OF COW'S TEATS
One of Most Delicate and Troublesome
Parts of Animal's Anatomy
Influences Milk Flow.
One of the most delicate and trou
' blesome parts of a cow's anatomy is
the teat, and the keeping of this right
has a lot to do with the milk-yielding
part of the cow. The cow is kept to
produce milk, and the teat is. as it
were, the . "neck" through which it
must pass, and the condition of the
teat must very much influence both
the quantity and the quality of the
SUMMER ATTENTION TO COWS
Fly Aggravation Can Be Reduced by
Keeping -Animals in Stable During
Heat of Day.
Keeping cows- in a cool darkened
stable during the heat: of the day and
turning them out to pasture at nights
will tend to reduce the fly aggrava
tion. All stable doors and windows
should be screened, and manure,
which is the breeding place of flies,
should be kept cles.ned away and
either scattered over the fields or kept
in a place where lt can be screened.
DESIRABLE TASTE TO BUTTER
Important. That Utmost Care Be Taken
in ?Production and Ripening
Butter made from sweet cream bas
rather a flat taste and isn't desirable
on that account In order to obtain
this clean, sour flavor In the cream it
is important that extreme care should
be taken in the producing and ripen
ing of the same.
By ALDEN CHAPMAN 8
(?, 1920. Western Newspaper Union.)
In serious family council Joel Tal
oon, his wife and the daughter of the
house, Ruth, discussed the Important
subject of the marriage of the son and
brother, Waldron, for two years man
ager of a small wholesale mercantile
house In the city.
" 'Miss Arline Burt,' spoke Joel Tal
bott-"a pretty, name."
"And pretty herself," volunteered
Ruth- spontaneously. "Have you seen
her pictures, father?"
"I am about to show them to you,"
Interrupted Mrs. Talbott with a certain
severe dignity that was rather omi
nous. "Waldron has sent us four-a
sort of goddess of the season series,"
and Mr. Talbott regarded the speaker
a trifle uneasily, for his wife's tones
were tinged with something of sar
casm and bitterness'. He wondered
why, and was soon enlightened. An
envelop containing four photographs
was handed to him. He inspected them
with curiosity and admiration and
made the sprightly remark :
"Pretty as a picture, Isn't she?"
"That is a question." remarked Mrs.
Talbott rather snappishly. "I am not
the woman to criticise or Interfere In
my son's private affairs, but I am
bound to think of his welfare." *
"Why, what are you talkinp ahout,
Martha?" Interrogated her husband in
"If you have eyes, can't you see for
yourself?" challenged Mrs. TSlbott.
"Those four pictures tell the tale, don't
"I think she Is the most charmingly
dressed being I ever looked upon," said
",Why, yes," nodded Mr. Talbott ap
"Oh! you do?" flared forth the wife
and mother. "And let me ask. have
you considered what those clothes
must cost? Why, the girl simply has
the latest and costliest gowns that
Paris can make."
"Well, even so," suggested the tol
erant Mr. Talbott, "she's fitted out for
a whole year, Isn't she?"
"Yes, and oh! hew I would like to
see those lovely dresses," cried Ruth.
Mrs. Talbott was for writing at
once to Waldron, exhorting him to
think twice before he took to himself
a ruinously extravagant wife. There
her husband set his foot down hard.
It was not their prov'nee to Interfere
In the heart affairs of Waldron. Per
haps he was wedding an heiress who
could afford to wear what she liked.
But this Idea Mrs. Talhott scouted ut
terly by alluding to a letter written
In the past by Waldron, in which he
had stated that his fiancee was poor,
worked for her living, but was good /as
gold, and would make him a helpful,
"Economical !" shrugged Mrs. Tal
bott, and looked desperate.
"A sister-in-law to be proud of, any
way !" whispered Ruth to herself.
"I don't blame Waldron for falling
in love with such a dream of a beauty,"
soliloquized the old man.
In a couple of weeks the news came
informing the family of the weddin?.
It was a modest, unpretentious affair.
The happy wedded pair were to come
to the Talbott home for a week and
due preparations were made to re
ceive them, although Mrs. Talhott went
about her duties under protest. She
feared that the bride was likely to ap
pear as a capricious, overdressed crea
ture, vain and extravagant, a sort of
human doll, with finery and display the
leading characteristics of her shallow
It was upon a Tuesday that the wed
ded pair were expected. Ruth, at the
gate on the tiptoe of expectation look
ing for them, was surprised to see a
cab drive up In front of the house dis
charging a sinple passenger, a plain,
but neatly dressed lady with a suit
case, whom she immediately recog
nized as her sister-in-law. Arline was
wondrously pretty and graceful and
there was no affectation. ? but eager,
pleased delight as she was welcomed
by Ruth and her mother.
"Waldron had som* business to at
tend to at Wyndham," explained Ar
line, "and will be on with the trunks
tomorrow. How homelike and cozy lt
ls here. Mother, dear, let me help
around until Waldron comes, won't
She reappeared from her room clad
In a simple gingham gown, wearing no
Jewelry but her wedding ring, and pre
senting not the slightest tract of arti
ficiality. Mrs. Talbott was disarmed
by her simple, sensible ways, bub Ruth
awaited the arrival of those trunks
with joyful anticipations.
"There certainly is no flash and glit
ter about her," admitted Mrs. Talbott
to her husband. "She seems anxious
Rnd pleased to fall right into our home
spun ways and help all she can."
"I never was so disappointed In my
life!" pouted Ruth to girl friends the
next day, when the expected treasure
house, the trunk, arrived. "Why, I've
got as pretty a gingham frock and a
pink organdie and a white lawn as she
"Dainty but economical," voted Mrs.
Talbott, and blurted out the Indica
tions of magnificence the pictures had
fixed In their minds.
"Oh! did you think all that finery
helonged to me?" smiled Arline. "In
dued, no! You see, I was working for
a garment house as camera girl. That
ISL I posed for their fashion plates in
their newest and finest frocks."
"Arline needs no gay plumage to
make her prettier than she Is!" de
"She certainly does not!" said his
father admiringly, and with entnu
si as m,_.
ROAD BUILDERS STUDY SOILS
Highway Engineers Expected to Ob
tain Important Information by
An investigation which promises to
place at the disposal of highway en
gineers important information regard
ing the relation of soils to highway
durability has been undertaken by the
bureau of public roads, United States
department of agriculture. This work
includes taking samples of soil '. at
spots In the subgrade of a highway
where the road has begun to fall,
studying surrounding geological con
ditions to determine how moisture ar
rived In the subgrade, thus destroy
ing its value; making laboratory
tests to determine the physical char
acteristics of soils, and obtaining a
scientific measure of the bearing value
of soils. In this investigation it ls pro
posed to obtain as much co-operation
as possible from the various,'-state
highway departments. The bureau???
soils Is co-operating with the buJES'
of public roads In this work. Jm
Preliminary Investigation has b?en
started in Maryland on the Wash?r?g
ton-Baltimore road, and will be ex
tended beyond Baltimore and on .other
roads In Maryland. Progress has been
made in the matter of laboratory tests,
a number of samples of subgrade
material and other samples already
having been examined.
The federal highway*engineers point
out that soils differ widely In their
ability to support loads, particularly
when they are wet. Just why this ls
true and just what are the character
istics which make them different] ls
little understood at present It ls In
x-::,:.:- y : .y,y,.-,.>y. :,.;.<:,:.,:v,:,v,:vx >,y.-Mm^MM
Improved Highway Near WaaVT^j
ton, D. C.
this field of Investigation, of increasing
Importance because of the growing vol
ume of heavy traffic, that the federal
investigators expect to secure Impor
POOR ROADS ARE HINDRANCE
Farmer Made Unable to Take Ad.
vantage of High Prices-Cost
of Market News Wasted.
Today the farmer has wire communi
cation' facilities unsurpassed In the
history of the United States. He
knows, day by day, the fluctuating
prices which prevail for his produce
at the marketing points and knowing
these things he can arrange to get his
goods to market on the day when the
price ls the highest if the road Is good.
If the road ls bad or impassable then
much of the effort which has been ex
pended jn getting the news of market
conditions to him is lost.
MONEY TO IMPROVE HIGHWAYS
Counties and States Appropriate
$1,000,000,000 for Improvement
of Local Roads. ?
Our counties and states have recog
nized the economic Importance of road
construction by appropriating more
than $1,000,000,000 to local Improve
ments. It ls the nation's part to build
and maintain hlg^'^ys, which are of
national Importance and which will
serve to effect economy, facilitate In
terstate commerce and strengthen the
WEEDS ARE VEXING PROBLEM
One of Principal Reasons Is That
Farmers Have Permitted Plants
to Spread Over Land.
One of the principal reasons why
weeds are such a serious problem on
many farms these days Is that' farmers
and land owners failed to keep a close
watch of fields for new weeds and to
have them Identified before they had
spread over such large areas as to
make their eradication costly. -
Joy Riders on Farm* .
The day when the city dweller cotHd
be looked on as a joy rider and could
be accused of wishing roads for his '
personal benefit and enjoyment^ has
passed, for there are more joy riders
living on the farms than In the cities.
Service Is Requirement.
Modern roads are being built or
planned with service as the primary
requirement The Interests of both the
business man and. the farmer are
served In the comprehensive programs
for road work now under way.
To be not merely free
Wholesome food, regu
Such health is out of tl
laxative and cathartic
Nujol works on an ent
Instead of forcing or ir
enables the many tiny
expanding in their noi
passes naturally out of
Nujol thus prevents cc
ough bowel evacuation
Nujol is absolutely har
Nujol is sold by
. 50 Broadway, N
REC. C.S. PAT. O
Is A Cotton Grader
Clemson College, Aug. 21 Seven
official graders worked at central
cotton markets in South Carolina in
1919-20. The number will doubtless
be largely increased for the coming
cotton season under the cooperated
agreement with the South Carolina
Cotton Association and other agen
cies. Below are extracts from some
of the many letters received by the
Extension Service of Clemson Col
lege showing how those who have
had the benefit of an official cotton
grader feel about it.
"I have just sold a lot of 55 bales
of cotton that the cotton grader, Mr.
R. C. Banks.graded and stapled for
me at a premium of from $47.50 to
$65 per bale over what I have been
getting for my cotton. This was the
bad end of my cotton. I believe that
it has been a means of saving the
farmers in my neighborhood this
year between $75,000.00 and$100'
year between $75,000.00 and
$100,000.00." -R. .M. Spearman,
Piedmont, S. C.
"By having my cottongraded and
stapled, I have sold the bad end of
my crop for a't least $2,000.00 prof
it."_M. M. Bagwell, Piedmont, S.
"I have had about one hundred
and fifty bales of cotton graded by
the Government Cotton Grader here
This work was worth from two to
five dollars per bale."-B. W. Hei
lams. Laurens, S. C.
"His services with us have saved
the farmers of this country more
than a hundred thousand dollars."- ]
G. H. Bolt. Pres., Laurens Market
ing Association, Laurens. S. C. .
"All of my . crop was classed by
the grader at a saving to me .of
several hundred dollars." - A. D.
Eyes scientifically examined and
glasses properly fitted.
GEO. P. MIMS,
JSdgefield, S. C.
171 rrTB IP The Best Tonic,
?hLO l?lJ; MHd . Laxative
BITTERN Family Medicine.
Thing it is to be Fit!
from actual sickness, but to be well, abundantly well,
to have the mental vim and stamina which go with
lar habits,, exercise-that is the way to keep fit.
ie question for you as long as you are constipated. And
pills only aggravate and confirm the constipation habit,
irely new principle.
ritating the system, it simply softens the food waste. This
muscles in the walls of the intestines, contracting and
rmal way,' to squeeze the food waste along so that it
mstipation because it helps Nature maintain easy, thor
i at regular intervals-the healthiest habit in the world.
mless and pleasant to take. Try it.
all druggists in sealed bottles only, bearing Nujol Trade
Nujol Laboratories, Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey),
ew York, for booklet "Thirty Feet of Danger".
lem Method of Treating an Old Complaint
IT S NOT WHAT
Coprrieht 1909. by C. E. Zimmerman Co. -No. 6?
UVERY dollar that you spend foolishly,
every proprotionate amount of money
that you earn that it would be possible to save and da
not, is only money that you have to work fop again.
On the other hand every dollar you put in the bank is
money that is going to constantly work for you.
Which is the best; money always working for you, or
you always working for your money. Come in and
start that bank account. Don't put it off another day.
BANK OF EDG?FIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; A. S. Tompkins, vice-President
E. J. Minis, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, M. C.
Parker, A. S. Tompkins. J. G. Holland. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen
.I<:;:M : M : M : i r: ? : ri ::>.< : : :M : > < : IM : >.< : ?s M EM ; ???
BARRETT & COMPANY
Augusta - -