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History of Confederate Flag.
So many inquiries as to the Con
federate flag have been received at
the public library that the following
information is supplied by the li
brary for the benefit of alf interest
There was during the first year a
very wide variety of flags and stand
ards used by the South, the first se
cession convention which was begun
at Columbia, December 17, 1860, us
ing the Palmetto flag which consist
ed of a white field bearing a green
Palmetto in the centre and under
neath it the motto of South Carolina,
"Animis Opibusque Parati."
March 4, 1S62, the day that Lin
coln was inaugurated president of
the United States, the .Confederate
convention at Montgomery adopted
as the official flag of the Confederacy
the "Stars and Bars," which was the
first of the three official flags used.
This flag consisted of a red field
with a white space extending hori
zontally through the centre and
equal in width to one-third the width
of the flag; the red space above and
below to the same width as the white.
The union to be blue, extending at
the lower red space, in the centre of
the union a circle of white stars cor
responding in number (then seven)
with the states of the Confederacy.
Events showed that the resem
J blance of this flag to the stars and
stripes was too pronounced and oc
casioned confusion and mistakes. In
the first battle of Bull Run the stars
and bars was several times mistaken
for the stars and sti?oes and vice
versa. After th-fe-"battle Cv?. Joseph
E. John stoned opted the "battle flag"
which was/designed by General Beau
regard ?-and this was afterward adopt
ed as/the battle flag of the Confed
eracy by the Confederate congress.
The flag was "a red or crimson field,
its - bars blue, running diagonally
a?Aoss from one corner to the other,
tire stars being white or gold, the
/blue being separated from the red
/ by a white field."
Similar to British
As the need of a change from the
official flag became apparent, after
much discussion the second flag of
. the Confederacy was established by
congress May 1, 18GS. This was to
be "a white field, with the union,
'now used as the battle flag.' to be
a square two-thirds the width of the
flag having the ground red; therein
a broad saltire (St. Andrew's cross)
of the blue bordered with white and
emblazoned with white mullets or
five pointed stars, corresponding in
number with that of the Confederate
The objections to this flag were
that'at a distance it bore a close re
semblance to the British white en
sign and also that when it fell limp
around the flag pole, it haci the ap
pearance of a flag of truce. These
objections were so valid that c6n
gr??s decided to add a broad trans
verse stripe of red to the end of the
fly of the flag, this change being of
ficially adopted February 4, l'J65.
Thirteen States Represented.
The thirteen stars on the jfc? rep
Confederate union which in order of
their secession were South Carolina,
Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Geor
gia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Ar
kansas, North Carolina, Tennessee,
Missouri and Kentucky.
The "Bonnie Blue flag," which in
spired the rousing battle song of that
name, was, according to Harrison's
authoritive work, "the stars and
stripes and other American flags,"
first used in Jackson, Miss. It was
made of silk by the ladies of that
city and presented to the president
of the convention, W. S. Barry. This
convention adopted the ordinance of
secession January 9, 1861, and the
presentation of the flag occurred af
ter the announcement of the passage
'of the ordinance. It was waved aloft
by President Barry amid scenes of
wild enthusiasm. The flag is de
scribed as being a "flag of white
ground, a magnolia tree in the cen
tre, a blue field in the upper left
hand corner with a white star in the
center, finished with a red border and
a red fringe at the extremity of the
flag." The song, the "Bonnie Blue
flag" is of disputed authorship but
the most reliable authorities seem to
agree that it was written by Harry
McCarthy, ah Irish comedian who
was in the hall when the vote on
the ordinance was taken, that it was
sung that evening for the first time
at the Spengler theatre.
Grip usually starts just the same
as a cold with a watery discharge
from the nose. You are much more
likely to contract the grip when you
have a cold. For that reason when
grip is prevalent you should go to
bed as soon as you feel that you are
talan ga cold and stay in bed until
fully recovered which should not be
long if you take Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy. Three days in bed
now is better than three weeks later
Georgia Grown Cabbage
Will grow very fine heads set this
month in your section. Early Jersey
and^ Charleston Wakefield, Flat
Dutch. Express $2.00 per thousand,
prepaid mail 300, $1.00; 500, 1.50;
1,000, 2.50. Georgia Whitehead and
Buncombe collards same price.
FOR SALE OR TRADE: Two
males for sale or trade for milch
B. T. LANHAM,
t .... w Edgefield, S. C. j
Program Fifth Sunday Union
Meeting October 30th and
31st, Rocky Creek Church.
10:30 Devotional, Rev. W. P.
10:45 Reports from the churches.
11:00 Is the church doing its duty
toward the unenlisted and needy?
Rev. T. H. Posey.
11:15 Some practical ways by
which the church can help the needy
and unenlisted-P. N. Lott.
11:30 Address on Stewardship
Rev. A. C. Baker.
12:15 Miscellaneous business.
2:00 p. m. Devotional, S. B. Saw
2:15 Christianity-The need and
the hope of the world, Rev. H. L.
2:45 Miscellaneous business and
10:00 a. m. Sunday school.
11:15 Sermon, Dr. W. T. Derieux.
12:30 Miscellaneous business and
2:00 p. m. Devotional, Rev. J. S.
2:15 Meeting our Campaign
(1) The importance of .meeting
our Seventy-five Million Campaign
pledges, S. J. Watson.
(2) What it would mean to fail,
G. W. Scott.
(3) What it would mean to suc
ceed, W. M. DuBose.
(4) What it will take to suc
ceed. W. M. Sawyer.
3:15 Miscellaneous business and
First Division to Hold Union
The union meeting of the first di
vision will be held at Little Stevens
Creek church Saturday and Sunday,
October 30th and 31st, 1920.
Saturday ll a. m.-Devotional
service, V/. P. Brooke.
ll to 11:45 a. m.-Verbal reports
11:45 a. m.-What should be the
attitude of the church toward mem
bers who do not attend services nor
contribute to the support of the
church?-A. S. Tompkins, R. A.
12:15 p. m.-Should the church
member at any time be justifiable
in refusing the Lord's supper?-J.
H. Cantelou, W. G. Wells.
1:00 p. m.-Adjournment.
2 p. m.-What should be the plan
of discipline toward church members
when they do not speak to each
other?-Rev. Hunnicutt, M. G. Goer.
2:30 p. m.-Is it right for the
church member to attend the average
moving picture show and play cards?
-P. B. Lanham, W. W. Fuller.
Sunday 10:30 a.. m.-Sunday
11:30 a. m.-Missionary sermon
Dr. R. G. Lee.
12:30 p. m.-Adjournment.
2:00 p. m.-What are the best
.methods to produce better attend
ance and more interest in the Sun
day school?-Douglas Timmerm?n,
W. B. Cogburn and O. Sheppard.
Uni?n "Meeting of the Second
The union meeting of the Second
Division will meet with Red Hill
church on the 30th and 31st of Oc
tober, 1920 at 10:30 o'clock.-,
Devotonal services by Moderator.
Report from churches.
Discussion of subjects
1st. The importance of our
country churches in the work of the
Kingdom; how they can be made
S. B. Mays.
M. W. Carpenter.
2nd. What are the benefits of
systematic and regular giving to the
support of the church and benevo
lences? What are the arguments in
favor of tithing?
G. W. Medlock.
Rev. W. R. Barnes.
3rd. Is our greater task the col
lection of the amounts already pledg
ed or the enlistment of those who
have not already pledged?
L. R. Brimson.
4th. What are some of the out
standing duties of Christian citizens
at this time?
5th. What of the new interest in
foreign missions since the opening of
the mission fields in Central Europe?
Dr. C. E. Burts.
Dr. W. G. Derieux
6th The need of our denomination
al paper going into every home. How
can this need be best met? Should
the denomination own the paper?
P. B. Lanham.
W. R. Barnes.
Other services will be provided
P. B. LANHAM,
Union Meeting of Third Divi
sion at Red Oak Grove.
10 a. m.-Organization.
Reports from church delegates.
Introductory sermon by Rev G.
Discussion Subject-That Charity
Paul prized above all other graces:
1 Cor. 13:13-Dr. W. T. Blackville,
J. C. Harvley.
Discussion Subject-The 75-Mil
lion -Drive: its benefits and success
and the importance ot ? keeping its
merits before the churches as new
members come in and will want to
have part in it.-Rev. Kugley and
Missionary sermon-Rev. Kugley.
Sunday school mass meeting ad
dressed by H.E. Bunch and J. D.
Rev. G. W. BUSSEY,
Petit Jury, ?Second Week of
B. J. Day, Trenton.
T. A. Gibson, Johnston.
L. G. Watson, Trenton.
A. A. DeLaughter, Meriwether.
Roy Smith, Bacon.
J. W. Bledsoe, Elmwood.
I. C. Rankin, Shaw.
E. L. Lybrand, Ward.
J. T. Talbert, Collins. "
J. W. Bailey, Talbert.
S. J. Reynolds, Collins.
J. W. Seigler, Collins.
J. W. Johnson, Meriwether.
W. L. Satcher, Ward.
E. L. Scott, Ward.
J. B. Gilchrst, Talbert.
S. A. Holstein, Pickens.
Lonnie Murrah, Elmwood.
M. H. Talbert, Collins.
J. M. Langley, Moss.
J. M. Mays, Wise.
J. F. Pavne, Elmwoo l.
T. E. Strom, Edgefield.
M. L. Quarles. Collins.
M. A. Timmerman. Blocker.
J. S. Berry, Johnston.
T. H. Rainsford, Edgefield.
L. R. Brunson, Moss.
F. M. Cosey, Solliers.
A. B. Lott, Johnston.
E. S. Timmerman, Colliers.
W. D. Berry, Shaw.
Bradley Hite, Ward.
C. R. Holmes, Wise.
T. M. Adams, Collier.
S. L. Johnson, Edgefield.
For loans an real estate. See
CLAUD T. BURNETT,
Over store of W. W. Adams & Co.*
tic. u. tur. err.
For D?nrf??? O( ??
STOMACH lsd BOWELS'!
Dptniery, Disn?ori. ?rft
nm B!?:Ta.? IH?TJE
KIJYHC?TDTL CfiCMiCAL CO.
ROCK HILL 3. C
County Treasurer's Notice.
-J?' - ?* *
The County Treasurer's office will
be open for the purpose of receiving
taxes from the 15th day of October,
1920 to the 15th day of March,
All taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th day of October,
1920 and December 31st, 1920.
That when taxes charged shall not
be paid by December 31st, 1920 the
County Auditor shall proceed to add
a penalty of one per cent, for Janu
ary, and if taxes are not paid on or
before February 1st 1921, the Coun
ty Auditor will proceed to add two
per cent, and five per cent addition
al, from the 1st of March to the 15th
of March, after which time all un
paid taxes will be collected by the
The tax levies for the year 1920
are as follows:
For State purposes_ 12
For Ordinary County_ 8
For Past Indebtedness_2%
For Special, Good Roads_ 2
For Constitutional School Tax 3
For Antioch_ 8
For Bacon School District_ 14
For Blocker_ 8
For Blocker-Limestone _. 4
For Colliers_ 4
For Flat Rock_ 8
For Oak Grove _ 3
For Red Hill _._ 8
For Edgefield_ 10
For Elmwood No. 8_ 8
For Elmwood No. 9 _ 2
For Elmwood No. 30_ 2
For Elmwood L. C._ 3
For Hibler _ 8
For Harmony - 3
For Johnston _ 15
For Meriwether (Gregg)_ 2
For Moss - 3
For Brunson School- 4
For Ropers- 2
For Shaw- 4
For Sweetwater_ 4
For Talbert- 8
For Trenton -11%
For Wards-._ 8
For Wards No. 33_ 4
For Blocker R. R. (portion - 15
For Elmwood R. . (portion_ 15
For Johnston R. R.- 3
For Pickens R. R.- 3
For Wise R. R.- 3
For Corporation -30%
All the male citizens between the
ages of 21 years and 60 years, ex
cept those exempt by law, are liable
to a poll tax of One Dollar each. A
capital tax of 50 cents each is to be
paid on all dogs.
The law prescribes that all male
citizens between the ages of 18 and
55 years must pay $4.00 commuta
tion tax. No commutation is included
in the property tax. So ask for road
tax receipt when you desire to pay
road tax. Time for paying road tax
will expire March 15, 1921.
j. L. PRrNCE,
Co. Treas. E. C. I
We are showing
fall merchandise t
New York we sele
in person, consequ
waists and sweate:
colors are here.
Large stock of
have reduced the j
of every purse, ev<
ors. We invite th
Just received a ]
son hats for men 1
COME IN .
Eyes scientifically examined and
I glasses properly fitted.
GEO. F. MIMS,
Edgefield, S. C.'
Teacher of Singing
FIVE YEARS ON FACULTY OF
NEW ENG. CONS. OF
Voice Placing Song Interpretation
Special Course for Teachers
Available for Concerts and Lecture
Studio 201 Montgomery Building
Lessons by Appointment
Season Opens Wednesday, Sept. 29th
J. D. HOLSTEIN
Successor to Penn & Holstein
Pure Drugs and Chemicals
Our prices are reasonable.
Our 75 years of service to the
people insure efficiency and
We Solicit Your Continued
Invigorating to the Pale and Sickly
The Old Standard general strengthening tonic.
GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC, drives out j
Malaria.enrichestheblc<xl,andbnIMsapthesy?? j j
toa. A true tonic For ?doits and cblwrea. Sw ?
Stock to Select
the largest and best selected stock of
;hat we have ever shown. While in
cted the goods for every department
ently we have just what our friends
it of ladies' coat suits, cloaks, skirts,
rs to ?elect from. All of the popular
clothing for men and boys, and we
Drices very low, so as to be in reach
en at the present price of cotton.
ment of furs in ali of the popular col
e ladies to see them.
large shipment of the celebrated Stet
:hat we are selling very low.
AND LET US SHOW YOU
Consult Your Own Interest by Consulting Us
Metal or Composition Roofing
Mantels, Tile. Grates
Youngblood Roofing and
635 Broad St. - Telphone 1697
We Can Give You Prompt Service
on Mill Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lumber on handjfor
Woodward Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Ste., Augusta, Ga,