Newspaper Page Text
United States Holds Lead in
Comparing 1920 and 1921 the
ZVInaufacturers Record urges that we
put our shoulders to the wheel. The
Chronicle also would urge it and we
airge business courage and confidence
and optimism for the South is not
broke, the South has been hit hard
.but we can't be kept down. The Re
i^ord says very aptly:
The Old Year opened in a blaze of
almost limitless activity and pros
perity. Farmers and merchants were
ss prosperous as merchants and man
ufacturers. The demand for labor
exceeded the supply. No one who
?wanted to work lacked the opportu
nity. The Old Year ends, and the
New Year will open, with many peo
ple out of employment, with stagna
tion everywhere as compared with
the activity of twelve months ago;
"but it is in the power of American
' -people to make the New Year, before
it closes, show prosperity as wide
and employment as general, as was
"the condition twelve months ago.
"Inherently every condition jus
tifies optimism and activity We
"have had no epidemics of disease to
sweep, over the land, no drought to
^destroy our crops, no floods to wash
. away railroads and bridges, and no
earthquakes to shatter down our
structures; we have simply been suf
fering from the unwise action of
men in financial leadership wholly in
competent for their task. I
"We have been paying the penalty
for some of the wild extravagance
and graft and kindred work of the
last eight years, and more especially
of the four years of war.
"But we can put all these things
"behind us. We have raised abundant
.crops, our barns are bursting with
riches of food and feed. The shelves
of the world are bare of the things
"that we can produce and have in
abnndance. We only need courage un
der the leadership of the hom- to go
forward to a greater prosperity than
that which ushered in the year that
?s now passing out.
"Then, up with the spirit of opti
mism! down with the spirit of pes
simism! Let all Americans unite for
the upbuilding of the whole country,
for putting aside class hatred, for the
greater efficiency in work and the
largest pay which the business can
stand, for suppressing graft and
honoring honesty, for that patriotism
?which can find expression in working
for the business advancement of the
country as wholesouledly as it work
,ed for the saving of the nation from
"The future is ours; the opportu
nities limitless. If we make the most
.of the situation, the coming .year
will bring an abundance of prosperity
to every section and to every indus
"Tut your shoulder to the wheel!"
Negotiations to Revive Potash.
Berlin, Dec. 31.-Negotiations be
tween German and American busi
ness men for reviving the potash
trade, which have been interrupted
several times within the last year,
-will be resumed in New York about
the middle of January it was learned
itere today. German experts reported
the potash producers will sail Janu
ary 4 to take part in the meetings.
Americans recently have been in
Germany, presumably in the interest
of Southern cotton growers of the
.?United States who were the largest
lire-war consumers of the product.
" They are known to have shown keen
"interest in the German efforts to put
' the potash mines on their fprmer!
producing basis. Fertilizer has been
imported since the outbreak of the
war from South American deposits
?at an expense much greater than i
that of German production. Disagree- j
ments ? between the American and
. ?German representatives which caused i
. discontinuance of..the negotiations !
- arose over the question of price and j
tonnage. With increased freight
space avail?ble it is believed here I
that there is a good prospect for an
: agreement on prices in spite of the
: low'Talus of German money.
Germans Surrender 41,000
.Cannon and Other War
"Paris, Jan .2.-Marshal Foch's re
port on ' German's disarmament ac
cording to the Temps, says that the
Germans have surrendered 41,000
carmon, 29,000 unmounted cannon
barrels, 163,000 machine guns and
barrels, 2,800,000 rifles, 16,000 air
planes and 25,000 airplane motors.
The German delinquincies in exe
cuting the disarmament clauses of
the treaty and the Spa agreement
are said to be principally the mainte
nance of civic guards in Bavaria and
Eastern Prussia, the organization of
security police and failure to destroy
the required amount of artillery in
the eastern and southern frontier
Doctors Warn Now of Pneu
This is the open season for pneu
monia and it is all important that
all precautions possible be taken to
Avoid this disease.
Director Forbush, head of the
health department of Philadelphia,
has issued the following timely
warning and suggestions:
'"Pefsons of all ages are suscepti
ble to pneumonia. The youne: and
the acred are especially affected by
this disease, being more predisposed
to the detrimental influences of oold
and to infection by disease organ
isms. By far the largest percentage
of deaths from pneumonia occurs
between the ages pf forty-five and
seventy and under the aere of two.
It is interesting to note that in the
age group of ten to twenty the per
centage of deaths from this disease
is comparatively small.
"Since the influenza epidemic of
1918 the percentage of deaths from
pneumonia among those of active
adult life is rapidly increasing.
Both male and female are suscepti
ble tb thia disease, but the former
more BO, because of more . irequent
and prolonged exposure to the out
door weather conditions and be
cause of their occupations.
"With these facts in mind, it be
hooves the public to adopt every
precaution to reduce the number of
avoidable and premature deaths
from pneumonia during the winter.
VENTILATION IS SAFEGUABD.
"By far the most important gen
eral measure for the prevention of
acute respiratory diseases is proper
and sufficient ventilation, whether it
he in the living room, the office, the
workshop, the street car or in any
public assembly. It is absolutely
necessary that the air we breathe be
continually renewed. Dilution of
indoor atmosphere with the pure
and fresh outdoor air reduces the
likelihood of infection.
"Second in importance to ventila
tion is the urgency of causing the
public to refrain from the indecent,
repugnant and dan Ere rous habit of
expectorating: upon the sidewalks,
in public places and on the high
ways, Persons comparatively .in
good health and those convalescing
from pneumonia; may carry the
germs 'A pneumonia in the nose and
throat, and transmit the aisease to
others unintentionally and thought
lessly by coughing;, sneezing and
"Sufficient and proper clothing,
more especially for the young and
tlfe aged, is essential in protecting
the body from undue exposure to
the coild. Proper amount of sleep
and the avoidance of excesses are
measures which aid in the preven
tion of pneumonia.
"Secondary causes of pneumonia
in the same household may be
avoided if the primary cause is iso
lated and treated, as any other in
Suggestions for Setting Out
Set the young trees ont in a per
manent place just as soon as receiv
ed to prevent their drying out.
2. If you cannot find time to set
them out immediately, then "heel
ing in" will prevent their drying
out. This is done by digging a
ditch 2 feet wide and about 1 1-2
feet deep and spreading, the trees
thinly in the trench., Then fill in
with loose dirt to about 6 inches
above the point where they stood
in the nursery. Trees treated in
this mannei will keep for several
weeks without injury.
3. Young trees should be set out
about two inches deeper than 'they
stood in the nursery row. The holes
should be dug deep and broad
enough to allow the natural spread
of the roots. .
4. The roots should be pruned to
about 8 or 10 inches in length.
All broken and diseased roots
should be removed.
5. The tops of the young trees
should be pruned when they are set
out. If they are one year old and
have no side limbs, simply cut the
tops back to make them branch at
the proper height. The peach trees
are cut back to 18 inches and apple
trees to 24 inches when they are set
6. It is a good idea to mix the
top soil with half pound of an 8-4-2
commercial fertilizer, and pul this
around the roots of the trees.
7. In planting the trees always
put some of the top soil in the hole
before the tree is set. After the
tree has been placed, throw the soil
in, being sure to pack soil firm
about the roots.
8.. Abont 2 inches of manure as a
mulch applied at the base of the
young tree will help considerably.
Trees handled in this manner
should give good results.-Clemson
For loans an real estate. See
CLAUD T. BURNETT,
, . Lawyer.
Over store of W. W. Adams & Co.
WAR "T. N. T." AIDS HIGHWAYS
High Explosive Allotted Bureau of
Public Roads for Use in Road .
Trinitrotoluene Ia Its proper scien
tific name, but the human tongue has
tts limitations, and so this much
talked-of explosive ls generally known
by its abbreviation, "T. N. T." It is a
pale yellow crystalline substance much
used In the late war to furnish the
explosive element for shells, bombs,
and the depth bombs, which did so
much to check the submarine activ
The sudden collapse of the German
resistance found the United States
government with a large supply of T.
Surfaced Shel! Road in Eastern Texas.
N. T. on hand which lt was not advis
able to. store. The bureau of mines
demonstrated by experiment that thia
T. N. T. could be used for industrial
purposes, and allotments from the war
department's stock were assigned to
the department of the interior for use
In the reclamation service, national
parks service, Indian service, Alaskan
engineering commission, and to the de
partment of agriculture for use in
road construction work supervised by
the bureau of public roads.
The value of T. N. T. in road-build
tng operations has been fully demon
strated, and the bureau of public roads
has published a circular to describe its
characteristics, and to furnish direc
tions for use of the explosive In place
of dynamite for blasting, ditch digging,
and rock breaking. As a general rule
T. N. T. may be used for any purpose
to which dynamite may be put It is
safe to handle; does not cause "dy
namite headaches" aa readily as the
commercial explosive, and Is a trifle
more powerful than low-percentage dy
JOHNSON LAUDS GOOD ROADS
California Statesman Says Improved.
Highways Have Helped -to De
ve lop His State.
Senator Hiram Johnson of Califor
nia, in speaking of the necessity of
improved highways In the United
States recently staid:
"We have had a great object les
son of the value of good roads In the
paved highways of my own state
California. They have been a great'|
factor in the development of the state,
opening up regions which hitherto
were Inaccessible and adding to the
prosperity of all. The improvement
of the nation's highways will be of
great economic value to the country
as a whole, relieving the congestion
which now exists on other transporta
tion facilities and making distribution
of the nation's commodities easier and
cheaper. The good roads movement
meets with my warmest approval."
BIG PROGRAM IN MINNESOTA
Construction Plans Call for Expendi
ture of $11,127,986-Trucks Sold
Minnesota has a road building pro
gram calling for the expenditure of
$11,127,986. As an Illustration of
what the farmers of that state think
of the motortruck a statement recent
ly issued by a bank In Minneapolis
might be cited, In which lt ls said that
"trucks In large numbers, Intended for
immediate use In marketing grains,
are being sold to farmers." Elevator
scales In many places are being remod
eled to accommodate the growing fleet
of farmers' trucks.
BONDS FOR IMPROVED ROADS
Districts, Counties and States Making
Big Appropriation for Better High
Bonds running high Into minions of
dollars are being issued by districts,
counties and states for the making of
better roads. The national government
ls aiding by appropriating money also,
based on the amounts raised by the
Much interest Manifested.
The widespread Interest manifested
in better roads ls shown by com
parison of previous totals with those
of 1918, when $600,000,000 was spent
for road construction throughout the
Roads Are Necessity.
Passable roads are an actual neces
sity and every progressive communi
ty recognizes this fact, and ls Improv
ing or nil later improve every road
over which there ls any considerable
tual Insurance Asso
ORGANIZED 1892. ,
Property Insured $8,875.360
WRITE OR CALL on the unde
signed for any information yon ma;
desire about our plan of insurance
We insure your property againn
FIRE, WINDSTORM or "LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared ti
r . . I
prove to you that oura is the safer
and cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensee
Ito write Insurance in the counties
of Abbeville, Greenwood, McCor
mick, Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda,
Richland, Lexington, Calhoun and
The officers are: Gen. J. Fraser
Lyon, President, Columbia S. C..
J. R. Blake. Gen. Agent, Secty. and
Treas., Greenwood, S. C.
A. O. Grant, Mt Carmel, 8. G.
J, M. GambrelL Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Hodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J. Fraser Lyon, Columbia, 3. C.
W. C. Bates. Batesburg, S .C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. G.
Greenwood, S. C. /
January 1, 1920.
J. D. HOLSTEIN
Successor to Penn & Holstein
Pure Drugs and Chemicals
Our prices are reasonable.
Our 75 years of service to the
people insure efficiency and
We olicit Your Continued
! FOR SALE.
NO. 1 Ten-room dwelling with tin
roof, almost new, within a short w?lk
of post "office. Completed with mod
ern conveniences, electric lights, etc.
Has garden, also cora and potato
land at premises. All out buildings.
NO. 2. Twenty-one (21) acre farm
with seven-room, modern dwelling
with electric lights, and all out build
ings. Has plenty of wood, pasture
with water and 18 acres will make a
bale of cotton to the acre. Conve
nient to High School. Partly in the
town of Edgefield.
E. J. NORRIS.
J. S. BYRD
Office Over Store of
Quarles & Timmerman
Office Phone No. 3
Residence Phone 87
Insure your cotton in the Seed or
in Bales. I can give you insurance for
short or long term-orie day up. The
same for corn and other farm pro
Better Be Safe Than Sorry.
E. J. NORRIS, Agt. !
We Can. Give You Prompt Service
on Mill Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lumber on hand for
Comer Roberts and Dugas Ste., Augusta, Ga,
Consult Your Own Interest by Consulting Us
Metal or Composition Roofing
Mantels/ Tile. Grates
Youngblood Roofing and
635 Broad Sit. Telphone 1697
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits - - - $190,000.00
Total Resources Over ..... $800,000.00
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open your account with us for the year 1920. Invest your
savings in one of our Interest Bearing Certificates of
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable pa
All business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
IT'S NOT WHAT
Copyright 1909, bjr C. E. Zl<nmennan?o. -No. 66
EVERY DOLLAR that you spend foolishly, every proportion
ate amount of money that you earn that it would be possible to
save and do not, is only money that you have to work for again.
On the other hand every dollar you put in th e bank is money
that is going to constantly work for you. Which is the best;
money always working for you, or you always working for
your money. Come in and start that bank account. Don't put it
off another day.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; A. S. Tompkins, vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford,
M. C. Parker, A. S. Tompkins, J. G. Holland, E. J. Mims, J. H. Allen.