Newspaper Page Text
Penitentiary Has Much Food
During the year just closed the
state penitentiary produced more cot
ton, grain and other crops and at the
end of the year had more assets than
?5? any previous year, according to
.the report of Col. A. K. Sanders, su
perintendent, and the board of di
rectors. The report, made public yes
terday, shows that the two farms
produced abundant wheat, oats, corn,
cattle, hogs and other farm products
during the yeai\
Members ofxthe board of directors
visited the two farms the last days
of December and their inventory of
the goods on hand shows that the
penitentiary has 1,075 bales of cot
ton on hand, including the entire out
put for 1919 and 1920, and in addi
tion has 18,500 bushels of corn, 2,
200 bushels of wheat, 2,000 bushels
of sweet potatoes, 400 tons of cot
ton seed, 6,200 bushels of oats, 400
tons of peavine hay and several
thousands of dollars worth of other
The report of Colonel Sanders
calls attention to the inadequate pro
vision made for women prisoners, and
sets forth the need for better facili
ties for handling women brought to
the prison. Colonel Sanders also re
commends provisions for better car
ing for the health of the inmates,
among these being the installing of a
dentist's chair and a dentist to care
ior the teeth of the prisoners.
Has Much Property.
The directors' inventory of the
property of the two farms "gives
some interesting facts on how the
penitentiary "lives at home." The
products at the Reid farm totaled
$40>800, and in addition the mules,
horses, cows, ect., were valued at $9,
220. The products at the DeSaussure
farm were valued at $14,187 and the
stock at $9,605.
Capt. M. R. Day, head of the
guards, reports that at the beginning
of the year the number of convicts
-was 257 and th?t during 1920 the
penitentiary gained from the courts
of the state 139 prisoners, and that
by recapture .four others were added
to th elist, making a total of 400 for
year. The records show that during
the "year 72 prisoners were discharg
ed after serving their sentences and
14 were lost through escaping, while
21 were paroled by the governor.
Nine died during the year. The total
leaving prison penitentiary at the end
of the year at 184, a gain of 27 for
1920 over 1919.
The repon shows that at the end
of the year 49 prisoners at the De
Saussure farm, 46 at the Reid farm
and 189 in the penitentiary proper.
Of the total number of inmates 87
were white ?ien, 162 negro men,
three white women and, 32 negro
The directors report that the
health was good during the year and
that the penitentiary affairs were
well conducted under Colonel San
ders and his assistants. The only com
plaint registered in the report is
against>the wording of the appropria
tion bill which provides that the in
stitution can spend so much money if
it makes the money. This .worked a
hardship during the last month, it is
claimed, as the penitentiary had a
considerable sum appropriated, but
.could not get the money because it
-was thought unwise to sell cotton at
that time. During the year the total
receipts were $120,284,16 and the ex
penditures were $119,987.91, leaving
.a small balance to begin the new year
on. The unexpended balance of the
appropriation was $5,736.09.
Colonel Sanders points out that
;the institution is doing its utmost to
>care for the prisoners in a humane
:manner and recounts the efforts
.made for the sick. Good food and
jplenty of it is always available for
the men and women. No epidemic
occurred during the year.
Chair Factory Success.
Thc chair factory was a success
from a business standpoint, netting
.$62,704.69 in profits for the year.
Colonel Sanders says the peniten
tiary will be able to put considerable
?quantities of farm products on the
-.market in a short time and believes
ithis year the farms will produce
(enough-meat to run the penitentiary,
this being a big "item every year.
A new mule barn was erected on
the DeSaussure farm during the
year and other improvements were
.?iade on the property of the farms.
The bonus system inaugurated in,
the chair factory has proved emi
nently successful and has been a
great incentive for the men to turn
j out more work. Colonel Sanders re
commends a bonus system of ten
-cents a. day for all the prisoners who
do their work well, especially those
<m the farms. This would give the
men and women a little for a new
-start in life after they- have served
their sentences, the superintendent
The Rev. J. C. Chandler, chaplain,
recommends the establishment of a
chapel at the penitentiary and the
separation of the tough prisoners
from the better class of men.-The
State. ? j
Several years ago this column pre
dicted a outbreak of smallpox at
Niagara Falls during the following
winter. The epidemic arrived on
schedule time and the state board of
health found it necessary to step in
and take charge of Niagara Falls
and vaccinate practically the entire
During the last year when small
pox was raging in southern Ontario,
Niagara Falls, relatively secure
against the disease yet surrounded by
infected communities, must have
been grateful to this column for the
service rendered them several years
For months we have repeatedly
carried articles on smallpox because
it was evident that the disease was
to be unusually prevalent this winter.
Since the smallpox season holds on
until July 1 there remains consider
able time to repeat these warnings.
Many letters are being received
asking us as to the efficacy of vac
cination. The charges of inefficiency
made by the various healing cults
lined up in the anti-vaccination so
cieties apparently are gettnig more
of a hearing than any of their other
wild and wooly statements.
. To begin with let us understand
that pne successful vaccination does
not_ guarantee lifelong immunity to
smallpox. There are some people
who are made immune for life, but
no one is justified in assuming that
he belongs to that group.
Research indicates that the danger
of smallpox becomes fairly consider
able five years after successful vac
cination. However, in health depart
ment practice it is assumed that one
is fairly safe for seven years after
successful vaccination. When the
vaccination is unsuccessful there be
ing no vesicle or ulcer due to pus
cocci, the socalled vaccination con
fers no immunity.
Let us also understand that small
pox vacine easily becolnes inert. If
kept too long or too hot or in a
place that is too light or exposed to
the air it quickly becomes inert.
They have just gone through an
epidemic in Glasgow, among those
good, hard headed old Scotch people
who nee to get bumped occasionally
in order to learn a thing or two. They
care for 477 people with smallpox
in their hospital.
Of these 128 were children under
15, of whom 98 were unvaccinated
and 30 were vaccinated in infancy.
Of the 30 vaccinated.in infancy none
died. Of the 128 never vaccinated 32
or 33 per cent died. Of the entire
477, 364 were vaccinated in infancy,
and of them, 54, or 15 per cent died.
One hundred and seven were never
vaccinated and of these 38, or 35 per
cent died. No nurse, physician or
other attendant working in the
smallpox hospital contracted the dis
The Glasgow report is no better
than that from Chicago. The Chicago
vaccination creed says:
"Not one of the 2,702 cases of
smallpox discovered in Chicago in
in the last 18 years was found to
have been vaccinated-as defined in
the preed. The four articles of the
creed make plain what is meant by
successful vaccination.-Dr. W- A.
Evans, in The State.
When Yoy Are Bilious.
To promote a healthy action of -the
liver and correct the disorders by
biliousness Chamberlain's Tablets are
excellent. Try them and see how
quickly they give you a relish for
your food an dbanish that dull stupid
WANTED: The people to know
that I now have Giles Butler, who is
an expert horse shoer in "my employ
ment. Let us shoe your horses and
mules. Satisfaction guaranteed. Don't
forget also that we do all kinds of
repairing in wagons, buggies, etc.
. -, A. L. KEMP.
FOR SALE: Native grown Ful
ghum Oats at $1.25 per bushel, also
one young horse and several young
work mules from three to five years
old. Reason for selling have rented
out my entire farm for the year.
M. C. PARKER.
Insure your cotton in the Seed or
in Bales. I can give you insurance for
short or long term-one day up. The
same for corn and other farm pro
Better Be Safe Than Sorry.
E. J. NORRIS, Agt.
SEES GOOD IN THE TEA CUP
Doctor Eliot, Aged Educator, Goes on
Record as Having Faith In That
Moderate Stimulant .
Dr. Charles W. Eliot, now In his
eighty-sixth year, confesses to a devi
ation from the strict rule of abstoral
ousness which cannot but cause con
cern in the inner circles of moral re
form, saj'S the New York* World.
Though he has always indulged in
"stimulants like tea, coffee and al
cohol," and in tobacco not at all for
more than half a century, he yet finds
a certain virtue in tea drinking. "I
have used tea most;" he says, "because
lt seems to me to facilitate the men
tal effort of writing and speaking."
If the venerable ex-president of
Harvard university had merely said
that he derived some dietlc benefit
from tea. no exception would be taken
to the statement. It Is his frank ad
mission that he uses tea as a stimu
lant and finds that lt helps his mental
processes which will be challenged.
Can there be good In any stimulant?
Can the willful excitation of the mind
by any kind of brew be other than
Immoral In its essential nature? All
simon-pure reformers of the drink evil
will feel sure that the Ose of tea has
drugged Doctor Eliot's intellect and
robbed it of its highest productivity.
But what the world has lost In that
particular will count as nothing to
the self-revelation jthat this distin
guished champion of temperance ls
not 100 per cent" perfect in his pro
NEW ROUTES OF NEAR EAST
Railroad Lines Will Bo Materially Ex
tended as the Result of Oper,
atlons of the Great War.
The military operations of the war
gave a material boost to railroad de
velopment In the near East, says Lew
is Heck, In Asia. After their success
ful campaign at the end of 1917, the
British extended their track line from
Egypt to Palestine, connecting at
Ramleh near Jerusalem. The line then
went on to Haifa, which the British.
are planning to make their great port
In thc East and the principal terminus
on the Mediterranean for a new short
Une railroad to Bagdad and India, con
necting Egypt and the African posses
sions with India. The war gave the
Bagdad railway extensions In Clllcla,
northern Syria and Mesopotamia
British prisoners of war furnishing
much of the labor. The tunnels
through the Taurus mountains were
completed. Trains now run from Con
stantinople through Aleppo to Nisbin.
At the eastern terminus of the line
Bagdad-trains run northward as far
as Tekrit. Between Nisbln and Tekrlt
!s an unfinished section of a few hun
dred miles. . Before the war, trains
did not run at night on this line, but
this was changed by stern necessity.
When normals trafile conditions are re
established, the journey from Constan
tinople to Bagdad and on to the Per
sian Gulf can be made In a few days.
Shakespeare Farm to Be Sold.
Among the. numerous landed prop
erties which are coming Into market
during the next few riionths- is one of
more than ordinary Interest, namely,
the Grendon Underwood estate, Buck
inghamshire, says the London Tele
graph. This belongs to Mrs. Pigott, a
member of a family resident In the dis
trict for centuries, who lias decided to
sell. This village has many historical
anrj literary associations, which chiefly
center round Its westerly portion,
whore stands tho old Elizabethan hab
itation now known as Shakespeare
It was here, when the house was
a wayside hostelry, then named the
Old Shlppe. that Shakespeare, lt is
affirmed, used to stay when Journey^
lng to and from Stratford-on-Avon.
Find New Fertilizer.
An Important addition to the fer
tilizer suppl? of the United States ls
to be made.
About 2,500.000 acres of lands In
Wyoming, Idaho, Utah and Montana,
containing valuable phosphate depos
its have been divided Into areas
not exceeding 2.500 each, according to
the Journal of Industrial and Engi
For years these lands have been
awaiting congressional legislation ? In
regard to the leasing of phosphate de
posits in public lands. Regulations In
this connection have now been ap
proved by Secretary of the Interior
Payne. Applications for leases are
to be filed with the local land office
for transmission to the secretary of
the Interior.-Chemical Round Table.
Alabama Is the leading stare In
peanut production, with 6,840,000 bush
els to her credit In 1919, while five
other states produced from 3,400,000
bushels to 5.500,000 bushels each.
The total production of peanuts In
the United States last'year was 33,
863,000 bushels, having a cash value
of $80,000.000. Last winter the aver
age price paid for peanuts was $2.40
Trucks Grow In Favor.
There were 953,093 trucks In use at
the end of the year 1919. as compared
with approximately 700,000 for the ?
preceding year. This 19 a gain of 27
per cent, 16 per cent greater thanithe
Increase shown by passenger cars.
Only eighteen states make compila
tions of truck registration. New York
leads with others following in thia or
der: Ell tools, Ohio. Pennsylvania, Cali
fornia Iowa and Texas. Nevada with
TOO Is at the foot of the Usu
j"?- 'l'^ -?; <f'I- -I- -tOl- .I1 <. ? ? <? <. '?vl^'l' ??
t IFSEASY TO PREVENT %
* Keep the liver and kidneys in *
4. perfect condition. They throw J
?5? off the germs and make colds im- *
+ possible-if in perfect condition. *
+ A correct regulator will be *
J found in *
Dr. Hilton's Life
+ for the liver and kidneys. +
* ? *.
+ Immediate relief is given in +
t cases of constipation, indigestion *
4. and biliousness. ?
? It is pleasant to take, excites ?
.i- a pleasant sense of warmth in -j.
* the stomach, diffusing itself +
* through the system. ^
+ Your druggist sells Dr. Hil- +
* ton's Life with a "satisfaction ?
* or money refunded" guarantee. *
* Colds and influenza are success- ^
4? fully treated by using Murray's +
T Horehound Mullein and Tar in *
* conjunction wiih Dr. Hilton's J
* Life. +
|i Manufactured by %
% MURRAY DRUG CO. %
* COLUMBIA, S. C. J
tual Insurance Asso
Property Insured $8,875.360
WHITE OR CALL on the nndei
signed for any information you ma;
desire about our plan of insurance
We insure your property againr
' destruction by
PIBE,' WINDSTORM or LIGHT
.nd do ao cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared U
prove to you that ours is the safes*
and cheapest plan cf insurance
Our Association is new licensee
u write Insurance in the co un tie)
of Abbeville, Greenwood, McCor
mick, Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda,
Richland, Lexington, Calhoun and
The officers are: Gen. J. Frasei
Lyon, President, Columbia S. C.,
J. R. Blake. Gen. Agent, Secty. and
Treas., Greenwood, S. C.
''J ? -t ii
A. 0. Grant, lit Carmel, S. C. .
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Hodges, S. C.
R H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J. Fraser Lyon, Columbia, 3. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S .C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R, BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
January 1, 1920.
All persons owning property of
any kind whatsoever, or in any ca
pacity, as husband, guardian, execu
tor, administrator or trustees are re
quired to make returns of the same
to the Auditor under oath within the
time mentioned below and the Audi
tor is required by law to add a penal
ty of 50 per cent, to all property that
it not returned on or before the 20th
day of February in any year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable
polls. The 50 per cent, penalty will
be added for failure to make re
For-the connvenience of tax pay
ers, I or my representative will be at
the following appointed places on
the dates mentioned to receive tax
Ropers, Monday, January 17.
Meriwether, Thurmond's Store,
Tuesday, January 18.
Collier, Wednesday, January 19.
Red Hill, Thursday, January 20.
Cleora, Friday, January 21.
W. R. E. Winn, Saturday, Janu
Pleasant Lane, Monday, January
Meeting Street, Tuesday, January
Johnston, Wednesday, January
Herrin's Store, Tursday, January
Trenton, Friday, January 28.
The office will be open to receive
returns from first day of January till
the 20th day of February, 1921, as
prescribed by law.
j; R. TIMMERMAN,
Auditor, E. C., S. C.
lllPk'l CN'? 'S THE OWLY
GENUINE ARNICA SALVE
We Can Give You Prompt Service
on Mill Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lumber on hand for
Woodward Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Sto., Augusta, Ga,
Consult Your Own Interest by Consulting Us |
. When Buying
Metal or Composition Roofing
Mantels, Tile. Grates
Youngblood Roofing and
635 Broad St. ? . . Telphone 1697
THE FARMERS BAN?
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits
Total Resources Over - -
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open vour account with ns for the year 1920. Invest-your
savings in one of our Interest Bearing Certificates of
Lock 6oxes for rent in which to keep your valuable pa
pers, etc. ?
All business matters referred to ns pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
Coprrieht 1909. br C. it 2immerman Co. -No. 66
EVERY DOLLAR that you spend foolishly, every proportion
ate amount of money that you earn that it would be possible to
save and do not, is only money that you have to work for again.
On the other hand every dollar you put in the bank is money
that is going to constantly work for you. Which is the best;
money always working for you, or you always working for
your money. Come in and start that bank account. Don't put it
off another day.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; A. S. Tompkins, Vice-president;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford,
M. C. Parker, A. S. Tompkins, J. G. Holland-, E. J. Mims, J. H. Allen.