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Railroad Issue Becoming A
Washington, March 12.-Se
Cummins of Iowa, joint authi
the Cummins-Esch railroad ad
clares his intention of asking
gress for authority to conduct,
the assistance of the commerce
mittee of the senate, a thoroug
vestigation into the railroad !
He will act on the first day o
extraordinary session. By that
judging from the celerity with ^
developments are rushing to a
the inevitable "blow-off" will
arrived. Congress and the admini
tion at this date realize that s
thing must be done to save e
the railroads of the country
general bankruptcy, or the comn
of the country which on accour
exorbitant freight traffic, can
move with essential smoothness
The announcement of the P
sylvania rialroad that it will re
the wages of its employees wil
followed by similar announcem
by all other railroads. It is undo
edly true that the employees will
suffer such reduction without vic
protest. It would cause little surj
were numerous strikes to be di
oped. At any rate there is no q
tion but that the situation is seri
and that in its present status, it
not much longer endure.
As previously pointed out in
correspondence, nobody knows wi
the trouble lies. Because of gen
ignorance, Senator Cummins Tegf
it as absolutely essential that
investigation be had. The intersl
commerce commission is autho:
for the statement that the condif
of railroads grows more distress
month by month, and that no red
tion in rates could justly "be ore
ed; and that freight and passen
traffic correspondingly decreases,
is reported to Washington each <
from each section of the country t
producers can not reap even a mod
profit when cost of transportation
Th?. Cummins-Esch act was p
posely made exceedingly liberal z
generous to the- railroads in or<
that they might have an opportun
to get on their feet. It is held
Senator Cummins and other influ?
tial members of congress that if i
der that act the railroads can't g
good service at fahr Tates, somethi
is radically wrong. It is for the pi
pose of ascertaining what is wro
that Senator Cummins will ask i
The consuming and shipping pt
lie represent to Washington that th
are the victims of organized lab
and organized capital, that each is
selfish interest, and as result of su
selfishness, the ordinary man, affilh
ed with neither, must bear an ov
increasing burden. It is contend^
that capital opposes the constant d
mand of labor for increased wag
only on account of its difficulty
finding new methods of transferrii
the expense involved to the shoul
ers of the people; that the conter
plated wage reduction by the Pen:
sylvania and other railroads is di
to the fact that in the present nu
ment, the railroads have .absolute!
no chance of further oppressing tl
Blame Put On Lalor.
The railroads offer a tentative e:
planation by pointing to laws c
congress enacted at the demand an
as result of the threat of organize
labor which reduced hours of wor
and increased wages at the same tim?
That the money thus involved make
the cost of transportation prohibitiv
is also an argument.
Labor, on the other hand, declare
that capital is proverbially selfis:
and that railroads can not earn a fai
return on their stock because th'
stock, well "watered," exists only ii
the imagination. Senator Cummin
realizes that the time has come whe:
the truth must be ascertained.
If no one is responsible, and
therefore,' the situation can not bt
remedied, government supervision
ownership, is apparently -inevitable
Congress looks with disfavor on the
suggestion. The Plumb plan, undei
which the government would buy the
railroads, permit labor and capital
to operate them, and enjoy the re
turns without the necessity of making
up deficits, has no friend in congress
brave enough publicly to announce
his affection for the scheme.
And, despite the fact that govern
ment ownership is more and more
discussed as the remedy, it is certain
that it will not be attempted prior
to the exhaustion of every other re
source. It is very probable that in
hope of relief, congress will permit
the reduction in the number of trunk
lines; will, in other words, permit
the efficient organizations to absorb
the inefficient and unremunerative.
At any rate, the railroad problem
is the one big problem confronting
the government. It promises to re-j
main as such until it,is properly
solved-and in this process, the peo
ple of the nation may express th?ir
opinion in a referendum four years
The Railroad Situation.
The railroad situation is proving a
problem-and looming up daily as a
greater problem. All sides of it are
being discussed-that is, it is being
discussed from all angles. One view
of it is given in the Manufacturers
Record, which paper says:
"High freight rates are killing
business, and low freight rates, under
present conditionns, would kill the
railroads. Nominally, the railroads
have been returned to private con
trol, but as a matter of fact, they are
not being operated by their owners,
except in name. They are still under
the complete domination of the rail
road unions, installed in this position
by the government. From beginning
to end government management of
railroads was rotten to the core. The
government permitted the establish
ment of a system by which the em
ployes practically dictate the manage
ment of the roads.
"Every farmer, merchant and man
ufacturer who sees the effect of the
high freight rates which now must
be paid should realize that he is per
sonally responsible for this crime
against business to the extent that
he permitted the government to turn
the railroads over to the railroad em
ployes. Officers of railroads have lit
tle or no control over their manage
ment. They are not real ^managers.
They are merely the puppets played
upon by railroad employes. So long
as the employes can, under govern
ment direction, absolutely dominate
the management of railroads, lower
freight rates and passenger rates are
"Railroads, loaded as they are
with government extravagance and
government inefficiency and govern
ment permission to railroad unions
to run every detail of the railroad
business, are headed down the road
to ruin unless a change takes place.
"The ruination of the railroads
would only intensify the inadequacy
of transportation facilities.
. "If railroads should be turned back
to government control, conditions
would be ten times worse. We would
simply have the mistakes and the in
efficiency and higher rates intensified.
Every well-wisher of the country,
every man who ships a pound of
freight, every man whose business is
hampered by railroad impoverish
ment and railroad inefficiency, may
well pray to be delivered from gov
ernment ownership, or government
control, or the control of railroad
"Without a repeal of the Adamson
Law, and all other unwise legislation
which takes the control of railroads
out of teh hands of their owners and
puts is into the hands of incompetent
and radical railroad-union men, a
i more and more desperate transpor
tation condition is inevitable.
"Until the country comes to a full
realization of this situation and forc
es a repeal of the unwise railroad leg
islation, put through by a socialistic
administration, dominated by rank,
radical labor unions, we can have no
safety for business of any kind.
Young Rockefeller on Selection
New York, March 13.-"Every
man should be exceedingly careful in
the selection of his wife," John D.
Rockefeller, Jr., today told the men's
Bible Class of the Fifth Avenue Bap
tist church. He used as his text the
story of Samson and how he went to
the Philistines foi* a wife.
"Too many young men and wo
men," said Mr. Rockefeller, "look up
on marriage as a mere adventure to
last for a day or two. They are at
tracted by their mutual personal
charms and blindly go into a relation
intended to last a lifetime without
having learned whether or not their
common attributes render such a
"In too many cases the result is
disaster, scandal and the breaking up
of a home.
"A man should be careful about
the differences of race, religion and
even nationality. The differing ideals
might not assimilate readily and dis
sentions must follow. It is necessary
to consider all the varied elements
entering into marriage relations.."
Mr. Rockefeller took occasion to
score the man who, living an out
ward moral life, insisted that his pri
vate affairs must not be scrutinized.
"No man's life," he .declared, "is
private. A man taking such a stand
makes a grave mistake regarding the
service he owes to mankind."
Eggs For Hatching.
Wycoff and Barron Strain White
Leghorns, $1.5o per setting. $1.75
if by parcel post.
Mrs. GEO. F. MIMS.
South Carolina Imported $111
000,000 of Food From the
Columbia, March 13.-South Car
olinians imported $111,000,000 worth
of food and foodstuffs from the West
last year according to figures com
piled by the committee' on banking,
legislation and warehousing of the
South Carolina division of the Ameri
can Cotton Association; The importa
tion of this enormous amount of food
stuffs into the state was made neces
sary by the eagerness of the farmers
to raise cotton, many of them plant
ing seventeen acres to the plow.
In a statement issued yesterday
the association declared that there
was no reason for the farmers of the
state to be panic-stricken over the
fact that price which cotton is now
bringing forbids them planting over
a half crop of it next year. It is de
clared that a study of the figures col
lected by the committee on banking,
legislation and warehouses of the as
sociation ought to convihce them that
a diversification of crops in South
Carolina will prove profitable.
According to the committee state
ment the importation of food and
foodstuffs into South Carolina from
the West last year as follows:
Corn, $15,000,000; mixed feeds,
$13,000,000; hay $12,000,000; oats,
$10,000,000; flour, $20,000,000; beef
$15,000,000; bacon, $20,000,000;
eggs and butter, $3,000,000; canned
goods, $13,000,000, making a grand
total of $111,000,00-0. .
"These figures," says the associa
tion, "are purchases from this state
only and every item must be paid
for in cash before the goods are de
livered, together with the freight.
This amount could be spent at home
if the farmers of South Carolina
would get their minds off of cotton
for a few minutes."
Wireless Links Poland With
Schenectady, N. Y., March 13.
America is soon to be linked with
Poland by direct wireless service, it
was announced today at the local of
fices of the General Electric com
The General Electric company is
manufacturing the apparatus which
is to be installed at Warsaw as the
Polish end of the new system by the
Radio Corporation of America. The
American end of the system will be
the high-powered wireless station at
New Brunswick, N. J.
The new wireless will enable Po-'
land to communicate direct with the
United States without relaying or
foreign censorship for the first time
in history. About 20 per cent of the
Polish people are' in this country, it
Why Colds Are Dangerous.
It is the serious diseases that colds
lead to that makes them dangerous.
They prepare the system for the re
ception and development of the germs
of influenza, pneumonia, tuberculosis,
dyphtheria, scarlet fever, whooping
cough and measles. You are much
more likely to contract these diseases
when you have a cold. For that rea
son you should get rid of every cold
as quickly as possible. Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy will help you. It is
widely known as a cure for bad colds.
Notice of Final Discharge.
To All Whom These Presents May
Whereas, H. W. Kenner has made
application unto this Court for Final
Discharge as Administrator in re the
Estate of W. B. Kenner deceas?d,
on this the 14 day of February, 1921
These Are Therefore, to cite any
and all kindred, creditors or parties
interested to show cause before me at
my office at Edgefield Court House,
South Carolina, on the 18th day of
March, 1921, at ll' o'clock a. m.,
why said order of Discharge should
not be granted.
W. T. KINNAIRD,
Probate Judge, E. Co.
Edgefield, S. C.,
February 14, 1921.
Foundry, Machine, Boiler
Works and Mill Supply
Cotton Oil, Gin, Saw, Grist, Cane,
Shingle Mill, Machinery Supplies and
Repairs, Shafting. Pulleys, Hangers,
Grate Bars, Pumps, Pipe, Valves and
Fittings, Injectors, Belting, Packing
Hose, etc. Cast every day.
GASOLINE AND KEROSENE
Pumping, Wood Sawing and Feed
Lever and Thompson Barred Rocks
best layers and brooders. Coop of
4 hens and 1 cockerel for $5.00.
Mrs. P. N. LOTT.
By NELLIE F. BROWN.
(? 1921, by McClure Newspaper Syndicate.)
The rural delivery had just come.
There were no letters today ; the farm
paper for dad, a circular for Dick, ad
vertising chick ?eed, the daily paper
from the city, and two magazines.
Mrs. Merritt glanced over the head
lines of the news, and then picked up
one of the magazines for a peep at its
contents. It waa charmingly illus
trated, but after a moment or twd
Mrs. Merritt flung lt down with some
thing like a snort of disgust
Td like, for once, to read some
thing real good and homelike," she
exclaimed. "A body would think, from
all the magazines nowadays, that
everyone lived in New York city or
on a Western ranch. Why don't they
ever write stories about real people
people that live in New England, like
us, for instance, or-"
"Because," flashed Lucile stormily,
not waiting for her mother to finish,
"because nothing ever happens in this
dead-and-alive town. We wash on
Monday and iron Tuesday, and go to
the Ladies' Aid once a month Wednes
day, and we boil sap in spring and
pick berries in summer and make
pickles in the fall--"
?m "Mercy! What a blue streak you
are in!" expostulated her mother
good naturedly. "And with ? party at
Rose Wilder's this very night!"
."That's just it!" walled Lucille. "I
haven't a thing to wear, and there'll
be all the summer folks."
"Jour green batiste is pretty," said
"That!" cried Lucille. -Tve had lt
three years, and everyone knows it
was white with a pink figure once,
and that I boiled it out and dyed it
green. And those soap-dyes fade so,
everyone knows when it has been
freshly washed and dyed again. I
couldn't find any green only in a new
kind the last time I weat to the city,
and this kind has to be bolled."
"I'm sorry," said Mrs. Merritt "but
'what can't be cured must be endured.'
You know we decided this summer
that we'd go without everything we
could to buy the washing machine.
Go get your dress and do the best
you can with it. I'm sorry I haven't
had time to fix your white dress, but
that's torn pretty bad."
Mrs. Merritt's philosophy was al
ways to make the best of things, and
Lucille tried to make It hers as she
brought down her seersucker batiste,
ripped off the wide white collar and
cuffs, and surveyed rather scornfully
its faded green folds.
The mixing of the dye was rather
"messy," but at length It was ready,
and Lucille dropped the dress in,
damp from washing. The directions
said, "stir constantly," but who ever
follows dyeing mles explicitly?
Besides, Lucille had the dishes to
wash, so contented herself with a poke
now and then with her wooden dye
But alas, the dishes done, she lifted
out the dress and found it mottled
with all shades of green, from light
yellow-greei to deep olive.
"Oh, for v's sake." ejaculated the
girl. "It's i now. And at least
it was wlv ?'?cl I could have got
lots mo- . of lt."
"Never u heerlly said Mrs
Merritt, cabed urm to comfort, con
sole and counsel. "Put it in strong
soapsuds and boll It out white and
But Lucille was discouraged. She
shook her head, blt her lip to hold
back the lump in her throat, and hur
ried off toward the barn.
"Poor child," murmured her mother
sympathetically. And splash, went the
kettle of green dye down the sink
spout, hiss went a stream of hot wa
ter into a tin tub, slivers of strong yel
low soap followed, and pop went the
dress again, Into a soap bath this time.
"When Lucille came back from her
walk down the lane her head was high
and her eyes bright, but they shone
brighter yet as Mrs. Merritt lifted from
the hot suds the wet, clinging folds
of a dainty blue gown-the soft dull
blue of old rugs and tapestries.
"Why, mother, how did you do it?"
cried Lucille, and "Did you ever!"
burst from Mrs. Merritt.
"Why, it's a real pastel shade," ex
ulted Lucille, who had caught the
light through a single thickness, which,
as everyone knows, shows the shade
the goods will be when dry.
"Take It out, quick, before It turns
"It will be lovely-"
"No one would ever guess-"
"With my lace fichu-"
"And some flowers-"
"You've got a blue feather just that
"I'll retrlm my white hat-"
"There," said her mother. "Don't
ever say nothing happens in this place.
Tm sure this ls good enough for a
So here ls the story.
You'll notice there isn't any young
man in it. But there are always young
men at parties. So perhaps you can
guess the sequel.
If you can't you have no Imagination
, A Modern Courtship.
She-One more question.
He-Yes, dear, I am listening.
She-Will you love me when Tm
He-Well-er-this Is a practical
age, you know, dear. At any rate, Til
see that you get adequate alimony.
Questions fop You
Which bank is the best bank for you? Which
bank will take care of you in time of need?
These questions are not hard to answer. The
good, strong trustworthy, accommodating bank is the
one you want to do business with. We feel that we
have such a bank, one that is modern and oilers you
every necessary banking facility, a bank solid enough
to take care of you at all times and under all circum
The Bank of Trenton, S. .C
All; checks drawn on The Bank of Trenton can be cleared free of ?x
change through the Federal Reserve Bank.
.!<:;.>:< : >:?* . M I M.: >:<. >.( I >:< : i:< I >:< : ttl >:< : M I >:< : >:< ; >:< ;
Barrett & Company !
COTTON FACTORS !
Augusta ----- Georgia
You'll feel better as soon as you swallow the first
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DR. MILES' ANTI - PAIN PILLS
are absolutely free from all narcotics and habit
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For Cotton, Corn, Tobacco,
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QUALITY in plant food content
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THE COE-MORTIMER CO., Inc.
Subsidiary of The American Agricultural Chemical Co.
Charleston, S. C
FOR SALE BY )
EDGEFIELD WAREHOUSE COMPANY
Edgef ield, S. C.
W. P. CASSELLS, Johnston, S. C.
SAWYER & JONES, Ridge Spring, S. C.
A. H. DEVAUGHN (Jr.) & COMPANY
103 Jackson Street, Augusta, Ga.
For Long Distance call us at the Cotton Exchange. Cotton
handled in ten-bale lots. We solicit your business.
ROSE & SON, 81 Broad Street, New York