Newspaper Page Text
Flames Imperil Capital of
Tokyo, March 27 (By the Associa
ted Press).-The whole city of Tokyo
was imperiled last night by the great
est fire with which it has been visited
in a decade. The conflagration destroy
ed a thousand houses in the Yotsuya
district, in the northwestern part of
the city, involving a loss estimated
at 25,000,000, yen, (normally about
$12,5000,000). Thousands of persons
weremade homeless and 233 persons
were injured. The burned buildings
included three hospitals, a bank and
several large business houses.
For four hours during the night
a violent, biting wind drove the
flames in the direction of the heart
of the city causing a panic among
the population over a wide area. Four
thousand troops aided the firemen in
combating the blaze but it was only
when the force of the wind let down
notably that their efforts to control
the fire were rewarded with success.
Scenes of terror were witnessed in
many sections as the course of the
flames threatened widespread destruc
tion. The streets were choked with' ;
masses of despairing refugees from 1
the districts already stricken, accom- '<
panied by carts loaded with furni- i
ture, the confusion being added to by
the flocking in of sightseers from oth
er sections. Many of the half frozen ?
fugitives fleeing from the flames bore '
infants strapped to their backs. 1
Mounted police had great difficulty in <
restraining incipient panics. i
As a meausre of relief the imperial
gardens were opened to the sufferers.
The fire burned so fiercely and with t
such intense brightness that the skies i
were illuminated by a fiery halo j
which was visible for hundreds of (
miles as it hung over the city. The \
,diet, which was in session when the
blaze (started, adjourned l.whe^i its
threatening nature was reported. r
Keep the Plant Running. 1
Every well regulated farm is oper- I
ated twelve months of the year. Some ?
departments may be closed for the c
season, but others are opened and the r
machinery keeps going. On the other
hand there are many farms that oper
ate but part of the year. These are i
generally one-crop farms on which r
there is little or no livestock. The s
owner, or tenant, gambles on the turn a
of a single card. If he wins, he is in e
"clover," but he more often loses s
and when he does, he talks longest c
and loudest about working sixteen i
hours a day for twelve months and t
getting nothing for it. n
As a matter of fact do all farmers, a
particularly the one crop farmer, t
work twelve months in a year or even a
sixteen hours any day except for a t
limited period of time? According to c
Agricultural Department statisticians
the one crop grain farmer works four
months out of the twelve and the one- t
crop cotton farmer not more than five b
or six, counting the innumerable \
days inwhich he does not enter the \
fields during the season. It is only s
the diversifier who does livestock s
farming who puts in full time, and j
because he has something to do every c
month of the year, he is generally in c
better shape financially than his s
neighbor who depends upon a single i
source of income. j
While there is considerable talk '
about difference in living conditions s
as between the farm and the city, it ?
is well to understand that the major- f
ity of men in the city who earn their 1
living working for others, are occu- 1
pied every day of the year except *
Sunday without regard to weather
conditions. If the average wage earn
er or salaried man in the city laid off 1
even one month in the year, the most J
of them would find it a difficult mat- 1
ter to meet their obligations. The i
same may be said of the man in bus- <
iness. He either keeps his factory in I
operation or his business a going con- i
cern the entire year, or else he goes <
No business, even that of farming, i
can expect to prosper unless it is op- i
erated continuously. Intelligent di- ]
versification along with livestock 1
farming is a safe and sure way to <
keep the farm plant running full <
time all the year. Farm and Ranch. 1
Little Liquor to be Returned.
Washington, March 27.-Little li
quor will have to be returned to own
ers as a result of a recent ruling of
the United States circuit court in
South Carolina that the Volstead act
supersedes the internal revenue laws
in so far as they apply to intoxicat
ing liquors, Prohibition Commissioner
Kramer said today. The assertion
was made in New York yesterday of
federal officials in halting ? raid on
the ground that the ruling made seiz
ures under the revenue laws illegal.
The great bulk of the liquor seized
by the government Commissioner
Kramer declared, was taken under
the Volstead act while being trans
ported illegally, and this liquor would
be unaffected by the new interpreta
tion of the law. He added that he aid
not know how much liquor may have
been seized in various parts of the
country under the revenue laws, but
expressed the belief that it was not
a considerable quantity in comparison
with the total amount seized since
prohibition became a law.
Returns cf some liquor probably
would be necessary where it had been
seized under the revenue laws, Mr.
Kramer asserted, adding that while
some of it "may have been destroyed,
large quantities are still awaiting de
termination of the status by the
Mr. Kramer said he believed the
South Carolina ruling would not
greatly interfere with prohibition en
forcement. At present, he said, very
little real liquor is being taken by
federal agents in raids. Most of the
illegal liquors, he explained, were im
itation concoctions transported by
bootleggers for sale as the established
brands of liquors.
The Best Garden Ever in 1921 :
Things to Do Now.
. . I. '
Cultivation or tillage is manure to
a greater extent in the garden than
in the field. Keep the push plow, rake
and hoe on their jobs. Let no crust
form and no weeds grow.
Keep hotbed and cold frame plants
rrowing regularly, but not too fast.
Thin, or better still, shift all plants
;hat become crowded or too slender,
jive plenty of air and sunshine when
;he temperature permits.
For succession, set cabbage, let
;uce and cauliflower, and plant, kale,
nustard, turnip, spinach, carrot, En
glish pea, corn and beets. In the low
;r South risk a row or two of bush
>eans, cucumber, and cantaloupe.
Don't forget to try out some va
ieties of standard sorts that you have
lot grown before. Plant some new
cinds, such as Brussels sprouts, cress,
cale, kohl-rabi, spinach, chard, cel
?ry, celeriac, garlic, salsify, parsnip,
:arrot and parsley, sweet, pot, and
Verbena, aster, phlox, petunia, j
tansy, candytuft/ canna, chrysanthe
num, daisy, dahlia, dianthus, poppy, I
weet pea and violet must be looked i
ifter now and given the attention j
lach needs. Keep pansies, violets and
weetpea blossoms picked as they
.pen. This will prolong their bloom
ng season and give larger and pret
ier blossoms in greater abundance. A ,
nulch of coarse manure about rose j
nd other bushes and vines will help !
hem to greater vigor of both stem I
nd blossoms. Try a handful of fer- !
ilizer around your shrubs and vines,;
hopping it into the ground. I
Get ready for the striped cucumber :
.eetle and get him before he does
lis deadly work. This insiduous pest
viii crawl into the first crack made j
vhen cucumber, melon or squash!
eeds germinate and often will de- j
troy the stand before the young
dants come out of the ground. Mix j
?ne peck sifted air-slaked lime, four j
?unces Paris green, two ounces ar
ienate of lead, and dust this mixture
nto the cracked soil and over the
.oung plants as they come up. This
nay be applied from a small flour !
;ack or similar sack made from some j
>pen mesh cloth. Boil and dry the
lour sack, put about the pint of the |
joison in it, shake it over the hills.
Repeat every four to six days and
Supports for pole beans that give
;he vines encouragement to "run"
is it is their nature to do, may be
provided by several means. Where
t is convenient to get poles of the
iesired shape, length and lightness,
;hey should be cut before the sap
rises and allowed to season. Do not
:ut young timber that may be of ser
vice later on. Dogwood is good, as
is alder, but the latter lasts only one
ar two seasons. For setting these
poles firmly in the ground, use a post
hole punch. If this is not available,
cut a straight 30-inch section of a
dogwood tree three inches in diam
eter and hew it to the shape of a long
wedge. Drive this in the ground to
the depth desired, remove and set
the pole firmly so that it will not
blow over when it becomes top
heavy with the bean vines.-Progres
Why Colds Are Dangerous. .
It is the serious diseases that colds
lead to that makes them dangerous.
They prepare the system for the re
ception and development of the germs
of influenza, pneumonia, tuberculosis,
dyphtheria, scarlet fever, whooping
cough and measles. You are much
more likely to contract these diseases
when you have a cold. For that rea
son you should get rid of every cold
as quickly as possible. Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy will help you. It is
widely known as a cure for bad colds.
suns Old Sores, Other Rome?les Won't Cure.
The worst cases, no matter of how long standing,
ire cured by the wonderful, old' reliable Dr.
Porter's Antiseptic Healing Oil. It relieve*
Pain and Heals at the same time. 21', 50c, ti ?
Prison Figures Show Decrease.
Chicago, March 23.-Prison popu
lation of the middle and southwestern
United States has decreased 12.4 per
cent, in the past six years, accord
ing to reports collected by the As
sociated Press from state peniten
tiaries in 16 states.
The decrease amounted to 2,729
prisoners. The total penitentiary pop
v _"ion of the 16 states in 1914 was
21,947, in 1920 19,216. Date of the
comparative figures was for the most
part December 1 of each year.
Falling off in the priaon population
?of the section is equivalent to more
i than the combined prisoners of Iowa,
Kansas, Wisconsin and North and
South Dakota in 1914.
Decrease, however was shown to be
not uniform throughout the territory.
Six states have the reverse to show,
reporting an increase, while one pre
sented exactly the same figures. The
decrease, came from nine states.
The advance in six states amount
ed to 834 prisoners while the decrease
in the nine states aggregated 3,563
prisoners. This gave the total net de
crease of 2,729. fi
States whose penitentiaries report
ed less convicts than six years ago
were Arkansas, Indiana, Iowa, Ken
tucky, Minnesota, Missouri, North
Dakota, Texas and Wisconsin. States
that had the contrary story to tell
were Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Ne
braska, Ohio and Oklahoma. South
Dakota was the state whose prison
population on December 1 of the two
years was identical.
The largest decrease in any state
was shown by Kentucky, its peniten
tiary inmates falling off 818 or 37
per cent. In this state 1914 figures,
were not obtainable, and thej nearest
date was December 1, 1916, when the j
state penitentiary held 2,182 con
victs, as against 1,364 on December
1 of last year.
The largest increase was noted in
Ohio, where convicts at the state pen
itentiary increased 291 or 17 per cent'
in the six year period, specifically
from 1,702 to 1,993.
In the past year alone, from De
cember 1, 1919, to December 1, 1920,
the total prison population of the 16
states fell off 702 prisoners or 3Vs
Put the Money in th ? Banks.
Mr.Hugh H. Saxon, assistant cash
ier of the Georgia Railroad hank, who
has just returned from Macon, where
he attended the convention of the
Georgia Bankers, tells interestingly
of action had there having for its pur-1
pose the effort to induce people to
put their money in banks, and not to
keep it in private safes or between
the matresses at home.
For the promotion of public confi
dence, the bankers at Macon voted to
expend $50,000 this year in advertis
ing banking in the abstract in a coo
operative way in the daily newspa
pers of Georgia and in one weekly
paper in each county and in one or
more farm papers. Wilson M. Hardy
of Rome was made chairman of the
committee to handle the advertising
In a summary of the principal fea
tures of the report to congress by the
comptroller of the currency that of
ficer discusses at some length the mat
ter of the alleged currency inflation,
and presents figures showing that
the proportion of the money in cir
culation to the total resources of the
banks is now considerably smaller
than before the European War.
While the amount of money actually
"in circulation" increased from $3,
419,168,000 in July, 1914 to $5,
380,852,000 in July, 1920, the Comp
troller shows that this is largely ac
counted for by thc increase in our
holdings of gold deposited with Fed
eral Reserve Banks, against which
Federal Reserve Notes have been is
sued. The Comptroller says that the
increase in circulation of 1,962 mil
lion thus mainly represented by Fed
eral Reserve Notes, to secure which
the Federal Reserve Banks now hold
approximately 50 per cent in gold.
A usmraary is presented of the $5,
380,852,000 of money in circulation,
which shows that of this sum the na
tional banks held in their vaults 450
million, banks under state supervi
sion 626 million, and Federal Reserve
Banks (exclusive of more than a bil
lion dollars of golc nledged as reserve
against Federal Reserve notes out
standing) 960 million, leaving a bal
ance of money in the pockets of the
people, in tills and cash drawers of
merchants, and money hoarded in
safe-jdeposit boxes? Stockings, etc.,
and currency circulating in Cuba and
other foreign countries, 3,344 million
While in a general way, it is known
that many people pocket, safe-vault
or home-hide their money, no one
supposed that this immense amount
was handled in such manner., For
your own protection, for the protec
tion of your money-to guard it
against loss and destruction-put it
in bank.-Augusta Chronicle.
Purebred Livestock Industry.
For the first time in history the
Census Bureau has made an attempt
to collect and compile statistics on
the purebred livestock industry. Re
ports from ten States have been made
public and these show that the'indus
try is farther advanced than many
persons thought. Notwithstanding
the splendid showing made, the per
centage of farms reporting purebred
livestock* is not ? large. There is yet
much room for missionary effort on
the part of farm publications and
pure bred livestock associations.
The ten states for which purebred
livestock figures have been reported
and the percentage of farms having
purebred stock are: South Carolina,
3.21 per cent; Virginia, 4.77 per cent;
Delaware, 6.29 per cent; West Vir
ginia, 8.18 per cent; Oklahoma, 11.07
per cent; Massachusetts, 1109 per
cent; Michigan, 11.12 per cent; Ohio,
02 per cent; and Indiana, 15.17 per
cent. The states are mentioned ac
cording to the percentage of farms
Of the ten states mentioned in the
report, Indiana leads with 15,17 per
cent of all farms having purebred
livestock. This does not mean that all
livestock on these farms are purebred
and therefore the percentage of pure- I
breds as compared with th.? * tal num
ber of animals is much less.
It is only comparatively of recent
years that purebred animals were con
Isidered as essential to profitable
framing. They were bred largely as a
hobby by wealthy men. At the pres
ent time there are thousands of far
mers who have been convinced that
scrubs are undesirable. Their num
bers are increasing. During the next
decade one may expect to see the
scrub replaced by animals of the bet
ter kind on the majority of farms in
the country.-Farm and Ranch.
Clemson College, March 18.-Some
interesting figures as to farm and
farmstead improvements made in
South Carolina in 1919 through the
advice and assistance of county
agents are shown in the figures be
low from annual reports. The num
ber of farm buildings erected as re
forted from ll counties was 13.1.
[The number of farm buildings im
proved as reported from 14 counties
was 131. The number of farm build
ings painted or whitewashed as re
ported from ll counties was 189.
In the matter of tome conven-!
iences the report from' 26 counties
show -173 home water systems install
..ed, .m~'-:'ng a total of 4,522 such sys
tems now in use. Home lighting sys
tems installed in 30 counties number
ed 869, making a total of such sys
tems 4,378. Reports from 23 counties
showed 846 home grounds improved,
and reports from 19 counties showed
far mand sanitary conditions improv
ed on 1107 farms.
In the way of farm improvements
the reports show 409 new pastures
established in 24 counties, 229 old
pastures renovated in 25 counties,
29 drainage systems established in
ll counties, 56 farmers in 20 coun
ties induced to remove stumps, 494
farmers in 16 counties induced to
terrace lands, 1,922 farmers in 17
counties induced to plant home gar^
dens, and 8,093 farmers in 36 coun
ties induced to plant cover crops to ,
be turned under for soil improve
The total number of acres ditch
ed, terraced and stumped was 26,
126. Estimating the resultant im
provement at $5.00 per acre, this
gives a total of $130,630 as improv
ed value of these lands.
Million Packets Of
Flower Seeds Free
We believe In flowers around the
homes of the South. Flowers brighten
up the home surroundings and give
pleasure and satisfaction to those who
We have filled more than a million
packets of seeds, of beautiful yet
easily grown flowers to be given to
our customers this spring for the
beautifying of their homes.
Wouldn't you like to have five
packets of beautiful flowers free?
YOU CAN GET THEM! Hastings'
catalog is a 116-page handsomely
illustrated seed book with twenty
beautiful pages showing the finest va
rieties in their true natural colors.
It is full of helpful garden, flower and
farm information that ls needed in
every home, and, too, the catalog tells
you how to get these flower seeds ab
Write for our 1921 catalog now. It
is the finest, most valuable and beau
tiful seed book ever published, and
you will be mighty glad you've got it
There is no obligation to buy any
thing. Just ask for the catalog.
H. G. HASTINGS CO., SEEDSMEN,
Whenever You Need a General Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic properties of QUININE
and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives
out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and
Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents.
We Can Give You Prompt Service
on Mill Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lumber on hand for
Woodward Lumber Co.
Comer Roberts and Dugas Ste., Augusta, Ga,
Consult Your Own Interest by Consulting Us
Metal or Composition Roofing
Mantels, Tile, Grates
Youngblood Roofing and
635 Broad St. Telphone 1697
AUGUSTA, GEORGIA j
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits
Total Resources Over - -
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open vour account with us for the year 1920. Invest your
savings in one of oar Interest Bearing Certificates of
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable pa
AIL business matters referred to as pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
IT S NOT WJ
Copyright 1909, br C. E. Zimmerman Co. -No. 66
EVERY DOLLAR that you spend foolishly, every proportion
ate amount of money that you earn that it would be possible to
save and do not, is only money that you have to work for again.
On the other hand every dollar you put in the bank is money
that is going to constantly work for you. Which is the best;
money always working for you, or you always working for
your money. Come in and start that bank account Don't put it
off another day.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; A. S. Tompkins, Vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford,
M. C. Parker, A. S. Tompkins, J. G. Holland, E. J. Mims, J. H. Allen.