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Heavy Deficit For Railroads
Washington April 10.-Railroads
of United States suffered a deficit
in Feburary of $7,205,000, while 106
out of 200 roads reporting to the
interstate commerce commission fail
ed to earn their expenses and taxes
as against a deficit of $1,167,800 for
January with 109 out of 202 failing
to make expenses, according to tabu
lations made public tonight by the
Associations of Railway Executives.
Of the 106 roads reported as fail
ing to make expenses, 46 were in
Eastern, 16 in Southern and 44 in
Western districts. The 200 roads re
present a mileage of 235,562 miles.
The carriers, according to the tab
. ulations, fell short $63,804,000 of
earning the amount estimated under
the increase rates fixed by the com
mission in accordance with the
transportation actf.devised to estab
lish rates yielding a return of 6 per
cent on valuations.
Total operating revenues were
given as $406,658,000, a decrease of
4 1-2 per cent, as compared with Feb
ruary, 1920, while operating expenses
were$385,878,000, a decrease of 7
1-2 per cent, compared with February
a year ago. The net railway operating
deficit, however, it was announced,
was reduced 56 1-2 per cent, com
pared with February, 1920, when it
"Reports from the Southern .dis
trict," said the statement, "showed
that the operating revenues of the
carriers, there were $69, 667,000, or
a decrease of 9 1-2 pe* cent, com
pared with those one year ago, while
operating expenses totaled $64,890,
000 or a decrease of five per cent,
compared with those for February,19
20. The net operating income for the
35 class one roads in that district was
$487,000 which was, however, a de
crease of 90.6 per cent, under that
for the same month in 1920."
A Firm Seed Bed Pays
Many good cotton growers have
been heard to say that young cot
ton will not grow well until the tap
root strikes hard ground. The truth
of this statement may depend in
large measure on what- is meant by
hard ground. In view of farm prac
tices in many sections of the Cotton
Belt it might be well to distinguish
between hard ground and a firm seed
We are all thoroughly familiar
with the term, "firm seed bed." We
all know the value of a firm seed bed,
well-pulverized on the surface, for
planting most crops. But do not make
the mistake of thinking that a firm
seed bed must be a hard seed bed.
With the frequent heavy rains we
have and with the types of soils in
most sections of the South our land
is packed down closely and heavily
in the course of a year. Any portion
of that soil left undisturbed by plows
is hard and is not suitable for best
crop growth. But when land is fresh
ly broken to a good depth, it again is
not in suitable condition for imme
To avoid a hard seed bed, land
must bebroken in one way or another.
To assure a firm seed bed, land must
be allowed to settle down after plow
ing. A few rains will settle the land
quickly. When rains fail to come as
wanted sub-surface packers such as
culti-packers, pulverisers, etc., help
to make a firm seed bed. Even letting
the land stand for two or three weeks
"before planting will give it time to
settle down somewhat of its own ac
cord. Many people plow, prepare and
plant immediately, depending upon
the early spring rains to settle the
soil by the time the seed are sprouted
or the young plants are ready to grow
But it is safest and best to remember
that a firm seed bed, well-pulverized
on the surface, offers the best chance
of quick germination of seed and
rapid growth of young plants.
A firm seed bed, not a hard seed
hed, is much to be desired. Even cot
ton does better when planted on a
firm seedbed. -Progressive Farmer.
Look Well To The Home
Now is the time to spray for Brown
Rot of peach and for the several rots
of plums and apples, says the County
Agent. Peaches and plums should be
sprayed with the following solutions:
1 gal. Lime Sulphur (Get from Mr.
Carwile) mixed with 60 to 70 gal. of
.water. Spray until the leaves begin to
drip. This solution may also be used
for mildew on roses..
For apples and pears double the
above strength of Lime Sulphur to
For bugs on potatoes and worms on
caobage use one part of arsenate of
lead to four or six parts of flour or
air slaked lime, and use as a dust.
Any further information will be
gladly furnished by ths CountyAgent,
but you must not expect him to spray
your orchard. He has not the time to
do the detail work. ?
Prune Tomato Plants
Clemson College, April 9.- A
thrifty tomato plant left to itself
will spread over a space from 4 to
6 feet in diameter and will produce
a peck or more of tomatoes. If staked
and pruned it will yield almost the
samequantity of fruit, the tomotoes
will be larger, cleaner, better flavor
ed, and superior in every respect, and
enough space can be conserved to
accommodate several other plants
cared for in the same manner, say
garden- specialist. The staaked and
pruned plants .?re easily sprayed, and
will continue to produce later in the
fall. As a rule, also, the prunned to
matoes will mature earlier. On the
scale on which tomatoes are grown in
the home garden, staking and prunn
ing require little trouble, and will
fully repay the effort.
When the plants are to be staked
they may be set 2 feet apart each
way, or every 18 inches in rows 3
feet apart. Any substantial stake of
sufficient size to bear the weight of
theplants and. 4 or 5 feet long is
suitable. Sawed strips or laths may
be used. A stake is driven about 3 in
ches from each plant, which is tied to
it at inntevals of 8 to 10 inches
as the stem develops. Soft strings or
narrow strips of cloth are used for
When the plants begin making a
vigorous growth, shoots will appeaar
in the little pockets where each leaf
joins the stem. Later the blossoms
appear on the opposite side of the
stem. In pruning the plant remove
all these side shoots and those around
the base of the plant, being careful
not to disturb the blossom clusters.
The shoo.3, sometimes called suckers,
should be pinched off shortly after
they appear. The main stem can be
carried to the full height of the stake,
then allowed to hang over. By this
time six or seven blossom clusters,
on which the fruit is developing,
should be set on the stem. s
Chamberlain's Tablets are Just What
.When you have no ?ppetite
When your digestion is impaired.
When your liver is torpid.
When you feel dull and stupid af
When you have headache. .
They will improve your appetite,
cleanse and invigorate your stomach,
regulate your bowels and make you
feel "fine as a fiddle." They are easy
to take and agreeable in effect.
Million Packets Of
Flower Seeds Free
We believe in flowers around the
homes of the South. Flowers brighten
up the home surroundings and give
pleasure and satisfaction to those who
We have filled more than a million
packets of seeds, of beautiful yet
easily grown flowers to be given to
our customers this spring for the
beautifying of their homes.
Wouldn't you like to have five
packets of beautiful flowers free?
YOU CAN GET THEM! Hastings'
1921 catalog ls a 116-page handsomely
illustrated seed book with twenty
beautiful pages showing the finest va
rieties in their true natural colora.
It ls full of helpful garden, flower and
farm information that ls needed In
every home, and, too, the catalog tells
you how to get these flower seeds ab
Write for our 1921 catalog now. It
is the finest, most valuable and beau
tiful seed book ever published, and
you will be mighty glad you've got it.
There ls no obligation to buy any
thing. Just ask for the catalog.
H. G. HASTINGS CO., SEEDSMEN,
Farmers Can Borrow
The Federal Loan Act has been
declared constitutional. The Federal
Land Bank at Columbia will begin
business soon. We have been author
ized by the secretary of the local as
sociation to take applications from
farmers for loans on real estate. All
farmers who wish to borrow money
can procure application blanks at our
office. Avail yourself at once of this
N. G. EVANS.
^ CT. BURNETT.
Cow Peas Wanted.
For peas sacked in good hags we
can pay you for prompt shipment
f. o. b. your shopping point.
Straight varieties, $2.00 per bu.
Mixed, $1.90 per bu., White, $1.75
per bu. Write or wire us what you
WALTON. & COMPANY
J. S. BYRD
Office Over Store of
Quarles & Timmerman
Office Phone No. 3
Residence Phone 87
(IS IBU. by McClure Newspaper Synulcute.)
As he walked through the gate and
caught a glimpse of yellow curls
through a window of the vine-covered
cottage, Robert Hannaford felt some
not a great deal, but some-of the
weight lifted from his heavy heart.
It had been a full month since he
had seen Gloria Engel, a month of
I gladness, but with a finis of sadness. ,
Many persons would not have seen
anything sad about Robert being
discarded by Angeline Vanentlne. In
I fact, some of his well-wishing friends
had hinted to Robert that it would
be better for him if he left the dash
ing, dark-haired film actress alone.
"She's just a vamp," one of these
friends warned. "She's a vamp In the
movies because she's just naturally
one In real life. That's why she does
so well in those parts. She'll get your
heart iu the hollow of her hand, and
then she'll squeeze it and throw It
But Robert was infatuated. When
he first saw Angeline she was spend
ing a few weeks at Cedar Point to rest
from her latest -"million-dollar" pro
eduction, and she certainly was a
Robert \*as no unsophisticated
country product. He was not a native
of Cedar Point any more than Ange
line was, but he had been spending
summers there for the past few years
as the ?uest of ?iis aged uncle. Rob
ert was head of a prosperous automo
bile paris plant in Indiana, but hay
fever drove him to the northern lake
region during ragweed season.
While on ?ts first visit to his uncle
Roberi met Gloria Engel, and her
frank, wholesome, sunny nature erv
pletely won him. Nothing was defin
itely settled between them, but there
was a tacit understanding that a part
nership affair In which the Gospel
played a part would be consummated
In the near future. When he came, north
for the present summer Robert felt it
was time to settle this partnership
matter, for now he was in a financial
position to support a wife as he felt
one should be supported.
Then along came Angeline .and
spoiled it all. Robert deserted Gloria
with no words of explanation and
spent most of his time with the actress.
They golfed, motored, swam and
canoed. Yes, Robert was infatuated.
In a way he was not responsible'for
his treatment of Gloria, for Infatua
tion is a form of temporary Insanity.
Then one night, at a private dinner,
Robert announced he was to be mar
"Two weeks from today," .he said,
"will find me no longer a single man."
"You sure do work fast," was the
comment of one of his friends as they
congratulated him.. Some of these
felicitations were not as hearty as
they might have been, for Gloria was
well liked by Robert's friends and sev
eral of them would have spoken words
of censure for the way he had treated
her, if they had voiced the sentiment
that was in their minds.
The next day Robert went to the
hotel to keep an engagement with An
geline. She was not there, but the
clerk, with a pitying grin, handed Rob
ert a letter. It was brief:
"Robert, Dear-Tve gone back to
work. We've had some nice times, but
of course we were not serious-at
least, I was not. Really, I never could
marry you. I hope you wou't feel too
bad about this. You see, there's a
man back home that I really love.
For hours Robert walked on the
beach, reading and re-reading this
note. It seemed that the end of things
"The fellows were right," he told
himself. "She's a vamp, but I loved
her. I wouder if It was genuine love,
Dusk found him far down the beach.
During the walk he had come to, as If
were, from a period of sleep.
'Tm almost glad It happened," he
said. "I'm going back to Gloria-If
she'll have me."
Nevertheless Robert did not find It
easy to shake off the depression that
had come with?the note from Angeline.
It took considerable courage to ap
proach Gloria's quaint little home,
where she lived with her aunt, but lt
seemed he just must get consolation
from some one.
Gloria admitted him and treated
him as If nothing ever had come be
tween them. Her smile was just the
same, and she was as gracious as
eyer. That was like Gloria. It was
returning good for evil, In a sense;
and for that reason it hurt. It made
Robert feel small and mean.
Naturally, his manner was con
strained at first, but Gloria was so
grand about It that he gradually un
bent, and before long they were in
paths of conversation familiar to both.
As he sat and watched the sinking
sun play about Gloria's yellow locks
Robert said to himself :
"She's really the girl, after all. She
has made me forget Angeline. Infatu
ation ls one thing and love is entirely
He remained late at Gloria's home.
Somehow he dreaded to get into his
own company. Once away from Gloria
thoughts of the other girl were bound
But at last he had to go. He stood
at the door like a bashful boy who
had just made bis debut In feminine
"Gloila," he said hesitatingly, one
hand on the door-knob, "i have been
a pretty poor sort. I cannot expect
you to forgive nie ; but you have been
Just grand. I want to apologize for
what I have done, and-and Gloria
really I love you. I have all the time.
Will-will you kiss me good-night?"
There were tears in Gloria's eyes as
she reached up and placed au' arm
around his neck.
"Robert, dear, I love you, too. I
suppose I am a little fool for letting
you come back to me ; but you are the
only fellow I ever cared for. There's
no use trying to deceive myself."
There was some further conversa
tion on this rather Interesting topic be
fore Robert left the house that night.
When he arrived at his uncle's cottage
he found a telegram on the dresser,
"Disregard my note. I really love
you, Bob. I can't stand It to be with
out you. I thought I was flirting, but
I really fell in love. Am ready to go
ahead with the ceremony as planned.
It was a week later that Tom Wil
son met Robert and observed :
"I understand your wedding hag
been called off. I don't want to be
curious, but I'd like to know for sr re.
You see, I'm thinking about getting
you a present."
"Go ahead and get lt," said Robert.
"I will be married oh time."
.The church was so small that many
of the guests were obliged to walt In
front to get a glimpse of the bride and
From the outside Rev. Jonathan
Snooks' droning voice could be heard.
As he pronounced the words that
sealed the bargain some of the out
door guests placed bags of rice within
convenient reach. Resorters had
made Cedar Point metropolitan in
everything except marriages, and the
community reserved the right to be
provincial in that one particular.
The crowd in front of the door fell
back present^', and the tall form of
Robert Hannaford appeared, walking
along the aisle. The rice throwers
reached for ammunition.
, Robert was smiling down at the
bright eyes of the pretty miss walking
Inside him, clinging to his arm. Creep
ing through a stained-glass window, a
ray from the sun lighted up the bride's
curly yellow hair.
STILL GOVERNED BY INSTINCT
Unconscious Hereditary Actions Prove
Mankind's Descent From Count
less Ages of Savage Ancestors.
Deep down somewhere in the inner
nature of all men and women, the in
stincts, habits, and forces still remain,
which made up the life of our primal
ancestors countless ages ago. We no
tice this frequently In the unconscious
hereditary actions of the lower an
imals, .lust :\'t une instance. It Is very
conti i on t" sw a dog turn, round sev
eral i'.nies before lying down on a
hearthrug, as If preparing a sleeping
place in some long grass; that act
has been quite unnecessary for many
loqg centuries, yet thg domesticated
and highly intelligent animal even now
retains this habit of Its wild progeni
tors. It is also more than probable
that the universal fondness for throw
ing stones so inherent In all boys ls
another dormant memory handed down
from the far-away times of the Stone
age, when our primeval forebears used
stones, either artificially-shaped or oth
erwise, as weapons of attack and de
fense, or for killing small game for
food, etc. Girls never want to throw
stones, and if they try they are not
able to do so with an effect. This,
I think, proves that the women of old
never acquired the art, and we get a
slight peep Into their manner of life
by this one fact. The men, no doubt,
did all the fighting and hunting for
food then, and lt ls the same today,
amongst all races, both civilized and
uncivilized. Some of our' simplest
dally habits date from the beginning
of things.-F. W. P., In Birmingham
Sun's Rays Not Properly Valued.
The warmth of the sun on a tired
body wracked with a city's nervous
energy, the drawing up of seedling,
and blossom to the light, throwing on
lawn, orchard, garden and forest
splashes bf color and shade are bless
ings not to be despised. We should
spend more time in the garden, and
In the sun, for the same reason that
we eat food to sustain life. The
touch of the soil on our hands, and
the warmth of the sun on the back,
have a way of purging us of much
that is harmful to our happiness. They
remove the strange restrictions that
society puts upon us, and leave us
light-hearted. They help to make the
crooked things straight and the rough
places plain.-Thrift Magazine.
According to A. M. G. Grant, a con
sulting mining engineer who recently
returned to Great Britain, 100,000 tons
of coal have been shipped as au ex
periment from China to Newcastle-on
Tyne. It Is said that the coal ls "of
excellent quality, and, imported in
larger quantles, could be sold at
cheaper rates than British." All of
which Is certainly strange !-Scientific
The New Woman.
"For what are you incarcerated
here, ray poor man?" asked Mrs.
"I married a new woman," answered
"Impossible! You couldn't be put In
Jail for that!" '
"But I was ! I married a new wom
an and ?the old woman I already had
kicked about It and had rae put here
for bigamy."-Edinburgh Scotsman.
We Can Give You Prompt Service
on Mill Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rou sb and Dressed Lamber on hand for
Woodward Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dagas Sts., Augusta, Ga,
Consult Your Own Interest by Consulting Us
Metal or Composition Roofing
, Mantels, Tiling, Grates
Doors, Sash, etc.
Youngblood Roofing and
635 Broad St. Telphone 1697
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits -
Total Resources Over - - -
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open your account with us for the year 1920. Invest your
savings in one cf our Interest Bearing Certificates of
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable pa
All business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
TS NOT WHAr
. ^ Covn'EM 1909. br C. E. Z ts Berman Co. -So. 6*
EVERY DOLLAR that you spend foolishly, every proportion*
ate amount of money that you earn that it would be possible to
save and do not, is only money that you have to work for again.
On the other hand every dollar you put in the bank is money
that is going to constantly work for you. Which is the best;
money always working for you, or you always working for
your money. Come in and start that bank account. Don't put it
off another day.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; A. S. Tompkins, vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Thos. JL Rainsford, John Rainsford,
M. C. Parker, A. S. Tompkins, J. G. Holland, E. J. Mims, J. H. Allen.