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Contrast Between Former Gran
deur and Present Humilia
tion of Ex-Kaiser.
Doora, April 17.-Never was contrast
between former glory and present state
of humiliation more ?ccentuated than
when Wilhelm, the former German em
. peror, followed the body of his wife,
Augusta Victoria, to the station at
Haara, where he" entrusted the faith
ful companion of his grandeur and his
sorrow to his sons and friends to take
back to the fatherland.
The Emperor thas was and the form
er crown prince and other sons present
were all attired in full uniform of the
Prussian Guard, their helmets crepe
.The funeral procession arrived at the
little station Maarn in darkness, broken
. ?inly by the light from a few lamps on
the railway embankment First came
a huge car covered with flowers, follow
ed by servants, who loaded the wreaths
into the railway carriage. About ten
minutes later the hearse arrived, flash
ing powerful search-lights. It was
draped with black cloth with white
?ross and border.
From the next automobile Chaplain
Dryander alighted, wearing black robes.
Immediately behind came an automo
bile carrying the former emperor and
bis daughter, Princess Victoria Luise,
which drove on until it reached a shel
ter of shrubs, hiding it from view.
Frederick William, the former crown
prince, and Prince Adalbert, in long
gray mantles walked briskly forward.
Others members of the family alighted
from their cars- P-iince Oscar, the
Duke of Brunswick, Prince Euersten
berg, General von Gontard, chief of
Jthe household, Countess von Keller and
Countess von Rantzau, the staunchest
friends of the late empress and ladies
in-waiting in the old days, and the
*eourt chamberlain, Baron von Spitzem
Representatives of Quaen Wilhelmi
na, of Holland, the dowager queen and
the prince consort, with representatives
of the kiiig of Spain and the king of
Sweden, and a number of Dutch offi
cials, closing the procession.
When all had collected around the
^'jroffin, Count Chaplain Dr. Dryander,
bis voice vibrating with emotion, deliv
ered a brief oration. The coffin was
then placed in the railway carriage,
which Welheim, Frederick William and
Prineees Luise entered, remaining for
a moment Then the former emperor
led the way to the cars in which the
other members of the party were to
sleep tonight and remain during their
-journey. He thanked them all and
"took leave of them.
For a brief period Wilhelm- became
dimly visible to tbpse who had gathered
to watch the ceremony, his figure that
of a man broken by sorrow. Princess
Luise entered the automobile with her
father, the door c?osed and the car
glided on, carrying the exile back to
confinement at Doom, to face his fate
without the devoted wife who until now
bad shared his humiliation.
Soon after the departure of the
former emperor, the ex-crown prince
left the station precincts and returned
to the castle, with the Duke of Bruns
wick and otherB who are staying in
The last farewell visit to the funeral
car will be paid tomorrow morning be
. fore it proceeds to Potsdam. Those who
remained on the train to accompany
the body included Prince Adalbert and
bis wife. Prince Oscar, Prir-ce Fuers
tenberg, Countess von Keller, Countess
von Rantzan and Baron von Spitzem
A service in mourning for the form
er empress was held in Doora Castle
this morning, attended by all members
of the former imperial household, some
of its most intimate friends and several
officials of the Dutch government
The service was an affecting one, and
during its progress former Emperor
William frequently sobbed and at one
point seemed at the verge of a break
The service was conducted by Dr.
Dryander, the former court chaplain,
who took the text of his sermon from
the tenth verse of the second chapter
of Revelation: "Be thou faithful unto
death and I will give thee a crown of
life." i, .
Chamberlain's Tablets are Just What
When you have no appetite
When your digestion is impaired.
When your liver is torpid.
When you feel dull and stupid af
When you have headache.
They will improve your appetite, j
cleanse and invigorate your stomach,
regulate your bowels and make you
.feel "fine as 'a fiddle." They are easy
to take and agreeable in effect.
We having organized the Edgefield
National Farm Loan Association in
connection with the Federal Land
Bank, I shall be glad to file your ap
plication for a loan.
J. H. CANTELOU,
Edgefield, S. C.
March 29, 192?.
Organized women of the country are
giving much thought to the ever in
creasing divorce problem. Not that
divorce is always a bad thing. Jt is
sometimes the case when it is more
cruel and worse for society, for two
people to live together than to live
apart, but it has come to the point
where it is almost as common to hear
of a divorce as it is a marriage.
This state of affairs cannot go on, if
we would not strike at the root of civ
ilization itself, but just where, and
now. to amend the laws in regard to
divorce is another question.
There are many contributing causes
to the increasing number of divorces,
but one of the most important of these
is the carelessness with which people
enter into the marriage relation,
"Holy matrimony" to a vast majority
of people has come to have very little
meaning. Because it can be broken
easily, perhaps, many women and men
enter the holy estate with the idea that
they can quit if they don't like it.
Another thing that makes it more
common is the tolerance of divorce by
society. A divorcee used to be ques
tioned, if not ostracized by the more
conservative class. Now, it is not un
common to find a "grass widow" or
widower the leader of the socially
Whether this swing of the pendulum
from the extreme of puritanical society
to the other, equally as#.extreme, toler
ance is best for the race is a matter of
different opinion, but certainly there
should be some effort made to bring us
to the realization of the sacredness of
Girls and boys are not always taught,
either by precept or example, that
marriage is a give-and-take proposi
tion, and when the life partner fails to
measure up to some cherished idea]
there instantly comes into the mind the
thought of divorce, whereas, if there
were many almost insurmountable ob
stacles to a divorce, they would proba
bly set their minds to the problem of
adjustment. Some of the illusions and
estatic moments of the honeymoon pe
riod do not last, but once let a man
and woman make up their minds that
marriage is for better or worse, they
will quickly begin to make concessions.
The sacrifice of the individual, is nec
essary, to the welfare of the whole is
perhaps too fine a point in ethics to
make a very strong appeal to the
masses, but if there were more empha
sis placed upon this phase of the prob
lem it might do some good.-Augusta
Hurtful , Exaggeration.. ..
The editorial articles of the New
York World about the white and
black crimes against negroes in Jas
per ccunnty, Georgia, repeatedly em
phasize the conviction of Williams
as though it were the first in the
South of a white man for the murder
of a negro. Of course that is not
true. It is wholly shameful and un
fair to the South to say that whites
may kill negroes without incurring
punishment or danger in the courts,
however it is true that these punish
ments have not been so frequent as
they ought to have been.
More than once in South Carolina
white sheriffs and other officers
have lost their lives or shed their
blood, in recent years, in defense of
black prisoners in their custody.
Cases of sending white men to the
penitentiary for the slaying of ne
groes have not been numerous rela
tively but they could be counted by
the dozens were the records of the
courts searched. Nor .is it true by
any means that negroes who kill
white men are invariably convicted
and executed in their state. In the
courts of South Carolina, at least,
it seldom happens that any accused
negro receives less than justice.
Ground is not lacking upon which
a severe indictment can be brought
by the northern press against lynch
ings and against the tenderness too
often exhibited by white juries to
ward white offenders and that is the
greater reason why such a newspa
pe ras The World should, beware of
exaggerating it. It is this spirit of
unfairness born in ignorance in the
North that arouses sympathy for the
ruffian element in the South and em
barasses the efforts of Southern
agencies to establish law and justice
without race discrimination.
The crimes in Jasper county were
not essentially racial. Williams
would have been scarcely less cruel
to white laborers, brought from con
vict stockades, to his plantation and
his black overseer would have been
his servant in oppressing them. Be
cause Williams is not to be hanged
as a result of this first trial The
World scarcely conceals a curl of
derisiveness at "Georgia justice," but
greater crimes costing many more
lives have lately gone unpunished in
New York City and their perpetra
tors have been not less represenative
of the mfetropolitan population
than the white man and the black
man are represenative, of the state
of Georgia.-The St^te.
Why Send Milk to Italy?
There seems to be a very general
impression that the Italian babies
are cared for'"by the Central Euro
pean Relief. This, however, is not
the case, as Mr. Hoover has himself
emphatically stated. The Central Eu
ropean relief, as its name indicates,
cares for the children of central Eu
rope-Poland, Austria, Hungary and
adjacent states. 3,000,000 children
of these countries have boen rescued
this winter, but Italy too, needs help
and we must give, both, our sympa
thy and our substance to her in this
her hour of need.
The question is often asked-"But
why is Italy not able to take care of
her children?" Under ordinary cir
cumstances, Italy could take care of
her children,-but for the circum
In Italy to-day a milk famine ex
ists-due to the fact that many cat
tle had to be sacrificed the last year
of the war to feed the army. Later
the dread Mouth and Hoof disease
broke out and swept the country of
the- remaining milk-giving animals.
This has left them with no. native
milk. Four years of devastating war
had left the nation with enormous
war debts, a depricated currency
and great scarcity of the necessities
of life. As the currency went down?
the cost of living went up, and for
the poor conditions of existance be
came unbearable. Foods were so high
and so scarce that in November last
the Government fbund it necessary
again to issue food cards-more
stringent than during the war, and
much of Italy's unrest has been due
to the food situation.
Under these "conditions, the Italian
mother, herself undernourished, has
not been able to nourish her baby
as formally she" was abundantly able
to do-and in Italy th/ unpreceden
ted has happened-Italian mothers
have had to feed their babies artifi
cially. The artificial feeding of a ba
by is not the best way, but it can be
successfully done if good milk is a
vailable, but without milk it becomes
a question which scientists have not
yet been able to solve. There is no
substitute for milk-and the baby
under one year, deprived of it, can
not live. The little child over one
year may live but becomes an easy
prey to rickets, anemia and tuber
culosis-the hunger diseases-and
with these the hospitals are filled.
Three hundred baby hospitals and
institutions for children in Italy,
are now being supplied with milk by
the American, free milk fund, and.
through its dispensaries and milk dis
tributing centers 100,000 babies
havei been rescued, but many prov
inces' have not yet been reached, for
the relief can go only as far as the
milk goes. The institutions already
established must be maintained and
the work can be extended only
through larger shipments of milk. "
The situation in Italy is briefly
The people are burdened with tre
mendous taxation necessary to pay
their Avar debts and the currency so
deprecated in consequence that they
cannot buy from us with the ruinous
exchange now existing. Few people
here realize that the Italian lira,
which to be equal to 20 cents in our
money, is now worth only 31/^ cents.
Five dollars used to be the equivalent
of 25 lire. Now it takes nearly 150
lire to purchase five dollars worth of
The milk that we are sending over
costs us here, wholesale, ll cents a
quart, but if sold to the poor Italian
he must pay nearly 68 cents a quart
for it in Italy.
Can Italian babies be properly fed
with our milk if we sell it to them?
Italy's suffering babies are the vic
tims of war-they are reaping the
results of Italy's great sacrifice in
"the cause" which was."Our Cause."
Italy was our friend and ally. Shall
we be content to offer her no sym
pathy, no aid? A cup of milk is ail
that is asked in her name-that her
babies-the future hope of trie na
tion-may not be dwarfed and
stunted as a result of malnutrition.
Send your contributions, large or
small to Miss Jane B. Evans, Flor
ence, S. C., State chairman-For
America Free Milk and Relief for
EVERY PENNY COUNTS.
IS lt NOT MUCH TO YOU:
"To know that there is saved for
A man who may stand firm for truth
May be-one to lead a groping people
Toward the light?
. . * .
"Somewhere in distant lands a child
And growing happier with its every
My child, whom, through God's gra
I saved from death."
JOIN A CO-OPERATIVE BULL
Best V'ay to Rapidly Develop Fine
. "-M Milk Cows.
M?&?;j/-rtV-?xW~JJ gr? t _
Clemson Sollege, May 9.-The pur
pose of bull associations is to bring
about the rapid development of pro
ductive milk cows of good conforma
tion. This is accomplished principally
by tbe joint purchase* owhership.'use,
exchange, and sale of good purebred
dairy bulls. A recent census report
shows 203,000 milk cows in S?uth Car
olina. Most of these cows are not kept
in dairies, but are used on farms and
in villages tc furnish the family milk
supply. Not more than one-half of one
per cent are purebreds. The ma
jority of these milk cows do not
carry enough dairy blood to give them
a tendency to produce milk profita
bly; therefore the families, owning
such cows are without milk, except
for a few months after their cows j
freshen. By introducing the blood of !
highly developed dairy cows through
their sons the calves from our pres- ,
ent milk cows may become handsome
ly profitable cows.
A bull association consists of three
or more communities owning at least
three high class bulls. Each commu
nity is known as a block of this asso
ciation. The number of members in
each block will depend on the number
.of cows owned. Since each block
should consist of 30 to 60 cows owned
withjn one and one-half to two miles
of the community center, one man
owning 40 cows might form a block
alone, while the next community
might have 20 members owning a to
tal of 50 cows. The association is
managed by a board of directors con
sisting of one member selected from
each block to serve one year. Thi3
board of directors manages and con
trols all the business and the associa
tion, makes proper arrangement of
the blocks, selects, purchases, and
sells the bulls of the association, fixes
the rate of compensation for bull sei
vice, arranges for keepers and their
compensation, and for the care and
handling of bulls.
How to Organize an Association.
The success of "a co-operative bull
association depends largely on the
care used in its organization. Before
an organization is attempted, the far
mers interested should obtain as
much information as possible regard
ing the plan of operation. This in
formation can be secured from the
county agricultural agent or from the
Extension Service of Clemson Col
lege. Active work by the county agu
cultural agent is necessary in order
tperfect a bull association, since
takes' the time of some one vers
much interested to see the members
of the communities and get them to
gether in. a county organization.
After those iuterested have been in
formed as to the plans th9 county i
agent should call a meeting in eaca
community sutable for a block. At 1
this meeting the plan of operation of
the bull association should be gone
over and explained by the county I
agent, a dairy specialist, or a member
of an association already in opera
tion. Those present desiring to be
come members should sign an agree
ment somewhat like the following:
"We, the undersigned farmers of
_county, realizing the
need of more profitable dairy cows
and the importance of purebred dairy
bulls" of good breeding, hereby agree
to become members of the proposed
co-operative bull association, provided
that satisfactory constitution and by
laws can be drawn up and adopted,
and that a block can be formed with
in reach of our farms."
At this community meeting a dele
gate or director should be elected to
attend the county meeting at which a
constitution and by-laws are drawn up
and directors elected. This county
meeting is held after all the communi
ties interested have held their local
meetings. The assessment for pur
chasing the bulls is levied hy the di
rectors equally on each block. fThis
assessment may be apportioned to the
members of the blocks in either of two
'ways. If there is a rather thick cow
population among the members, the
assessment may be made on each cow
subscribed. If the members have only
a few cows each, the assessment may
be made on the "share" basis, each ,
member taking an equal amount of
stock. For example, suppose $300.00
bulls are to be purchased. If there are
ten members owning 30 cows in one
block, the assessment on "per cow'"
basis would be $10.00 for each cow
subscribed. On the "share" basis, it
would take $30.00 worth of stock for
each member "'i that block. /
By using these high class bulls one
after another the farmers can rapidly
develop fine milk cows. The calves
from-the first bull used will carry 50
per cent improved blood. When they
in turn are bred to the next bull, their
calves will carry 75 per cent improved
blood. The next croBs carries 87 per
cent and the next cross 96 per cent
Some Advantages of Bull Associations.
1. Better and fewer bulls at less
2. Opportunity for line breeding by
; -chasing bulls suitably bred to
oreed to one another's daughters.
3. The exchange of bulls every two
yeais. by mean? of which continued
use of the bulls c?n be had until their
value as breeders is proved. v
4. The introduction of purebred
5. The establishment of one breed
m a county. _
Where Do You Stand?
It is said that 69 men ont of 85 Teach the age of
65 without a dollar and 69 men out of every hundred
have no estate at all.
Where do you stand in this lint? 'Isn't that a
question to start you to thinking? The figures are
from statistics and are fairly correct. If you haven't
a little account at our bauk, wouldn't it be a good
plan to start one, and thu? prevent being among the
unfortunate majority? Most people make plenty of
money. Only a few save it. If you start with us,
we will help you to help yourself.
The Bank of Trenton, S. C.
All checks drawn on The Bank of Trenton can be cleared free of ex
change through the Federal Reserve Bank. ? ,
' I 1
Southern Railway System
Announces Excursions Fares, Season 1921, for
the Following Special Occasions
Identification Certificate Plan
One and One-Half Fares Round Trip
ATLANTA, GA. : Associated Advertising Clubs of the World,
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J.: Mystic Order. Veiled Prophets of the
Enchanted Realm. June 28-July 2.
CHATTANOOGA, TENN. : Southern Baptist Convention, May
CHICAGO, ILL.: International Association of Printing House
Craftsmen. July 23-31.
CLEVELAND, 0.: International Convention, Kiwanis Club,
DETROIT, MICH.: Annual Convention World-Wide Baraca
Philathea Union, June 23-26.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK.: Sixteenth Annual Session of Sunday
School Congress, June 8-13. .
LOUISVILLE, KY.: National Convention Travelers' Protective
Association, June 13-18, i
NEWARK, N. J.: Grand Aerie, Fraternal Order'Eagles, Au
NEW YORK, N. Y. : International Convention United Society
of Christian Endeavor, July 6-15.
ST. LOUIS, MO.: National Conventional Modern Woodmen of
America, June 18-25,
TOLEDO, OHIO: Annual Convention Supreme Lodge, Loyal
Order of Moose, June 27-July 2.
UNION BRIDGE, MD. : Annual Conference Old Baptist Church,
WINONA LAKE, IND. : General Assembly Presbyterian Church
of U. S. A , May 17-27.
One Fare Going, One-Half Fare Returning.
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J. : National Confectioners' Association
of the U. S., May 23-28.
i ATLANTA, GA.: National Fraternity Society of the Deaf,
July 11-16. * .
BUFFALO, N. Y.: Union of American Hebrew Congregations,
BUFFALO, N. Y. : Photographers' Association of America,
BUFFALO, N. Y. : National Association of Electrical Contrac
tors and Dealers, July 20-23.
BUFFALO, N. Y. : Association of Operative Millers, June 6-11.
CINCINNATI, OHIO: Annual Convention Wholesale Grocers'
Association, May 10-J3.
CHICAGO, ILL. : Annuai Convention National Electric Light
CHATTANOGGA, TENN. : Dramatic Order Knights of Khoras
san, August 9-13.
CHICAGO, ILL.: National Wholesale Grocers' Association,
June 8-10. . , , .
CHICAGO, ILL.: The Interstate Cotton Seed.Crushers' Asso
ciation, May 18-20. .
CHICAGO, ILL. : National Association ef Real Estate Boards,
July 12-15. . .
CLEVELAND, OHIO: American Water Works' Association,
June 6-10. ," , . .
CLEVELAND, OHIO : National Federation of Business and Pro
fessional Women's Clubs, July 18-23.
HERSHEY, PA. : Church of Brethren Annual Conference,. June
HOUSTON, TEX.: National Association of Mercantile Agen
cies, August 14-16. .
HOUSTON, TEX. : Retail Credit Men's Association, August
KANSAS CITY, MO.: National Association of Retail Grocers,
June 5-8. . _ , _. . , .
KANSAS CITY, MO. : National Leather and Shoe Finders' As
sociation, June 13-15. .
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.: Annual Convention Commercial Law
League of American, August 8-11..- . . . ,
NEW YORK, N. Y. : National Tuberculosis Association, June
NEW ORLEANS, LA.: Convention National Association of
Master Plumbers of the U. S., June 7-9. "
NEW ORLEANS, LA.: National Baptist Convention, Unin
corporated, September 6-12. .
NEW YORK, N. Y. : American Optometric Association, June
26 PHILADELPHIA, PA. : Meeting American Cotton Manufac
turers'Association, May 27-28. . .
ROCK HILL, S. C. : South Carolina Sunday School Association,
^U?ST. LOUIS, MO.: Twenty-Third Annual Convention National
Association of Letter Carriers, September 5-10.
ST. PAUL, MINN. : Annual Convention Retail Monument Deal
ers' Association, August 16-18. " , ...
ST. PAUL, MINN.: Annual Meeting International Association
of Display Men. July 11-14.. . T .L ..
WASHINGTON, D. C.: American Institute of Homeopathy,
For further information call on nearest Ticket Agent or commu
nicate ^ith-cLEAN> G> w> CARTER,
District Passenger Agent, District Passenger Agent,
Columbia, S. C. Augusta, Ga.
YOU TAKE NO CHANCES!
Guaranteed for .Ufe
For Salo by
EDGEFIELD MERCANTILE COMPANY