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To Decide on Pie Slice For
Washington, April "17.-The pres
ent month, will, in all probability, de
termine the fate of the negro in the
South to profit from the Harding ad
ministration in the way of federal
pie. Nominations of every variety
from that of ambassador to the great
est nations in the world down to the
little post offices which are giving
so much trouble, will come pouring
into the -Senate for confirmation. So
far there has been not the least ink
ling from the White House that Hard
ing was inclined to pay much atten-|
tion to the colored members of the
G. 0. P. one way or the other.. In
fact since the date of the inaugura
tion there has been a decided air of I
tranquility and quietness noticeable
about the Chief Executive's abode.
A strong reason to believe that Mr.
Harding does not intend to dispense
much of his patronage among the
negroes became known here today |
when copies of an appeal to him to j
recognize them were distributed here
and there-among the people in and
This appeal is a printed statement]
entitled'"A reply to Mr. Taft on the
negro in politics."
"Among the many cherished hopes |
for the better things to come from
the restored Republican power" these
wishers for federal pie say "is the
hope of millions of negro citizens that
Mr. Harding will live up to his pre
election platform promise to them of j
justice and the square deal. Political
ly, this promise can have no value
unless it means that the President is
going to protect the electoral rights |
of colored, as well as all other Amer
ican citizens, and insure to them fair
representation and participation in
"Now Mr.- Taft is saying that the
negroes of the South must xepect;
nothing of the kind. He thinks it ?
necessary to state to the incoming ad
ministration- the southern point of,
view, and by implication, embraces j
that view himself.
"It is hard to understand why Mr.
Taft should^feel called upon to hold
a brief for the Pourbon South. That
South has never lacked couraged to
make plain the meaning of its policy
of keeping'the negro in the place of
the non-participating menial. These
destructive times need clear voices on
the other side of the argument, that
is, on the side of representative gov
"The Ex-Presidewt says, in effect,
that the South has strong objections
to the appointment of negroes to po- J
litical offices',' and that, therefore, Mr.
Harding would do well to give ne
groes appointments only in Washing
ton, or elsewhere in the North, so that j
they may have a sense of "official
participation in the government." It I
?will be a great mistake, he thinks, if J
Mr. Harding appoints negroes to of
fice South af the District, as this will
"be out of harmony with "lily white"
Republicanism. It is his judgment
that southern Republicans will reward
this policy by an equitable distribu
tion of school taxes, and by the re-j
pression of lynching.
"The determination of the majori
ty of the southerners to keep the
negro in his place seems as strong to- j
day as it was ""before the war. The re- j
organization^ the Ku Klux Klan and
the bold menace of that organization
in the North'are ready proofs."
This document has been spread
broadcast over the country with the
effort in view of getting recognition
for the negro, but whether or not it j
does so is another matter.
How to Break up The Liquor
The number of people who are
making intoxicating liquors in multi
plying. For awhile there was little of
it being made in this country, or, if
so, it was not generally known. Now
the officers -count it a poor day for
them if they do not destroy two or
three liquor^wmaking outfits in this
country eaeh day.
Everybody", who gave the matter
.any thought^expected that when li
quor could tw> longer be bought le- j
gally this Tery thing would happen.
And the haw has made provision for
taking care ?of this situation. But it
cannot be taken care of unless the
judges of thetstate and federal courts
administer tije law in such way as |
to give punishment to violaters of the
law according to their guilt.
Clemson College, April 16. This!
is the time ?? year when collar galls
are likely to develop on work stock.
Collar galls are very common among
horses and mules and are caused by
uneven pressue of the collar, which
causes the skin to become abraded
and the hair td fall off. Large inflam
matory swelling appear, which mayi
form into abscesses, or the skin may |
We will cleac your Ford motor and j
put in fresh oil -tfor $1.25.
YONCE & MOONEY.
Sound the Charge.
"Beat a retreat," said Napoleon to
a drummer boy, when in one of his
battles he felt that he was losing and
that his army must retreat in order
to be saved.
i "Sire," said the drummer boy, "I
have never learned to beat a retreat,
I but I can beat a march that will make
the dead arise and fight." He received
permission from the General to beat
a march, into which he threw his
very soul. The tired, weary, almost
defeated soldiers caught the inspira
tion of the charge, and with new en
ergy and quickened fire of body and
spirit, rushed once more to the bat
tle and won a great victory.
The people of this country feel
that they have been almost defeated;
discouragement fills their minds and
hearts. The power of the enemy has
almost reached the limit of their en
durance. They have been beating a
retreat, but the time has come to beat
a march and catch that new inspira
tion which Napoleon's soldiers felt
at the stirring music Drought forth
by the indomitable drummer boy who
knew not how to beat a retreat.
Every man who is a pessimist, or
who permits the discouragements of
the hour to dominate him, is beating
a retreat. He is not only beating a re
treat for his own business, hut he is
beating a retreat for all with whom
he comes in touch. The time has come
to beat a march, to sound the charge,
to quicken the life blood of the na
tion once more, and out of the appar
ent defeat of the last twelve months
rally for a new. charge, a new crea
tive period of work and energy. For
getting the things that are behind,
we much press forward with greater
energy to overcome the difficulties
which as a nation we have had to
Every man who draws within his
business shell, every man who cancels
his contracts or pessimistically refus
es to do business because of his fear
of the future, is beating a retreat.
Every man who goes ahead, who
has the optimism of the drummer boy
and a spirit whi?h dares to do things,
is beating a march on to victory.
If throughout the entire nation
there can be rekindled the drummer
boy's fire, we shall soon have opti
mism and sunshine and prosperity,
where today there is pessimism and
doubt and despair.
It was the drummer boy whose
work inspired the great Napoleon and
his troops. It must be the drummer
boys of the business world, the far
mer and the small merchant, and the
individual business man, whor beats
the march and sounds ' the charge
rather than the great business lead
ers who have halted so long.
The ones who have suffered must
be the ones who dare and do the
The men who would beat a march
on to victory over the threatened dis
aster which they have so long faced
will be the red-blooded men who
know that the nation cannot stand
still and who are determined to lead
The pessimist is the shirker.
The optimist is the burden-bearer.
The pessimist is the man who heats
The pessimist is the man who
sounds the charge.
WHICH ARE YOU?-Manufac
Profanity by Young Girls.
"A bevy of young girls recently as
sured the editor of this paper that
they endorsed . our recent editorial
protesting against profanity, indulged
in by members of their sex. They
agreed most heartily, that it was an
ugly, unbecoming practice, ever de
tracting from the beauty of the girl
or girls that otherwise, would be con
sidered very pretty. No man has a
real reason for being profane and
every one addicted to that habit
should take stock and see how much
revenue such a practice has yielded
him. It is foreign to us to understand
how a pure, sweet, modest girl can
profane the name of God."-Walton
Profanity by a man is bad enough.
There can be no real excuse for tak
ing the Lord's name in vain. Pro
fanity by a boy is worse, though it is
true many a boy, thus sinning, be
lieves he is doing something mannish.
Profanity from a girl is nauseating.
Surely no young man could care for
a young woman who is profane. The
forked tongue is frightful. The idle
tongue writes one down a fool. The
gossip tongue is next to criminality.
The profane tongue is most horrible
of all, and is death to the person, par
ticularly the girl, who lowers himself
or herself by indulging in it.-Augus
Eggs For Hatching.
Wycoff and Barron Strain White
Leghorns, $1.5o per setting. $1.75
if by parcel post.
Mrs. GEO. F. MIMS.
Medical Science Profits by
Cambridge, Mass., April 17.-Dis
coveries made by Dr. Walter B. Can
non of the Harvard Medical school
and other American, British and
French medical officers toward the
close of the world war have brought
forth new evidence regarding the
cause and nature of the strange con
dition known as "shock," a condition
that led to innumerable deaths in
war time and frequently has a simi
lar result after accidents in time of
"Shock, or wound shock as it is
often called, has ,long baffled the
medical profession," Dr. Cannon said
today to the Associated Press, on be
ing asked to describe the results of
his important work in Paris.''
"This condition, which by the way
should not be confused with shell
shock, an entirely different phenome
non, usually develops some hours af
ter a serious wound or accident. It
frequently followed grave shell
wounds in the war, and often comes
on after a person has been seriously
hurt in an accident in times of peace,
after, for example, he has had a limb
crushed in a railroad accident.
"A man in a state of shock usually
lies perfectly quiet, his skin is cold I
and moist with sweat, his pulse is
rapid and thready, his arterial pres
sure is much reduced, he breathes
rapidly and superficially, and al
though not paralyzed he has little
energy and his mind is dulled. He
often complains of being cold and
thirsty. This condition may be fol
lowed by death or by gradual re
"There have been numerous theo
ries of the nature of shock. Some
doctors held that shock resulted from
nervous collapse, others that it came
from a clogging of blood vessels by
fat from wounds, some that it was
due to" a paralysis of the nerves con
trolling the arteries, others that the
adrenal gland was somehow affected
so as to do the mischief, and so on.
"Our work in France gave us op
portunities to study shock in the ut
most detail. One by one we threw out
the theories advanced in former
"We finally tested and established
the fact that the condition results
from the tearing or crushing of mus
cles or other tissues by missiles mov
ing with terrible velocity. The dam
aged or dead tissue soon becomes tox
ic, or in other words acts like a sort
of p?ison. This -toxin causes., an in^
creased permeability of the smallest
blood vessels, the capillaries, and thus
there is lost through theirwalls quan
tities of the fluid portion of the blood
which should be in circulation. The
result is somewhat similar to that of
great loss of blood from the body."
American, British and French
medical and surgical officers co-op
erated in the investigations, some of
which were made at Bethune in 1817,
some in London, and others at Dijon
in 1918 in a laboratory of the Ameri
can Expeditionary force under Dr.
"""Toward the end of the war we
had learned much about methods of
toeating such cases, finding that it
was helpful to keep the patient amply
warm, to give him quantities of water
and if necessary to transfuse blood
into bis system from somebody
else's," he said.
"The mass of information about
shock which was collected during the
war and will ultimately be published
is going to prove useful in times of
peace, for the condition often de
velops after accidents of various
kinds in which there is extensive
tearing or crushing of tissues, and
physicians will now be able to handle
such cases more effectively than ever
Dr. Cannon is now engaged at the
Harvard Physiological laboratory in
studies of the function of the thy
roid gland, following his discoveries
in recent years concerning the ad
One Estimated at Fifteen Mil
. Marlton, N. J., April 9.-Shells
declared to be 15,000,000 years old
have been discovered in the marl pits
of this town by Prof. John H. Ruck
man, federal geologist and engineer.
The discoveries, it is said, give Marl
ton the greatest range of such spec
imens in the world, extending from
the period when the shell fish rep
resented the only animate life, until
the epoch which probably directly
preceded the appearance of man.
Giant lizards and huge animals
long extinct are among the speci
mens which have been unearthed
from marl deposits in this section.
The most recent discoveries of Pro
fesor Ruckman, it is said, upset the
calculations of the age of the marl
deposits in New Jersey, and are be
lieved to be the oldest remains of
prehistoric life on earth.
USE PUREBRED BOARS
Inferior Sires a Great Handicap.
Clemson College, May 2.-With the
Increased interest in swine in the
state, there will be a large demand
for breeding animals. On account of
this demand, a number of persons will
be tempted to use inferior boars and
sows. While it cannot be hoped to
?have all'of the sows purebred at this
time, yet there is no excuse for the
use of grade or scrub boars. There
are sufficient purebred boars, if prop
erly distributed and properly man
aged, to make every market hog in
the state at least fifty percent pure
Why the Purebred Sire?.
There are six goods reasons for us
ing a purebred boar.
1. Larger and stronger pigs are j
2. The pigs grow faster and make
3. The pigs reach market weight
4. The pigs are more uniform..
5. The pigs meet the market de
mand, th?reby bringing a higher
6. Pork production is made more]
On account of the increased value
of the litters produced, any farmer
with eight or ten sows could well af
ford to keep a purebred boar. At
least, several farmers in a neighbor
hood can co-operate in the purchase
and juse of a purebred boar. Through
judicious management, a purebred
boar for every twenty-five or thirty |
sows is sufficient.
At this time when every advantage
must be taken to realize a profit from j
farming operations, let no one handi
cap himself by using inferior stock.
Let your animals march with the
"BETTER SIRES-BETTER STOCK" I
-- . MW i.
Prepare to Care for Animals and
Clemson College, May.-Are you
ready? It is saH that opportunity
knocks at the door of every man some,
time during bis life, and the question
which you must ask yourself is, "Am
I ready?" Are you ready to go Into
the livestock game? Is your land well
fenced ? Have you the right sort of
pastures? Do you* raise your own
feed or must you buy it? It pays to
grind your ax before you start. If j
you plan to go into the livestock busi
ness be sure you are ready and then
go in to stay.
Animals make loads of manure. Are
you prejm.rd to save it? The horse
will nrodnce ?> tons, the dairy cow 13
.ton?, he p'teer 6 tons, the hog 2 tons,
and the sheep 2-5 of a ton per year.
Will you save this manure?
The best international harvesters
in the world for corn and velvet beans
are cattle and hogs. The best inter
national manure spreaders are hogs
and cattle. The grandest fertilizer in
all the world is manure.
On the average a ton of barnyard
manure will contain 10 pounds of nit
rogen, 5 pounds of acid, and 10 pounds
of potash. It also contains a large
amount of organic matter which our
South Carolina soils need and must
Experimental Results With Manure.
Did you ever stop to think that
more than half the fertilizing value
of manure is. in the liquid manure?
The Ohio Experiment Station found
out that enough manure was lost by
seepage in twelve months' time, even
where liberal amounts of bedding
were used, to pay for concreting the
Ohio and Cornell Stations have
proved that manure exposed in the
barnyard will lose approximately 50
percent of its value. If it is allowed
to heat, the loss runs from 10 to 15
It ls a common practice to haul
manure to the field and place it In
plies. This ls not a good plan. It
should be immediately upread over
the soil, and the thinner it is spread
the better. A ton of manure thinly
spread will be worth more than one
thickly spread. Thirty-five years'
work at the Pennsylvania Experiment
Station goes to prove that manure put
on at the rate of 12 tons per acre re
turned $3,29 per ton, while manure
put on at the rate of 20 tons per acre
yielded only $2.29 per ton.
Pastures for Pigs.
Clemson College, May.-We cannot
make the hog business go in this state
unless we make good use of our graz
ing season. A pig in a pen is lazy
arid expensive, while the pig on pas
ture is happy, thrifty, and profitable.
Every experiment station, every ex
tension department, and every pros
perous hog raiser in this country be
lieves in good pastures for hogs.
What can we grow in South Caro
lina that hogs will pasture? Rape,,
rye,, soybeans, cowpeas, Bermuda, les
pedeza, velvet beans and many other
pastures do well in this state. Sup
pose we try some of these pastures
and cut our grain ration in two.
Will hogs do well on pasture alone?
fro, it is best to feed a little grata
while the hogs an on the pasture.
Two or three ears of corn to each
shote per day will work wonders. Th?
pasture will maintain the animal axrf
the grain will make gains in weight.
An acre of good pasture will re
turn from 300 to ROO pounds of pork.
Forty dollars per acre is not bad
when the pigs do the work.
We Can Give You Prompt Service
on Mill Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lumber on hand for
Woodward Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Sts., Augusta, Ga,
Consult Your Own Interest by Consulting Us
Metal or Composition Roofing
Mantels, Tiling. Grates
Doors, Sash, etc.
Youngblood Roofing and
635 Broad St. Telphone 1697
THE FARMERS BANE
OF EDGE FI ELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits - - - $190,000.00
Total Resources Over ...... $800,000.00
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open vonr account with us for the year 1920. Invest your
savings in one of our Interest Bearing Certificates of
Deposit. . '
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable pa
All business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
IT S NOT WHAT
CoDTrieht 1909. br C. E. Zimmerman Co. -No. 6*
EVERY DOLLAR that you spend foolishly, every proportion
ate amount of money that you earn that it would be possible to
save and do not, is only money that you have to work for again.
On the other hand every dollar you put in the bank is money
that is going to constantly work for you. Which is the best;
money always working^for you, or you always working for
your money. Come in and start that bank account. Don't put it
off another day.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; A. S. Tompkins, vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Bainsford,
M. C. Parker, A. S. Tompkins, J. G. Holland, E. J. Mims, J. H. Allen.