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Shall We Use Tractors
Farm Animal Power?
Some farmers have hesitate
buy tractors, when in their mind
felt that this move would be just
because they ddi not want to do i
with all their work animals and
they felt that ari investment in
a piece of machinery should r
in eliminating their animal e<
ment, to justify the change. This
sition is not warranted, however,
practically all power farmers
those identified with the selling
of the tractor business believe
the primany purpose of the tract(
to supplement, rather than suppl
the horse or mul?.
It is true that there are a li
number of power farmers who 1
found it possible to do away witl
horses, being abie to use the tra
for all jobs foi-merly performed i
"horses, but this is not true of
great majority of farmers, who
that there are certain kinds of v?
. that can be done more economic
by the horse. To them the tracto
worth the investment for doin.?
of the heavy work and in enabl
them to push their work faster ?
get more done in a work day tl
was- possible when they relied U]
animals. The tractor saved their o
time and made possible the doing
a much greater amount of work
a day than in the past.
Principle of Saving Time.
It is this principle of saving ti
and multiplying work that a mai
facturer applies when he scraps
'. existing machinery and installs son
.thing new that will enable him to
crease his output, and therefore '.
profits. The farmer should study 1
?* problems from the same angle, a
if the addition to his farm equipme
of a tractor will enable him to dout
his personal labor without decreasi:
his crop yield, then the necessary i
vestment would be justified.
* I Tractors Displace Horses.
From a study of the experienc
of otherfarmers in all parts of tl
country, it has been found that tl
tractor does displace a certain nur
ber of horses on the farmhand th?
the average number of acres that ai
cultivated is increased by the pow<
machine. For instance, in the cox
belt States it was found that the tra
tordisplaced at least .two and om
? half horses for each farm, and th?
the number of tillable acres per hors
increased from twenty-six and on<
half to thirty-eight, and one-hal
acres. A number of operators reporl
ed that they did all of their plowinf
discingand harrowing with the trac
tor, keeping horses for cultivatin,
and other light work. Some farmer
reported that they were keeping se\
eral more head of stock than the;
really needed, but that the price
paid for horses did not make thei
sale a tempting matter. In the con
belt the development of tractor cul
tivation was being watched with in
terest by many farmers, who san
that when this machine had been per
fected they would sell off all theil
horses and do all their work witl
power machines, since the cultivatoi
wouldbe able to perform all the lighl
jobs, including cultivation, for whicl
the horse was now kept.
Those farmers who purchased
> tractors to supplement the work ol
their animals found that as they be
came more adept in handling the
machine it could be made to do more
and more of the work of the horses,
and in addition, the machine was cap
able of doing a lot of work that i:he
animals were not suited to, such as
As a generalrule, the longer an
ownerhas a tractor the more ways
' he will find to use it. Field agents of
the Department of Agriculture were
toldby a number of farmers that they
used their machines for a variety of
jobs,including plowing, listing, disc
ing and spading, harrowing and plant
ing, rolling, seeding grain, cultivat
ing, loading hay, pulling hay forks,
harvesting grain, spreading manure,
road work, clearing land and stretch
By far the largest number of trac
tor owners use their machines pri
marily for plowing, and many far
mers contend that it pays to keep a
tractor for this one purpose, even
though it stands idle the rest of the
year. Being able to turn over a field
1 in but a fraction of the time required
with animals, and if necess?ry keep
on the job from early morning until
night, is an advantage that appeals
to many farmers, who have had their
entire season's plans upset by unfav
orable weather for several days when
they were in the midst of animal
While 96 per cen tof tractor own
ers use their machines for plowing,
70 per cent of them use the^achfne
for sawing wood. For grinding feed
40 per cent of the owners interview
ed 'reported that the machine w?s
. excellent, and 30 per cent of them
said "they used their machines
Theadvent of the tractor is ha
its effect upon the plowing habit
the country farmers. In the ]
much of the ground was allowe
lie idle until spring, when ploi
was pushed, whereas now it is
custom of most power farmers to
into the field and turn over the
just as. soon I as the harvest is o
Bydoing this', the ground is ph
in condition to receive full bei
ofthe fall and. winter snows
rains,and the vegetationplowed
der is used to fertilize the soil. V
the tractor outfit, plowing can
done to a greater depth, thus rel
ing more plant food for the r
season's crop, and the superior po
of the tractor enables the ownei
regulate the depth of plowing
secure an absolutely uniform pe
tration throughout the field.
In a direct comparison of the w
accomplished by tractor and he
plowing outfits, it was found that i
man with a tractor and a two-bott
plow did the work of two men i
two two-horse teams with two o
bottom plows, and that one man w
a tractor pulling drillers could d
as much wheat in a day as two n
driving two four-horse teams.
Reducing Cost of Operation.
Farming is just the opposite
manufacturing, for on the farm 1
less outside labor required to cai
on the work the more profitable v
be the returns to the owner, whe:
as the manufacturer figures on nu
ing a certain percentage from t
labor of each man employed. T
more ways in which the owner o
farm can multiply his own super
sion and expenditure of time, t
better off he will be, for then he c?
carry on his agricultural operatio
with no overhead expense except tl
cost of his power, whether animals
machine. The chief disadvantage i
work stock is the care and attenth
they require, for though it may n<
cost much to feed them, yet whe
they are to be worked they must 1
split up into small units, each i
charge of a man or boy, whereas tl
tractor, possessing many times tl
power of an animal, can be operate
bya single individual ,and by mult
plying the number of implemenl
used with the tractor, the work a<
complished can be very materially ii
creased. The tractor saves the tim
and makes possible the multiplicatio
if the supervision of the owner, an
inthis sense' it is superior to wor
aorses and mules. Where both th
;ractor and a few head of stock ar
sept on the same farm, the owne
:an be absolutely assured of gettinj
ais work done in this way and at th'
time he wants it.-Farm & Ranch
The Ten Commandments In
Here is a bit of news, taken fron
;he New York Tribune of last Thurs
lay, that ought to be pondered bj
susiness men, especially young busi
less men everywhere. x
"Stock o fthe National City Bani
?vent up $12 a share yesterday wit!
;he announcament of the resignation
jf James A. Stillman as presidenl
and the selection of Charles E.
Mitchell as-his successor. The stocli
ivas quoted at $305 the. preceding
lay and the opening sale yesterday
was at $317. That remained as the
bid price for the rest of the day, but
there were no more sales."
So a sermon is preached more elo
quent than one usually hears from
any pulpit. It is commonly said that
in New York and in other great cit
ies, for that matter, the moralities
do not count for a great deal and
the numerous stories, crimes and
scandals dkily published, lend color
to that opinion.
James A. Stillman resigned the
presidency of a bank. Stillman is a
wealthy man and his reputation for,
honesty and ability as a financier
has never been questioned. The news
of his resignation was instantly fol
lowed by a rise of $12 a share in the
value of the bank's stock. Stillman's
name has been damaged by the ex
posure of his domestic relations in
the divorce courts. The financial
public of New York city relates the
weaknesses of the man as a private
citizen, directly and sharply to his
capacity and usefulness as a banker.
Whether the rottenness in the higher
circles in New York society be great
or small, it is proved by the stock
market quotations that the confi
dence of financial New York in a
great institution is materially affect
ed by the misconduct of its head in a
field supposed to be wholly separated
from his professional activities.
All of which is another way of
saying that the Ten Commandments
are interlocking and .the people
know it.-The State.
FOR SALE: 150 acres, three miles
of town; terms $15 per acre.
The Real Opium Offenders!
Every now and then there breaks
out in the press of this country and
in a certain limited portion of the
press of Great Britain a new cry of
denunciation of Japan and China
chiefly Japan-for smuggling br
handling in other nefarious ways the
most baneful of drugs, opium. China
sometimes is given a drubbing for
smuggling the narcotic into our Pa-j
cific ports, but, as a rule, we are
merely told that Japan is. smuggilng
the drug into this country and ' into
China. The Celestials, we are warned,
are being utterly crushed under the j
curse of Japanese-smuggled opium.
The latest outbreak of this sort of j
stuff is in New York, where a deputy j
police commissioner asserts that Ja-J
pan and Germany are competing for j
the damnation of the rest of ' the
world through the smuggling in of
opium. This commissioner has, how
ever, the grace to admit that some of
the guilt rests upon us, and that we
are actually sending the fatal drug
After the Japanese buy the opium
from us, they sell it in whatever
market is open for it, and that is,
chiefly, China. Then we Pharisaically
turn on the Japanese with the ac?u-J
sation that they are corrupting and I
We have taken a leaf out of the J
English book, but have learned only
one-half of their wisdom about J
opium. We follow those hard-and-fast
traders in selling opium to Chinese
or Japanese, but we do not, like the j
English,, keep our mouths shut and
say nothing about the shameful bus
iness. We have been so accustomed
to accuse the Japanese that we are j
quite equal to blaming them forr
merely passing on to the Chinese the :
opium that they have bought from i
our pious .traffickers in the drug.
The Japanese are now, if we may J1
believe the declarations made by '
their higheststatemen in the Diet, J
taking drastic measures to put a stop j
to the opium traffic with China, even j
to stop the opium that comes from fi
the" United States. They confess hey ?
have been guilty, but declare they
mean to put an end to the nefarious :
What are we going to do about itt
Will we stop sanding the drug to ,
Asia? Or will we continue to hand
the drug to China with one hand '
and pass on missionaries, tracts, and
indictments of Japan with the other?
It is time that the truth should be
known fully about the traffic in
spium. Part of that, truth is a very.)
jld story. Every reader of historyy
has read of the Opium War or the
Arrow War, which England waged
against China over the right to force
India's opium upon the helpless
Chinese users of the drug. But few <
persons seem aware, consciously l<
aware, of the fact that this traffic
still goes on, that even Lord Morley
condoned it for the sake of revenue i
for India, and that opium is being
manufactured daily-or was quite
recently-in Hongkong, a British
possession in China, for sale in the 1
markets of the country.
The writer saw caldrons of this
baneful drug in process of making j
in a British official quarter in Hong- ;
kong. There was a vast quantity of ]
the drug, and there was no conceal
ment of the shameless traffic. h
If the same thing were being done I
by this government, we should prob- ;
ably manage to manufacture the ]
stuff in some hidden slum, as our pri- i
vate producers and traders manage
It was said in the Japanese Diet ?
that a large amount of opium goes <
to Japan from the United States, and
the New York police commissioner
admits this. Philadelphia is reputed ,
to be the chief source of the supply ,
in this country. It would be in a ,
fine spirit of rivalry for the City of ,
Brotherly Love to send this vile stuff
to the Chinese as a set-off to the
former export of rum from Puritan
ical New England to the blacks of
It is well known that the Chinese
themselves, although formerly ad
dicted fatally to the opium habit,
have been trying to rid their country
of this fearful evil. But England
has persisted in forcing them to ac
cept the drug in their markets, and
we, with the connivance and ready
assistance of Japanese smugglers,
have been sending the poison into
the heart of the country we are pre
tending to protect from perfidious
Now Is the Time to Get Rid of Your
If you are troubled with chronic
or muscular rheumatism buy a bottle
of Chamberlain's Liniment and mas
sage' the affected parts twice a day
with it. You are certain to be very
much benefitted'by it if not actualiy
cured. Try it.
Suellen's ?rnica Su Eve
the Best Salve In The World,' '
Alabama Lady Was Sick For Three
Tears, Suffering Pain, Nervous
and Depressed-Read Her
Own Story of Recovery.
Paint Rock, Ala.-Mrs. C. M. Stegall,
of near here, recently related the fol
lowing interesting account of her re
covery: ul was in a weakened con
dition. I was sick three years in bed,
suffering a great deal of pain, weak,
nervous, depressed. I was so weak,
I couldn't walk across the floor; just
bad to lay and my little ones do the
work. I was almost dead. I tried
every thing I heard of, and a number of
doctors. Still I didn't get any relief.
F couldn't eat, and slept poorly. I
believe if I hadn't heard of and taken
Cardut I would have died. I bought
Biz bottles, after a neighbor told me
what it did for her.
"I began to eat and sleep, began to
gain my strength and am now well
and strong. I haven't had any trou
ble since ... I sure can testify to the
good that Cardui did me. I don't
think there is a better tonic made
and I believe it saved my life."
For over 40 years, thousands of wo
men have used Cardui successfully,
in the treatment of many womanly
If you suffer as these women did?
take Cardui. It may help you, too..
At all druggists. E 85 '
On the night of October 19-20th,
1920,the vault of The Bank of Tren
ton, S. C., was burglarized and the
following Certificates of stock cov
ering stock owned in the Trenton
Fertilizer Company, was stolen and
the public is/ hereby warned, not to
accept any of these Certificates as
application has been made for du
Number 16 dated October 1, 1919,
issued to Mrs. Emma Hord for 8
Number' 15 dated September 29,
1919, issued to Walter W. Wise for
TRENTON FERTILIZER CO. '
tual Insurance Asso
Property Insured $8,875.360
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you may
iesire about our plan of insurance.
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM, or LIGHT
md do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
'Remember, we are prepared to
Drove to you that ours is the safest
ind cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties of
Abbeville, Greenwood, McCormick,
Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda, Rich
land, Lexington, Calhoun and Spar
The officers are: Gen. J. Fraser
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.,
J. R. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secretary
and Treasurer, Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gainbrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
; J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
January 1, 1921.
Foundry, Machine, Boiler.
Works and Mill Supply
Cotton Oil, Gin, Saw, Grist, Cane,
Shingle Mill, Machinery Supplies and ;
Repairs, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers, ,
Grate Bars, Pumps, Pipe, Valves and
Fittings, Injectors, Belting, Packing
Hose, etc. Cast every day.
GASOLINE AND KEROSENE
Pumping, Wood Sawing and Feed
The Best Plaee
The best place for your money is in a good bank
like ours, where it is always safe and subject to check.
We carry burglar insurance, have fire-proof vaults
and use every precaution to safeguard the funds in
trusted to our care. Isn't such a place a better loca
tion for your money than that of keeping it in the
home or on your person and taking chances of fire,
burglary or other loss? We invite you. to become a
depositor at our bank.
The Bank of Trenton, S. C.
Southern Railway System
Announces Excursions Fares, Season 1921, for
4 the Following Special Occasions
Identification Certificate Plan
. One and One-Half Fares Round Trip
ATLANTA, GA.: Associated Advertising Clubs of the World,
ATLANTIC. CITY. N. J.: Mystic Order, Veiled Prophets of the'
Enchanted Realm, June 28-JuIy 2.
CHATTANOOGA, TENN. : Southern Baptist Convention, May
CHICAGO, ILL.: International Association of Printing House
Craftsmen. July 23-3L
CLEVELAND, 0.: International Convention, Kiwanis Club,
DETROIT, MICH.: Annual Convention World-Wide Baraca
Philathea Union, June 23-26.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK.: Sixteenth Annual Session of Sunday
School Congress, June 8-13.
LOUISVILLE, KY. : National Convention Travelers' Protective
? Association, June 13-18, I
NEWARK, N. J. : Grand Aerie, Fraternal Order Eagles, Au
NEW YORK, N. Y. : International Convention United Society
of Christian Endeavor, July 6-15.
ST. LOUIS, MO. : National Conventional Modern Woodmen of
America, June 18-25,
TOLEDO, OHIO: Annual Convention Supreme Lodge, Loyal
Order of Moose, June 27-July 2.
UNION BRIDGE, MD.: Annual Conference Old Baptist Church,
WINONA LAKE, IND. : General Assembly Presbyterian Church
of U. S. A., May 17-2/7.
One Fare Going:, One-Half Fare Returning.
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J.: National Confectioners' Association
of the U. S., May 23-28.
ATLANTA, GA.: National Fraternity Society of the Deaf,
BUFFALO, N. Y.: Union of American Hebrew Congregations,
Mav 23-26. ,
BUFFALO, N. Y. : Photographers' Association of America,
BUFFALO, N. Y. : National Association of Electrical Contrac
tors and Dealers, July 20-23.
BUFFALO, N. Y. : Association of Operative Millers, June 6-11.
CINCINNATI, OHIO: Annual Convention Wholesale Grocers'
AFsociation, May 10-13. >
CHICAGO, ILL.: Annual Convention National Electric Light
Association, May 31-June 3.
CHATTANOOGA, TENN. : . Dramatic Order Knights of Khoras
san, August 9-13.
CHICAGO, ILL.: National Wholesale Grocers' Association,
June 8-10. 1
CHICAGO, ILL.: The Interstate Cotton Seed Crushers' Asso
ciation, Mav 18-20.
CHICAGO, ILL. : National Association ef Real Estate Boards,
CLEVELAND, OHIO: American Water Works' Association, .
CLEVELAND, OHIO: National Federation of Business and Pro
fessional Women's Clubs, Julv 18-23.
HERSHEY, PA. : Church of Brethren Annual Conference, June
HOUSTON, TEX.: National Association of Mercantile Agen
cies, AugJist 14-16.
HOUSTON, TEX.: Retail Credit Men's Association, August
KANSAS CITY, MO.: National Association of Retail Grocers,
KANSAS CITY, MO.: National Leather and Shoe Finders' As
sociation, June 13-15.
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.: Annual Convention Commercial Law
League of American, August 8-11.
NEW YORK, N. Y.: National Tuberculosis Association, June
NEW ORLEANS, LA.: Convention National .Association of
Master Plumbers of the U. S , June 7-9.
NEW ORLEANS, LA.: National Baptist Convention, Unin
corporated, September 6-12.
NEW YORK, N. Y. : American Optometric Association, June
26-Juiyi. . .... *
PHILADELPHIA, PA. : Meeting American Cotton Manufac
turers' Association, May 27-28.
ROCK HILL, S. C. : South Carolina Sunday School Association,
ST. LOUIS, MO.: Twenty-Third Annual Convention National
Association of Letter Carriers, September 5-10.
ST. PAUL, MINN.: Annual Convention Retail Monument Deal
ers' Association, August 16-18.
ST. PAUL, MINN. : Annual Meeting International Association
of Display Men. July 11-14.
WASHINGTON, D. C.: American Institute of Homeopathy.
For further information call on nearest Ticket Agent or commu
. s. H. MCLEAN, G. W. CARTER,
District Passenger Agent, District Passenger Agent,
Columbia, S. C. Augusta, Ga.
Candidate for Cotton Weigher.
I respectfully announce that I am
a candidate for re-election to the of
fice of public cotton weigher for the
town of Edgefield. I have served, on
ly one term and the experience I
have gained will enable me to ren
der more efficient service in the fu
ture. If elected for a second term, I
pledge the same faithful and impar
tial service that I have rendered in
W. G. Byrd.
Wi?l Surely Sioa mt Coudie
Farmers Can? Borrow
The Federal Loan Act has been
declared constitutional. The Federal
Land Bank at Columbia will begin
business soon. We have been author
ized by the secretary of the local as
sociation to take applications from
farmers for loans on real estate. All
farmers who wish to borrow money
can procure application blanks at our
office. Avail yourself at once of this
N. G. EVANS.
C. T. BURNETT.