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TAUGHT USE OF PLOWSHARE
How Legendary Chinese Emperor ls
Said to Have Encouraged Agri
culture in That Country.
In Europe the most significant of
the gifts of the soil are wheat and
flax; in China they are silk and rice.
Old Chinese myths name Shen-nung
or Siennung the "divine laborer," a
legendary emperor who is said to have
reigned'in the-first half of the third
millennium before Christ, ns the fa-"
ther of agriculture. It was he who
first made a wooden plowshare and
taught the people how to use it. Shen'
nnng was one of the three emperors
whom legend reveres as founders of
.the Chinese social system. It was
Shen-tsan, or Sien-tsan, the wife of
Huang-ti, another of the three, who
taught* the people the rearing of silk
? worms and the treatment of cocoons
and t??reads and the weaving of -silken
^garments, so that her subjects might
* rio longer suffer , from "chapped and
.^?M^The sanet?aVyof Shen-nung is still
standing, south of Pekin, E. Meyer
Riefstahl writes in Asia Magazine.
Here the last emperor of China used
to come every year to bring a sacrifice
. to the presiding divinity and to open
a furrow in the soil with his own
hands. The ceremony is very ancient.
Even in the sixth century there was
an imperial field that formed a sanc
tuary fourteen ll south of the capital.
There, in the first months of spring,
on a day of .good augury, sacrifices of
a steer, a sheep and a pig were made
to Shen-nung and to Hou-tsi. The em
peror, clad in his state robes and the
ritual bonnet,' entered the golden char
lot of state and performed thrice the
ritual of sacrifice. After this the cere
mony of plowing took place.
To the north of the city, In olden
times. Shen-tsan had an altar. Later
the shrine was transferred to the pre
cinct of the palace, where the em
press presided over the rearing of
silkworms and the production of silk.
O?? records mention the mulberry
grove of the empress and her pavilion
for the rearing of silkworms. Toward
the middle of spring, in ancient times,
the chief of the court would sum
mon the empress to the grounds north
of the city to begin the t'?arlng of
silkworms. Tb* ladies of the palace
and the wives of high dignitaries aid
ed her in the task; After fasting and
sacrificing to Shen-tsan, the empress
and the- concubines of the emperor
^ themselves gathered the mulberry
leaves. The silk obtained was used
for the sacrificial robe of the emperor.
^ Productive Guam.
Incident to his 1920 census, Uncle
Sam has found that our island pos
session, Guam, produces from Its 225
square miles, with its population of
13,275 native, 1,140,924 pounds of
copra for export to the United States
and 851,680 pounds to Japan.
. The live stock on the island In
cludes 6,149 water buffalo,. 4,357
horses, 1,160 goats, 543 hogs and 73
cattle. Corn, sweet potatoes, taro,
yams, tobacco, cassava, rice, arrowroot
and sugar, are Included among the
field crops. Coconuts, bananas, pine
apples, papaya, cacao, limes, mangoes,
grapefruit a&d even alligator pears
constitute the food-producing trees
Whereas, there are 106.2 males to
100 females In the United States, there
are 95.7 males to 100 females in
Guam. Some 41.7 per cent of the men
The climate is said to be tropical,
hut healthful and pleasant, remarks
the Portland Journal. The island ol
Guam is almost a neighbor, being only
about 5,600 miles from our coast.
Water as a Diuretic.
A powerful diuretic is water-its
action in this respect, drank by a
healthy man, being very marked, and
it appears impossible to explain its
limitation by a mere increase in blood
pressure, whether local or general;
it has the power of Increasing tissue
change, and thus multiplying the prod
ucts as fast as they are formed-and
thus, by giving rise to increased ap-1
petite, provides fresh nutriment for
the tissues, and acts as a true tonic
In persons who are accustomed to
take too little water the products of
tissue waste may be formed faster
than they are removed, and. thus ac
cumulating, may give rise to disease.
Many gouty people are accustomed to
take too little water, except In the
form of a small cup of tea or coffee
daily; a large tumbler of water drank
every morning, and especially with
the addition of some nitrate or car
bonate of potassium, will prevent a
Old and new Issues of Confederate
currency are being passed throughout
the Baltic states as current American
dollars, according to the Red Cross
Bulletin of Riga. Many natives have
bought these \alueless Issues from for
eigners recently returned from the
Many Russians have come into the
American Red Cross offices in Esthon
ia, Latvia and Lithuania with stage
money, cigar and cigarette coupons
which they had bought as American
Seed Distribution by Congress.
, Tulips, narcissus and hyacinth bulbs,
to the number of 325.000, sent out by
the congressional seed distribution
this year, were grown at horne. Work
of the United States Department of
Agriculture in its Puget, sound gardens
has shown that that region ls adapted
to tha cultivation of the so-called
Dntch bulbs, which, in the past, have
been almost entirely imported.
By CLARENCE L. CULLEN
When Spud McGlone, the tout,
nudged into New York from the win
ter race meeting at New Orleans, he
wore a certain sooty and cindery ap
pearance that didn't seem to denote
a ride on the varnished cars. %
-"Does a job at the gasworks, back
in this dump, look good to me?" he
observed gloomily, replying to nobody's
"Does It? Ask Smudge Shaugnessy
if he ever had a yen for a beef stew,!
^Southern race tracks, eh? Say, I'd
ratherT? a moldy ear in a Coney Is
land' hot-corn Koller than a; red barn
full pf feed and hay down there in
the cockroach Dixie belt, and let that
"There's no getting away from the
ring Pinks down there.
"The first day out down there I
slanted a thing that looked like bean
porridge-hot to me. I took him by the
left fin as he mooned around the ring
marking a program and trying to look
" 'Sh-sh !' says I as I tried to lead
him under one of the stairways.
*Sh-sh ! I would fain uncurl one gold
en word or two unto you.'
".Hey? What's that?' he bawled like
a fish-pedtfter yelling shad on a side
street and trying to shake off the
clutch I had-on him?
"'Not so voicy, major,' said I; hang
ing on to him.
"'Hey, iook-a-here, what's all this?'
he shouted, not with any effort, get me,
but just talking in his natural voice.
'What d'ye want?'
" 'Sh-sh ! Try whispering, general,'
says I to him, lamping around to see
if any of the ring Pinks were on the
job. 'All that I desire to do is to send
you away from here lopsided with cur
"For about half a minute he studied
me with that harvest-moon wick.
. " 'What do you want to do that for?'
he shouted. 'What is it to you whether
I win or not?'
"'The soft pedal and low bridge,
please, judge,' I begged the smudge.
"4l3 it a horse?' he yelled at me.
" 'That loud stuff is great In a knock
about turn, but here it's liable to crab
a perfectly good sketch. Now, will
you gamble that hundred on one that's
a Rocky Ford wrapped in tissue-paper
and tinfoil and served in a Tiffany
"'Is it some horse that's going to
run in this first race that you want me
to play?' he howled.
" 'Say, general, won't you try to Im
agine that you're at a wake, and pull
the muffling snares down on that drum
".'Yes, it's one in the first race.
".It's 15 to 1 now, and it*fi streel
home like a cat that's been chucked
into a creek with a stone around its
"Well, the mark yelped then like a
barker with a double-horn megaphone
on a rubberneck wagon : 'How do you
know, that this horse will win, hey?'
"Just then the ring Pink that I'd
piped the minute before breezed up
behind rae with the stiff forefinger for
.the biddle of my kidneys.
"'None o' that buzz stuff here,
Bright Eyes*,' says he to me, 'or over
the fence for you,' and then I had to
smear away from there and join the
elbowers in the main aisle.
"Two days' later I snagged, coming
down from the grand stand, where he'd
salted his wife, one that looked to me
like a full basket of quarts.
" 'Guv',' says I, as he got to the bot
tom of the steps, 'd'ye know the name
"The name of what?' he asked me
in the tone cf the skipper of a canal
boat hollering at a mule-whacker a
hundred yards up the towpath. 'Did
you ask me what time it was? Why,
It's half past three,' pulling out a soup
er the size of a hand-painted porcelain
" 'I haven't got an idea in the world
what horse you mean and, of course,
you're a stranger to me'-he was hol
lering loud?r and louder with every
chirp-'but I lost fifty dollars on the
first race'-by this time he was orat
ing like the ringmaster of a circus
'and if there's any chance to get that
money back, why, of cqurse, I'd like to
obtain the name of the winner.
" 'You look as if you might know,
even if, as I say, you are a stranger
to me; and of course if the one you
named really did win I'd be willing to
-er-do the right thing toward you
for your kindness, and-'
"Did I have that one hooked? Why,
say, it was out of the water and
swinging toward the grass when
" 'Say, Louie,' says the same Pink
that had given me the kidney poke be
fore, coining up behind nie again, T
thought I told you that tell-'eiu thing
was all off and done away with around
these works, hey?
"'Now, you lemme pipe you again
hepping a lob to one o' your boguses,
and you won't have any heels left on
your kicks to heat it with.' And so
there I was, hashed again right on the
pin-point of getting a live one on a?
thing that won four minutes later from
here to Las Vegas and back, with the
boy looking back and laughing.
"That's the way I was messed '
around at New Orleans by the howlers
every time I got an easy one soaped up
to the betting-point. t
"Say, does lt feel ^ood to be back
where they don't all talk like Tony
Pastor used to sing?
"I refuse to answer, bo, on the
ground that lt might degrade or in
Their Tones Vary With the
Tastes of the People.
Continuous Symphony of Tinkling In
Rangoon.and Mandalay-Japan- -.
eee More Stern in Tone.
j ' The bell is almost as characteristic
a symbol of Buddhism as is the seated
figure of Buddha himself. It varies,
in the different Buddhist countries?
with the temperament aud tastes of
the people. In Burma, where even
Buddhism turns to sunshine and to
prettiness and the towers of the tem
ples evaporate in lace work and jewel
ry, the bells, glittering with precious
stones, hong ^ clusters from the um
brellalike" top "of the pagoda spire and
ring at their own sweet will. In the
^empje courts of .Rangoon Ad Manda
lay there IsTa continuous symphony
of tinkling and chiming things
dainty, casual, wayward.
But the bells of China and Korea
and those of Japan are more gran
diose and sober. Like the stained
glass windows of European cathedrals,
Japanese bells are storied records of
their temples and their times. They
bear Inscriptions by famous poets and
scholars; they are molded into a
wealth of symbolism. And around
them cling, like the moss and flow
ers that have overgrown the woodland
Buddhas of Nikko, legends and tales
and history that live on the lips of gen
erations who have dwelt in 'the
shadow of some great bell and whose
lives have been unconsciously attuned
to its grave and somber harmony.
Yet, though the imagination of the
people clings around lt, the temple
bell seems* to speak most eloquently
from lonely places, from the heart of
monastic woods, from heigh ts yto which
the contemplative may withdraw for
meditation. It has none of the fa
miliar and sociable character of the
occidental church bell'. Though Chris- ,
tianity, like Buddhism, has under
stood the value of the bell, the differ
ence between the bells of East and
West is typical of a difference in the
genius of tlie two faiths. In the cities
of England and northern JSurope the
bell Is the first to speak out on any
occasion of special significance to the
people. It announces funerals, wed
dings, fires and wars. It ls at its best
In the expression of communal joy.
The very method of ringing-In caril
lons, chimes and joyous changes
makes lt seem a representation of
many voices raised in a chorus of
The Buddhist bell has" none of these
Rocial characteristics. It could hard- ^
ly quicken its deep tone to speak of
Joy. It seems a voice apart from tem- .
poral things, cognizant only of eternity,
and Nirvana. Yet on any occasj^p
of general sorrow its accent-tranquil, ]
remote, unhurried-may be fmmeas- ,
urably, consoling. An American who 1
lived in Kobe while the epidemic of
influenza was at Its worst often speaks
of the comfort he felt in the sound of
the temple bell from the hill. All day ?
he saw the procession of the dead j
pass his house and smoke of the ere- ,
matories dimming the sky; but every j
night at nine o'clock the great bell
spoke out-serene and gracious on
the evening air-and its grave voice
seemed to be saying: "Fret not; for J
all this passes. It ?9 well."-Marjorie !
Latta Barstow in Asia Magazine. j
Ceilings Made of Newspapers.
The demand in Manchuria, China, .
for old newspapers is very great
These are used principally for the first
layer of paper on interior walls and !
ceilings of houses. Chinese houses In
in Manchuria invariably Include no cell- i
ings when completed, the ceilings b?- i
lng installed by the tenants or own
ers after* the masons and carpenters
have completed their part of the con
tract. The ceilings . are made of a
framework of millet stalks, which are? 1
as a rule, first covered with old news- '
papers and then with a layer of Chi- i
nese white paper. Partitions made In ,
the same manner aKe also largely ,
used In both shops and dwelling
houses. Previous to the war old pa
pers from abroad sold at 4% cents '
a pound, while the prevailing price
for Chinese and Japanese paper is 1
now 3% cents a pound. 1
A Love Tip.
A Glendale young man, whenever ,
out. of the city, instead of writing to
his best girl, sends her every few days
a box of candy. She is delighted with
his plan and boasts of lt to her girl :
friends, who strlghtway hint to their
admirers to do the same. i
One ,of the admirers went to the
first-named young man on his return
from one of these trips and made
complaint of this habit of his. "The 1
other girls are expecting us fellows '
to do it, too," he said. "We can't see i
why you do lt. It's expensive and-" l
"Yes," admitted the candy sender, ,
"It is expensive, but Ifs mighty safe.
Candy could never tell tales in a '?
breach of promise suit"-Los An
Disciple of Sir Boyle..
An Englishman has informed the
writer that Sir Edward Carson Is nota
bly addicted to the Taurus Hiber
nicus. Quite a few little stories are
told of Sir Edward's "bulls." On one
occasion, for example, he referred to
"the gentleman I see behind me;"
but perhaps the best Carsonian speci
men Is found in his remark that Mr.
Asquith was like a drunken man walk
ing aloz'? a straight line-the further
he went the sooner he fell.-Boston
The pleasure is worth it. There's no sub
stitute for Camel quality ?nd that mild,
fragrant Camel blend.
The lellow who smokes Camels, wants
/ * -----
Camels. That's because Camels have a
smoothness, a fragrance and a mildness you
can't get in another cigarette.
Don't let anyone tell you that any other
cigarette at any price is so good as Camels.
Let your own taste be the judge. Try
Camels for yourself. A few smooth, refreshing
puffs and you'd walk a mile for a Camel, too.
R. J. REYNOLDS Tobacco Co.
Winston-Satan, N. C.
Governor Cooper Has Accept
ed Summer Home Near
Governor Cooper will spend hjs an
mal vacation in Greenville, leaving
Columbia about June 15 to spend his
two months of rest on Paris Moun
This, however, Governor Cooper
stated last night, does not in any way
involve the transference, of the state
capital to Greenville, the work be
ing transacted as usual during his va
cation from the governor's office in
the State House. "I would have to
jo somewhere," Governor Cooper
said, "and am, therefore, especially
grateful to the Greenvillle folk for
the offer of a summer home for my
vacation days." The State House,
the governor added jestingly, would
be left in Columbia, the work of the
state being transacted here as usual.
Mrs. Cooper will accompany Gov
ernor Cooper during his vacation at
Special to The State.
Greenville, May 15.-In a long
distance telephone conversation with
Greenville citizens today, Governor
Cooper accepted the invitation to
come to Greenville about June 15 and
spend the greater portion of the
warm months on Paris Mountain
The summer home of Allen J. Gra
ham, local cotton, mill executive, has
been offered the governor by several
organizations and citizens and this
home he has accepted. One of the
Greeville banks has offered him space
for his executive offices, and it is'
believed that he will accept this of
Chamberlain's Colic and Diarrhoea
Every family should keep this prep
ration at hand ready for instant use
when needed. Severe attacks of colic
and cholera morbus often prove fatal
before medicine can be procuder or
a physician summoned. The uniform
success that has attended the use of
this remedy and the prompt cures
which it has effected have made it a
staple article of trade.
As the Federal Land Bank will re
sume the making of loans ta farmers,
I will receive and file applications for
loans for farmers.
S. McG. SIMKINS.
A large shipment of shapes arrived
Here is welcome news for
all tire users. Just when
you aie ready to replace your
old, worn-out tires with
hew ones, Diamond answers
the call of the times with a /
Generous & Sweeping
Reduction in Prices
9Jiere splendid high-mileage Hm are
now available at the following prices:
Now is the time to invest
THE DIAMOND RUBBER COMPANY, INC