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MUCH IS TOLD BY PROVERS*)
Household Sayings Throw Light on
Characteristics of Social Groups
Whence They Emanate. <
It ls a commonplace to say that a
nation's moral code is revealed in its
proberbs; but it is less widely recog
nized that proverbial sayings throw
light also upon the long-standing
economic structure of a social group.
A proverb is not an individual obser
vation; it condenses the experience
of a class, a sex, a caste. A large
number record the accumulated ex
perience of the small peasant propri
etor, his. ceaseless labor and petty
saving and screwing. "While the
sheep blates he loses a mouthful."
The economics of married life are
often tersely laid bare. "A wooden
mother is better than a golden fath?r"
(Shropshir .) must be taken from the
outlook ot a wife who would be
summed up in a national census as
"A rolling stone gathers no moss,"
says the wisdom of the staid British
countryman, diligently making the
best of his land by .long and careful
husbandry. "By going and coming
the bird builds its nest" is the oppo
site point of view held by a Negro
trader traveling /backward and for
ward through the African forest
Bawbees are round and rin away.
A grip o' the grund ls gude to nae.
expresses the land-hunger of a Scots
man of the old school, mistrusting
"investments" which he cannot see
.Here is a trio from Norway: "A
large stock needs much pasture." "A
cow will not hear that the hayv Is
dwindling away." "You cannot climb
a mountain by a level road." Do they
not sum up certain aspects of the
little farm perched up amid scanty
Factory life, a modern growth
everywhere, has not yet left Its mark
upon the proverbial lore pf any coun
try because it has not yet been fully
assimilated as a mode of self-expres
sion. The proverb is everywhere a
spontaneous growth, for "shoes alone
know if 'tocking hab hole," as they
say in Jamaica.
Degrees and Rank.
The two degrees, D. D., and LL D.,
are quite different The first Is doc
tor of divinity, that is, a person
learned in those subjects that form
the education of a divine or theolo
gian. The second, LL.D., is doctor of
laws, the two L's being the plural
form where initials are used. This
degree ls, or should be conferred upon
those deeply learned In the subjects
that make up higher education and
culture-in languages, literature, sci
ence and philosophy. The former de
gree ls only conferred upon nlinisteTs
of religion, the latter upon both min
isters and laymen. The ranks in the
- British peerage, ascending, are : Baron,
viscount, earl, marquis, duke. Ex
officio. a Latin term, from office, that
ls by virtue of his offlqe, means that
by reason of a person holding a cer
tain office he also holds certain other
offices or performs certain other func
tions. For example, the rector of a
parish Is ex-officlo, that is because he
ls rector, chairman of a meeting of
the vestry, or congregation.-Montreal
People of the World.
The total population of the earth
is 1.699,000,000, according to the latest
edition of the Gotha Hofkalender. The
1919 estimate was 1,046,000,000. The
eastern hemisphere, including Europe.
Africa. Asia and Australia, has 1,494,
000.000 people, while the Western hem
isphere-the Americas-has a popu
lation of 205,000,000.
The average density of population
of the earth Is1 28.5 per square mlle,
while Australia Is most sparsely set
tled-2.45 people per square mile. In
North America the average population
per square mile is 15.
The greatest uncertainty exists as
to the population of Persia, Abyssinia
and the Congo, estimates differing from
4,000.000 to 9.000,000, 8,000,000 to 12,
'000,000 and from 15,000,000 to 20,000,
000 respectively, so that the total dif
ference between the lowest and high
est estimates' is 14.000,000. That dif
ference isi Insignificant compared with
a total population of nearly 1,700,000,
A Philadelphia editor was talking
about Anatole France, the famous
French novelist whose serious illness
"Anatole France," he said, "ls a
cynic, a graceful and profound cyn
ic. I once heard him make a cynical
speech about love.
"Love," he said, "encountered
Wisdom on the high road.
".The girl Is beautiful today,' said
Wisdom, 'hut she will be the Image of
her mother when she gets to be her
mother's age. You, though, of course,
"Love laughed carelessly. * ,
"'Oh, no,' he said, 'I simply shan't
be there to see.'"
Very Bad Indeed.
.Ton are not eating very much, Mr.
Shyful," said the girl coyly to the
bashful suitor, who had been invited
to the family Christmas dinner.
"Yes." he replied, and at last for
the first time during the evening, he
got his chance, so seizing all his cour
age, he gasped:
"To sit next to you, SHss Betty, Is
to lose one's appetite."
Airplanes to Survey Africa.
It i'9 proposed to adapt the airplane
to further discoveries in darkest
Invader's. Heel Trod Heavily on
Town of Aintab.
Americans Are Busily at Work Help
ins to Rebuild Once Prosperous
Little City in Eastern Syria.
Clustering red-tiled roofs, white stuc
coed walls, the fresh green of grace
ful poplars, and minarets rising here
and there in slender beauty-this is
the picture greeting the visitor ap
proaching through the mountains rim
ming it about, the once important town
of Aintab, which nestles at the foot
of Mdunt Taurus on the eastern coast
of Syria, says the Christian Science
Aintab was not only beautiful, but
prosperous in those days before the
Turk invaded the land, swept it bare
of its industry, scattered its people to
the four corners of the earth, and de
ported them Inland to the desert or
outward to the fringe of seacoast.
Today, however, as one approaches
more closely to the town, one sees that
there are gaps in the rows of white
stuccoed houses, that many of those
picturesque red-tiled roofs are falling
in? that many of the houses are empty
and decaying, and that the town which
looked so beautiful from afar is really
a shell, an echo of that once busy,
flourishing Aintab which with its 43,
000 inhabitants, formed an Important
link In the caravan route from Con
stantinople, and was known far anc
wide for its trade in tooled leather
and its great cattle market.
When tlie first party of Americans
from the Near East relief reached Atn
tab after the Turkish military had
swept on its devastating course, the
wanderers, hearing that help was to
be had, began to come straggling back.
They. must be fed and housed, their
homes remade, schools rebuilt for their
children, and places must be provided
for the little ones left homeless.
Promptly the work was. begun and
took on at once a twofold significance;
not only did It furnish employment
for the workmen, but aiso shelter for
their families. The women found em
ployment In weaving, and turned the
wool, which is plentiful In Syria, Into
fabrics much needed by those who
had lost all their possessions, includ
ing clothing. Some of them wove rugs,
and a ready market was found for
them, often among the American relief
Slowly but surely Aintab Is coming
into her own once more. New Armen
ian houses are beginning to rise from
the ashes of the old; refugees are
pouring back from desert and moun
tains and the shore of the sea. And
once more the cries of merchants re
sound as they call their wares, their
rags and scraps of household com
modities, In the bazaar in the center
of the town.
Pointer for the Housewife.
The woman who reduces herself to
a frazzle and her family to -nervous
wrecks does it by trying to do each
separate piece of work to perfection.
We all like a perfectly appointed
household, but lt ls vastly more Impor
tant that a home should be comfort
able, where the family likes to gather,
than that no grain of dust should ever
be seen. Housework, done right, is
more healthful than almost any other
work. Making beds is an excellent ex
ercise for a sluggish "liver, but don't
forget that a tired housewife may be
rested and refreshed by a brisk walk
In the fresh air. Fatigue is often
caused from bad air, and with the
lung? filled with pure air the body is
able to throw off the poisons.
Pick out the important tilings to be
done daily and do them, reserving
time and strength for these tilings.
The important tiling Is meals. They
mean more to the family thad any
thing else, as they are the fuel which
keeps you going.-Exchange.
Oil Prospects in Australia.
Analyses of petroleum gas at Roma,
Queensland, have been made which
show it to be considerably richer than
the gas from most petroleum weite.
Using American standards of pressure
and temperature in absorption tests,
it is estimated that the Roma gas
will yield 2 pints of petrol per 1,000
cubic feet. The mines department
has decided to continue boriug below
the gas strata, in the belief that oil
.will be found. Difficulty In obtaining
casing is delaying further boring at
Marburg, Queensland. The bore is
now over 400 feet down, penetrating
sandstones and shales which contain
productive coal measures, while tests
of a sample of the sludge from the
bottom of the bore reveal a small per
centage of oil.
School, for Customers.
Once a week an Ohio department
store conducts what lt calls a "buy
ing school." The public Is Invited to
attend this school, which is conducted
by experienced salesmen who talk on
a variety of subjects interesting to
shoppers-such, for instance, as meth
ods of testing different kinds of ma
terials for quality, strength, and so on.
Every once in a while the management
arranges to have representatives from
different concerns eome to tho school
"You seem nervous."
"Yes, got to see a girl."
.'Aha! And have an Important
question to put to her. I dare^
"Tta^ It Want to see if shell
come and cook for mother and my
THE U. S. ROYAL CORD
A famous tire-and a famous tread.
Acknowledged among motorists and
dealers alike as the world's foremost
example of Cord tire building. Al
ways delivering the same repeated
economy, tire after tire, and season
The stripe around the sidewall is
registered as e trade-mark in the U. S.
?ow you can measure
tire value in 1921 W
"Any U. S. Tiro
?a a universal
OFTEN it's surprising the number
of. different tire views that come
out in ? chance talk at the curb or in
Almost every day you come
across the man human enough
to believe he can outguess
the cut-price tag on "job
lots," "discontinued lines" and
His opposite is the hard
pan car owner who sticks
year in and year out to a
standard brand as the only
Many will remember the scarcity
of U. S. Tires last year.
A hardship at the time, but a bene
fit now. There are no U. S. Tires to be
worked off-no accumulations-no
forcefaseVlmg of any U. S. brand -r no
shipping of tires from one part of the
country to another to "find a marketw
* * *
There are 92 U.S. Factory Branches.
Each one gets its share of U. S. Tires.
There is -a broad, constant, even dis
tribution of U. S. Tires always going
on from these Branches to the dealer.
Buy a U. S. Tire anywhere
-in a community of500people
or even less-and you get a
fresh, live tire of current
production-with all the orig
inal service and mileage the
factory put into it.
The owner of a medium or
light-weight car stands on
equal ground with every other
Any United States Tire is a uni- "Tho d uro rem
versal full money's worth-backed up ?????&22
with a leadership policy of equal
quality, buying convenience and price
United States Tires
United States ? Rubber Company
YONCE & MOONEY
Edgefield, S. C.
V. E. EDWARDS & BRO.
Johnston, S. C.
Mr. Williams of Public Wel
fare Board Visits Institution
The Columbia Association for the
Blind, which maintains a home and
workshop for the blind at the cor
ner of- Calhoun and Bull streets, was
visited recently by G. Croft Wil
liams, secretary of the state board of
public welfare. Mr. Williams points
out som? dire needs of this institu
tion, chief among them being the
fact that the building occupied by the
association is not suited to the needs
of the blind folk.
"The Association for the Blind
seeks to teach the adult blind how
to make1 fibre furniture, baskets and
ornaments with the purpose of giv
ing these handicapped folk a trade
and also of furnishing them remun
erative employment. The organiza
tion is under the control of eight d?
rectors, of whom Christopher Atkin
son is chairman. The staff is com
posed of one superintendent, one ma
tron, one secretary, one helper and
one financial agent, all of whom are
blind, with the exception of the fi
nancial agent and helper," says the
"This institution was opened Sep
tember 27, 1920, and now has 12 in
mates, nine of whom live at the
home. All uf them are totally blind.
The building occupied is an old resi
dence, not at all suited to the needs
of this work. In the basement there
are four rooms in which the industry
is carried on. The basement is damp
and has poor ventilation. Beside;
there is not sufficient sunlight, and
blind people need sunlight as well as
any others. The first floor contains
the office, dining room, the kitchen,
the bath room, the superintendent's
bed room and a parlor. These roon
all appear to be fairly well kept, coi
sidering the fact that only blind pe
sons have to care for them. The se
retary of the state board of publ
welfare found that dining table s<
for supper and it was clean and ad<
quately furnished with tobie wari
"The second floor contains thre
bed rooms, two of which are for W(
men inmates and the third for a ma
and his wife, who are blind and wh
are employed in the institutior
These rooms are adequately furnish
ed with beds and are well ventilate
and receive the sunlight.
"The back yard was unkept and ex
tremely unsightly. Then toe, wate
had settled under the back porch
which smelled mouldy. This back
yard is unsanitary and will be a men
ace to health' unless it is cleaned up
The toilet and bathing facilities ol
the house are inadequate, there bein|
only one bath room and toilet. The
stains are irregular and dangerous
"The institution receives blind per
sons who are unskilled in weaving
and teaches them how to make fur
niture. It is remarkable how rapidly
they attain proficiency in this trade.
After six months an ordinary work
er should make about $12 a week, an
especially deft person can make
about $17. As the board at the homo
is inexpensive, a blind person can
make a living at this institution.
"The inmates seem very happy,
both in their employment and in
keeping one another's company. The
institution is worthy of public sup
port and to receive the assistance of
all who desire to make happy, helpful
citizens of persons whom nature has
bereft of sight."-The State.
Conyricht 1S09, by C. E. Zimmerman Co. -No. 66
EVERY DOLLAR that you spend foolishly, every proportion*
ate amount of money that you earn that it would be possible to
save and do not, is only money that you have to work for again.
On the other hand every dollar you put in the bank is money
that is going to constantly work fer you. Which is the best;
money always working for you, or you always working for
your money. Come in and start that hank account. Don't put it
off another day.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; A. S. Tompkins, Vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford,
M. C. Parker, A. S. Tompkins, J. G. Holland, E. J. Mims, J. H. Allen*