Newspaper Page Text
General Horace Porter, Who
Was Present, Gives Correct
Statement of Surrender.
To the Editor of The State:
The recent death of Gen Horace
Porter at the advanced age of 85 has
called to mind correspondence with
him some years ago with reference to
the surrender of Gen. Lee at Appo
mattox. Gen. Porter was present at
the surrender as a member of Gen
eral Grant's staff, acting as his sec
retary. I wrote to him on February
6, 1916, asking him to advise me defi
nitely whether or not General Lee
tendered his sword to General Grant,
adding that my information was that
General Lee had never tendered his
sword to General Grant. General Por
ter promptly replied, his letter being
"New York, Feb. 15, 1916
"Dear Sir: In reply to your letter
of the 6th, I would say that you are
quite correct. General Grant had no
thought of asking General Lee for his
sword, and the latter did not tender
This unequivocal statement from a
gentleman of General Porter's stand
ing, present at the surrender, ought j
to settle this question for all time,
and set at rest a popular myth.
Francis H. Weston.
Columbia, June 4.
Millionaires and the Price of
Tariff evangelists are busy in the j
South seeking converts to their couse
from among the ranks and the far-!
mers. For the most part these preach
ers of the tariff doctrine represent!
manufacturing interests, those in
fant (?) industries which have pro
duced so many millionaires. There
fore one is justified in looking upon |
their preachments with suspicion and
juestion their interest in the price
of eggs and such other commodities
as the farmers have to sell. Mr. Kirby
is undoubtedly much more interested 1
in a high tariff on lumber than he is
in putting up the bars against Chi
nese eggs, but if he can get a small
tariff on eggs he figures that the far- '
mer consumers of lumber are acces
sories to the tariff crime and can not
go into court with clean hands.
There aer other features to the
tariff question worth considering, but
all may be traced back to the same
source, the manufacturer and his de
sire to have an exclusive market in
this country for his product at any
price that he may ask and at the same
time have the privilege of unloading
his 'surplus in free trade countries
at anything he can get. The manu
facturer of woolen goods pulls an
oar in the same boat with Mr. Kirby
and other lumber kings. A small tar
iff on raw wool would be welcomed
by the manufacturer providing he
can have a much higher tariff on the
Mr. John H. Kirby has recently de
veloped a wonderful interest in the
price of eggs. Down at San Antonio
he told his audience that the Chinese
hens were about to put the American
bird out of business, nnotwithstand
ing our more efficient methods of
breeding and feding. The Dallas News
takes issue with his argumennts ?nd
conclusions and presents a few figures
worth considering by egg producers
before they accept Mr. Kirby's state
ments as conclusive. The News in
forms us that the American hens laid
1,957,000,000 dozen eggs in 1920
exclusive of the millions of dozens
consumed on the farms and in city
homes where poultry is kept. That
during the same year there was im
ported from China 846,671 dozens of
eggs in shell and ^,814,087 dozen in
other forms, making a total of 7,
661,758 dozen, or four-tenths of one
per cent of the number produced and
marketed in the United States. Dur
ing that same year the Unied States
exported over 12,000,000 dozen eggs,
or nearly twice as many as were im
We add to the figures presented by
The' News by stating that total im
portations of eggs from all countries
in 1920 amounted to 1,708,701 doz
en in shell and 29,022,577 pounds of
dried and frozen eggs. But this ad
dition is not sufficient to cause poul
trymen of this country any serious
worry.-Furm & Ranch.
Eyes scientifically examined and j
glasses properly fitted.
GEO. F. MIMS,
Edgefield, S. C.
As the Federal Land Bank will re
sume the making of loans to farmers,
I will receive and file applications for
loans for farmers.
S. McG. SIMKINS.
Teacher "I Supply Equals i
"Back to the schoolroom" on
part of men and women who f
up school work during the fat y<
following immediately after the
is one result of the process of
flation now going on over the st
according to W. H. Jones and J.
Shealy. Mr. Jones is president of
of the largest teachers' agencies
the South and Mr. Shealy is re
trar of the state teachers bureau,
erated in connection with the si
department of education. These i
men are in position to speak with
thorityvwith regard to matters h
ing to do with teachers in this st?
. Mr. Jones said many men and 1
men who were in the teaching p
fession before the war took up ot
work during the war, but that n
they are coming back. Some of th
who are again entering the sehe
room have been engaged in rubi
and tire manufacturing establi
ments, others found employment
chemists, mechanics, electricians a
civil engineers. Wages in these
tablishments have been cut in ma
instances and some of them hi
closed down entirely ,so that th
employees are seeking work el
where, and the schoolroom is feeli
the effect. Mr. Shealy said that
considerable number of men and Y
men who had been doing clerical wo
?were arranging to take up teachi
again in the fall.
! The shifting of teachers from o
place to another this year will be co
fined largely to teachers, among t
lower grades and to those, holding t
smaller principalships. Last year, M
Jones said, there was an unprec
dented shift affecting the larg
schools such as those of Florene
Cheraw and others. This year m<
holding the better positions are stan
ing pat and will remain where th<
Cuts in Salaries.
As regards salaries, Mr. Jones sa
that they were almost at a stam
still, and was of the opinion that the
would become stable around 75 p<
cent of the highest salaries paid du
ing the war period. Among the smal
er schools he said there was a tei
dency to cut salaries somewhat, e:
pecially in those localities whei
schools, in order to secure teacher:
had had to pay more than their ir
Mr. Shealy said that some cuts o
about 1 per cent of the war time sa
aries had taken place. During the wa
many schools raised the salaries be
ing paid considerably, this being don
irr order to secure- teachers and alsi
in a desire to place teachers' salarie
somewhat on a parity with salarie
in other businesses and professions
Anticipate No Shortage.
Both of these men said that th
indications were that there would bi
no shortage this year, and that th<
supply was about equal to the de
mand. They did not think that manj
schools would be forced to remair
closed this fall because of inabilitj
to secure teachers.
Mr. Shealy said the state board ol
examiners, the board which examine;
and grades the papers of teachers
taking the examinations for licenses
to teach, had approximately 3,000 ap
plications as a result of the May ex
aminations. These papers are now be
ing graded by the three members of
While the supply of grammar grade
teachers promises to be adequate to
meet the demand, Mr. Jones said
there was a strong demand for teach
ers for high schools, for preparatory
school academies and that there was
a shortage of teachers of the modern
languages and of physics. The demand
for teachers of manual training is al
The public school is perhaps today
occupying a more prominent place in
the minds of South Carolinians than
ever before and the people are taking
much interest in it, realizing the han
dicap under which children labor who
have not had the opportunity of at
tending school. With an adequate
supply of teachers, and the people
alive to the importance of their
schools, the prospects for good work
this year are encouraging-The
The House We Live in.
I live in a house as old as I
I build on it day by day,
For I want room for friends that
And strangers that come my way.
My house is not perfect, as some may
But one thing I certainly know,
As I saw the line, I've tried to hew
Regardless of worldly show.
And friend or stranger who comes
to bide a while,
Will find always a cozy corner;
A friendly handclasp, a cheery smile,
And a welcome from the owner.
W. S. G. HEATH.
5 Per Cent on Farm Paper.
Washington.-Reduction of fed
eral reserve rediscount rates and time
extension of loans on agricultural
paper were favored at a meeting Sat
urday of nineteen senators of the new
agricultural "bloc." A bill by Senator
Capper, republican, Kansas, to add
the secretaries of agriculture and
commerce to the federal reserve
board was also indorsed.
Senator Smith, democrat, South
Carolina, was delegated by the "bloc"
to discuss such legislation with Sec
retary Mellon and other government
officials. The senator has drafted a
tentative bill amending the federal
reserve act to make the time limit on
agricultural loans one year, in lieu
of the present six months' limit, when
secured by warehouse receipts.
Senator Smith has discussed with
President Harding the question of re
ducing the rediscount rate on agri
cultural paper to 3 per cent as well
obtaining more credit for agricultur
ists. He received a letter Saturday
from the president in reply to reso
lutions adopted by the cotton consul
tation conference in New York last
month. The conference recommended
reduction of the rediscount to 5 per
cerit and also increased credits
through the federal reserve system.
President Harding, in response to
the resolutions wrote Senator Smith
an expression of "appreciation of the
expression made by the conference."
The president added, that "many of
the suggestions are receiving the at
tention of the administration in the
most effective way possible."
Senator Smith gave out a state
ment declaring that he had found the
president "enthusiastic in his desire
to relieve, as far as possible, the pres
ent unfortunate and disastrous con
dition in which the agricultural in
terests of the country are."
"The administration seems desir
ous," said Senator Smith, "to extend
credit to the cotton producers and to
open up the farm markets as i*apidly
and as extensively as possible."
Every department of the govern
ment having to do, with finance and
commerce that he has visited, he add
ed, are earnestly at work to meet this
desperate situation and to relieve it.
Taking Census of Low Grade Cotton.
Washington.-A special census of
low grade cotton is being taken by
the department of commerce under
arrangement reached with Secretary
Hoover by Senator Smith, democrat,
South Carolina. The latter declared
recently in the senate that govern
ment cotton statistics were mislead
ing, in that they failed to show the
amount of low grade cotton on hand,
and contended that there was a real
shortage of spinriable?, cotton.
In advising Senator Smith of the
department's low grade cotton cen
sus, Secretary Hoover said:
"In accordance with our conversa
tion the other day I have sent direc
tions out to all of the cotton enumer
ators to determine the amount of off
grade cotton in public warehouses,
and such other storage as they can se
cure. I am told that it is very diffi
cult to get a true statement of this
on account of the fear that such in
formation might injure the credit of
the warehouse men.
"In order to overcome this preju
dice I have authorized the enumerat
ors to state that the government is
anxious to discover the volume of this
quality of cotton in order that they
might better organize for its disposal,
and to endeavor to secure the co-op
eration of the warehouse people ip
getting at the true situation."
Better Times for the Farmer.
Business men the country over pro
fess to see better times just ahead.
Those who make it a business to diag
nose industrial conditions claim that
improvement is already noticeable.
Those engaged in every occupation
a 3 looking forward to what is term
ed normal conditions.
Bettev business in cities and in
industrial lines certainly means better
times, for the producers of raw ma
terials, it is now conceded by every
one that farmers are entitled to and
should receive better returns on their
investments and for their labor. That
being the case, farmers who are mak
ing a study of their own business
should receive a fair share of the
prosperity tint is to be.
Farmers everywhere are looking
upon their business from every angle.
They realize that they must do more
than produce and that the selling end
is just as important as any other
phase of their work. Therefore, they
are organizing for the purpose of put
ting their products on the market at
a fair price and not for just what the
buyer offers. If one or any number
of the organizations now in existence
fail, Mr. Farmer.will keep on organiz
ing until he secures a plan which
will insure him a just share of the
wealth he produces.-Farm & Ranch.
SOUTH CAROLINA'S COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND AGRICULTURAL
W. M. RIGGS, President
1571 ACRES OF LAND. .VALUE PLANT OVER $2,300,000.00. ENROLLMENT 1919-'20, 1014.
i OPERATED UNDER STRICT MILITARY DISCIPLINE.
Agricultural (Seven Majors).
June 13-July 23
Removals of Entrance Conditions.
Agricultural Club Boys.
VALUE OF A TECHNICAL
A technical education is the best
insurance against hard times. In
earning capacity, it may equal an
estate of $50,000. For the untrain
ed are the positions of poverty and
Times are hard in South Carolina,
but the cost of an education at
Clemson College is comparatively
low,-sufficiently low to be within
the reach of any ambitious young
man in South Carolina.
Scholarships, free tuition and the
payment by the United States Gov
ernment to R. O. T. C. students,
still further reduce the cost. '
Do not allow the financial difficul
ties to keep you from entering col
lege this fall to prepare yourself for
the opportunities that lie ahead.
SCHOLARSHIPS AND EXAMINA
The college maintains one hun
dred and seventy four-year scholar
ships in the Agricultural and Tex
tile Courses. Each scholarship
means $400 to help pay expenses
and $160 for tuition apportioned
equally over the four years.
Also fifty-two scholarships in the
One-Year Agricultural Course, these
scholarships are worth $100 and tui
tion of $40. The scholarships must
be won by competitive examinations
which are held by each County Su
perintendent of Education on July
8th. It is worth your while to try
for one of these scholarships.
Credit for examinations passed at
the county seat will be given to
those 'who are not applying for
scholarship but for entrance.
R. 0. T. C.-Clemson is a member of the senior division of the Reserve Officers Training Corps. AH R. O. T.
C. students receive financial assistance from the Federal Government, this reaching about $200 per year during
the junior and senior classes.
FOR FULL INFORMATION WRITE OR WIRE /
THE REGISTRAR, CLEMSON COLLEGE, S. C.
APPLICATION WILL BE CONSIDERED IN THE ORDER RECEIVED
SUMMONS FOR RELIEF.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
' COUNTY OF EDGEFIELD.
N THE COURT OF COMMON
tank of Western Carolina, John
ston, S. C., Plaintiff. Against Ed
ward Mathis, H. G. Eidson, V. E.
Edwards and George Williams,
.'o the Defendants Above Named:
You are hereby summoned and re
[uired to answer the complaint in
his action, a copy of which is here
with served upon you and to serve
. copy of your answer to the said
omplaint on the subscriber at his
ffice at Edgefield, South Carolina,
irithin twenty (20) days after the
ervir-! hereof, exclusive of the day
f such service; and if you fail to
iiswer the complaint within the time
foresaid, the. plaintiff in this action
rill apply to the court for the re
ief demanded in the complaint.
T. B. GRENEKER,
Edgefield, S. C.,
1 May 19th, 1921.
'o the Defendant, Edward Mathis,
Take notice that the complaint in
his action, together with the Sum
ions, of which the foregoing is a
opy, was filed in the offices of the
Jlerk of Court of Common Pleas, at
idgefield, in the County of Edge
ield, and state of South Carolina,
n the 17th day of May 1921.
T. B. GRENEKER,
W. B. Cogburn,
C. C. C. P., E. C., S. C.
Farmers Can Borrow
The Federal Loan Act has been
eclared constitutional. The Federal
iand Bank at Columbia will begin
usiness soon. We have been author
zed by the secretary of the local as
ociation to take applications from
armers for loans on real estate. All
armers who wish to borrow money
an procure application blanks at our
ffice. Avail yourself at once of this
N. G. EVANS.
C. T. BURNETT.
Candidate for Cotton Weigher.
I respectfully announce that I am
. candidate for re-election to the cf
ice of public cotton weigher for the
own of Edgefield. I have served on
y one term and the experience I
lave gained will enable me to ren
ier more efficient service in the fu
ure. If elected for a second term, I
?ledge the same faithful and impar
ial service that I have rendered in
W. G. 3yrd.
Would you buy more gas if you
:ould get it for 26 cents? Come in
ind let's talk it over.
YONCE & MOONEY.
f - i
Advice is one of the cheapest things in the world.
It's as free as air. No matter what yoor trouble may
be, jost let it be known and advice will come piling
The old maid knows just how to rear children,
the bachelor knows just how a wife should be bandied,
and even a bald-headed draggist can seil hair tonic .
and get away with it. But the advice you seek, not
the kind that is volunteered, is the kind y ou want
We are not a volunteer in the advice business, but if
you are a patron of our bank and ask advice on finan
cial matters we will be glad to help you in any way
.we can. \
The Bank of Trenton, S. C.
???? M ; ?:c;; >:< i >;( ; >:( I >.( ; >:( ; >:< ? >:r J ?:< I YA ; YA I ?A Z YA I >:r; *.
Barrett & Company
Augusta - N- - - - Georgia
823 West Gervais St
Attention Campers and
You are probably planning
to take a camping out trip of
some sort, in which case you
should have a first class new
Wall Tent, as shown by cut.
Can give you Tent 9 feet 4
inches by ll feet 8 inches of
10 oz. "Demp" material for
$21.50, or 12 oz.. "Usamp"
material for $25.50.
Columbia, S. C.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Gloria Flour and Dan Patch Horse Feed
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.