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Commissioner of Agriculture
Gets Reports From Inspec
tors of Cotton Mills.
A slight decrease in the number
of cotton mill employees in the state
(is noted hi the reports of the inspec
tors of the department of agricul
ture, covering the period from Jan
uary 1 to June 1 the reports being
jgiven out by Commissioner B. Harris.
The exact decrease is 2,152 from
1920 and the reports of the inspec
tors show that one June 1 that a to
tal of 185 textile plants in the state
only 15 were closed down.
"A majority of these 15 have re
sumed operation since Junt 1, the
date of the compilation of the sta
tistics." Commissioner Harris says
in statement about the condition of
the mills. ?
The statistics as compiled by H.
W. McCreight, chief clerk of the de
partments of agriculture, show that
during the period from January 1 to j
June 1 a total of 50,276 people were
employed by cotton mills against 2,
428 in 1920.
The statistics show that in the pe
riod covered 29,020 white men were
employed, a decrease of only 534
from 1920. The number of white wo
men was 15,086, a decrease of only
039 from 1920. Negro men employed
number 2,883, a decrease from 1920
of 512. Negro women numbered 1,
290 ,a decrease from last year of 552.
White boys from 14 to 16 number
ed 1,290, a decrease from 1920 of
290 and the number of white girls
from 14 to 16 was 1,272, a decrease
Fe>? Plants Idle.
The following facts and statements
were given out in connection with
the statistics by Commissioner Har
'Of a total of 185 textile plants
only 15 were closed down on June
1 and a majority of these have since
resumed operation. Many mills re
port that business conditions have
improved recently to the extent that
it is difficult to keep progress with or
ders and it is necessary for many to
fill orders from reserve stocks in stor
' -age. A superintendent of a mill told
an inspector that his mill does not ex
pect to reduce wages as present con
editions are satisfactory. .
"On e inspector who has been in
close touch with cotton mills for 26
years stated that he has never be
fore known sanitary conditions to be
agreeable as at present. Many im
provements commenced and stopped
some time ago have been resumed
and optimism is now 'running in high
gear.' Sanitary drinking fountains
inside and outside, are being install
ed and other improvements for the
.comfort and pleasure of the work
ers are being made and planned.
"There is not much demand just
now for cheap grades of cloth but
orders for the finer qualities, print
?cloths, etc., are constantly increasing.
A new plant, an addition to the
Winnsboro Cotton mills, Winnsboro,
is just about completed and is ex
pected to start operating about July
1. This plant is as up-to-date as any
in existence, with modern machinery,
equipment and sanitary arrange
ments. The walls and floors of this
plant are of reinforced concrete. Also
a modern carries system has been in
"There is a wonderful improve
ment in school facilities and interest
in mill towns and mill superintend
ents give hearty support to the
schools. The Graniteville Manufac
turing company has completed a
school building with equipment at a
cost of $175,000 with an enrollment
of 497, having only three delinquents.
These delinquents were denied swim
ming pool and other recreational priv
ileges by the mill superintendent and
no delinquents are expected next
"The superintendents do not like
to employ children under 16 and do
:so only in extreme cases when it is
necessary to the existence of per
sons dependent on these children. The
foregoing statistics show a decrease
of children employed from 14 to 16
in 1921 as compared with 1920 as
?follows: white males, 290; white fe
The department has experiencel
less trouble in enforcing the labor
laws, including-sanitary conditions,
this year than ever before and has
noted with gratification the coopera
tion given by mill authorities and
the pride shown by them in going be
yond the requirements of the state
laws in working for the betterment
of mill conditions from all stand
"A federal inspector stated, recent
ly that South Carolina ranks high in
Washington in complying with la
Dor and sanitary laws and that the
"health record of employees is not sur
passed by any state."-The State.
FOR SALE: One Ford truck, worm
6-15 LYON BROS.
President, Urges Camp At ted
Washington, June 12.-President
Harding urges every young man who
can possibly arrange to do so to at
tend one of the citizens' military
training camps to be conducted by
the war department this summer. In
a statement made public today, ha
expressed the hope that during his
administration arrangements will be
completed for giving military training
to at least 100,000 young men each
The text of the statement said :
"I hop ;? every young man who can
arrange it will attend one of the cit
izen's military training camps, to be
conducted this summer by the war
department in each of the nine army
"In this way he will increase his
worth to the nation and obtain in
dividual benefits of priceless value to
himself and to the community in
which he lives.
I hope to see established during
my administration a comprehensive
system of voluntary military train
ing for at least 100,000 men each
year. Every young man who is will
ing to prepare himself for the de
fense of his country should be given
an opportunity to do so.
"Our present national defense law
established an economical and demo
cratic military policy thoroughly con
sistent with our national traditions.
It provides for a small regular army
to be augmented by great citizen
forces in the event of a national
emergency. This is our traditional
military policy. But whereas in the
past three larger war forces have
been extemporized after the occur
rence of an emergency, the new law
wisely provides that the framework
of their organization shall be estab
lished and developed in time of peace,
in so far as this is pracitcable through
the voluntary service of our patriotic
young men. The army of the United
States as defined by the new law,
comprises the regular army, the na
tional guard and the organized re
serves. Every patriotic citizen should
encourage the development of these
forces each within its proper sphere."
Melon Acreage Large This
Saluda, June 18J-According/ to
report of B. B. are, agriculturad sta
tistician in charge of the crop report
ing service in South Carolina for the
bureau of crop estimates t)f the
United States department of agricul
ture, the following estimates are
noted which show the condition of
the following crops on June 1 :
Wheat 80 per cent, of normal; oats,
84; alfalfa, 91; hay 85; cowpeas, 83;
rye, 86; cabbages, 90; onions, 91;
peaches, 52; pears, 60; apples, 65;
watermelons, 75, annd canteloupes,
The report shows that the com
mercial acreage planted to water
melons this season will approximate
11,000 acres, canteloupes 1,200 and
cucumbers 1,500. Barnwell county
appears to have the largest acreage
of each of these crops and Blackville
is one of the largest, if not the larg
est, shipping point. Other shipping
points for melons are as follows:
Barnwell, Lena, Furman, Allendale,
Cave, Kline, Denmark, Ulmer, Scotia,
Sycamore, Fairfax, Esrtill, Luray,
Barton, Dunbarton, Hattieville, Bal
dock, Appleton, Hilda, Olar and Till
The indicated production of wheat
in the state is 1,848,000 bushels
against 1,785,000 bushels last year.
The acreage of oats is shown to be
455,700 acres, or 5 per cent, more
than last year. The condition of 84
per cent, forecasts a production of
10,481,000 bushels or 65,000 bushels
more than in 1920.
Peaches in centnral and western
counties were seriously injured by
frosts in April, while in the eastern
par tof the state, especially Chester
field county, condition and yields are
more satisfactory. Apples and pears
did not suffer so much from late
frosts as peaches, though consider
able injury is now being reported on
account of blight.
During the early part of May rain
fall was abundant and farm work
was delayed to a considerable extent.
During a greaterportion of the month
nights were too cool and crop growth
generally was very poor, except the
last week of the crop reporting pe
riod when there was seasonal growth
and development of all crops.
Dr. M. Ver Melle Huggins
Dixie Highway Hotel
Room 10 Phone 125
Hours: 10 to 1 A. M.-2 to 7 P. M.
Grow Into the Dairy Business.
"Don't go into the dairy business
grow into it," is the advice given
farmers of several counties around
Moultrie, Georgia, recently by Mr.
Morgan Richards, secretary of the
Selma Chamber of Commerce. "Try
dairying on a small scale at first, and
gradually learn the business if you
want to make a success of it. Raise
calves and thus increase your herd."
Mr. Richards has helped to make Dal
las county, Alabama, the greatest
dairy center in the southeast.
Mr. Richards briefly referred to
the financial situation at Selma in
1914, when Dallas county produced
a 62,000 bale cotton crop and related
how it was decided to try dairying.
"We induced the ice" plant at Selma
to put in a small creamery. This in
vestment cost $2,000 and a number of
farmers bought several head of dairy
cows each. From this nucleus the
dairy industry in Dallas county has
grown until the county's dairy prod
ucts in 1920 sold for $2,450,000. And
in the meantime the ice plant that in
vested $2,000 in a creamery now has
an investment of $300,000 in a
creamery that covers practically an
entire city block." Selma has one oth
er creamery almost as large, Mr.
There is no danger of over-devel
oping the dairy business, he said, but
there is real danger of over-develop
ing the creamery business. The thing
to do is to ship milk from the dairies
to a central creamery. Plants have
been built in some Alabama towns
before the dairying industry got go
ing and they couldn't live. The Selma
section had not entirely escaped the
financial depression, but .thanks to
the dairy industry it is much better
off than any other section in the
"We still have farmers that stick
to cotton and plant nothing but cot
ton and the other afternoon when I
picked up a local paper I saw a full
page containing tax sales-forced
sales of farms. I checked the list and
all of the farms advertised were the
farms of men who had refused to di
versify.- \ugusta Herald.
Who is Sapiro?
"Who is Aaron Sapiro, the Cali
fonia leader of co-operative market
ing who has been campaigning the
South in this cause?"
Aaron Sapiro (pronounced Sa
pee-ro, with accent on the second syl
lable) is one of the most powerful,
effective, convincing, resourceful
speakers in America today. He makes
no attempt at eloquence, makes ho
appeal to prejudices, and makes little!
or no appeal to the emotions. He uses
but few stories and but little humor.
Nevertheless, he talks straight busi
ness-the actual business of how to
get better prices for farm products
in such a way as to hold men practi
cally spellbound for hours. And I be
lieve nobody can see and talk with
the man publicly and privately day
after day, as I have done, without be
lieving absolutely in him and in his
devotion to a great cause.
Said a thoughtful friend of mine
recently: "I imagined .at first that
Sapiro was probably capitalizing the
interest in co-operative marketing to
his own advantage. But after coming
to.know the man, I became fully con
vinced that cooperative marketing is
a real religion with him and that he
is willing to sacrifice health, strength,
money, time or anything else to fur
ther a cause in which he believes with
his whole heart."
This impression is also my own. I
have seen Sapiro whole heartedly go
ing ahead with his campaign for co
operative marketing practically with
out financial return, when his doctors
told him he was going at the risk of
his own health and when he had not
averaged one day a month in his
home? for several months previously.
The cooperative associations he has
organized pay him a good salary, it is
true. They ought to, for he is one of
the most able advocates in the United
States. But I believe if he had chosen
to serve the great manufacturing and
corporate interests of the country, he
could make $5 for every $1 he makes
now-and with less strain and dis
comfort than he is undergoing in the
cause of cooperation.
Early left an orphan and reared in
an orphan asylum, educating himself
later with the intention of entering
religious work, he knows what pover
ty means and yearns to help to a bet
ter means of existence those now con
demned to poverty. He is working in
a cause in which he can throw his
whole heart and soul, and when some
great manufacturing interests recent
ly tried to induce him to represent
them in Washington^ he did not listen
for a minute. Early in life he came
under the influence of David Lubin,
the great old California agricultural
philosopher who founded the Inter
national Institute of Agriculture in
Rome. Ever since that time Sapiro
has been giving himself whole-heart
edly to the cause of rural betterment.
The Zone Postai Law.
A proposal is now pending in Con
gress to repeal the postal zone law as
applied to second class mail. This
movement is backed by magazines
and big national weeklies. If it pass
es, a law will be substituted placing
a flat rate on all newspapers and
magazines. The news papers are op
posing this proposition, on the ground
that the cost of delivering their pub
lications is not nearly so much as that
of delivering big magazines and week
The' latter publications have to a
large extent a national circulation.
They often send as many to a distant
state-as to their own near-by terri
tory. Newspaper circulation, however,
is mostly local. It goes into the coun
try immediately around the place of
It costs more to transport a maga
zine from New York to Texas or Cal
ifornia, than to tr~'sport a newspa
per from a city out into some outly
ing town ten to twenty miles away.
The cost of carrying magazines is
thus much greater than that of news
papers, since magazines have to be
carried so much farther. A flat rate
for both classes would be just as sen
sible as charging as much for freight
between Chicago and one of its su
burbs, as between Chicago and New
The magazines claim that they
stimu" *e postal business in the way
of mail orders, which helps out the
postal revenues. But newspapers pro
mote all kinds of enterprises which
pay taxes. If you begin to weigh all
these indirect conditions, the news
papers can stand comparisons with
the magazines in the service they ren
The newspaper is one of the princi
pal forces working for community
progress, and a repeal-of the postal
zone law would deal a heavy blow to
the communities they represent; and
business men's organizations every
where, which depend so much upon
newspaper co-operation, should pro
test against a law that will injure the
means by which they obtain pub
licity for their work.-Roseville
Mexican June Corn.
The safest corn at this time of the
year and which can't be planted any
Other time than during the next thir
ty days, is Mexican June corn. It is
.the tallest type of all corns, running
twelve to fifteen feet high and with
immense blades, grains are soft and
it m-':es fine roasting ears until
.frost L::? the whole corn stalks make
fine green cattle food until killed by
frost. It makes from one to two good
'ears. The corn can be pulled in DeT
cember, not before, and can be used
in the barn like other corns. I shall be
glad to mail you literature about this
Mexican June corn is a tropical
corn. It comes from near the tropics
,in northern Mexico. It is mid-summer
corn and can grow under conditions
not permissible for other corns. There
is not a little corn in the fields today
that are already failures. Even this
space would do better if present corn
were plowed up and Mexican June
were put in. Where you are going
to devote any new space to corn Mex
ican June is the best proposition for
June planting.-N. L. Willet in Au
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
COUNTY OF EDGEFIELD
By W. T. Kinnaird, Esquire, Pro
Wheras H. E. Quarles of said
county and state made suit to me to
grant him Letters of Administration
of the Estate of and effects of Joanna
Quarles, late of said county and state,
These are Therefore to cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindred
and creditors of the said Joanna
Quarles, deceased, that'they be and
appear before me, in the Court of
Probate to be held at my office at
Edgefield, S. C., on the 30th day of
June, (1921) next after publication
thereof, at ll o'clock in the forenoon,
to show cause, if any they have, why
the said Administration should not
Given under my hand this 14th
day of June, Anno Domini, 1921,
W. T. KINNAIRD, (L. S.)
Eyes scientifically examined and
glasses properly fitted.
GEO. F. MIMS,
Edgefield, S. C.
Cures Old Sons, Other Remedies Won't Cure.
Thc worst cases, no matter of bow long: standing,
are cured by tbe wonderful, old reliable Dr.
Porter's Antiseptic Healing Oil. It relieves
pain and Heals at tb? same time. 2:\50c,$lJ?
THE FARMERS BANK
t OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits - - - $190,000.00
Total Resources Over.$800,000.00
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open your account with us for the year 1921. Invest your
pavings in one of our Interest Bearing Certificates of
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable pa
pers, etc. i.
All business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
ME mose Ami
I don't need them very
often, but when I do, I
need them quick. - One or
two and the pain is gone."
Dr. Miles' Anti-Pain Pills
will relieve you quickly and !
safely-no unpleasant after !
effects-no danger of form?
ing a drug habit
Next time you pass ? ',
drug store stop in and get '
[Dr. Miles' Anti-Pain Pills
contain no, habit forming
Your Druggist Has Than*
Consult Your Own Interest by Consulting Us
Metal or Composition Roofing
JJantels, Tiling, Grates
Doors. Sash, etc.
?> * '
Youngblood Roofing and
635 Broad St. Telphone 1697
United States of America,
District Court of the United States,
-OF THE -
Western District of South Carolina.
J. Abrams, Bankrupt
D. E. Howard, Bankrupt
Abrams Brothers, Bankrupt
By virtue of authority vested in
me as trustee in each of the above
bankrupt estate I will proceed to sell
all of the personal estate of the above
named bankrupt at Johnston, S. C.,
on the 16th day of June, 1921 at
eleven o'clock, a. m.
The estate of J. Abrams consists
of a stock of dry goods, notions,
shoes, clothing (both Ladies and Gen
tlemen), total inventory cost of this
estate amounts to six thousand, sev
en hundred eighty seven and 46-100
The estate of D. E. Howard con
sists of a stock of furniture in his
store at Johnston, total inventory of
this stock, one thousand four hun
dred and eighty two 31-100 dollars.
The estate of Abrams Brothers
consists of a stock of dry goods, no
tions, clothing (both Ladies' and
Gentlemen), shoes etc. Total inven-1
tory of this stock' is one thousand,
one hundred and forty one 87-100
Said sale will take place at the
stores of the above named bankrupts
at Johnston, S. C. Purchasers will "be
required to pay CASH, or by certi
fied cashiers' checks. If the terms of
the sale are not complied with in
thirty minutes, the same will be re
sold at the former purchaser's risk.
R. L. YOUNG,
Dated May 31st, ?921.
Only One "BROMO QUININE"
To sret the genuine, call for full name, LAXA*
riVE BROMO QUININE. Lookioraipiatureof
E.W. GROVE. Curea a Cold in One Day. Stops
"ouch and headache, and works off cold. 25c
Notice of Final Discharge.
To All Whom These Presents May
Whereas, J. O. Herin has made ap
plication unto this court for Final
Discharge of Executor in re the Es
tate of M. E leanor Herin, late of said
county and state, deceased, on the
4th day of June, 1921.
There Are Therefore, to cite and
and all kindred, creditors or parties
interested, to show c^ise before me
at my office at Edgefield Court House,
South Carolina, on the 7th day of
July, 1921 at ll o'clock a. m., why
said order of discharge should not
be granted. At same time and place
said executor will make a full and
final settlement. .
W. T. KINNAIRD, (L. S.)
J. P. C., E. C. S. C.
June 4th, 1921.
Foundry, Machine, Boiler
Works and Mill Supply
Cotton Oil, Gin, Saw, Grist, Cane,
Shingle Mill, Machinery Supplies and
Repairs, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers,
Grate Bars, Pumps, Pipe, Valves and
Fittings, Injectors, Belting, Packing
Hose, etc Cast every day.
GASOLINE AND KEROSENE
Pumping, Wood Sawing and Feed
One thirty-foot steel tank; one
one-horse electric motor; one Weston'
& Brocker sewerage disposal ceptic
tank; one pump and jack; 60 feet of
5-11. B. B. JONES.