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Armed Conflict Between U. S.
and Japan Will Not be
London, June ll.-"Civilization
vcould not tolerate an armed conflict
-between the United States and Japan
over war. The dispute should be re
ferred to an international tribunal of
.the league of nations or some such
So declared William Morris Hughes
premier of Austria in a special in
terview with Universal Service today
?on the problems on the Pacific. Pre
mier Hughes was interviewed just be
fore going with King George to watch
-England play Austria at cricket.
"Yap is merely a barren rock in
.the Pacific," the premier said. Neith
er of the disputants claims possession
rto the exclusion of other powers.
"It is essentially a question for ar
bitration. The Monroe doctrine does
not operate in this case as it would
if the territory were a part of the
.American continent. The Alabama
Claims, the Behring Sea and Alaskan
boundary questions were much more
'important than Yap, but they were
all settled successfully by arbitra
Premier Hughes declined to ex
-press an opinion on the merits of the
conflicting viewpoints of the United
"States and Japan, but, "in the interest
-of historical accuracy," he said.
"I was seated a few feet from Pres
ident Wilson at Versailles when the
rmaridate awards were announced. He
entered no reservation to the decision
affecting Yap. The only mandate in
-suspense was that over Nauru Island,
-which the British Imperial delegates
were left to settle among them
The premier expressed the hope
that the Anglo-Japanese treaty would
be renewed but with full regard for
"Partly as a result of the war
partly owing to the opening of the
Panama Canal-the greatest world
problems have shifted to the Pacific,"
Hughes continued. "The greatest
mass of the world?s population lives
in the east and in the states bordering
Potentialities for Good or Evil.
"^Personally I do not fear what is
Sudden in the womb of the east. I .do
mot lake the alarmist view of eastern
.problems. Nevertheless it is the duty
of every statesman to recognize the
enormous potentialities for good and
icvil in the progressive millions which
form the modern eastern races. This
is especially so since the industrial
.development of China and Japan has
.sowed the seeds of unrest.
German Danger Trifling.
"The danger that Europe faced
-from a handful of German intrigues
was trifling compared with the Re
nascent millions in the east. I, there
fore hold that it is essential for;
America, Australia and Canada to
achieve a complete unity in their aims
and policies in all Pacific questions.
Near Forked Roads |
. "For all practical purposes such
amity now exists but we want it de
veloped and safeguarded to the point
of certainty. Personally I believe that
we can adjust all questions with Ja
pan on a peaceful basis, but I should
like to utter the warning (that we are
. approaching the forked roads.
"We should be careful to continue
. ?to-walk together and to do nothing to
.force the eastern and w?stern races
ito -march along divergent paths. The
eastern races are different from the
western races but they are not neces
sarily inferior. Australia does not
regard the Japanese as inferior but as
: a race apart with their own ideals.
It is n?t desirable for America, Can
ada and Australia to adopt a policy of
aloof superiority towards Japan."
Discussing immigration problems,
'.'".'America. Canada and Australia
.T>osse3s the incontestable right to
.say "Who shall not be admitted to set
tle their soil, .hold their land and en
joy, fuirrights'as. citizens. No one can
contest .that principle. Japan rigidly
adheres to'.it . in -her own immigration
laws. She has actually deported Chi
nese settlers from Japanese soil.
"The United States has always ex
ercised her unchallenged right not to
admit at her own discretion men and
women of any nationality or race. At
Ellis Island, Englishmen, Frenchmen,
Italians, Germans can be refused ad
mission to America and they have no
redress. Such statutory exceptions as
may exist to that rule regarding the
admission pf western people could be
?brpgated by congress within a few
hours, and none could contest Ameri
ca's right to take such action.
Ga Ibraith rGoes to Grave Along
Path Lined With Flowers.
Cincinnati, June ll.-No one in
Cincinnati ever had such a funeral
as "Fred" Galbraith's here today.
The national commander of the
American Legion, killed in an auto
rmobile accident in Indianapolis, went
to his grave today along a pathway
lined with hundreds of thousands of
spectators and strewn with flowers
showered from an airplane.
His coffin was llshed to a gun car
riage with six of his own doughboys
marching, helmeted by his side and
his old horse, "Bob" behind him.
The men of his regiment, the 147
whom he led through St. ^lihiel, Ar
gonne and Flanders, once more
marched behind their old commander
in a procession of 10,000 soldiers and
The national commander of the
Legion lay in state for four hours
before the services in Music Hall,
the city's largest auditorium. And
among the flowers there was a nose
gay of humble field daisies, grown
from the seeds brought from France
-tribute from the mothers of sol
diers for whom Col. Galbraith had
And there was a wreath that was
the tribute of the people of Alsace
and Lorraine and a palm leaf-sym
bol of victory-that bespoke tfie
gratitude of the town of Chateau
Speeches were made by Franklin
D'Olier, former national commander
of the legion; Theodore Roosevelt,
assistant secretary of the navy and
Rev. John F. Herget who was chap
lain of Galbraith's regiment. And af
ter the speeches, Capt. De Lacarge
of the French embassy in behalf of
the president of Franch bestowed on
Galbraith the order of commander of
the legion of honor of Franch.
Four poilus in the sky blue service
uniforms from the French army stood
at salute while the captain pinned
the medal of the order to the flag
draping the casket.
Haynes of Hillsboro Prohibi
Washington, June 10.-Announce
ment of the appointment of Roy C.
Haines of Hillsboro, Ohio, to be fed
eral prohibition. commissioner, was
made at the White House today.
Announcemennt was made by Sec
retary of the treasurer following a
conference today with President Hard
ing, that Mr. Haynes is expected in
Washington tomorrow, and will as
sume the duties of office at once, as
his appointment does not have to be
confirmed by the senate.
Mr. Haynes is 40 years old. He is
editor and publisher of the Hillsboro
Dispatch. During the political cam
paign of last year, he was one of
the original Harding men and an ac
tive worker in Ohio politics. For
some years Mr. Haynes has been iden
tified with prohibition work, and is
prominent in Methodist church cir
The naming of Mr. Haynes meets
'with the full approval of the prohi
bition force^. Wayne B. Wheeler,
general counsel of the anti-saloon
league, stated here today that this ap
pointment is "very acceptable."
Will Invite Nations to Disarm.
Washington, June 10.-An in
ternational disarmament conference,
in which the United States would take
active part, now may be regarded as
It became known for the first time
today that this government has re
reived informal intimations of readi
ness to talk on the subject of disarm
ament from some of the great powers.
This is the first tangible result of
"informal feelers," put out in the
last two months by the administra
tion. The opinion of the other govern
ments were sounded by Ambassador
George Harvey at the meetings of
the supreme council in London. Their
willingness to co-operate, it is be
lieved, has been communicated di
rectly by Ambassador Harvey to
The result will be to expedite the
calilng of an international confer
ence, which probably will be held in
Washington and at which representa
tives of all the interested powers will
The disarmament amendment to
the naval appropriations bill, now in
conference, authorizes the president
to call' such a conference. President
Harding has indicated his willingness
to comply with the terms of the
amendment and has said that he does
not intend to indicate its form. There
fore^ it seems certain that shortly af
ter the bill becomes law, the chief
executive of necessity will embark
this country on the disarmament ven
The president's own views may be
stated to be opposed to such a policy
at the present time, which he re
gards as too fraught with danger for
our limiting armaments with safety.
The crux of the whole question will
be whether the other great powers
having indicated willingness, to con
fer on the subject will go through
with a plan of laying aside arma
ments. It is not the purpose of the
adminsitration to suggest any con
crete plan, but allow the plan to be
threshed out at a general conference.
j HAVE TRAITS ALMOST HUMAN
In Their Primal Instincts, the Beasts
Are Not So Greatly Removed
Susette, former star chimpanzee,
now in the Kew York Zoological park,
who recently gave birth to the second
of the species ever born in captivity,
gave evidence of a joy In motherhood
closely akin to human. Susette hugged
her baby close to her and resented the
approach of the too curious stranger.
And although Papa Boiua did not pass
cigars to celebrate the arrival, he
showed hysterical joy that mother and
child were doing as well as could be
expected. Papa Boma acted very much
like the human father under similar
circumstances, only the human father
has conventionalized his expression of
Research has done much to narrow
the chasm once thought to exist be
tween the highest animal and lowest
man. Give articulate speech to a
horse and he would shame his master
out of many practices. As it is, he
speaks plainly enough with his imper
fect resources. Animals may or may
not have language that they use be
tween themselves, but at least they
have ways of expressing their emotions
through the slant of the ears, the bris
tling of their hairy coats, the wagging
of tails, through yelp, bark or purr.
New York Times.
FEW ALLOWED TO WEAR FURS
In Early England the Privilege Was
Confined to the Nobility and High
Important tradesmen were the "pel
lepars" or "skinners" of London 600
years ago; for these fur dealers, as
one should call them, could not deal
with ordinary citizens, however pros
perous. The wearing of furs was then
a special privilege, royal, aristocratic
or religious. Your "pellepar" could
sell his "miniver," his "stradling" and
his "bison"-although the American
bison, ' with 'America, had yet to be
discovered-only to the royal family;
to earls, barons, knights and ladies,
and to such "people of Holy Church
as might expend by year an hundred
pounds of their benefice at least."
The pampered merchants upon re
ceiving their first charter were ad
dressed by Edward III as "our beloved
men of our City of London called skin
ners," and Henry VI described them
more respectfully as "The Master and
Wardens of the Guild or Fraternity
of the Body of Christ of the Skinners
The lawyer was finishing his last,
lecture to the class of women voters.
He had been led as a lamb to the
slaughter to this class by his domi
neering and ambitious wife. She, too;
was a member of the class-but p?rj
haps one should be truthful and say
she was the critic of the class.
He happened to catch her gaze as
he spoke his last sentence, and a
brilliant thought came into his mind.
"Now that you ladles have finished
with civics, and know how to run
your country, I would suggest that
next you take up domestic science
and learn how to run your homes," he
said, and sat down.
Mr. Sanders desired the job he was
applying for. He needed lt badly. He
and the prospective employer were
coming to satisfactory conclusions
when Mr. Sanders was asked about
"I never had any," said Mr. Sanders
"Never had.any?" ,
"No, slr. I never had any habits. I
can get you a written guaranty that
I never had a single habit."
The perfect baby had reached the"
age when he could coo, an accomplish
ment in which he Indulged most of
the time when not otherwise engaged.
"He Is the most welcome visitor I
ever had," said the mother, proudly.
"He just Hes and talks to me by the
"Isn't that nice?" replied her vis
itor. "So unlike most visitors-they
just talk arid He to you by the hour."
He Was Right
The Sunday school teacher was
testing the children's knowledge of
the Scriptures. The answers were
generally satisfactory until he put the
question : "Where does the word
'holy* first occur in the Bible?"
"Please, slr," piped up one little fel
low, "on the cover."-Boston Tran
An Improved Method.
An American inventor has devised
a scheme for lassoing enemy subma
rines. This ls a decided Improvement
on the method of just sticking a pin
into them as they whizz by.-London
H is Species.
"That fellow is always swelling him
self out to call attention to his re
markable development. What kind of
a nut Is he?"
"I guess he must be a chest-nut"
4 Significance in Dream.
To have your hands manicured by
a maid, you will fall in love. To see
others being manicured, you will lose
*. friendship you value highly.
In the Game.
"I pitied that poor pitcher. When
te made a blunder, the crowd bacvtod
"What a base bawl was that," I
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