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State Will Get Farm Loan
Washington, June 26.-Beginning
August 1, South Carolina will get its
proportionate share of about $15,
000,000 per month of federal farm
loan money, according to A. F. Lev
er, member of the farm loan board,
in a letter to Representative J. F.
Byrnes of South Carolina today.
Mr. Levers' optimistic letter fol
"This letter is in response to your
personal call of this morning, at
which time you left with me a letter
addressed to you by the Honorable
F. B. Grier of Greenwood, S. C., in
which he discusses the financial sit
uation of the farmers in South Caro
lina and the relationship of the farm
loan system thereto.
"You will recognize of course, that
the farm loan system was intended
and its machinery has been organized
for that purpose, to meet the normal
long-time credit needs of agriculture.
It was not intended in any sense to
become an organization to meet
emergencies in farm credit such as
we have upon us at this time. But
the farm loan board? is so fully cog
nizant of the agricultural situation
thoughout the entire country, and
this is. likewise true of the federal
land bank officials, that we have all
.exerted ourselves to speed up the ma
chinery in the hope of furnishing at
least a measure of relief.
"As you will recall th^e loaning op
erations of the system until very re
cently have been in suspension due
to the pendency of a suit in the su
preme court testing the constitution
ality of the law under which we op
erate, and thus making it impossible
to sell farm loan bonds. The favor
able decision of the court in this case
on February 28 was followed imme
diately by a renewed activity upon
the part of the system, and on April
18 an offering of $40,000,000 of farm
loan bonds was made and this offering
during this week has finally been ab
sorbed, making available this amount
in money to be divided among the 12
federal land banks of the country.
"It must be borne in mind at all :
times that the farm loan system has
no available source of funds for :
loaning purposes except as farm loan
bonds, based on farm mortgages -
which may be sold to the investing ',
public. There is always therefore, a i
limitation upon the amount of funds :
available for the system, this limita- :
tion being the amount of farm loan
bonds which the public will buy in a ]
given market. It is estimated that ;
the investing public will absorb of j
of farm loan bonds an amount from
year to year not in excess of $200,- .
000,000. The machinery of the sys- ,
tem is organized, in consequence, to (
loan from $12,000,000 to $15,000,
000 per month for the entire country. ^
"The entire $40,000,000 made ,
available by the recent bond sale will ,
be in the hands of the farmer by Au- t
gust 1. The action of the house on :
yesterday, and it was practically unan ;
imous, in amending the farm loan act, ,
makes certain the continued and un- ,
interrupted loaning operations of the ,
system so that South Carolina may ,
liope to receive her proportionate
shore of the $12,000,000 to $15,
000,000 per month from now on. This
we realize will not entirely meet the
.situation, but when consideration is
given to the fact that $1 of money
will liquidate from $5 to $7 of debts
it will be seen that by the constant
.relief thus given a very general re
lief will be afforded.
" Let me emphasize that there is
only one source of loanable money
for the farm loan system as it is now
organized ,and that comes through
the sale of farm bonds, but at the
same time let me reiterate that the
system is now in position, in my.
judgment, to operate without ' cessa
tion and it is my belief that a tre
.mendous relief, though not an en
tire relief, will be furnished through
the system to the agricultural sit
uation throughout the country."
Wallows for Hogs.
Hogs in pasture where there is no
water are likely to suffer, not only
for drinking water, but for water in
which to coll their bodies. Slops are
not sufficient. The hogs should have
water in their troughs and in the wal
low to cool themselves when the burn
ing rays of the sun make their lives
Hogs have a way of ridding them
selves of troublesome parantes when
they have a muddy wallow. Nature, it
seems, helps them to survive as the
fittest when there is a struggle for ex
istence with parasites.
Hogs that must be penned should
have shade and plenty of water. It is
bad enough to be kept in pens with
out a struggle with heat and thirst.
Give them shade and water to cool
their bodies.-Farm & Ranch.
Only One "BROMO QUININE"
To get the genuine, call for full name, LAXA
TTVB BROMO QUININE. Look for signa,-.ure ot
B. W. GROVE. Corea a Cold in One Day. Stopo
"?uah and headache, and works on* cold.
In the current issue of Commoner,
I Mr. Bryan's magazine, he has the
(following to say:
"In a fight to the death the farmer
will die last. If bigbusiness thinks it
can bleed him without limit it had
better consider his resources. When
it comes to the pinch he can stand
squeezing longer than any other class.
Food is the first necessity, and he
can feed himself. He can raise all
that he and his family need, but if
he raises no more than he needs the
rest of the people will starve.- The
farmer's surplus supplies the world
suppose the surplus fails?
"The farmer can raise the material
necessary to clothe himself and fam
ily-wool, cotton' and silk, but if he
raises no more the rest of the people
will go naked. It is the farmer's sur
plus material that clothes the world
-suppose the surplus fails?
"The farmer can, if necessary, pro
duce his own fuel. He can raise his
own wood; he can burn con cobs
and even corn if he must, but what
will become of the railroads when
the farmer neither buys nor sells?
"What will become of the packers
when they have no meat to pack?
And what will become of the grain
gamblers when there is no market
grain to gamble on? What will be
come of the little stores when the
farmers cease to trade? And what
will the wholesalers do when the lit
tle stores close? And what will the
manufacturers do when the whole
salers, go out of business? And what)
will the clerks in the stores, the
workers in the mills and the. railroad
employees do when business stops?
And what will the banks do when they
can not grow rich loaning the people's
money? What will all the people do
when nobody needs" them? What?
Go to work WITH THEIR HANDS
and wring a living from Mother Earth J
-that is the last resort as it was
"Will the middlemen continue to
lord it over the producers of wealth,
or will they learn that they must
SERVE if they would live, and serve
for a reasonable toll? The flower that
blooms in beauty on the stem should
not despise the roots that do their
work in the dirt. The roots will live
when he flower fades-not only live
but furnish sustenance for new flow
ers, season after season. So with the
farmer, he lives near to Nature's
heart, he draws the milk from Na
ture's breast and Nature will protect i
him as a mother protects her child.
Be will be last to die in the struggle i
for existence." 1
It is undoubtedly true that the ^
farmers are in better position natur
ally to take care of themselves than? -
other men, but they do not do so.
And there is a reason why this is '1
true. The merchant and the manufac
turer, if either succeeds, must have
surplus capital. Anybody, of course
can do business profitably in good
times, without surplus capital, but|
in times like these through which we
are now passing, it is the surplus
capital which carries business men
over. The men who are failing and
going into bankruptcy are mostly
those who have not the additional
capital necessary to bridge the difficul
ties brought about by depression, or
deflation or just plain hard times.
And this is the farmer's trouble
we think. Few of them have extra
capital. In fact most of them, even
the property owning farmers, are
debtors to other people. They man
age to get along and have a good
time just so long as everything looks
upward. ? When they make a little
money they are tempted to buy more
property or or buy things which are
not necessary and still do business
on a credit. We do not say that they
should not do this in any case, nor
do we say that no farmer should go
into debt in the first instance to se
suce a homestead, or a home. But
once he has it, we say that the next
thing he should do is to establish a
surplus fund for hard times. He
should have money in the bank. The
banks will pay reasonable interest on
money'at all times, and it may be
withdrawn from most savings banks
on thirty days' notice. The farmer
who has enough surplus of this kind
may finance a crop of cotton for
twelve months or longer rithout bor
rowing money. If every farmer in the
country, or even half of them were
in this condition, the farmers would
be able now to wield a power which
would tell in the prices of the com
modities which they produce. Nobody
could "lord" it over them. But until
they do this the power of which Mr.
Bryan so eloquently speaks will go
unharnessed.- Press and Banner.
J. S. BYRD
Office Over Store of
Quarles Sc. Timmerman
Office Phone No. 3
Residence Phone 87
What Cotton Has Done for
America's Balance of
While the administration hirelings
in the treasury department and on
the Federal Reserve Board during the
last nine months of the Wilson ad
ministration were trying to wreck
the South, it probably did not occur
to them (and if it had, it wouldn't
have mattered' that the cotton ex
ports since 1880 have been twice as
great as wheat and corn and were it
not for cotton the balance of trade
during these years would , have been
aganist the United States and in fa
vor of Europe.
In a recent discussion in the sen
ate of the United States, Senator
Harris, of Georgia called attention
to these facts and said that the gov
ernment owes a debt of gratitude to
the cotton producers of he South.
Senator Harris pointed out that the
enormous gold reserve which Ameri
ca had been able to accumulate was
on account of the cotton that we sold
to Europe, money for which is al:
ways flowing back to the United
However, cotton and the cotton
producers have no friends. They are
at the mercy of Wall Street gam
blers on the one hand and the Fed
eral Reserve Board on the other:
But there is a time coming when they
will be able to talk and act with in-'
dependence, and that time is when
they will refuse to make cotton in
such quantities that they cannot
make a living, even though the whole
world might be naked. Every time
one thinks of the government ad
monition we had to produce cotton
for the wor?d is naked, and then
when we produced it the same gov
ernment tried to break us financially,
it makes him rebellious and the
Southern farmer has his eyes on the
pretended friends of the past who
proved to be wolves in sheepskins.
Senator Harirs in the senate dis
cussion said some pertinent things
about cotton which we are eproduc
ing herewith, the quotation being
from the Congressional Record:
"Mr. Harris. Mr. President, I
wish to call the attention of the Sen
ate to an important fact in connec
tion with cc .ton. The Senator from
North Dakota (Mr. McCumber) and
Senators on the other side of the aisle
who have given the Senator from
South Carolina (Mr. Dial) such close
attention will be interested in this.
Except for the cotton exported from
the South since 1880, the balance of
;rade would have been against the
United States more than half tho
pears from that time until the last
jrear. The gold reserve that we have
dad to help the country in the trying
times the past few years has been due
more to cotton exported than to any
thing else. Without this cotton the
balance, of trade would have been
against the United States and we
would have been sending annually
abroad hundreds of millions of dol
lars. Onr Government owes the cot
ton producers of the South a debt of
gratitude, and I hope to see the time
when Senators from every section
will feel an interest in the welfare of
the southern cotton producer, whose
products now sell for less than a third
it costs to produce. No section has
suffered from deflation as much as
"I ask unanimous consent to in
sert in the Record the balance of
trade between the United States and
foreign countries and a statement
showing the exports of cotton, which
amounts to double that of wheat and
corn, and showing the amount of gold
that cotton we have exported has
brought into our country the past 50
years. Also, I wish to insert a copy
of the British Board of Trade Jour
nal, showing what Great Britain- is
doing to encourage the production of.
cotton. Unless our Government helps
the cotton producers, the production
will be deceased, our exports lessen
ed, and our gold reserve reduced: I
think everything this Government
can do should be done to encourage
the production and exportation of
cotton and financing cotton produc
ers so as to help the price of cotton.
Congress and our Government should
leave nothing undone in such efforts
as are now being made along this
line. When the South receives a fair
price for cotton, it not only helps our
balance of trade, but it helps every
industry in the United States."-Au
All creditors of the estate of N.
L. Branson, late of said county and
state, deceased, will render an ac
count of their demands, duly attest
ed and all debtors will pay amount
due by them, to the undersigned Ex
ecutor of estate at his home at Cle
ora, S. C.
D. D. BRUNSON,
Cleora, S. C.
June 21,, 1921.
I ou^kt to/j
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tobacco that goes into Camels.
That's why Camels are the choice of men. who
know and love fine tobacco. They know what makes
Camels so smooth, so fragrant and mellow-mild.
They'll tell you that the expert Camel blend of
choice Turkish and Domestic tobaccos makes a ciga
rette smoke you can't equal-no matter what you pay.
But it doesn't take an expert to tell Camel quality. ?
You'll spot it the very first puff. Try Camels yourself.
R~ J. REYNOLDS Tobacco Co.
Winston. Sui sm, N. C.
SUMMONS FOR RELIEF.
. STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
CUUNTY OF EDGEFLELD. '
IN THE COURT OF COMMON
Bank of Western Carolina, John
ston, S. C., Plaintiff. Against Ed?
ward Mathis, H. G. Eidson, V. E.
Edwards and George Williams,
To the Defendants Above Named:
You are hereby summoned and re
quired to answer the complaint in
this action, a copy of which is here
with served upon you and to serve
a copy of your answer to the said
complaint on the subscriber at his
office at Edgefield, South Carolina,
within twenty (20) days after the
service hereof, exclusive of the day
Lof such service; and if you fail to
answer the complaint within the time
aforesaid, the plaintiff in this action
will apply to the court for the re
lief demanded in the complaint.
. T. B. GRENEKER,
Edgefield, S. C.,
May 19th, 1921.
To the Defendant, Edward Mathis,
Take notice that the complaint in
this action, together with the Sum
mons, of which the foregoing is a
copy, was filed in the offices of the
Clerk of Covirt of Common Pleas, at
Edgefield, in the County of Edge
field, and state of South Carolina,
on the 17th day of May 1921.
T. B. GRENEKER,
W. B. Cogburn,
C. C. C. P., E. C., S. C.
As the Federal Land Bank will re
sume the making of loans to farmers,
I will receive and file applications for'
loans for farmers.
S. McG. SIMKINS.
Boll Weevil Insurance.
Protect yourself from loss by boll
weevil. I am prepared to furnish boll
weevil insurance, guaranteeing 130
pounds of lint cotton to the acre. The
premium or cost is $1.17 per acre.
See me when in town.
6-8 E. J. NORRIS..
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits
Total Resources Over - -
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open your account with us for the year 1921*. Invest your
savings in one of our Interest Bearing Certificates of
Lock boxes for rent in whioh to keep your va1, aa ble pa
pers, etc. *
AU business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
We Can Give You Prompt Service
on Milla Work and Interior Finish
i Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lamber on hand for
. Immediate Delivery.
Woodward Lumber Go.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Sta., Augusta, Ga,
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds af Feeds
Sloria Flour and Dan Patch Horse Feed
, Our Leaders
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia B. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
UiWm See our representative, C. E. May.