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A Hide and a Shoe.
It has been said that the entire in
dustrial problem is wrapped up in a
cowhide and a pair of shoes made out
of it. Let us see about that.
A farmer takes a good sized cow
hide to market and gets $1 for it. He
then steps across the street and buys
himself a pair of shoes made out of
a cowhide, just like the one he has
sold, and he pays $8 for the shoes.
What has happened to make such
a difference between the price paid
for a cowhide out of which at least
six pairs of shoes could be made, and
the price which the farmer must pay
for one pair, or one-sixth of the cow
hide? Several things have happened.
The cowhide must be tanned and
put in shape to make shoes. The
leather then passes through certain j
hands in trade before it reaches the
shoe manufacturer. The shoe man has
in his employ, we will say, several
hundred men, each group of which
does a certain fixed amount of work
each day and on a certain part of the
shoe. Add also to the leather what
are know as "findings," cloth, the
metal hooks around which the shoe
strings are wound, and the polish
which -finally makes the shoe market
But the matter of the wages paid
to the different workmen in these
different factories and then to the
actual makers of the shoes, together
with the hours of labor spent in the
making added to the overhead ex
pense of the shoe manufacturer, add
ed to the profit he and all the other
manufacturers demand for carrying
on the business of making shoes do
not explain to the political scientist
the great difference between the
. price paid the farmer for the cowhide
and the price he had to pay for one
pair of shoes made out of it. Eight
times as much is too much. Especial
ly when we remember that the far
mer is not paying eight times as
much for a cowhide that makes one
pair, of shoes.
How proud old Brindle must be to
think that although her hide is worth
only $1 in the market, yet when she
has been made into shoes for the far
mer her hide is worth forty-eight
times as much! So! Bossy! Stand still
while the political economists figure
out the cause. For it is beyond the
intellect of Old Man Ultimate Con
On Bee Diseases..
Clemson College, July 18.-Com
plaints of dead brood being carried
out from bee hives haye/ reached'the. j
bee specialists, and castes that have
come under their observation' have
been identified as picked brood and
suggestions made for requeening to
strengthen the colony.
At this time bees must be watched
with some care, because those hives
that have weak queens will show the
effects. When the hives weaken down
to the point where they are being
robbed by the strong colonies, reduc
ing the entrance of the weak colony
is* advised so that the guards of the
weak colony are able to defend the
entrance. This must be accomplished
by laying on the lighting board a
brick or a block. Instead of this, a
board containing one or more three
eighths-inch holes may be fitted over
Attention is. directed that the
strong honey flow is over in most
sections, but there is an abundant
honey dew in many parts of the
state, and bees are working heavily
This is the time of the year to
start building up colonies of bees so
that they may gather sufficient
stores and be sufficiently strong to
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
v COUNTY OF EDGEFIELD.
By W. T. Kinnaird, Esquire, Probate
Whereas C. F. McDaniel, of above
County and State made suit to me
to grant him Letters of Adminsitra
tion of the Esate of and effects of W.
L. McDaniel, late of said County and
State, deceased, \
These are Therefore to cite and
admonish all and singular the kindred
and creditors of the said W. L.,Mc
Daniel, * deceased, that they be and
appear before me, in the Court of
Probate to be held at my office at
Edgefield, S. C. on the 4th day of
August, 1921. next -fter publication
thereof, at ll o'clock in the fore
noon, to show cause, if any they have
why the said Administration should
fiot be granted.
Given under my Hand this 18th
day of July, Anno Domini, 1921.
W. T. KINNAIRD, (L. S.)
Probate Judge, E. Co.
Ford parts are off. Let us do your
Ford work'. We use only genuine Ford
YONCE & MOONEY.
GREATER USE OF PUREBREDS
By Fractional Ownership of Bulls
Indiana Dairymen Get Benefit of
. .? Such Sires.
In Harrison county, Ind., where the
"Better Sires - Better Stock" move
ment Is gaining headway, dairymen ?ire
making wide use of good, purebred
bulls in an economical manner. By
fractional ownership of the bulls they
receive the benefit of such sires with
out incurring the entire purchase cost.
In one day recently the United States
Department of Agriculture received
statements from three dairymen in
Harrison county, all of whom follow
the practice mentioned. The advan
tage of a choice of several sires ls the
wider opportunity to make desirable
matings, thus hastening progress In
grading up a herd.
lu many other localities dairymen
are combining their forces, sometimes
with the object of testing bulls before
sending them to the block, sometimes
to save expense, and sometimes to give
local predominance to one breed or
another. An informal combination ot
this sort is often highly useful.
This is not the same thing as a bull
association. The co-operative#bull as
sociation is an institution designed to
accomplish these, and many other ob
jects, on a large scale, by a form of
organization which has been extensfve
Antoinette's Itchen Rose King, $15,000
Guernsey Bull Owned by Rowan
County, N. C., Bull Association.
ly tried nnd perfected by experience.
It is recommended by the department
that farmers should give consideration
to the benefits they can secure for
themselves by a closer and more ef
fective union of interests in a properly
organized bull association.
CUT DOWN BIG MILK LOSSES
Marked Effect Upon Prices That the
Ultimate Consumer Must Pay
for the Product
To develop better methods for
handling and shipping milk from the
. farms, to yie city market Is the ob
? ject of an investigation of practices
in various milk plants, which is be
ing made by the dairy division of the
United States Department of Agricul
ture. Milk losses during shipment
have a marked effect upon the price
that the consumer must pay for the
product, and upon the price that the
farmer receives for the product. The
losses are of two kinds; those re
sulting from milk souring in transit,
and those from theft, spoilage and
leakage: Both are believed to be
avoidable if the farmer, country deal
er and* city dealer will work to
Dealers are being asked to give in
formation on various subjects, such as
the methods used for transporting milk
from the farm to the dealer, the pro
tection provided for milk while in
transit between dealer and thc? city
market, and the relative efficiency of
different types of refrigerator cars.
IMPORTANCE OF DAIRY BARN
Many Failures Have Been Recorded
Because of Poor Structures
Building Cost High.
The dairy barn is more than ever
one of the principal factors In dairy
farm operation. In many instances
dairies have failed or succeeded be
cause of the barn. This year prob-w
ably there is more thought given to
barn construction than ever before.
This is because dairymen, farmers and
breeders have come to realize the im
portance of the barn and because the
cost bf building has mounted so high.
HAY IS ESSENTIAL TO CALF
Roughage Keeps Stomach of Animal
Distended and Allows Food to
Milk ls very satisfactory to furnish
food during the early stages of the
calf's life, but it is the roughage that
"keeps the stomach distended and al
lows the food to be digested. When
a enif is deprived of hay, lt will not do
its'best in growth. Hay Is an essential
to the young animal and should al
ways be available.
HIGH-PRICED LAND POSSIBLE
Dairying Keeps Up Fertility of Soil
and Make. Larger Yields of
Dairying makes high priced land
possible. Striking as this statement
may seem it is proved by the fact that
dairying keeps up the fertility of the
soil and makes high yields possible.
High yic-?ds show that the land is able
to earn a satisfactory Income on a
f ^ 1
U. S. USCO TREAD
Here is tho U. S. Usco
Tread, with a long-estab
lished standard of service
among motorists who have
an eye to value, as well as
to price. While selling for
less than the other tires in the
U. S. Fabric line, the Usco
has earned a reputation for
quality and dependable econ
omy which is not exceeded
by any tire in its class.
United States Tires
' are Good Tires
U. S. USCO TREAD
U. S. CHAIN TREAD
U.S. NOBBY TREAD
U.S. ROYAL CORD
U. S. RED & GREY TUBES
PEOPLE used to be se
cretly envious of the
young fellow who came
tearing up the street and
stopped his car with a jerk.
Now they are inclined to
criticise such abuse of tires.
A mark of the growing con
sciousness about tires
their service, their work,
This same respect for a good
tire is the reason why the four
square tire dealer has passed up
odds and ends, "job iots", "sec
onds", "cut prices"-and come
out squarely with the standard
quality service of U. S. Tires.
He is getting a
bigger, and also bet
ter, tire business than
he ever had before.
He is dealing now
with his own kind
of people. The substantial cit
izen. The . man who knows
that you can't get something
for nothing. The steady cus
tomer-not the bargain hunter.
* * * ,
To the man who has not yet
learned the standard tire serv
ice he is entitled to we say
Go to the dealer in U. S. Tires
and make him show you.
Here is a man in close touch
with one of the 92 U.S. Factory
Branches-a constant supply of*
fresh, live U. S. Tires.
The U. S. Tire you buy is a tire
built for curren t demands. No
overproduction. No piling up of
stock. No loss of mileage by
hanging around on
the dealer's racks.
. Every way you
look at it, a par qual
ity tire at a net
"Here ia a man in close touch with ono
of the 92 U. S. Factory Branches"
YONCE & MOONEY MATHIS & WHITLOCK V. E. EDWARDS & BRO.
Edgefield, S. C. Trenton, S. C. Johnston, S. C.
Value of Organic Matter in
Clemson College, July 19.-Plant
obey the injunction of Tennyson b;
'rising on stepping stones of - thei:
dead selves to higher things" say
N. E. Winters, extension agronomist
who states that each generation o:
plants lives largely on what was lef
by preceding plants what it add:
from the air and the sunshine.
Organic matter is therefore the
most valuable constituent of the soil
As it is a residue from former plants,
its abundance, in a soil forms a re
cord of past treatment and a guide
to the future productive power. It
is well known that the presence of or
ganic matter benefits both the physi
cal and chemical properties of soils.
Most profit in any business de
pends upon an abundance of working
capital and a. rapid "turnover." As
soon as a plant is turned into the
soil, this capital is attacked by a
"wrecking crew" of myriads of mi
croscopic soil organisms that break
it down into its component parts and
make it ready to be used in building
a new plant.
In other words, organic matter is
a storehouse in the soil holding 95
per cent of the nitrogen, often 30 per
cent of the phosphoric acid and large
amounts of the potash, lime, mag
nesia, sulphur and other necessary
plant food materials in the soil. De
cay liberates these materials in avail
able forms for the use of plants, and
a large part of the value of good
drainage and moisture control, lim
ing, cultivation, and fertilization is
due to their stimulation of. this de
Rapidity pf Decay Important.
The value of green manure, farn
manure and crop residue often de
pends on how rapidly they decay ir
the soil. Fresh vegetable matter in
corporated with the soil is manj
.mies more valuable than old car
bonized residues which have resisted
decay for a long- time. Only about 2
per cent of the nitrogen in the old
stabilized organic matter of an un
treated soil becomes available in a
single growing season, while 35 per
cent of the nitrogen in a leguminous
green manure crop or 25 per cent of
that in stable manure becomes avail
able in the same time. Hence a ton
growth of a legume crop cut up and
plowed into the soil may supply more
available nitrogen to a growing crop
than seventeen tons of old carbon
ized organic matter in the average
Notice of Final Discharge.
To All Whom These Present? May
Whereas Whitfield S. Mobley has
made application unto this Court for
Final Discharge in re the Estate of
Mary Ware Coleman, iate of said
County and State, deceased, oi this
the 7th day of July, 1921
These are Therefore, to cite any
and all kindred, creditors or psrties
: iterested, to show cause befort me
at my office at Edgefield Court Bouse
South Carolina, on the 13th da7 of
August, 1921 at ll o'clock a.j m.,
why said order of Discharge should,
not be granted.
W. T. KINNAIRD,!
J. P. C., E. C., S. ?3.
July 7th, 1921.
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits - - - $190,000.00
Total Resources Over.$800,000.00
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open vour account with us for the year 1921. Invest your
savings in one of our Interest Bearing Certificates of
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable pa
All business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
HZ m Z ttl ttl ttl ttl MS ttl ><I rt:2 tt; M?>:< J
Barrett & Company
Augusta - - - " .'" Georgia g