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IMMENSE SUM FOR HIGHWAYS
During Year 1919 Over $400,000,000
Was Expended for Rural High
ways and Bridges.
During the calendar year 1919, 46
states of the Union expended over
'$400,000,000 on their rural roads and
bridges, the bureau of public roads of
the United States Department of Agri
culture recently announced. This to
tal is made up of the actual cash ex
penditures for such items ,as labor,
materials, supervision and administra
tion, amotmting to $389,455,931, and
convict labor and statute labor, the
value of which, not definitely known,
is estimated at about $132,000,000. So
far. as possible, all expenditures on
City streets within incorporated towns
Building an Up-4o-Date Highway.
and cities and all items of sinking-fund
payments or the redemption and inter
est payments on road and bridge
bonds have been excluded.
The "road and bridge expenditures
for 1919 show an increase of approxi
mately 33 1-3 per cent over those of
1918 and 70 per cent over those of
1914. More striking, however, is the
increase in the proportion of the total
funds supervised by the several state
highway departments. In 1918 the ex
penditures by or under the supervision
of the state highway departments
amounted to $117,285,268, while the
local road funds, over which they exer
cised no control whatever, amounted to
$168,812.925. In 1919, however, the
state highway departments supervised
the expenditure of $200,292,694 as
against the total of $1S9,163,237 ex
pended by the local road and bridge
REMOVING SNOW FROM ROADS
Becoming Increasingly ! m po-tant Be
cause of Large Amount of Travel
Snow removal from highways is be
coming increasingly important be
cause of the large amount of travel by
motortrucks and automobiles. Sev
eral states have made appropriations
for removal of snow from the main
highways but in other states there has
been no appropriation of funds for
.this purpose. Vast quantities of com
modities must be hauled over the high
ways next winter because of the lack
of sufficient railway cars to move them,
and state money, rather than local
funds ought to be used to keep truck
IMPROVED ROADS WOULD AID |
Many Counties Rich in Agricultural
Possibilities Are Burdened
With Poor Roads.
Fluctuations In market prices^may
have several explanations. They fre
quently take place in regions where
the local production does not equal
the annual consumption. There are
counties rich in agricultural possibil
ities, burdened with bad roads, where
the annual incoming shipments of
foodstuffs exceed the outgoing ship
ments in the ratio of four to one.
Many such counties with improved
roads could not only become self-sup
porting, but could ship products to
TREES DO NOT INJURE ROADS
Instead of Taking All Out lt Would
Be Better to Thin Out to
50 or 75 Feet.
Why cut down all trees along the
highway being graded? We recently
saw two or three dozen large maples
along a road taken out entirely. It
would look much better and be as
usable if the row had been thinned
to 50 or even 75 feet. If the road
were well made the treesx would not
Injure it at all. Let's have some shade
on eur new roads.-LeRoy Cady, as
sociate horticulturist, University Farm,
Plant Some Trees.
If you live on the south side of the
road, plant some shade trees to shel
ter the hot traveler. In a few years
pei^le will say: "He lives on the
farm where those big elms shade the
Farmers' profits are determined by
the difference between production and
transportation costs and the selling
prices. Production must cease when
the transportation costs wipe out th?
Wade Drake Pioneer in An
son in Resorting to Covt
Crops to Improve Leach
Anderson,. July 7.-Wade D
who lives near Anderson, has U?
greater variety of legumes and <
cover crops and has accompli
more in the way of soil building
any other man in that part of
country. Mr. Drake is now being
lowed by many other good far
who are adopting his method
some modified ?brm; but Mr. D
bears the distinction of beginning
work and proving its worth.
In 1909 Mr. Drake bought
acres of poor land, gullied and ?
red with abuse. He began to plo
a little deeper and prepare the
better for his crops, thereby get
better yields than his neighbors. 1
he turned under a few crops of
peas, sowed quite a good- dea
small grain and followed this .
peas. In a few more years his '.
was producing- more . than do
what it was when he bought it
1914, 225 acres more were adde*
the original tract. This was ham
much as the other tract but
Drake was not-satisfied with the ;
gress he was making in bringing t
this soil so he began to assemble
of the information and the best m
ods of growing crops. He reaso
that cow peas were good, but if
could just add some winter crop
his summer soil building crops
could build up his soil much fas
He knew that the leaching of pl
food from his fields during the v
ter was very great so in addition
putting in a good system of terra
he planted rye and-other grains s
ply as a protection to the soil d
ing the winter. A little later he he;
of the soil building qualities of ha
vetch. So he tried that. He inocula
the soil where he was planting ve
and followed other instructions wh
he had obtained from differ
sources carefully and to his surpr
and gratification he produced a gc
crop of vetch.
First Allowed to Seed.
The first crop of vetch was allow
to seed on the land and then v
harvested for seed. There wt
enough seed left on the land to
sure a perfect stand of voluntt
vetch the following fall and with t
seed saved from this land many mc
acres were seeded that fall. The f
lowing spring, which was 1916, ma
acres of vetch which would have pi
duced more than a ton per acre we
turned under for fertilizer. Many
his neighbors called him foolish ai
even proposed'to cut and haul t
feed away if he would give it to the
for. they could not bear to see
much feed "wasted." During the fe
lowing year Mr. Drake has addi
crimson clover, velvet beans, bu
clover, abruzzi rye and other ero;
to his system of soil building. Evei
acre of his land produces a covi
crop each year which is turnsd undi
for enriching the soil.
In speaking of his work recent
in reply to the question: "Why d:
you fall upon this soil building pra<
tice?" Mr. Drake replied, "My lan
was so poor I could not produce
good crop to get satisfactory returr
for my labor. I knew something ha
to be done so I started out to se
what I could do. I thought if pea
were so good as a summer cove
crop that if I could a crop on th
land for the winter that would be a
good as cow peas are for summer,
would enrich my soil twice as fas1
I have found that crimson clover an
vetch will do this. They are addin;
nitrogen and humus to my soil dui
ing the winter instead of the lam
In the beginning Mr. Drake wa
using about 300 pounds of fertilize
per acre and his yields were abou
a half a bale of cotton, 15 bushels o:
corn or 15 bushels of oats. By thi
methods outlined above this aa mi
land'has been brought up to a higl
state of cultivation. During the pas
few years this same land has aver
aged more than two tons of hay pei
acre, 50 bushels of oats, 25 bushels
of wheat, 50 bushels of corn or z
bale and a half of cotton per acre
Larger Yields Grown.
For the year 1920 he produced an
average of 70 bushels of corn pei
acre, 50 bushels of oats, 25 bushels
of wheat per acre and a total of 197
bales of cotton on 100 acre. For
the 1920 crop ah average of 600
pounds of acid phosphate and cotton
seed meal were used per acre and 50
pounds of nitrate of soda per acre
for cotton applied just after the cot
ton was chopped out. As a test on
corn nitrate of soda was applied at
the rate of 600 pounds per acre. So
full of nitrogen is that soil ,that no
results were obtained by the use of
even this heavy application of soda.
In connection with these crops Mr.
Drake has used two tons of ground
limestone per acre on all of his cul
How sixty-four Diamonds behaved
for a well-known Virginia Utility Company
"We have used the Diamond Tires and, after a thorough
test, we believe that this tire is the- best for our ser
vice. Our trucks cover more territory than any other
trucks on the peninsula. For your information, I might
advise that these trucks, sixteen in number, take, care
of the territory from Fox Hill to Camp Morrison. They
are operated in all kinds and conditions of weather and,
all in all, I believe the Diamond tire is the best for our
Frank B. Lawton,
Newport News and Hampton Ry., Gas & Electric Co., Newport News, Va.
Buy Diamonds for economy. They are the
v>^v real thrift tires, and have been standard
^oruFE> for twenty-five years.
THE DIAMOND RUBBER COMPANY, INC.
DIAMOND RED AMD GREY TUBES
tivated land. He is a strong belie'
in the use of limestone.
Mr. Drake has used both steam .
gas tractors successfully.
He has found that because of 1
gullied condition of his farm at 1
beginning terraces on the level w<
.not satisfactory so he is reterraci
his farm with a slight fall to
Mr. Drake is a firm believer"
[inoculation for all legumes that e
not commonly grown, or for whi
he is not certain the soil carries t
bacteria. He has used the soil trar
fer methods and several kinds of pu
cultures. All have been more or le
satisfactory. The soil transfer metb
is now used exclusively. Mi'. Drake
method of inoculating vetch is to s
cure soil from a field that has pr
viously grown vetch successful!
moisten the seed with water to whii
has been added enough molasses
make them sticky and roll the se<
in the soil until each seed is cover?
with soil, sow the seed and covi
them lightly before the bacteria
killed by the sun. A half bushel <
soil is sufficient to furnish inoculatic
for enough seed to sow an acr
About 30 pounds of seed are used p<
acre. Planting is done September 1
November. Vetch never freezes oi
when once it gets well establishei
The same method is employed wit
crimson clover as for vetch. Soil :
secured from a field that has pre
viously grown crimson clover, c
other clovers that carry the sam
bacteria as crimson clover, the see
treated the same way as for vetc
sown and covered lightly with hai
row or heel sweep. Twenty-five
pounds of cleaned seed or 25 to 3
pounds of uncleaned seed are use'
per acre. Uncleaned seed, that is s?ei
that have not been threshed, just a
they are stripped from the plants.^ ar
often sown without being covered, OJ
land that is already inoculated, am
given perfect satisfaction.
Vetch seed are saved by simply
raking the vetch off the land with i
heavy rake after the seed have ma
tured. Sometimes abruzzi rye ii
planted with vetch and this with the
vetch is raked off the land ane:
threshed together with the vetch. Mr
Drake has made as much as 60C
pounds of vetch seed per*acre.
Crimson clover seed are saved bj
stripping the seed from the plants
when thoroughly ripe. This is done
with a clover stripper modeled after
the plans shown in farmers' bulletin
No. 646. The yield of crimson clover
seed per acre is from 500 to 800
Come and inspect our beautiful
line of voiles and organdies, which
we are selling at very reasonable
A Generous Deed.
While Miss Faith Snuggs was in
Edgefield, she and her parents went
into the store of Mr. B. B. Jones and
were considering the purchase of a
gramaphone to take back to China,
not dreaming for an instant that
.there was any way of securing it ex
cept by its purchase, and being mis
sionaries they did not have any pre
ponderance of this world's goods.
They did not want the instrument
for themselves, but for the good it
might do in attracting the Chinese
and especially the children of the
When Mr. Jones found that Miss
Faith wanted the gramophone, he
told -her later how great a pleasure
it would be to him to present it to
her, realizing her great worth and the
value of her decision to become a
foreign missionary. Mr. Snuggs said
that none of them could say anything
but could only shed tears of appre
There is no telling how far the in
fluence of this gift will go. They will
take it to Ridge Crest where Mr. and
Mrs. Snuggs and the family are rest
ing together and it will add cheer to
their home life before the parents
take their far away journey back to
China where this gracious gift will
Notice of Election of Public
Notice is hereby given that an
election for public cotton weighers
for the towns of Johnston, Trenton
and Edgefield for a term of two
yevars, commencing September 1,
1921, will be held at the respective
towns on Saturday, August 6, 1921.
The polls will be open at eight o'clock
a. m., and close at four o'clock p. m.
All qualified electors who market
cotton at the respective uowns will be
allowed to vote, but no person can
vote at more than one place. There
will be two cotton weighers 'elected
for the town of Johnston and one
for each of the other two places. The
following managers are appointed to
hold said election:
Edgefield-W. J. Duncan, W. L.
Dunovant, Jr., and Wallace Holston.
Johnston-Wilbur Yonce, Tom
Milford and W. H. Dobey.
Trenton-Wallace Wise, L. C.
Eidson and Roper Moss.
The managers at each place are au
thorized to appoint persons to take
the place of the managers who are
As soon as the polls close the man
agers are directed to count the votes
and report the result to the board
by the Monday following the election.
A. A. EDMUNDS,
T. L. TALBERT,
J. W. DeVORE.
Board County Commissioners.
July ll, 1921.
CoDjrrlcht 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman Co. -No. 66
EVERY DOLLAR that you spend foolishly, every proportion
ate amount of money that you earn that it would be possible to
save and do not, is only money that you have to work for again.
On the other hand every dollar you put in the bank is money
that is going to constantly work for you. Which is the best;
money always working for you, or you always working for
your money. Come in and start that bank account. Don't put it
off another day.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; A. S. Tompkins, vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John RainsfordV
M. C. Parker, A. S. Tompkins, J. G. Holland, E. J. Mims, J. H. Allen.
Due West, S. C.
Eighty-Four Years of Continuous Service
Unwavering adherence to Christian character and thorough schol
' Courses: A. B., B. S., Pre-Medical, special.
Literary societies emphasized.
Intercollegiate contests in debates, oratory and athletics worthy of
Adequate equipment and endowment.
Board in college home at cost. Price in private homes moderate.
For catalogue and application blank write to
DUE WEST, S. C.