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OIL SPRAY SOLVES PROBLEM
Shifting Sand Dunes Form Serious
Obstacle to Improved Road
Making in Northwest
Shifting sand dunes which cover
up a highway soon after it is com
pleted have formed a serious obstacle
to improved road building in some
parts of the country, particularly in
' the Northwest. To remedy the evil,
the bureau of public roads of the
United States Department of Agricul
ture has employed a more extendive
application of the agency that has
been used in the past to lay dust on
Fifty-three miles of construction of
the Columbia river highway from The
Dalles eastward Hes through sandy
. An Improved Road in the Northwest
country, In many places of a volcanic
ash as light as flour. As fast as cuts
are opened up and fills made in this
light soil the wind whips out the fill
slopes and sand dunes creep into rock
cuts, completely blocking the road.
OH is the only agency yet found to
stop the trouble. The equipment used
to spray the crude oil consists of two
supply tanks, or drums, in which the
oil is carried from the storage tank
at the railway siding, and a tractor,
which draws the oiling rig and sup
plies the steam through a hose to the
compressor tank, which is carried dn
a trailer. The oil is heated by the
steam and forced through a bose with
a nozzle consisting of a half-inch pipe.
The steam atomizes the oil and sends
lt in a fine spray for ICO feet or more,
depending on whether the spray ls
projected in the direction of the wind
or against it For obvious reasons,
spraying ls usually carried on in the
direction of the wind.
Where sufficient oil is used, this
means of controlling)the sand dunes
ls very -effective, "and it Is believed .
that the cost will not be excessive,
though exact figures are not obtain
able at this time.
NEW AND GOOD ROADS BUILT
Needs of Commercial Interest?, of
Tourists as Well as Farmer,
Have Been Considered.
Wonderful progress Is being made
in constructing a great network of
good roads throughout the country.
The needs of commercial interests, of
tourist, as well as the farmer, have
been consulted in designing this sys
tem. It has long been a reproach
that American roads were inferior to
those of most European countries but
this condition of affairs ls cow being
corrected. In 1916 the government
appropriated $75,000,000 to be spent
In five installments, the last of which,
amounting to $25,000,000, was to be
released July 1, 1911?, and this has
since been increased by an additional
$200,000,000. Up to May 1 plans had
been approved for building 27,970
miles of road or nine times the dis
tance from New York to San Fran
cisco and of this 13,540 were actually
under construction-Boys* Life.
TEST DURABILITY OF ROADS
Government Bureau of Road Building
Has Constructed Stretch of Road
way at Arlington.
In order to accurately determine the
durability of the various kinds of road
way, the government bureau of road
building bas constructed a stretch ol
roadway at Arlington representing
all the different methods of road build
ing, and over this a heavy machine Is
.drawn back and forth by cable. This
ls supposed to reproduce the action of
vehicles passing over It and the re
sults are carefully noted and com
pared. The result of the operations
will be used as a guide to the expendi
ture of nearly $300,000,000 which will
be made under government auspices.
Odd Job for Tractor.
One of the odd Jobs on many farms
where tractors are operated, is the
dragging. of the private roads with
either a home-made or manufactured
Wont Build Tool Sheds.
"Everything comes to him who
waits," but that doesn't mean that put
ting off the building of a shed for farm
implements will build lt.
Best Soil Application.
Rotted manure is commonly consid
ered to be the best application that
can be given the soil.
Water Ditch Is Harmful.
A vratt-r ditch in a field Is like a rot
ten potato.In a bin. It soon eats op
the good po?t of tba field._ t
Cured Sweet Potatoes Bring
Curing of sweet potatoes to ?pre
vent spoilage is giving good results
in Hempstead County, Ark., under
the instruction of the county agent
of the United States Department of
Agriculture and the State Agricul
tural College, who reports a price
of $1.50 per bushel on the first car
of sweet potatoes shipped from the
new curing plant of the Farmers'
Potato Curing Company which was
built last fall. At digging time the
farmers could have sold these pota
toes on the local market for fifty or
sixty cents per bushel. In loading the
car it was found that the potatoes
were keeping in good shape.1 Less
than two per cent of them were found
to be damaged.
In Jefferson County, Ga., the coun
ty agent says 500 bushels of sweet
potatoes were shipped from the cur
ing house at $1.37 Vj per crate, f. o.
b. Louisville, and less than one per
cent were damaged. The Lenoir
County, N. C., agent reports visits
to two potato storage houses. One
contained 800 bushels and the other
was a 500 bushel house. Both storage
men said they had less than one per
cent of bad potatoes. In Louisiana,
St. Landry County, 1,100 barrels of
kiln dried potatoes sold at $4.50 per
barrel. Another man in the same dis
trict was unable to sell his potatoes,
which were not kiln-dried, for $3.00
per barrel. The first man remarked,
after he had made the sale, "No more
cotton for me." In Allendale county,
S. C., the county agent stated that
cured potatoes were furnished to a
large hotel all through the fall and
gave entire satisfaction.-Farm &
Poultry House Renovation.
The poultry houses are not neglect
ed because it is a long job, but be
cause the work is placed second to
everything else on the farm. The the
ory seems to be that the poultry
house will be given a thorough reno
vation as soon as there is no other
work to do. Of course that condition
never occurs on a farm and the hens
may live for a long time in an un
Poultry house cleaning has been
made difficult because of poor floors
and built-in equipment. The old earth
floor became contaminated to a depth
of several inches. The dirt had to be
removed and new sand substituted.
This was a long job and time costs
money on a farm. The new type-of
cement floor is easier to clean and is
a good investment for any owner.
Poultry equipment should be port
able. All nests must be taken outside
the house and sunned and sprayed.
This cuts down the chances of the
vermin living through the- spray bath.
It prevents a lot of cracks and crev
ices which are formed when large
sections of nests are nailed to the
The commercial coal tar sprays
are fine for washing the inside of the
poultry house. Lice paint gives the in
terior a rather neat cheerful appear
ance. Lime-sulphur spray is a great
destroyer of poultry pests and the
orchard sprayer can sometimes be
used for washing down the walls and
floor of the house.-Successful Farm
Gov. Len 5mall Defies Enemies
.Chicago, July 24.-Governor Len
Small, under indictment for embez
zlement and conspiracy to defraud,
spent Sunday at his home at Kan
kakee, no attempt was made by the
Sangamon county authorities to ar
The governor spent Saturday in
Chicago conferring with Mayor
Thompson and other prominent re-|
publican leaders. He delivered an ad-:
dress at Riverside Park in which he
attacked Attorney-General Brundage
and 'others who have been active in
bringing the prosecution.
Mayor Thompson spoke from the
same platform and made it clear he
would stand by the governor .
"Governor Small has fought for
you until he has been persecuted, the
Mayor said. "The big interests say:
'We can't get him like we did Low
den, so we'll crush him.' Well, you
and I will see them in hell first.' "
While warrants have not been
drawn for the arrest of the governor
it was not expected any attempt
would be made to serve them until
after Judge Smith, before whom the
indictments were returned at. Spring
field, rules on the question of wheth
er the governor, as Chief Executive)
of the State, is immune from arrest.
The governor contends that he is not
subject to arrest on a grand jury in
dictment Judge Smith intimated at
the close of arguments Friday he
would rule against the governor.
The governor made it plain while
in Chicago he would call troops to
protect him if necessary. Adjutant
General Dickson, in command of the;
Illinois National Guard, was at Camp
Logan ready to take the field.
Governor Small was surrounded hy
detectives while in Chicago. When
he left a number of them accompa
nied him on his train. They remained
with him at Kankakee and- it was un
derstood they would accompany him
Thoa. E. Watson Has Own
Opinion of Federal Re
Washington, July 21.-Just what
Senator Tom Watson thinks of the
Federal Reserve Board is best shown
in the following resolutions which he
offered in the senate a day or two
"Whereas, the secret, unlawful,
and ruinous policy of the Federal
Reserve Board during the last year
has inflicted an irreparable damage of
at least $31,000,000,000 upon the
helpless American people by the sud
den contraction of money in circu
lation without any previous notice to
the citizens who were to be disas
trously affected by this Wall Street
"Whereas, the said reserve board
has loaned to monopolistic profiteers
the larger part of the entire loanable
funds of these government banks;
"Wh/ereas the ^aid Federal Re
serve board has been insolently heed
less to the universal cry of their vic
tims who are the laborers, farmers,
merchants, and plain common people
of our country upon whom depend
the future welfare, prosperity and
defense of this republic; Be it there
"Resilved, etc., That the President
of the United States be, and is here
by, directed to remove - from office
immediately after the passage of this
resolution the present five members
of the Federal Reserve Board, and
to appoint in their stead, five mem
bers who shall not be bankers, but
who shall be men of affairs, compe
tent and honest and not mere assidu
ous servitors of the Morgan interests,
the Standard Oil interests, the pack
er interests, the Steel Trust inter
ests, or any other legalized maraud
ers upon the common people of this
CARE FOR BREEDING CATTLE
Have Both Cows and Herd Buir In
' Good Physical Condition to Insure
Uniform Calf Crop.
If it is desired to have calves
dropped In the fall or early .winter
months^-November-the cows should
be bred In February and March. One
way to insure a uniform calf crop is
to have both the breeding cows and
herd bull . in good physical condition
at- this time. A herd bull that baa
been left with the wintering herd to
shift for himself is, as a rule, in poor
condition when the breeding season
arrives, and the chances are that he
will not be a sure, vigorous sire.
The ration for the herd bull should
consist of a liberal amount of rough
ages, such as corn silage, legume hay,
stover, or straw, and. In most In
stances, unless In good condition, a
small allowance of grain. The breed
ing ?ows should be healthy and vigor
ous at time of calving, otherwise they
should receive in addition to a lib
eral supply of silage, legume hay, or
other roughage, and a small amount of
grain, in order that they may give suf
ficient milk to nourish the calves prop
erly and at the same time maintain
their own condition.
COLOR PREFERRED IN BUTTER
That Which Is Not Too Pale Is Gen
erally Favored-Quality Not
. The color of good butter should be,
clear and even throughout. Although
the shade of the color does not always
affect the quality of the butter, pref
erence Is generally given to that which
ls not too pale in color. When the
cream is churned at too high a tem
perature, the butter comes quickly,
but loses much of Its natural color.
Churning at too low a temperature,
and consequently for too long a time,
also destroys the color of the butter
produced. Color in butter ls often
spoiled through overwashing or over-,
working it Butter is of a paler color
from sweet cream than from ripened,
as in the former case there is more
buttermilk In the finished product
FOR CLEANING MILK BOTTLES
Cold or Lukewarm Water Prevents
Hardening and Sticking of Albu
men and Casein.
When milk bottles are allowed to
stand, the casein hardens on them and
lt is almost as difficult to.remove as
when lt Is burned on by the use of hot
water. If it ls necessary to let your
milk bottles stand for any length of
time, lt ls best to pour cold, or luke
warm water Into the'm, which will pr?
vint the hardening and sticking of the
albumen and casein. Then, when it tie
comes time to wash them, lukewarm
water can be used followed by ? hot
water, boiling water or live steam.
By tSi??! method, the bottles will ba
dean, and all bacteria will be killed
bj the hot water._
MOTORTRUCKS AND HIGHWAYS
Farmer Enabled to Secure Better
Prices by Delivering Products Di.
rect to Market.
There ls a worthy movement on foot
for better roads. Every business man,
every home provider and every motor
ist should support lt Good roads ben
efit all classes of people in their every
This vast country has grown so
enormously and so fast that its rail
roads cannot deliver the goods nor
carry the people as the prosperity o?
the country and present demands re
With good roads the farmer can de
liver all his products direct to towns
within a radius of fifty or more miles
and though making more profit him
self, he is reducing the high cost of
The merchant is able to take ad
vantage of new sources of supply, to
buy his stock under favorable condi
tions, and give it on sale to his cus
tomers in less time than he could have
secured delivery by the slower and
costlier raliway express and freight
service. With motortrucks he can then
re-deliver to his customers and give
better service over a larger territory.
Automobile delivery will Increase his
business, lessen* his costs and increase
Millions of dollars are lost every
year through perishable goods spoil
ing on the railroads, because of freight
delays and complications. Intercity
motorexpress over distances of 100 or
more miles has already become a prof
itable business where good roads ex
ist Single large firms have actually
saved over $100,000 yearly by using mo
tortrucks and they will undoubtedly
contribute largely to organized Im
provement of roads.
Good roads are a paying investment
Local authorities in cities, towns and
counties should act without dt-Jey ta
meet the growing national ard tocal
demands before trade goes te ether
A Standard Dump-Truck for Road
directions. It is almost impossible to
get back the lost advantage after oth
er dlstr ' have won it
This c y has more than 6,090,000
automob ?' rers, one to every 18 of
the . and about 15 of those
ride ii . les.
Ownei wi. lot go where bad roads
exist and risk costly damage to their
cars, not only to tires, but to the bat
tery equipment used for starting,
lighting and 'ignition. With ignition
gone wrong a car cannot travel.
Southern Good Roads.
HAUL ON UNIMPOVED ROADS
Average Coat Per Ton Mile Estimated
at 22.7 Cents-Average Haul
Wac 9.4 Miles.
In 1906 the bureau of statistics of
the department of agriculture deduced
an average cost per ton mlle of 22.7
cents based upon replies from in
quiries sent to about 2,800 county
correspondents. The average haul re
ported was 9.4 miles. Since at this
time less than 8 per cent of the roads
in this country were improved, these
figures indicate the average cost of
hauling on unimproved roads.
FARMERS' "MUD TAX" HEAVY
Slogan Adopted by Good Roads Advo
cates of Alabama In Campaign
for Needed Funds.
"The heaviest tax the fanner pays
is the mud tax."
This is the slogan adopted by th?
good roads advocates of Alabama in
their campaigns to put across a 12
year $50.000,000 road-building pro
gram. The farmers were shown that
good roads would benefit them in a
dollars-and-cents way, besides bringing
them many advantages which they
never had before.
Like the Balky Mule.
Like the balky mule, the almighty
dollar refuses to move where mud and
mire constitute the road from field to
farm and from farra to market
Farm Values Doubled.
In many communities farm vaines
have almost doubled when roads have
Bettor schools and better roads
xnean better farms and better farsa
We have a high power, fast cutting outfit forced feed-a complete power plant
in itself for sawing logs to any length.
Does the work of six to ten men. Lever
control of blade while engine is running.
Haye good assortment of Gasoline En
gines. All equipped with losch Magneto
and offered at factory prices.
Lever control starts and COLUMBIA SUPPLY CO.
stops Saw W> GERVAIS ST., COLUMBIA, S. C.
Consult Your Own Interest by Consulting Us
Metal or Composition Roofing
Mantels, Tiling? Grates
Trim Hardware .
Doors, Sash, etc.
Youngblood Roofing and
635 Broad St. Telphone 1697
Improved Train Sendee
Daily Beginning Sunday, June 26th
COLUMBIA and ASHEVILLE
Southern Railway System
Service in Connection With New Train
Read Down Read Up
6.45 p. m. Lv.AUGUSTA._Ar. 10.40 a. m.
7.23 p. m. Lv.GRANITEVILLE._Ar. 9.52 a. m.
7.56 p. m. Lv.__.TRENTON.-.._Ar. 9.20 a. m.
8.24 p. m. Lv._.WARD.Ar. 8.52 a. m.
8.57 p. m. Lv...LEESVILLE._.Ar. 8.14 a. m.
11.50 p. m. Lv.COLUMBIA.Ar. 2.50 a. m.
5.15 a. m. Ar.TRYON.Lv. 10.30 p. m.
5.50 a. m. Ar.SALUDA.Lv. 10.00 p. m.
6.25 a. m. Ar..._HENDERSON VILLE...._.Lv. 9.30 p. m.
7.30 a. m. Ar.ASHEVILLE.Lv. 8.25 p. m.
Connects at Hendersonville for Lake Toxaway, Brevard, etc., and at
Asheville for Waynesville, Black Mountain, etc.
Through Pullman Sleeping Car Service Between Augusta and
Asheville on Above Schedule.
SEMI-WEAKLY-Leave Augusta Tuesdays and Fridays; leave Asheville
Wednesdays and Sundays.
First car from Augusta Tuesday, June 26, first car from Asheville Wed
nesday, June 29.
SUMMER TOURIST TICKETS NOW ON SALE
Daily including September 30, 1921, final limit October 31, 1921.
Consult nearest ticket agent or communicate with
R. S. BROWN, J. A. TOWNSEND* '
District Passenger Agent, ' Ticket Agent,
Augusta, Ga. Edgefield, S. C.
Barrett & Company
Augusta - - - - - Georgia