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Prevent Spread of Southern
Pine Beetle by Cutting Out j
Infested Trees. 1
More merchantable-sized timber
probably was killed in the Southern .
?pine belt during the last 30 years by !
the Southern pine beetle than died |
from all other causes combined. It ?
is. one of the most destructive ene
mies of all species of pine, from
Pennsylvania to Texas, yet the pre-.
vention of serious outbreaks and the ,
control of this menace to the great '
?mber resources of the South not
only are possible but entirely practi-1
cable, say specialists of 'the United j
States Department of Agriculture in j
Farmers' Bulletin 1188, The South
ern Pine Beetle, recently published
It is only necessary, says the bulletin,
to cut and utilize for fuel or lumber,
?during the fall and winter months,
all treesthat died during the late
summer and fall, making sure that
the bark of the main trunk is
Spread Rapidly When Well Estab
Under average or normal condi
tions ca?sed by activities of the bee
tle a few scattering trees are killed
"by it each year in mature stands of
pine timber throughout the Southern
States. When conditions become fav
orable for the multiplication of the
insect, it is able to kill groups of
tree?, and if these groups increase in
number and size the following year
they constitute the danger signal of
an outbreak which may result in
widespread devastations, according
to the bulletin.
Between 1890 and 1893 these bee
tles killed a very large percentage of
the yellow, pitch and white pines of
West Virginia and Virginia, and
since the earliest records, in 1842,
have killed a vast amount of timber
in the Atlantic and Gulf States, most
of which has been a total loss. Their
destruction can only be compared to
that caused by forest fires, and, as
lias been demonstrated, they may
lead to far greater destruction than
"has ever been recorded as resulting
from fires alone in the Southern
Excavates Long Burrows.
The insect is a small brownish or
' black beetle, somewhat smaller than
a grain of rice. It flies from March
to December in the more southern
sections, and from May to November
in its northern range. It attacks the
middle and upper portions of the
trunks of healthy pine trees, causing
their death by excavating long, wind
?ng burrows, or egg galleries, which
extend through the inner layers of
the living bark and mark the surface
of the wood.
Their presence is plainly indicated
ny patches of dying or dead pine
which show no evidence of injury
by fire or other destructive agencies.
The trees infested by the developing
broods are indicated by the fading
green, greenish-brow^, or yellowish
red of the foliage, and positively de
termined by the removal of some of
the bark from the middle of the
trunks and the finding of character
istir* work in the inner bark or on
the surface of the wood.
' Converting the trunks of the in
fested trees into cordwood and using
it for fuel before the beetles leave
the bark the following spring, or
making the timber into lumber and
burning the slab or bark are the best
methods of preventing the spread of
the insect. Bark on the infested trees
still standing is sometimes removed
and burned to check the spread of
the insect. The best time to conduct
control operations is during the pe
riod between December 1 and March
1. It is essential, before control work
is undertaken, that someone who is
familiar with the work of the beetle
take charge of the operations. Trees
-for several miles around an infested
-area should be carefully examined,
and for this reason owners of pines
should coperate in carrying on the
Cotton Prices Show Great
Range in Quarter Century.
The price of cotton, received by
.farmers, has varied eormously since
the end of the long period of very
low prices about 25 years ago. The
lowest price of December 1, in the
records of the Bureau of Markets and
Crop Estimates, United States Depart
anent of Agriculture, is 4.6 cents per
pound of lint in 1894, and it was as
low as 5.7 cents in 1898. The year
1903 was notable in cotton price his- i
tory, because the price rose to 10.5
cents, and remained substantially at
this higher level or above. In tKe first
year of the World War, 1914, not
withstanding the "buy-a-bale" cry,
the cotton price of December 1 was
6.8. cents, but rt rose to 11.3 cents
the next year, to 19.6 cent?; in 19l?,
to 27.7 cents in 1917, and to 35.6
cents in 1919. The drop to 14 cents:
a pound in 1920, or a fall of 61 per
cent in one year, cut producers to
Better Acre Yields.
In many of our agricultural States
a farm containing eighty acres is
average size. Many have no more
than forty acres, while a man with
160 acres is farming on a large scale.
True, there are even larger farms
hut as previously stated, eighty acres
is aboue the average. These farms are
all productive. Their acre yield 's
large and farmers have been able to
equip them with fine buildings and
provide themselves with modern ma
There is a lesson in the small farms
in Wisconsin , Indiana, Illinois, and
other states in the Middle North.
Their seasons are short and their
soils, originally, no more fertile than
the soils of the Southwest. The vari
ety of products that can be profitably
produced is even less in number than
in this, a more favored section, and
yet there is evidence on every hand
that farmers are more prosperous,
live in better houses, send more of
their children to college and other
wise enjoy more of the good things
of life than does the average farmer
in the Southwest. Here and there
throughout all the States of the
Southwest are small farms that are
producing a greater net income than
the large farm in the same locality.
These are also worth considering.
What lessons do they demonstrate?
As a general rule the small farm ;s
more productive acre for acre than j
the large farm. The acre cost of op
eration may be more, but the cost of
acre yield is less. The man with for
ty to eighty acres finds it less diffi
cult to plan his operations. He gen
erally practices some system of crop
rotation. He keeps up the fertility of
his soil and in other ways makes each
acre pay a profit. The reason for this
may be found in the fact that he
knows that he can not look forward
to a possible large income from one
single big crop; that he must plan to
make his living off his small place
and therefore so diversifies as to pro
duce a variety of food and feed
stuffs to be consumed at home. Good
livestock, including poultry, are gen
erally found on farms of this charac
ter, also various fruits and a good
Gutting the cost of production by i
increasing acre yield even at the ex
pense of an acreage reduction, if it
brings about intelligent diversifica
tion, is a reasonable and logical
manner of making farming more
profitable.-'Farm & Ranch.
Market Your Feedstuffs on the
It looks like we of the Southwest are
going to have a big feed crop and no
market. Even if it can be sold at
all, the producer, unless exceeding
ly well located as to demand, will
find prices so low that it won't pay to
move to market regardess of cost of
Within a few miles of a big city
there lives a farmer who has on
hand more than 100 tons of excellent
Johnson gras? hay put up last year
at ?ctual cost of cutting, ties and bal
ing of $8 per ton. This hay has been
offered delivered on track or at deal
ers' warehouse at $8 per ton and no
buyer found, although same kind and
quality of hay is selling at retail for
more than $30 per ton. This farmer
is mowing and burning the first crop
this year, instead of raking and bal
ing. Although the hay can be saved
for less this year than last, there is
no reason for doing it, so long as the
supply on hand can't be sold and the
farmer hasn't livestock to consume it.
Every producer who has much feed,
hay or grain should look around for
livestock to consume it if he has hot
enough animals already on the place.
We can't eat any hay and not much
grain, but we can cure and save meat
for the home supply and sell to those
who live near us who are not pre?
pared to produce meat animals them
If statistics published are reliable
there is going to be a shortage of
meat animals and those who have
feed and no meat animals should se
cure them, as besides being scarce,
comparatively, they will cost more to
buy later. Prepare first for living at
home and if you have a surplus you
can find a buyer at a price, even if
not at a profit, which is not always
the case with feed.
Buy only what we can't raise for
home use and raise only enough of
those products for sale that there is
demand for at a price that will yield
a profit-Farm & Ranch.
All creditors of the estate of W.
B. Cogburn, late of said County and
State, deceased, will render an ac
count of their demands, duly at
tested; and all debtors -will pay
amounts due by them, to the under
signed Executrix of said.estate at her
residence at Edgefield, S. C.
Edgefield, S. C. . Executrix.
July 7th, 1921. . .
El Culbreath Arrested in Met
Ed or Eliot Culbreath, negro, who
shot and killed Deputy Sheriff W. W.
Edwards of Saluda county last No
vember, was brought to the state
penitentiary yesterday at 1 o'clock
for safe keeping. Culbreath was cap
tured by officers late Wednesday af
ternoon or early that night in a run
ning gud battle, according to officers
who brought the negro here yester
Culbreath was captured in Metter,
I Ca., and when he was found by the
officers, he put up a stiff fight, and,
in making the arrest, several shots
were fired at the negro, two taking
effect in his legs. The wounds are
not serious, however, it was said at
the penitentiary yesterday.
Deputy S'ieriff Edwards was shot
while on a raid to a negro house, and
despite a thorough search through
out the country in and around Salu
da, the negro escaped and was not
heard from until a few days ago.
Sheriff Sample and Deputy Sheriffs
Forest and Wheller brought Cul
breath to the penitentiary. A large
reward is said to have been standing j
for the capture of the negro.-The
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Many persons,- otherwise
I vigorous and healthy, are |
I bothered occasionally with
I Indigestion. The effects of a i
s disordered stomach on the
j system are dangerous, and
I prompt treatment of indigos- I
J tlon ls important "The only |
? medicine I have needed has i
* been something to aid digas* J
I tlon and clean the liver," |
i writes Mr. Fred Ashby, a j
? McKinney, Texas, fanner, j
I "My medicine ls
! Thedford's ?
for indigestion and stomach
trouble of any kind. I have
never found anything that
touches the spot, like Black
Draught I take it in broken
doses after meals. For a long
time I tried pills, which grip
ed and didn't give the good
results. Black-Draught liver
medicine is easy to take, easy
to keep, inexpensive."
Get a package from your
druggist today-Ask for and
insist upon Thedford's-the
Get it today.
Notice of Election of Public
Notice is hereby given that an
election for public cotton weighers
for the towns of Johnston, Trenton
and Ed^c?ield for a term of two
years, commencing September 1,
1921, will b? held at the respective
towns on Saturday, August 6, 1921.
The polls will be open at eight o'clock
a. m., and close at four o'clock p. m.
All qualified electors who market
cotton at the respective i-owns will be
allowed to vote, but no person can
vote at more than one place. There
will be two cotton weighers elected
for the town of Johnston and one
for each of the other two places. The
following managers are appointed to
hold said election:
Edgefield-W. J. Duncan, W. L.
Dunovanjt, Jr., and Wallace Helston.
Johnston-Wilbur Yonce, Tom
Milford and W. H. Dobey.
Trenton-Wallace Wise, L. C.
Eidson and Roper Moss.
The managers at each place are au
thorized to appoint, persons to take
the place of thc . onagers who are
As soon as the polls close the man
agers are directed to count the votes |
and report the result to the board
by the Monday following the election.
A. A. EDMUNDS,
T. L. TALBERT,
J. W. DeVORE.
Board County Commissioners.
July ll, 1921.
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