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The Poultry Yard.
The hot wave of June has extend
ed into July with increased inten
sity. The wise poultryman will keep
a sharp lookout for the evils that
Mites increase wonderfully fast in
such weather and the common meth
ods used will not control them. The
nests used by both layers and sitting
hens are likely to be alive with them
if not fought constantly. Weekly
treatments are not too much. Burn
all the litter every week. They spray
-using a pump with strong pressure
with any of the standard mite killing
preparations-kresol, zenoluem, car
bolineum or kerosene oil, with car
bolic acid-used liberally.
Dust baths are good for controlling
lice. Poultry seem to enjoy them,
and if well doctored with kerosene
oil or tobacco dust are doubly effec
tive and tobacco dust in the nests will
Avoid crowding on the roosts. As
the early hatched birds develop and
increase in size, they must have en
larged quarters and ample roosting
space. Young chicks must not be al
lowed to gather in bunches on the
floor. Supply roosts, beginning with
small sized poles fairly close to the
floor so that the young fowls can
easily get on them.
Keep up the supply of sprouted
oats if other good, tender green stuff
is not constantly available. Poultry
need it during such dry spells to keep
their bowels regulated and to count
eract the effect of extreme heat.
Are the trapnests in regular use?
We note some poultrymen advocate
their use for "part time," say three
or four months in the year. Such
tests are practically useless and guess
work is about all the results amount
to. The most successful breeders
those who steadily increase the aver
age producing capacity of not only
individual birds, but of their whole
flocks, use the trapnest all the time.
They don't guess, they know.
A Western breeder who follows
this plan has, by its use, built up a
strain -of fowls that averaged 261
eggs in a year. The same owner has
a year's record of 311 eggs per hen
for one pen of five pullets. At the
show where the first record was made
- the average of all entries, 225 birds
* in all, was 210% eggs per bird. What
are Southern breeders doing in this
We note a decided advance in leg
horns to protect the poultry industry
in the state of Washington. A law
lately passed there requires, first:
"All eggs imported from foreign
countries and offered for sale in the
state of Washington shall be sold as
such. Each egg offered for sale in
this state shall be marked, branded,
or stamped with the name of the
country in which it was produced, *
* * * in legible Gothic letters and in
durable indelible ink."
Then the pure food officials require
all bakeries, restaurants, etc., using
foreign eggs in any form to display
signs in large Gothic type in a con
spicuous place stating "We use for
eign eggs here." Now 'if all other
states will enact similar laws, it will
go far otward eliminating a very un
desirable foreign product, and "give
the home product a better standing.
This is about as good a time as
the average farmer will find for reor
ganizating the home poultry plant,
laying out runs and remodeling old
br building new poultry buildings. In
doing this why not use a little fore
sight and plan for the "daylight sav
ing" plant in the poultry house. The
value of artificial lights for extending
the "working hours" of poultry dur
ing fall and winter months has been
clearly demonstrated, and the initial
cost of a small plant is not large.
"Lighting up" in early* morning and
in evening to make an. average 14
hour working day for the layers, if
they are of the right sort, will add
from 30 per cent to 100 per cent in
income during winter months.-Pro
I left my dad, his farm, his plow,
Because my calf became his cow;
I left my dad, 'twas wrong, of coure,
Because my colt became his horse.
I left my dad to sow and reap
Because my lamb became his sheep;
I dropped my hoe and stuck my fork
Because my pig became his pork.
The garden truck I made to grow
. Was his to sell and mine to hoe.
Dad Sc. Son, Inc.
With dad and me it's half nad half
The cow I own was once his calf;
.No town for mine; I will not bolt,
Because ray horse was once his colt;
I'm going to stitk right where I am
Cooperation in Handling Farm
Clemson College, July 25.-When
we have a community or state or
group of states growing any particu
lar product for market, we want first
a standardized product, let it be cu
cumbers, sweet potatoes, Irish pota
toes, cantaloupes, asparagus, or any
other truck or field crop, says F. L.
Harkey, agent in marketing, in
speaking of the value of co-operation
in preparing farm products for mar
ket. For example, we want a variety
of watermelons that will stand ship
ment to the markets that will receive
this tonnage, and we want a water
melon that will have a good flavor.
In the second place, we want a stan
dard size or sizes, which may be call
ed grades in some cases. Then we
want uniformity in color, uniformity
in weight, and uniformity in ripeness
These things can not at present
be done by each grower working in
dependently of his neighbor, and just
so long as we fail to realize this, we
will have enormous losses on the part
of the grower, the broker, the job
ber, the wholesaler, the retailer and
the consuming public.
Wh?n there are as many grades
and types of packages as there are
growers of a certain product in some
community, then selling and buying
are more or less a gamble. The far
mer sells to the wholesaler or job
ber a car of sweet potatoes, which he
represents to be graded or to have
?been handled properly. He may be
honest or dishonest in his representa
tion. The car of potatoes is found by
the wholesaler to be ungraded or not
measuring up to standard grades on
his market. He is then forced to sell
at a loss to the retailer, the farmer
having received a good price or more
than his product was worth. Now the
consumer bought graded and proper
ly handled sweet potatoes from the
retailer previous to the retailer's re
ceiving this shipment, and the con
sumer again orders potatoes in good
faith, but has potatoes decay on him
I as soon as purchased since they were
.improperly handled away back in the
j farmer's hands. In this transaction
the grower and the retailer gained,
j or rather did not lose any money.
However, the wholesaler or jobber
and also the consumer did lose; and
the next transaction might mean a
?loss on the part of the farmer or the
?retailer, and so on, until every party
?could expect a graded and properly
handled product. All losses will never
be eliminated, it is true, but a lot of
gambling or chance work can be elim
inated by intelligent co-operation in
handling products preparatory to
Dairy News Notes.
Clemson College, July 25.-During
June 121 cows were on official test
in South Carolina and 58 of these
made 40 pounds or more of butter
fat, thus winning places on the honor
,roll for the month.
The 31 Holsteins on the honor roll
averaged 50.3 pounds of butter-fat
and 1401 pounds of milk, the high
record being 74 pounds of butter fat
and 1936 pounds of milk.
The 20 Guernseys on the honor
roll averaged 48.7 pounds of butter
fat and 1080.6 pounds of milk, the
high record being 63.S pounds of
butter-fat and 1339.5 pounds of
The seven Jerseys on the honor
roll averages 44 pounds of butter fat
and 924.1 pounds of milk, the high
recoi'd being 54.6 pounds of butter
fat and' 1372.5 pounds of milk.
The Holstein cow, Hilda Beryl
Wayne IV, owned by Mr. P. A. Bax
ley, Blackville, led all other breeds
in fat production for the month with
Guynedd Vadora De Kol Segis, a
Holstein cow owned by Mr. St. J. A.
Lawton, Charleston, led all breeds
for June in milk production with
For the fourth time Fern of Glen
ville, a Guernsey owned by Mr. C. S.
McCall, Bennettsville, led the Guern
seys in both milk and fat production
with 1339.5 pounds of milk and 63.5
pounds of fat.
The two-year-old Blackstock Yily
owned by Whilden and Onsrud, came
second among the Guernseys for fat
production with 58.4 pounds and this
in her fifth month.
Blue Fox's Eminent Princess, a
Jersey owned by Mr. J.. W. McFar
land ,again led the Jerseys in both
milk and fat production for the
Because my sheep was once his lamb;
I'll stay with dad-he gets my vote,
Because my hog was once his shote;
It's "fifty-fifty" with dad and me
A profit sharing company.
-Wheeler County Registered Live
Stock Breeders' Association.
Only One "BROMO QUININE"
ro get the jennine, call for foll name, LAXA
TIVE BROMO QUININE. Lookforaignature o;
E. W. GROVE. Cure? a Cold in One Day. Stopj
cough and headache, and works off cold. 25c
Some Sense and Nonsense.
A West Virginia farmer, who
seems to be something of a wit, of
fers the following suggestions to
dairymen under the title: "How to
Fail in a Dairy." There is so much
real sense in this apparent nonsense
that we are glad to-pass the sugges
tions along to our readers, as follows:
"Don't weigh your milk, for then
you might have to figure and think.'
Feed the cows timothy hay-it is so
good for race horses. Cow-testing as
sociations are needless-they show
how-to save and know. Keep the
barn hot-cows are like woodchucks.
Don't have many windows in the barn
-the hired man might look out.
Keep water ice cold-shivering gives
the cows exercise. Avoid heavy milk
ers-they consume too much valu
able time." ? i
This reminds us of a similar line of
reasoning advanced by an Iowa far
mer, who said: "Don't strike a mean
cow with a milkstool-it might break
the stool!" There used to be a lot of
mean cows on the farm, and general
ly there was a mean hired man or
farmer along with them. There once
was a farmer who was reputed to
keep the corn knife handy while do
ing the milking. If a cow switched
him three times in the face, she nev
er did it again. He had a habit of cut
ting off her tail so that she looked
like a fox terrier dog or a fine coach
One of the reassuring evidences of
civilization getting better all the
time is the increased attention given
the cows. We have come to provide
for them and their comfort in a more
humane way because we have found
that gentleness and courtesy is the
policy with cows. It pays because they
reward us with more profit. A' good
sign to hang in the dairy, barn is one
originated by a New York farmer:
"Don't swear! Treat every cow as
if she were a lady."-Farm & Ranch.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
COUNTY OF EDGEFIELD.
By W. T. Kinnaird, Esquire, Probate
Whereas C. F. McDaniel, of above
County and State made suit to me
to grant him Letters of Adminsitra-'
tion of the Esate of and effects of W.
L. McDaniel, late of said County and
These are Therefore to cite and j
admonish all and singular the kindred
and creditors of the said W. L. Mc-;
Daniel, deceased, that they be and.:
appear before me, in the Court ?fj ;
Probate to be held at my office at;
Edgefield, S. C. on the 4th day of'
August, 1921. next after publication
thereof, at ll o'clock in the fore
noon, to show cause, if any they have:
why the said Administration should
not be granted.
Given under my Hand this 18th
day of July, Anno Domirfi, 1921. 7!
W. T. KINNAIRD, (L. S.)
Probate Judge, E. Co.
tual Insurance Asso
Property Insurred $17,226,000.
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you may
desire about our plan of insurance.
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM, or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to you that ours is-the safest
and cheapest 'plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties of
Abbeville, Greenwood, McCormick,
Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda, Rich
land, Lexington, Calhoun and Spar
tanburg, Aiken, Greenville, Pickens,
Barnwell, Bamberg, Sumter, Lee,
Clarendon, Kershaw, Chesterfield.
The officers are: Gen. J. Fraser
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.,
J. R. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secretary
and Treasurer, Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
June 1, 1921.
UR.KING'S NEW tHSCQVEHi
Will Surely Sion Tba! Co?t??
MATERIAL FOR ROAD MAKING
Careful Study of Amount and Charac
ter of Traffic ls First Important
Professor House of the Colorado Ag
ricultural college is one of the be*t
known engineers in Colorado. He has
been head of the civil engineer depart
ment at that college for several years
and has always been in close contact
with the affairs of the state. In speak
ing about roads, Professor House
"A great deal of agitation is being
carried on at the present time, con
cerning the construction of concrete
roads for Colorado. That some of our
roads should be paved in this way,
there is no question, but I think we
should carefully guard against over
doing the matter. In order to be justi
fiable, road improvements must return
In economic and social benefits an
amount at least equal to the interest,
depreciation and maintenance, over
ami above those of the old road.
"It is exactly the same as in ordi
nary business. .The amount that should
be Invested in road improvement is
that sum which will give the largest
annual returns in benefits to the peo
ple of the community.
"It may bc real economy to spend
$20,000 per mile for one read and only
$2,000 per mile for another, if the for
mer carries more than ten times the
service and costs just ten times as
"Before we run wild upon the sub
ject of concrete surfacing for roads of .
Colorado the proper classification of
the roads, and a careful study of the
amount and character of th?i traffic
Crystal Park Auto Road in the Pike's
Peak Region in Colorado.
.over them shouid "be made, and" it is
the duty of the state officials, before
any general scheme of road improve
S'ent ls decided upon, to make this
reful study. The state is then pre
pared to determine upon the proper
highway system that will be the most
economical, and that will meet the
traffic requirements of each road."
GOOD HIGHWAYS IN JAMAICA
Island in British West Indies ls Awak
ening to a Realization of
The island of Jamaica, in the Brit
ish West Indies, rich in natural re
sources and active in tracie, is awak
ening to a realization of the import
ance of good roads. The advent of
the automobile has had much to do
in the development of an agitation
..which now promises valuable results.
The system of modern highways
which it is proposed to build will
mean the speedy development of parts
of the island now more or less neg
lected because of their practical in
accessibility. Completion of a radial
system of good roads would undoubt
edly be followed by a general adop
tion of the motortruck for conveying
the products to the sea. The in
creased speed and efficiency thus ac
quired would tend to promote larger
production, and thereby increase the
wealth of this already Industrious is
GOOD. ROADS BOOST PROFITS
Where Farmer Can Haul but One Bale
of Cotton on Poor Road, Man on
Good Roads Hauls Four.
The matter of opportunity In mar
keting Is worthy of consideration. For
the sake of example, suppose that two
farmers living in separate counties,
but at ?qual distances from the cotton
market, learn by telephone that cotton
has advanced In price $1 a bale. The
man living on a bad road.can imme
diately haul one bale of cotton to
market, while the other can haul four
bales because he lives on a good road.
The rise in price means a profit of $4
to the one man and only $1 to his
Change Road Location.
If the location of a used road is bad
lt should be changed if possible. In
relocating roads avoid railroad cross
ings at grades.
First Need of Farmer.
The first need of the farmer is good
roads leading from the farms to mar
.Concrete Base Urged. .
Practically every highway engineer
today agrees that all roads should
kaye a concrete base.
MILK FROM UNTESTED COWS
Orphan Asylum at New Haven, Conn.,
Provided With Product of Tuber
A glaring instance of the dangers of
marketing milk from untested tubercu
lous cows was recently reported to the
United States Department of Agricul
ture by one of its field men engaged In
At the request of the meat inspec
tor of New Haven, Conn., tho federal
expert examined the carcass of a cow
recently killed at a local slaughter
house. The animal showed extensive
lesions of tuberculosis in the lungs,
liver, and other parts of the body. In
vestigation revealed that the cow had
been sent to the city by a dairyman
who was delivering the milk from lils
herd to an orphan asylum of th? city,
and also that the milk was noe pas
Upon further investigation, in which
the state authorities at Hartford co
operated, a test of the entire herd was
made. Of a total of 25 cattle, 23 re
acted to the tuberculin test.
PROVIDE COMFORT FOR COWS
One of Essential Things to Think
About in Construction of Build
ing for Animals.
Comfort is one of the things to think
about and provide for In the building
of a dairy barn. Stanchions are satis
factory, especially the type that swings
free and allows a measure of side
movement. The length of the stall ls
not often enough reckoned with. Give
the cows plenty of room to stand at
ease with their hind feet two or three
inches forward of the gutter. If the
cows vary In size, run the gutter at a
slight angle, so that the stalls at one
end are somewhat shorter than they
are at the'other end of the barn. This
allows the placing of the cows accord
ing to size in such a ^ay that the stalls
can be kept clean without trouble.
KIND TREATMENT IS NEEDED
Docile Creature ls Willing to Make
Friends With Keeper-Will fis
sent Rough Handling.
Kindness should not be forgotten,
for the cow ls a docile creature willing
to be friends with her keeper when
Bhe linds out that he Is her friend and
no reason to fight. The more intelli
gent and sensitive the animal is, the
more likely it ls to resent unjust treat
Capital and Surplus Profi
Total Resources Over -
SAFETY AND SER\
OFFER TO 1
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pavings in one of our Inter?
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Eighty-Four Years OJ
Unwavering adherence to Christ
Courses: A. B., B. S., Pre-Medi
Literary societies emphasized.
Intercollegiate contests in debate
Adequate equipment and endowm
Board in college home at cost Jt
For catalogue and application bia
GOOD OF BULL ASSOCIATIONS
Experience Shows That Organizations
Are Adapted to Every Kind of
Are you one of those who think a.
bull association cannot be formed in
a community like yours? asks the?
United States Department of Agricul
ture. If so. probably you are mis
taken, for experience shows that the
buli associations are r lantable to>
Purebred Sires Should Be Used In
Grading Upi Herds.
nearly every kind of dairy community
that can be found. The annual report
of the dairy division shows that there
are now about 120 bull associations in!
30 different states of the Union, and!
among all classes of communities.
The extension men of the dairy di
vision find that in very many cases*,
when the idea of a bull association is1
discussed, people think thar, while
such an organization Is clearly a good
thing on general principles, the con
ditions in their particular community
are not suitable. Many times, in such
places, it has been tried, and, to the
surprise of some it has been found!
that the conditions did not stand int
the "way at all. There are many sucb
communities. They have men en
gaged in dairying ; they have scrub or
other inferior bulls which should be
replaced ; and they have the need for
Any community In which there are
200 or more cows can better afford
to have n. bull association than it can
afford to be without one; and if the
people of the community are neighbor
ly and able to work together in every
day business affairs, they can just a?
well have a strong association with
all its benefits. (
[ELD, S. C.
ito - - . $190,000.00
nCE IS WHAT WE
or the year 1921. Invest your
est Bearing Certificates of
ich to keep your valuable pa
to us pleasantly and carefully
BROS. & CO.
s and Dealers in
Hay and all
ti Patch Horse Feed
id Fenwick Streets
R. R. Tracks
e, C. E.May.'
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ian character and thorough se?ol
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'rice in private homes moderate,
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