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Animals and Summer Heat.
Thousands of people in the United
States are fleeing from the heat of
.the sweltering cities and seeking the
cool breezes which fan the summer
resorts of the mountains and of the
seashore. These are the people who'
.are fortunate in possession of more
of the goods of this world than oth
ers. In the great cities of the north
the little children of the poor must
seek the air of tenement roofs in or
. der to escape death while the pet
dogs of the rich are taken to palatial
hotels to enjoy the breath of the sea.
Those of us who live in the less
crowded cities complain a great deal
about the summer's heat. We permit
ourselves all kinds of summer luxu
ries, but .still we complain. We give
np strenuous work and lie for hours
enjoying the comforts of home, but
forever we complain and fume about
the misery of life and the burden of
While we complain we never think
of the poor old horses and mules,
poorly fed, sadly ill used, which pass
our doors every day with burdens
which thoughtless and cruel men have
placed upon them. We never think
of the thousands of poor animals of
every kind which suffer the tortures
of heat and which, must suffer in si
lence. We never think how many
dumb brutes in the world suffer each
day because they lack proper food
and water and fit places in which to '
During these warm days let us
think a little of the dumb animals?
The faithful horses and mules have
to do their work in the streets of the
city in the summer just as they have
-to woTk in the winter. They know no
rest from labor. Many of them never
even hear a kind word. Many of them
stagger daily in the heat of the
"broiling noonday sun beneath the
lashes of drivers who ought to be
In prison stripes.
If we should spend a little time in
thinking about aiding the work of
, those who seek, to make the world a
hetter and' kindlier place for animals
we would find we would not complain
so much about our own ills.
The following hot weather 'dont's'
furnished by the American Humane
. Association are interesting and time
"Don't forget that your horse
helps to earn your living.
"Don't forget that he will repay
you for his cost if you treat him right
"Don't stand him in the sun when
by moving across the street or
Around the corner you can find shade.
?"Don't put the same load on him
when the thermometer is at 90 as
..you do when it is just above he
"Don't fail to give him water at
""Don't fail to bathe his head with
Don't give him whiskey unless ad
vised by a veterinary surgeon.
Don't take any yourself. Whiskeyj
heats the blood, and much of the
abuses of animals are directly trac
jable to intemperance.
"Don't fail to wash your horse's
"Don't fail, if he shows signs of
-exhaustion, to give him an half hour's
. Don't fail, if heat exhaustion con
tinues to bathe his entire body with
"Don't fail, in extreme cases, to.
. apply ice to the head and ice water
.to the body, so as to reduce the tem
Don't lash your horse when he is
.doing the best he can. I
Don't lash him at any time. He'll
?. do better if you are kind to him.
Don't swear at him. Profanity is
offensive and never does any good.
Don't forget that a horse hus feel-j
ings like yourself, and can feel either j
"the lashg of your whip or of your I
"Don't forget that he is a faithful
?servant if treated properly.
"Don't hesitate about employing
. veterinary aid when your horse
shows signs of being sick.
'"Don't take advice from the man
^in the crowd who 'knows it all' and
J is .always on hand. People who really
i know are not very free to offer ad
THE T30NFEDDERATE COLLEGE
No. 62 Broad Street
CHARLESTON, S. C.
A BOARDING and DAY School
for Girls. Begins its session Septem
ber 27, 1921. Historic institution sit
uated in a healthy location.
Advantage of city life with large
college yard for outdoor sports. A
WELL PLANNED COURSE of stud
ies in a homelike atmosphere.
A BUSINESS COURSE open to
Seniors and Elective courses to-Ju
niors and Seniors.
Or King's Hew Discwsn
HUS THE COUGH. CUPES THE LUNGS
COMMUNITY CLUB IS
ORGANIZED IN IOWA
Boys and Giris Carry Out Inter?
, esting Program of Work.
Club Has Advantage of Encouraging
Young People in Local Problems
and Probably Will Be Means of
Holding Them on Farms.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
A team of club boys from Cass
county, Iowa, won the pig club dem
onstration at the state fair last fall
Later the United States Department
of Agriculture asked this team to
demonstrate daily in its exhibit at the
National Swine show at Des Moines.
Immediately thereafter the members
of this demonstration team, with oth
er enthusiastic boys and girls of their
home community, organized the "Pro
gressive Club of Washington Town
ship," with their .own officers and
program of work.
Regular monthly meetings of the
club are held. Part of the time ls
given over to songs and yells and a
game hour The business program
includes discussions of subjects re
lated to the farra or home. Reports
Members of Pib Club Exhibiting Their
from members who are engaged In
various club activities, telling their
experiences and results, also form a
part of the program.
The boys decided to enroll in a pig
club this year and the girls to take
rip sewing club work. A committee
has been appointed for each group to
secure new members. It ls planned
to put on a demonstration by each sec
tion of the club at the state fair next
The local leader of the club is a
rural teacher and the work is done
under the direction of the county
agent, who has already received re
quests from other communities near
by asking how they could form sim
ilar clubs. Such a club has the ad
vantage of Interesting the boys and
giris of a community In local prob
lems and will probably be the means
of encouraging them to remain in farra
CONTROL GRAPEVINE LOOPER
Green Worm ls Sometimes Destruc
tive, to Garden and Arbor Grapes
-Kill By Spraying.
The grapevine looper, a green worm
about an inch and a half long, some
tunes destructive to garden and arbor
grapes and to Virginia creeper, has
been found by United States Depart
ment of Agriculture observers doing
some damage to vineyards In the
Chautauqua belt along Lake Erie. Tb**
worm ordinarily feeds from early in
Juue until the middle of July.
It may be killed by spraying. A
solution of 1% pounds of powdered
arsenate of lead to 50 gallons of
liquid has been found effective. The
poison may be used in water or may
be combined with bordeaux mixture
used to control fungous disease. A
spray application directed primarily
against the grapevine rootworm and
the grape-berry moth, immediately
after the blossoms fall, Incidentally
controls the grapevine looper.
SMALL FRUITS IN ORCHARDS
Blackberries, Dewberries, Strawberries j
and Grapes Generally Give Good
Small fruits should have a place In
every orchard. For the home fruit
supply, blackberries, dewberries,
strawberries, grapes and other small
fruits generally give a good account
of themselves, when planted on good
soil and given the proper attention.
A small area of land, set to small
fruits, will often bring In more j
revenue than the rest of the fnrm, pro-1
vided, of course, there is a market for I
the surplus fruits.
BUGS CARRY WILT BACTERIA
Green Beetles Transmit Disease From
One Plant to Another by
Means of Jaws.
Striped green beetles which infest
cuenmbers have been found to carry
wilt bacteria in their jaws not only
from one plant to another, but they
often keep these bacteria alive over
a winter in their intestinal tract and
infect the plants in the spring, ac
cording to plant pathologists of the
United States Department of Agri
Crop ls of Great Importance for
Soiling, Hay, Silage and
USEFUL TD INCREASE HUMUS
Farmers' Bulletin Points Out Diff?rant
Methods of Growing and Harvest
ing lt for Each of Its- Vari
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Few crops can be utilized In as
great a variety of ways as cowpeas.
For centuries they bave been grown
for human food in Asia, Africa and In
the Mediterranean region of Europe.
In this country, particularly in the
southern states, the crop ls common
ly used for this purpose, but Its most
Important use by far is in the feeding
of live stock, being utilized for soiling,
hay, silage and pasture. It is also of
great value as a green-manure crop to
Increase the humus and nitrogen con
tent of the soil upon which It ls grown.
These are points brought out in Farm
ers' Bulletin 1153, "Cowpeas: Utiliza
tion," recently published by the Uni
ted States Department of Agriculture,
which discusses not only the utiliza
tion of the crop, but the methods of
growing and harvesting lt for each of
Its various uses.
Have High Food Value.
Cowpeas are not grown for seed
more generally because of the uncer
tainty of the crop, the expense of har
vesting and the comparatively low
yield obtained. In localities well suit
ed to production it will be found
highly profitable to grow cowpea seed
on a large scale, especially If the best
machinery for handling the crop Is
used. Tlie seed has a high feeding
value, but is rarely cheap enough to
be used as feed. It can be stored for
a considerable length of time without
much danger of loss of vitality. As lt
is subject to attacks from Insects, es
pecially the cowpea weevil, the seed
produced In southern states should be ?
placed In cold storage, the bulletin
Cowpea hay is an excellent forage
for all kinds of stock. Even the straw
obtained from threshing the peas for
seed ls a valuable stock feed. As a
rule cowpeas should not be cut for hay
before the pods begin to turn yellow.
The best quality Is produced and the
hay cures most readily if the vines
are cut when most of the pods are full
grown and a considerable part of them
matured. If cut before this stage the
vines are watery and difficult to cure,
while if left too late before cutting
there will be an unnecessary loss of
leaves In handling and the stems Will j
be tough and woody. The hay is I
somewhat difficult to cure, but with J
Cowpeas Grown With Sorghum Make?
Good Stock Feed.
attention to the stage of growth and to
weather conditions little more trouble
will be experienced in ortainlng well
cured cowpea hay than clover or al
The bulletin recommends that cow
pea hay be substituted In the southern
states for much of the hay now being
purchased from the North and West.
Cowpeas alone-have not given good
results as a silage crop. In addition
to the high protein content, the green
vines contain a large proportion of
water, producing a watery silage that
keeps poorly and ls not well relished
by stock. The best silage ls obtained
when this crop Is grown with corn or
Serve Best for Hogs.
Although pasturing cowpeas ls not
thought the best farm practice, under
certain conditions lt is advisable and
quite profitable. Any kind of live
stock may be pastured on cowpeas,
but hogs are generally used. The best
time for turning the stock on cowpeas
ls when the crop has reached the stage
of maturity thought best for hay.
As a soiling crop, the cowpea can
be used advantageously to supplement
crops with less protein, sucn UM corn,
sorghum and millet. It is used more
as a soil builder than any other legume,
because it ls so easily grown, has such
a markeri effect upon succeeding crops,
and thrives under a great diversity
- . . --.r-v;..
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