Newspaper Page Text
Cattle bringing Only About
Half What They Did in
Chicago.-The debt laden Amer
ican farmer is between the devil and
the deep blue sea.
On one hand be is being warned
from the market centers of the coun
try: "Don't ship!" His markets are
On the other, the country bankers
and merchants are urging him to sell
and "pay up."
Not since the disastrous crisis of a
year ago has the situation confront
ing the agriculturist and stock grow
ers been so menacing to his peace
- -of mind and pockketbook as it- is to
Cattle values have dropped $1
. per hundred weight in the last week
and are now at the lowest mark
Hogs and sheep are on the tobog
Wheat features are at the lowest
level of the season.
Corn is the lowest since 1908.
Oats is the lowest since 1906 for
The average traders at the market
" ?enters do not know what to make
of such markets. A certain amount
of stagnation had been anticipated,
due to business depression and un
employment with its resultant re
trenchment on the part of the bay
ing public, but nothing like what is
happening had been expected. There
is, in their opinion, only one imme
diate remedy, and that is to slow up
supplies coming to the markets.
Thus the buck has been passed to
the farmer. *
ASK FARMERS NOT TO SHIP.
The effect of ?rn unprecedented
appeal sent broadcast by the Chica
go livestock exchange, asking raisers
ty restrict the shipment of cattle to
?the packing centers, will be. felt this
week. The result, however, is not ex
pected to help the farmer beyond the
the point of preventing, if possible,
further price declines, as the ware-,
houses of the east are loaded with
dressed beef and very little will be
?needed for some time to come.
An idea of how the cattle situa
tion is hitting the farmer can be
gleaned from the following figures:
Average price -of cattle today $8.75
One year ago-today_14.85
Corresponding time 1919_15.85
(Corresponding time 1918_15.60
WHO GETS THE DIFFERENCE.
A surprising feature of the situa
tion is that although farmers are be
ing forced to'accept sharp drops in
prices, the cost to the consumer for
meat remains virtually the same.
The big packers say that the small
retail butchers are holding up prices
to the public. The butchers in turn
have their alibi. Increased cost of
operation, according to John A. Ko
tal, secretary of the United Master
-Butchers of America, is one reason.
He. says overhead expenses have
quadrupled in the last fi"e years.
The stock growers and farmers,
generally, speaking, are not in a po
sition to hold up their products.
They have been slowly recovering
from last year's attack of economic
sickness and need money to pay off
the doctor. Theirs is a dilemma.
They can't afford to run up a new
.hill.-Kansas City Star.
Folded Bills prove Money
An observer of men and things
seated on the iron rail in front of
the Postal Telegraph station late
yesterday afternoon dreamily watch
ed an old negro Carefully fold a one
dollar bill and still more carefully
fasten the pocket worn leather p'urse
which contained it. "Have you noti
ced the number of bills being handed
across counters with crease in
them?" he asked a friend standing
.near by. "When you see dollar bills
with creases in 'em, times are hard
and money is scarce. People don't
keep money till it wears itself out
when its plentiful and easy to get.
PU bet you a dollar myself that half
the bills being handed, across that
ten cent store, "have creases in them
hke they had been ironed." From the
way paper money is showing its
creases, you would think the country
had turned tight wad. The speaker's
?companion grunted a comment at
2?S friend's philosophy and hasten
ed to remark at the brevity of a pas
flow To tflve Quinine To Children.
PEBRH.INE ts the trade-mark ?une giren to an
improved Quinine. It la a Tasteless Syrup, pleas,
am to take and does not disturb the stomach.
Children take it and never kr ow it ls Quinine.
Also especially adapted to adults who cannot
?alee ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate not
canse nervousness nor ringing in the head. Try
St the nat time you need Quinine for. any pur
TN. Ask for 2-0ance original package. The
.?USCTEtBSJjJMB is blown in bottle. 25 eenie
To Preveut Blood Poisoning,
Apply at once the wonderful old reliarle DI
PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING Oil,, a sut
?kal dressing; that relieves pain and heals at
?V sun? time. Not a liniment 25c.50c.Ji.ec.
Greece is finding out that Turkey
can talk turkey.
Germany's marks might be regarded
aa concealed targets.
. About all a city man has In a gar
den is a growing suspicion.
A lawn owner fights lt out on that
dandelion If it takes all summer.
Communism Is hard pressed when
nobody has anything to. divide up.
The prince of Wales has achieved a
boyish ambition in becoming a jockey.
Flume must be getting back to nor
malcy. It ls reported to be having
Old "strict economy" has been get
ting a workout during the last few
The fellows who sell the stills
haven't complained that business ii
Japan may have a dual nature, but
she has a single mind when it comes
Nearly every one knows somebody he
considers eligible for the feeble-minded
_ Just as normalcy seems near along
comes this Einstein theory to upset
There ls a lot of grafting that
doesn't have any part at all in hor
Butter and eggs are down, but you
can't prove it by the price of an egg
. Twice as many brunettes as blondes
are marrying in France. That war
ls still on.
Europe's deposed kings are trying te
don the purple again, and all they get
is the sack. /
? Restaurant pie proceeds on the
hypothesis that man wants but little
A league to repress grandmothers is
a crying need, according to the moth
The money we lose by American
girls marrying foreign baronets ls oui
Judge Landis does well In reminding
applicants of the obligations of Amerl.
Short dresses are now explained.
A statistician discovers that women
are growing taller.
Immigration is not to be shut ott,
"but the charge In the melting pot ls
to be diminished.
Germany is suffering from counter
feiters. She's always getting bad
marks, these days.
"Americans are lazy talkers," says
an Englishman, thereby proving' him?
selfra lazy thinker.
Thirteen combines fix prices,T lt Is
said. Another unlucky number-for
the ultimate consumer.
Philadelphia reports four thieves
stealing a tombstone. Possibly to
prove they were not "dead ones."
The chief objection to winning the
world's chess championship Is the fail?
ure to obtain a paying vaudeville con
The proposed 2% cent piece would
permit of a little profiteering by the
consumer who has to feel now like
Plans are under way ln% Washington
to stabilize the dollar but the minute
lt finds Itself in a meat market it will
go all to pieces.
An Illinois minister propounds the
formula that "A kiss a day keeps di
vorce away." Doesn't it all depend on
who gets them?
After wrestling with those income
tax returns so recently the American
public should find Einstein's theory
merely a diversion.
Cancer is pronounced curable, but
no progress is reported in the case
of the next door neighbor who
practices on a flute.
Soap has dropped 20 per cent in
price. Now who will offer us some
financial relief for the other six
nights of the week?
Five hundred or more American sol
diers on the Rhine have married na
tive girls. What effect will that have
on the, peace resolution?
It might discourage the dandelion to
read the t Hst copied by a professor
in the University of Kansas of all the
good uses to which the dandelion may
Many Russian Reds are asking the
re-establishment of savings banks.
That would be awkward. It would re
quire a good-sized bank to hold 94
worth of paper rubles.
Wholesale prices have taken another
drop of three per cent, according.to the
aU-cwnmoditles index in, Washington.
When it comes to beefsteak, it moat bs
that that page ls torn out. *
Co-operative Creameries ai
Clemson College, Aug. 27, "V
the low price on cotton and the g
damage done by the boll we<
many people are turning their at
tion to dairying as a. substitute
the income formerly received thro
cotton. Some of these people
also realizing that the greatest
come can be derived only thro
organized dairying; and as a re
quite a few efforts are made to
tablish cooperative creameries
i dairy plants, by people either dir
ly or indirectly interested. This
wen, because there is no doubt i
cooperation is the only way to ins
the best results. However, th
seems to be ?n opinion preval
that it is an easy matter to star
co-operative plant of this kind. 1
fortunately, this is not so; on
contrary, to organize properly a
operative organization of any k
and^carry it to ultimate success i
not be done by every "Tom, Di
and Harry," but requires the best
forts of the best people directly
terested. The following are so
of the main points.to observe in
ganizing a co-operative cr?ame
Past- experiences prove that they ;
fundamental, says M. R. Tolstr
associate professor of dairying.
1. The purpose of a co-operat
creamery or dairy plant is to prov
the most profitable outlet for 1
dairy farmer's product, whether it
whole milk or cream.
2. The product from 600 to 8
cows is necessary in order to redt
the overhead expenses to a reas<
able figure. Ordin?rily the Tarj
the plant, the cheaper it can be <
erated per unit of products mar
3. Local conditions may be sn
that a. smaller number of cows c
profitably support a local co-ope:
tive creamery, especially in mot
tainous sections where it is hard
find any outlet for individua
same is true where the goods can
sold at retail and an extra incoi
4. Where cheese can be made,
minimum of from 4000 to 50
pounds of whole milk a day
enough for profitable operation.
5. A co-operative creamery shou
never be started unless the peoj.
really want it.
Order of Organization.
1 Make a preliminary survey \
the neighborhood wher^q. creamery,
to be started and learn: ,v
(a) Number, of cows av-ftilal
Do not bank too strongly on co\
which people say they will buy lat
(b) Number of shares each mi
will take. It is best to have eai
man take a share for each cow ]
has. Shares may be $5.00, or $10.0
or higher. Banks generally take*" tl
farmers' notes for this money.
(c) Amount of money requir<
for starting a creamery; anywhe:
from $8,000.00 up will be requin
where a building is to be erected
(d) Banking facilities. A goc
bank is indispensable for a goc
(e) Attitude of the* people t<
wards a crean.-cry.
(f) Availibility of a suitable sit?
A creamery well located saves ope;
ating expenses, and makes succ?s
more easily attained.
(g) A town where much rur?
business is transacted is always bes
for a creamery, because people lik
.to bring their milk and cream to th
town where they trade.
(h) Railroad facilities. This itel
is important especially where mill
cream, butter, and ice cream are t
be shipped to the trade.
Remember that there are som
places .which within q year or tw<
may be excellent for ? creamerV, bu
where failure may result if it is s,tart
ed now. People must be ready.
2. Let the farmers do the work
If the farmers are not willing to d<
the work of starting the creamery
the chances are they will not be will
ing to run it after it is started.
3. " Remember that the producers
are the backbone of the creamery
The non-producers may be a stock
holder to help along, but it is bettei
to have all producers.
.4. Elect capable officers. Don't
elect a man because he is a "good
fellow"-business ability is what you
5. Give the officers undivided sup
port. Remember they are working
for your interest.
6. Get suitable constitution and
by-laws and live up to them.
7. Give one man one vote, and
one only in all matters pertaining to
8. See to it that the creamery
and its surroundings are clean and
1.9. Deliver only the best products
Your taste will tell you that! For Camels:
have the flavor and fragrance of choicest?tobaccos,
perfectly blended. They're smooth and mellow
And there's NO CIGARETTY. AFTER!-*
We put the utmost quality, into this one brand.
Camels are as good as it's possible for skill, money
and remember that you are a part
owner of the concern.
10. Be sure to get a. competent
^manager. - Cheap management is ex
pensive-in the long-'run. .
To remove paint spots from win
dows rub with steel wool.
When you feel cross, go rest a few
minutes and you will usually find
your good nature restored.
Do not talk about a child in his
presence, he hears you even though
he may not seem to.
It is perfectly safe to order goods
direct from the dealers advertising
in the Progressive Farmer or other
A few drops of cologne or toilet
vinegar in the bath water is most
refreshing on hot days.
Are you tired of that pale colored
sweater? Then why not dye it with
one of the soap dyes you see adver
tised. It will look like new.
To keep the oil stove looking clean
and bright, wipe it off with a soft
cloth moistened with a few drops of
sewing machine oil: if there is rust
remove it with kerosene.
With soap so cheap it is strange
there are homes with squeaking doors
and sticking bureau drawers. Just
rub it on the edge.
We are always glad to receive the
experience letters from farm wives,
but doubly glad to receive those that
give definite, practical help to other
Plant some kale, New Zealand spin
ach, mustard, and radishes for fresh
greens in the autumn months. They
will not only taste well but will save
the canned foods for use later in the
Select the handsomest cockerels
now and give them special care so
that you will have one worthy hf
showing at the fair. A bird with
white plumage should be kept in a
shady run for some weeks before ex
hibition time so he will not be sun
The United States Public Health
Service calls attention to the fact
that only 23 states have efficient
birth regisratio*> laws, 18 have im
perfect ones, ana 5 have none at all.
Inability to prove age may cause all
sorts of legal troubles later in life in
proving citizenship, in voting, and in
inheriting, for instance. Do not for
get to make sure that the new arri
val in your home has been registered
tm g * J j /?? nrn^nsST FOB
l^' ^?TjL-l$iL BILIOUSNESS
Zm. ?/?TTERS AND tIDN?l?S
Notice to Builders
.--?<-.?... 4 ? ??- j .u. ? . v. :. ? ;. ?? (fei
We have Doors, Sash, Blinds, Ceiling, Siding, Flooring, Mantels, *
Store Fixtures, and can do all.kinds of high-class work. Designing and
estimates furnished on application. J
We make a specialty of furnishing High-Class Flooring and Ceiling. '
Get pur prices on Porch and Lawn Sets.
Yours for Prompt Service
Sash, Door and Lumber Co.
JOHNSTON, *. C.
Get a Good Night's Rest
Sleep is just as necessary
to health as food' The
ability to sleep depends on
the condition of the nerves.
Dr. Miles' Nervine
insures a good night's reit
It will help any nervous
condition from sleepless?
ness to epilepsy. 'Your
money back if the .first
bottle fails to benefit yon.
You'll find Dr. Miles'
Medicines in all drug stores
GINNER3, OIL MILLS AND MACHINERY OPERATORS
We have a large and weA assorted stock of Machinery Supplies at present
low prices. We only mention a few of tbem:
Packing, all kinds
Wrenches, all kinds
" Engine Governors, Pipe, Valves, Fittings
We have anything that should be found in a first-class machinery supply
Columbia Supply Company
B23 W. GERVAIS ST. j COLUMBIA, S. C