Newspaper Page Text
Supreme Court Orders N
Trial for Kenneth Gossel
Kenneth Gossett, . convicted
criminally assaulting a young i
woman in Abbeville county in A
1920, is given a new trial by
state supreme court, the decisioi
versing the lower court being ha
down here yesterday. The cour
mands the case back to the gel
sessions court of Abbeville for 4
<jjtedings conformable to law."
^.Associate Justice Cothran v
the opinion and the entire court
?curred, the new trial being gra
on the grounds that Grossett
not given a fair trial by the sp<
court. Justice Cothran severely
icises the statute under which sp<
courts are called and cites a nun
of incidents to show that an acei
has no showing under the pre
policy of special courts.
The colart also severely critic
the spirit of mobs ?nd says
where trials are held under co
tions similar to those obtaining at
Gosett case it is a "judicial lyi
ing." The Abbeville court was ca
to try the Grossetts alone.
The opinion affects a number
other special courts held recei
and virtually says these courts co
not give a defendant a fair ti
Several trials by special courts, il
recalled, have resulted in electro
tions and "Pink" Griffin is now
'the penitentiary' k under death s
tence by a verdict of a'jury cal
together especially to try him f
the circumstances are a good d
similar to the Gossett case. No ,
peal bas been taken in the Grif
case and "Feetie" Fogl? has airea
been electrocuted by a special coi
Speaks of Mob Violence.
Speaking of mob violence and 1
effect of the public mind in tri;
like Gossett's and the section une
which the court was called, Justi
?othran says : "We are convine
that the procedure provided for
this section is a bold concession
the spirit of mob law; and preser
the spectacle of the law, strong ai
mighty, bowing to the despotism
the mob, which has been declared
be greater than the tyranny of
despot. It provides a miserable coi
promise with lynch law, enabling tl
law to bargain with the mob to sti
its hand and allow the court, und
the form of law, to accomplish wb
is equally as reprehensible, a jud
"It is .notorious that such bargaii
have been made; the angry mob h;
been appeased by the promise of
quick special court to try the offei
er under circumstances that rend*
his conviction inevitable.
"There.can be no compromise wii
the spirit of lynching for any erinn
those who compose such a mob ai
themselves without the pale of la
and commit a. crime not only agaim
the victim of their vengeance, bi
against the majesty of the law. The
are not Entitled to recognition a
legitimate parties to a compact. The
trample under their dusty feet th
pandects of our civilization and spi
upon the sacred rights of the ind
-vidual; The law ought to be, and ii
strong enough to treat them as crim
The Gossett case has attracte
considerable attention for moire tha;
a year. Two brothers, Kennetli an
Jolin Gossett, were charged wit!
criminal assault upon two younj
white women of Abbeville. Feelinj
against the men was said to hav
been bitter at the time and a specia
court was requested by Solicito
Blackwell.-This court was orderer
and held early in April of 1920.
Kenneth Gossett was convictei
with a recommendation to mercy an<
sentenced by Judge Sease to serv<
40 years in the penitentiary. He i
now in the prison awaiting the ac
tion of the supreme court on his plei
for a new trial.
A large number of exception
were made by the attorneys for Gos
sett, but the supreme court only con
sidered the matter of whether or no
the accused had been given a fai:
trial and concluded that he had not
Criticises the Statute.
The legality of the court wai
among the exceptions taken and th<
high tribunal criticises the 'statut<
providing for such a court, holdinj
that the section of the code undei
which such courts are called is no'
fair to the defendant, At presen
the solicitor merely asks for the cour
and it is granted, it is pointed out
Prior to the act of 1900 only th<
chief justice or the presiding asso
elate justice and a circuit judge hold
ing court in the particular countj
could call special courts.
The law now throws to the wine
the sensible and just guarantee of
fered by the formr method of proce
dur?", it is pointed out, It makes nc
provisiow for a showing, a hearing
or a determination of the fact that
public interest, which includes a fair
.trial to the defendant, demands a
special court, the opinion adds. The
solicitor has absolute power under
the present act, the court says.
"The defendant is entitled to be
tried in an orderly manner, however
guilty he may be, in a calm judicial
atmosphere," the opinion says. The
nature of the crime, time of trial,
circumstances of the trial and the
public mind are all of gravest con
cern to the accused, it is pointed out
and will have a bearing on the ver
dict. "What was the reason for a
court asks. There was apparently no
crowded docket, as the Gossett case
was the only one tried and this could
have waited until the next term.
"Circumstances of this trial demon
strate beyond a doubt that Gossett,
under the operations of the section
we are considering now, was not con
victed by due process of law -and
was denied equal protection of the
No Change of Venue. T~
.A motion for a change of venue
was denied and the court points' out
that 100 affidavits were offered to
show that a fair trial could not be
had; the sheriff had suggested mili
tia; the foreman of the grand, jury
made an affidavit saying that the
two Gossetts could not be brought
safely to Abbeville on account of the
sentiment against them. A request
for a continuance was also denied.
"The failure to employ local defense
is a striking index to public senti
ment at the trial," Justice Cothran
The fact that ten days' notice is
required by the law for the drawing
of a jury and only five were given
at Abbeville was not allowed to stop
the trial, it is pointed out. If the
statuary notice had seen given, the*
trial could not have been held at
the time, the court says, "but a slight
statuary regulation must not stand
in the way." The condition of Abbe
ville at the time is clearly shown,
Mr. Cothran says, when after a ver
dict of not guilty had been directed
as to John Gossett the defendant,
[had to be slipped out of town for
fear of violence.
j In conclusion, the court cays that
no reflection whatsoever is meant to
be cast upon Solicitor Blackwell.
The State. *
ON FIRE FROM THE CIGARET.
Carson C. Hathaway.
One evening early in January,
1921, a cloud of dense smoke began
pouring from the basement of the
Department of Commerce building
in Washington, D. C. Two. hours later
when the fire was extinguished two
facts were disclosed. One was that
invaluable census records dating
back over half a century had been
ruined beyond hope of restoration.
The other was that the fire had been
caused by a cigaret.
' Three other disastrous blazes in
the government departments in re
cent months have been traced to the
same cause. A measure on the sub
ject has been introduced in Congress
and has aroused much favorable com
A great amount of government
time is wasted by smoking during
office hours. If one fourth of the
employes took only ten minutes off
during a day to smoke in the halls
or lobbies it would take a man four
hundred and seventy-six working
days to make up the time lost. If
these employes smoke only two cig
arets a day the cigarets used, if
placed end to end, would reach over
fourteen times as high as the Wash
ington'Monument, the highest struc
ture of its kind in the world.
The bill providing for the, pro
hibition of smoking in government
buildings reads as follows:
"The heads of executive depart
ment's and independent establish
ments of the government are hereby
directed to issue and enforce such
regulations as will prevent smoking
in those portions owned or leased by
the government, and used by any
executive department, *or indepen
dent establishment, in which such
smoking endangers government prop
erty or constitutes a hindrance to'
the efficient conduct of government
business.-- Palmetto White Ribbon.
Hemstreet & Alexander
647 Broad Street
Dealers in Guns, Revolvers and
Repairing of Fire Arms, Bicycles,
Key Fitting a Specialty.
Tue nest cellars don't ?eera to reilsn
The reel and the real are often mis
taken for each other.
By the way, whatever has happened
to the blue law crusade?
The wages of sin are about the only
ones that are not being reduced.
The market basket inflation Is keep
ing pace with the rise of the dollar.
It's almost seven years since the
war began, and lt is still going strong.
Hungary decided that, whatever ls
ailing it, an emperor is not the cure.
Greece is having a hard time hook
ing up Turkey with a thanksgiving
It takes longer to descend from the
peak of high prices than It did to
Importation of cheap foreign fab
rics makes the survival of the flt very
The most popular new model auto
mobile would be one that leaves off
The navy balloons seem to be al
together too free, so far as joy rides
Uncle Sam paid off $71,580,320 in
March and all he owes now is a mere
The poor, somehow, always seem to
come out of the smalf end of the
horn of plenty.
The synthetic cow that ls proposed
may be closely related, to the pump:
of former days.
And then again, the trick ls to get
one blade of grass to grow where
none grew, before.
What has become of that D'Annunzio
person whose name used to be on the
front page so often?
Cheer up ! Even for those who can
not get a poet's license there is pos
sible a fishing license.
One reason the country ls short of
homes ls that too much money bas
been put into the cellars.
Nowadays when you hear of a punc
ture you don't know whether lt's a
tire or a wage adjustment
The man who made $15 to $20 a
day by begging, while lt lasted, had
a better job than working.
Milady's latest ls artificial eye-'
lashes. She seems to have used up
the visible supply of pencils.
Nowadays there are many things
that are "a darned sight better busi
ness than loafin' round a throne."
Some men get fringes on the bot
toms of their trousers putting fur on
the bottoms of their wives' skirts.
Hie prince of Wales may be Im
pulsive, but he does not exhibit it in
picking out the next queen of England.
? The ultimate consumer remains
cola, dead cold, to all those precipi
tous drops of prices in the wholesale
Fortunate is the amateur who
knows which growing things to cut
off wita the hoe and which to. leave
Einstein says he sees an end to
time and space. This robs the world
of all chance of ever understanding
Portugal ls broke and wants Uncle
well, there's a sort of understanding
around that he is pretty well off and
a blt easy.
If France rules the air, will lt kind
ly speak to the neighbor on. the wind
ward who mixes rubber with his
French farmers also are fighting
daylight saving. They have an addi
tional grievance that It makes them
work on German time.
The farmers- are saying that if
things don't improve about the only
thing that will be run into the ground
this season will be their prices.
One of the things Lenin Is trying
to live down, ls that statement issued
a few months ago that soviet Kassia
Intended to do without money.
Aberdeen professor predicts that a
race of biped lizards will rule the
world a million years hence. Not if
they are of the curbstone variety.
Experts in finance and commerce are
tO agreed that the business depres
i?n has touched bottom and that the
iawn of a revival Is here. That's the
A reduction in the price of window
glass of 21 per cent ls about the most
Interesting, item of baseball news that
a . schoolboy has come across this
The population of the United States
ls 16 per cent denser than It was ten
year? ago. Judging from some things
the people fall for, we had feared It
was worse than that.
BUTTER SH?PPED IN SUMMER
Parcel Post Will P*ove Entirely Satis
factory if Proper Conditions
(Prepared by the United States Depart
? ment of Agriculture.)
Parcel post shipments of butter are
likely to be subjected to conditions,
especially during the summer, which
may cause deterioration and Injure the
quality of the butter. It Is highly de
sirable, say specialists of the United
States Department of Agriculture,
that every possible precaution be tak
en before shipment Particularly ls
this tme of farm-made butter, because
.conditions affecting Its quality and
'condition usually cannot be controlled
as easily as In creameries. Farm
made butter, however, should be mar
keted just as satisfactorily as oream
ery-made butter when It ls properly
made and prepared for shipment
It is necessary to maintain proper
conditions? 'n the care of the milk and
Several- Thicknesses - of Old Newspa
pers Should Be Wrapped Around the
Butter .Before Inclosing lt in the
cream and the making of butter If a
marketable product is to be produced.
Too much Importance, it is said, can
not be given to maintaining cleanly
conditions In the stable and In other
places where the milk, cream, or but
ter are produced or kept for they ab
sorb odors and spoil very quickly. It
is Important too, that these products
be kept ia. a cool place. High temper
atures should always be avoided, as
they produce a soft, oily condition of
the butter which is undesirable.
In manufacturing butter on the farm
orin a factory the buttermilk must
be removed and . washed out and the
proper amount of salt must be incor
porated evenly. Frequently parcel
post shipments of farm butter are un
satisfactory to customers because
proper methods were not used In mak
ing lt. und tlf Quality and condition of
TOe1' butter thereby irijlured before if
was, shipped. For the, satisfaction of
customers it is important that a uni
form quality of butter be produced.
Methods used In preparing butter
for parcel post shipping depend large
upon the local conditions and style
package used. To Insure delivery
the best possible state, butter, after
being packed,, printed and placed In
cartons, should be chilled or hardened
thoroughly before lt 1B shipped.
One of the most satisfactory ways
preparing.butter for shipment is in
regular one-pound prints, the stand
ard print measuring 2% by 2% by 4%.
inches. Every pound print should be
neatly wrapped In regular butter
parchment or paper. A second thick
ness of such paper has been found to
add materially to the carrying possi
bility of the butter. Waxed paper may
used for the second wrapping. As
further protection to the print it
should be placed In heavy manila
paraffin cartons, which may be ob
tained from folding paper-box com
panies, either plain or printed as s
stock carton or with a special private
Corrugated fiber-board shipping con
tainers of various sizes may be ob
tained for shipping one-pound prints
butter. These boxes or containers
practlcaHy Insulate the butter and fur
nish mnch protection against hent
Further protection may he obtained by
wrapping the container in stout wrap
ping paper. Tbe whole should be tied
securely with a strong cord. In tying
the twine it should be drawn tightly
around the package so as to Insure
Some persons ship butter by parcel
post in Improvised or home-made con
tainers. Clean, discarded, corrugated ]
paperboard cartons are obtained from
the grocer or otheij merchant at small,
tost or frequently without any cost at
. It Is possible to cut a piece of
paper board In such shape and size
that when lt Is folded It will form a
LIKE FEEDING COWS IN DARK
Wisconsin Farmer Praises Cow-Test
ing Association as Guide-Board
to Better Dairying.
"When I bought my farm two years
ago there was a herd of scrub cows
on lt" writes a,Wisconsin fanner to
a field agent of the dalry division,
United States Department of Agricul
ture. *T joined the cow-testing associ
ation, and soon found that my scrub
cows were a failure, so I disposed of
them and bought some purebred and
grade Holstein cows. The cow-tast
ing association Is a gulde-toard on,
the way to better dairying and a big
saving In feeds, as one can feed to
so much better advantage where the
production Is known. Trying to feed
without records of your cows Is like
feeding in the dark."
GRAND OPERA HOUSE !
We take this means of informing our Edgefield *
friends that we have moved our restaurant from 851 *
Broad Street to 315 Jackson Street, opposite the Grand +
Opera House. Here we are combined with the Chile's J
restaurant. v J
We are modernly equipped and up-to-date in every *
feature of our restaurant. We employ the most skilled |
cooks and competent, polite waiters. We purchase f
the best articles ot food obtainable and guarantee to f
please our patrons. : *
Our restaurant has become far-famed for its 40-cent ?
lunches. Our a la carte service is also the oest possible r
and is now 30 per cent cheaper than formerly on ac- i
count of the decline in prices all along the line. Do ??
not fail to give us a call when in Augusta. +
The V. & L Restaurant ?
I 315 Jackson Street Augusta, Georgia %
M It I t r I1 ?'M' M I1 MI 11V I'M HI? S-MM'I 11 111 I lill M'IM'H-?-H'
We Can Give Yeti Prompt Service
on Mill s Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rough and.Dressed Lumber on hand for
I Woodward Lumber Go.
Corner Roberts and Du gas Sts., Augusta, Ga,
Barrett & Company
COTTON FACTORS i
Augusta ----- Georgia
r' I >'I M I M I hi I li* M I M Z ?( I >:? I 11 IM I it I iii I M
Consult Your Own Interest by Consulting Us
Metal or Composition Roofing
Mantels, Tiling. Grates
Doors, Sash, etc.
Youngblood Roofing and
635 Broad St. Telphone 1697