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A. Report on Public Morals.
This Report was made at the Green
ville Baptist Association on Au
gust ll By Dr. W. L. Mc
Glothlin, President of
It is difficult to be optimistic and
happy when one studies the public
morals of the present time. The dis
integrating power of war has caused
an increase of crime throughout the
civilized world, and America not
withstanding our previous pre
eminence in crime, has shared to the
full in this "crime wave." JVhile
statistics to support the allegation
are not at hand it is believed that
crime was never more rampant in
. America than it has been the last
three or four years.
America's evil pre-eminence in
crime can be seen by a glance at
some police figures of Great Brit
ain as compared with some of our
American cities. For example the
total number of homicides for Eng
land, Scotland and Wales with 38,
000,000 people were in 1917 only
209, while the city of Washington
had 24, Detroit 94, Chicago 253,
and New York 236. I have not thej
figures at hand, but it is almost cer
tain that South Carolina had more
homicides that year than all of Great
Britain. Again there were in Eng
land, Scotland and Wales in 1917,
14,526 burglaries, while in New York
city alone there were 9,450. During
the same year the great city of Lon
don had only 2,164 burglaries. In
robberies our criminality is still more
striking. In 1915 New York had 838
robberies while all England, Scot
land and Wales had only 102. In 19
17 New York had 864 and London
with a larger population had only*38.
Take automobile thefts: In 1919 New
York had 5,527, Chicago 4,316, and
all England, Scotland and Wales had
only 290. This great disparity as to
automobile thefts can be accounted
for in part by the difference in the
number of machines operated at the
different cities, but it by no means ?
Coming closer home, let us see
from the court records of 1920, as
published by the office of the Attor
ney Geilerai some of the conditions
in South Carolina. In that year ap
proximately 240 persons were tried
in the General Sessions court for
man-slaughter and murder. This
number does not of course include
all the cases of homicide. Of those
tried approximately 130 were con
victed. Taking the state as a whole
about one half of the cases of homi-j
cide which come to trial resulted in .
convictions, but the gr?at majority J
of these were for man-slaughter and
not for murder. After a study of the
figures given out by the office of the
Attorney General I am convinced J
that the man charged with murder i
is more likely to escape than the man
charged with any other crime what
Take the court statistics for
Greenville county for the year 1920
as classified by the county clerk:
Assault with intent to kill: not'
guilty 4; guilty 22; total 26.
Car breaking: guilty 1.
Carrying c o n ce aled weapons: '
guilty 15. /
Forgery: not guilty 1; guilty 2; to
Housebreaking: not guilty 1; guilty
14; total 15/ .
Larceny: not guilty 6; guilty 44;
mistrial 3; total 53.
Murder: not guilty 6; guilty 1;
Obtaining goods under false pre
tenses: guilty 1; total 1.
Rape : not guilty 2 ; total 2.
Receiving stolen goods: not guilty
1 ; total 1.
Violation of dispensary law: not
guilty 1; guilty 43; total 44.
Adultery: guilty 3.y
Using auto without consent: not
guilty 1. '
Operated bawdy house: guilty2. *
Non-support of wife and children:
Swindling: guilty 2.
.Criminal conspiracy: guilty 2.
The grand totals .for the criminal
court of Greenville county the year
1920 are as follows: Two cases
discontinued; 19 declared not guilty
and 161 convictions, two of them be
ing death penalties. While we must
deplore the tremendous amount of
crime in our country we must also
be gratified by the large percentage
of convictions. But it shows how
cheap we hold life in South Carolina
when we realize that there were in
London inl916, only 16 murders, in
1917 only 21, in 1918 only 9, in 1919
only 10, and in ail of Scotland in
1917 there were only 6. Compare
this with the record of Greenville
county in, .1920. Greenville county
liad more than all^ Scotland.
(But if the criminal conditions are
such as^o give us deepest ?OJ
other features -of public life
scarcely less so. We must nevei
get that great progress in p
morals has been made in many
such as the oholition of the legs
liquor traffic. It will require
years to strangle the struggling
pent, but any observant and
man is compelled to believe
great progress toward ending
wiggling of the tail is being n
Public, vice and public gaml
either legalized or winked at, ar
most gone the way of slavery ar
quor. Giving to these items of i
ress their full value there is
much to pray and work for.
There is reason to believe
social gombling on a smaller or la
scale is quite common even at
tables of respectable people som
whom are members of our chun
This practice must surely pre;
the way, in some cases at least,
careers of idleness and crime.
Again the relations of the si
j is such as to give the gravest com
to all people who love humanity
the future welfare of the race,
ever increasing freedom which
ciety is giving to women is exc<
'ingly dangerous unless men g
better or women learn better 1
to take care of themselves, ' Mt
current amusements seem inevita
to "foster impurity. The moving
ture show has many erotic and s
gestive pictures which inflame j
sions and leave an indelible blot
on the minds of the young. ?
York state has just put into ope
ti on a censorship law which 1
drive into other states the most
jectionable pictures with the po
larity which their rejection in N
York will give them. The modi
dance m. some of its forms is just
objectionable as any amusement <
he, .judged from' any standpoint
decency and morals. And yet it
tolerated if not cultivated by mu
tudes of Christian people. Their
titude toward it is one of 'he gre
est puzzle in the current moral
of the day.
The use of the automobile i
joy rides at night is generally :
garded by reformers as one of t
most dangerous and difficult ft
tures of the life of the young pi
pie of to-day. One needs but to dri
out a few miles from any of o
cities and towns in the early eve
ing to get an idea of what the aut
mobile means to the purity of tl
rising generation. Noir cari the coi
mittee escape the conviction th
dress has an intimate relation
prevalent immorality. The worn?
who make their living . by immor
conduct evidently think so whatevi
respectable women may say. The ci
rious feature of current thought i
bout dress is that men have revolt?
against its frequent suggestivenei
far more vigorously than the womej
Is there ever to be enough morai ei
ergy and vigor in our Christian s<
ciety to compel reforms in these n
What are we to do in the midst c
these conditions? The committe
makes suggestions :(1) The morals o
the world are committed to the hom
first of all. It is therefore the so!
emn duty of the home, of the pai
ents, to conserve the morals of th
race, not only for the sake of thei
own children but also for the sake o
society. It will require some courag
on the part of the parents and som
sacrifice on the part of the youn;
people, but both the courage and th
sacrifice will have their reward. (2
The churches, it seems to the com
mittee, are under the most solem:
obligation to assume more responsi
bility for the morals of the commun
ity in which they are located. Cor
ruptions of public morals alway
calls forth a tirade against the police
Often, no doubt, this is entirely jus
tified, but what is the duty of th<
churches- evangelism, instruction
discipline. (3) The press must mon
j and more be enlisted on the side oj
public morals. Publicity, pitiless pub
licity, should appear in one of oui
daily papers: It will henceforth bi
the policy of this paper, in the inter
est of public morals, to publish ir
our columns all facts which come tc
our notice and which are detrimental
to publish welfare. A few days latei
let this appear: Last night at a darli
and lonely point on such and such a
road an automobile was found stand
ing with lights out at 9:30 o'clock;
it had two young people in it and bore
license number so an so. Such a pub
lication would do more for the purity
of Greenville than all that the preach
ers could do from their pulpit the
following Sunday. (4) We must in
sist on the strict execution of law
and heartily support those officials
who are fearlessly doing their duty.
When good citizens take as much in
terest in the courts as the criminals
do, apd vote as solidly for good men
and true as^ others vote for those
are likely to be sympathetic
them we shall have a new day ii
execution of law. Men can noi
made good by law, but crin
propensities can be restrained
as to give the uplifting force!
society a better chance.
All else hangs on good morals
state or nation or community
prosper and flourish while it sui
from decadent morals. Our
duty to our association is the es
lishment of good morals based i
our holy, religion.-Baptist Couri
Pillars of Faith.
The people pf this country,
we think particularly the Sout
have been through an ordeal du
the past twelve months that m
will look upon in future years i
nightmare. Yet all of us know
we of America have a great com
with unlimited resources and 1
we are emerging from the perioc
depression surely, even though si
W have a banking system, wi
should be and is, the greatest in
/world, misused and become a scou
on our people, instead of a help. H
ev?r, the Federal Reserve syst
with different men at the head,
the treasury department, is now
ginning to function even as it sho
have functioned, many months J
to prevent the calamity that occur
After all is said and after we hi
lamented upon our ill luck, we m
concede even then that we are
greatest and most favored coun
on earth. We need confidence nj b
iness, confidence in the future
our country and we are present?
this morning 14 points of a platfo
for faith in the economical, comm
cial, agricultural and industrial :
ture of our country. We have cauf
fits, it is true, but everything 1
gone to the demnition bow wo
and we are coming back strong. T
Federal Reservfi "ank did all it coi
to break the back of the count
and to wreck business but now t
iturn for better has come and i
have much cause for optimism.
Here are the Pillars of Faith, t
14 points of optimism which all
us should take to our business wi
us in the morning and reflect up<
in the evening hours. They will <
us good and will make us proud th
we are Americans.
i..-We are the richest count]
on the face of the earth. Value $25C
2. -We have greater possibilit?
of internal expansion than any (
the older nations-millions of squai
miles stil undeveloped.
3. -We can come nearer bein
self-contained than any other natio
excepting Russia with our food prq<
uats, coal, iron, timber, cotton, wo<
and other raw materials.
4. -We have the soundest and a
the same time most elastic bankin
5. -We have cancelled most o
our billions of foreign indebtednes
and set against it a credit of almos
twenty billion dollars.
6. -We own more than a third o
the world's gold.
7. -We are learning by adversit;
the proper methods of merchandis
ing; selling what the market de
mands, instead of what the produce:
wants to get rid of.
8. -We ar? learning foreign tradi
methods and are doubling our nor
mal export business.
9. -Our manufacturers are study
ing intensive production methods witl
the result that now over ten per cen?
of them know the costs and conse
quently the price at which they car
afford to sell. This is gradually elim
inating ignorant cut-throat competi
10. -Politicians are realizing thai
their paternalistic nostrums are not
panaceas, and that their foolish ex
perimentations have added inimitably
to the expenses of the people. They
are now seeking ways of retiring
from the field without carrying the
odium of their wreckage with them.
11. -Liquidation of most lines
have come to the rock bottom. These
few still remaining will soon follow
suit or get lost in the shuffle.
12. -^We are turning to the utiliza
tion of our water power in substitu
tion for mined fuels which will even
tually greatly cheapen manufacturing
13. -Thrift seems to be one of the
remaining virtues we learned during
the war. Savings accounts are still
growing despite the existing depres
14. -Being a mechanically-minded
people we are skilled in the handling
of mass production by machinery.
The war willed us, through expansion,
more than enough industrial machin
ery to offset the cheapened labor of
our foreign competitors.-Augusta
ANIMALS AND THE MOVING
When we started the Jack London
Club it was chiefly the' performing
animals of the stage, the circus, and
the amusement park, that we had in
mind. But things move fast these
days. Of late the presence of animals
is seen with increasing frequency in
our moving pictures. Scenes are
staged net only where things that
are not cruel are made to look so by
manipulation of the camera, but
where gross cruelty , is actually prac
tised. One film in particular of late
has caused an ?lmost universal pro
test from humane'people. The Pathe
Company put out a picture represent
two boy scouts trapping a bob-cat.
In the first place there was no sense
? in the cruelty exhibited, and, in the
second place, the picture was sail
ing under false pretenses, as an offi
cial of the Boy .Scouts denies all en
dorsement of it. It seems the Pathe
people write: "It never occured to
us that anyone would object to the
trapping of animals. . . It may inter
est you to know that as soon as we
received complaints of the steel trap,
we had its use discontinued. After
the first half-dozen pictures the boys
will use box-traps." Public opinion
should drive this picture into obli
vion. It ought never to have been
. , , i ? ?
What can we do? Let every man
and woman, whenever present at a
moving-picture show where cruelty
to animals in any form appears upon
the screen, write in protest both to
the management of the theater and
to the manufacturers of the film.
Convince them that the public is not
entertained by pictures made at the
expense of animal suffering or the
disregard of animal rights, and they
will stop producing that kind.-Pal
metto White Ribbon.
By .Margaret Wright North.
The adage that a man is not fit to
command others until he can com
mand himself is never more true
than in the training of children. A
mother who has acquired self-con
trol has more than half won the
struggle of controling -her children.
In the course of a conversation the
other day, a mother remarked to me,
"I don't see why Charles has to pi .-k
just the time when I am busiest to
be the most exasperating." What a
picture that gave me of the mother!
I could see her in the aftrnoon sit
ting quietly with her mending bas
ket, answering Charles' interminable
questions with tact and patience, en
tering into his "pretends," and mak
ing the child feel that his mother
was a real pal and playmate.
Then I could see her a little while
later, bustling about the kitchen get
ting supper, Charles still asking
questions. After a few half-hearted
replies, mother turns on Charles with
an impatient, "Charles, if you don't
stop asking me questions I'll send
you to bed. you drive me wild."
There is a moment of silence and
then another question. "What did I
tell you? Now not another word."
Another moment and then a hesitant,
Say, Mother ?'* "Charles! Go right
up stairs, take your clothes off and
go to bed."
Now where was the fault? Was
Charles being "most exasperating"
or was it just that. Mother was not
in the mood and lost her patience?
That mother was expecting too
much of her child. She wanted him
to appreciate the strain that getting
supper put upon her mind, body,
and nerves. Since cooking was out
side his experience, he could not put
himself in her position. Even if she
had quietly told him that she could
not play with him any more, giving
the reason, he would not have been
able to change his play without her
help. He was so filled with one idea
that a new suggestion was neces
k How easy it would have been,
when she could not work with his.
chatter going on, to have suggested
that he go to the front window and
?count the number of white horses
going by while she was getting spper;
and tell her how many windows he
could see in the house across the
.street \? or that he show her how
nice a house he could build with
- Because the mother expected the
child to have self-control which she
herself lacked, displeasure and
sentment replaced the sympathetic
friendliness of the afternoon, and
Charles was unjustly punished.
Let us remember that children are'
very much like rivers, it is impossi
ble to stop them but comparatively
easy to* change their course.-PaP
metto White Ribboon.
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