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AID BETTER BULL CAMPAIGN
Kansas City Chamber of Commerce
Offers $2,000 in Prizes for Re
placing Scrub Sires.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
An illustration of the earnestness
with which various states and local
organizations have taken up live stock
improvement work, especially in con
nection with purebred sires, is shown
by the work in Missouri. The exten
sion service of the Missouri College of
Agriculture started a better-bull cam
paign In Januc ry, 1920, and so success
ful wore the results of the work dur
ing the year that the Kansas City
chamber of commerce appropriated
$2,000 to be used in cash prizes this
The prizes are to be awarded to the
four counties which replace the great
est number of scrubs with purebred
bulls. $1,000 being the first prize. $500
The Purebred Dairy Sire When Intro
duced Into a Scrub or Grade Herd
Soon Brings About a Phenomenal
the second, $300 the third, and $200
the fourth. To obtain a prize, how
ever, a county must replace at least
25 scrub bulls.
In an . announcement of the contest
received by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture, state officials di
recting the work say they have con
centrated ou better bulls because they
think the greatest good will result
from efforts along this line. The an
nouncement states that any county in
the state ls eligible for entrance in
the contest. Awards will be made on
the basis of the number of scrub bulls
of breeding age replaced by registered
bulls. A scrab is defined as one that
IK not registered or eligible for reg
Any county which at any time dur
ing the year completes its work with
100 per cent purebred registered bulls
will be entitled to first prize: but
should more than one county show 100
per cent registered bulls the various
counties will be entitled to first, sec-%
ond, third, and fourth prizes, respect
ively, in the order In which they com
plete the work. The counties com
peting in the contest are to form or
ganizations, under the leadership of
the county agent, to promote the work.
All questions arising In the cdntest
will be referred to a better-bull com
mittee of the Missouri College of Ag
riculture for settlement, and the de
cision of this committee will be final.
A monthly report showing the name
and address of the owner of the scrub
bull replaced and breed of the regis
tered bull In which an Interest has
been purchased will be forwarded on
the first day of each month to the
state project leader. At the end of
the year a final report, certified by
the county agent will be sent in, giv
ing the names and addresses of own
ers of scrub bulls which have been re
placed, together with the breed, name,
and registry number of each regis
tered bull in which the contestants
purchased an interest
CHURN NUMBERS ARE USEFUL
Makes lt Simple Matter to Separate
Different Churnings and Sell Ac
cording' to Score.
The use of churn numbers, so that
the receivers of butter can more
readily sort out separate churnings. is
urged upon creamery men by food
products Inspectors of the bureau of
markets, United States Department of
Agriculture. In a lot of butter rec
ently examined by these Inspectors
the score varied from 88 to 92. As
no churn numbers were shown, the
only way the receiver could separate
the butter was by examining every
tub. If the churn numbers had been
showa, It would have been a simple
matter to separate the various churn
ings and sell them according to score
It is not possible to take time to ex
amine every tub, so the butter sold
according to the samples taken and
at a discount ' If the samples vary
widely. If there should be just one
poor tub ic the shipmeut and the
sampler happens upon lt, the whole
shipment would suffer, while If churn
numbers are used only the tubs In
that churning would receive the lower
ATTENTION TO YOUNG CALVES
Give Only Warm Milk While Young
and Begin Feeding Grain After
the Second Month.
Feed only wann milk while calves
are young. Gradually begin feeding
proper grain after the second month.
Do not allow them too much grass.
Give tDlKty ol pure water, and never
allow exposure to rain or co;treine
We'll kuow-'what the world is coin
lug to when it comes to.
The best way to lose a frieiii Is to
know tou much about him.
For ? man who has upset sn much,
Einstein isn't a bit set up.
The center of American politics ls
on the summer resort piazza.
It's a wise gasoline that knows
whether its tank is a man or machine.
Normalcy is drawing nearer. There
ls another war cloud ?n the Balkans.
Putting liberty bonds into fake
stock concerns is spending thrift with
When Noah died he took with him
the secret of howito make the dove
come back. )
There are still too many men mak
ing a living by inventing things-te
European kings who used to keep
their crown jewels locked up now have
them hocked up.
So many girls paint now that you
rarely find one wh?^?fn hold the mir
ror up to nature.
' The unsinkable ship is being built |
In pairs In the British navy-perhaps :
for the last time.
Gabrielle D.Annunzio is married. Oh, ?
well, what could he do? Italy refused
to fight with him.
"But" is the greatest word in the
diplomatic dictionary. As, for instance,1
"black is white, but-"
It's hard to understand these men
who throw a fit about the government
throwing out the unfit.
The peak of rents is believed to
have been reached. The peak ls when
a tenant has a look in.
It was an open winter, but the coal
dealer ls writing letters to try and
make lt a hard summer.
How could a nian say with flowers
what he feels like saying when he is
digging out dandelions?
The number of notes flying around
the globe must make it hard on the
Name it and you can have It ls
20 easy proposition when it comes to
one of those Russian towns.
Speaking of relativity, why is it that
fleas stick so close to a dog and rarely
bother even the meanest men?
There is hope for disarmament. The I
women certainly have reduced the hat
pin menace within recent years.
Many a mickle makes a muckle, but
there isn't anything you can get from
the retail meat dealer for a muckle.
An ounce of prevention ls worth a
pound of cure. Hang the swatter out
Bide the door where you can see IL
Maybe the reason why people like
the Silent drama is that it does not
interfere with their discussion of the
Poets are caroling everywhere, but
the voice of D'Annunzio is still. His
muse may be suffering from shell
The last word in the new English
dictionary ls "Zyxt." It ought to come
In handy when a man's fishing line
An unsinkable battleship would be
flue, but an unsinkable freight and pas
senger ship would be worth more to
the world. .
How the past Is linked to the
present ls shown' by the contiguity
on one person of the silk shirt and the
Occasionally a system of account
ing can be understood only by a magic
ian ol? the old "now-you-see-it-and-now
There ls quite a bit of consterna
tion because the gambling fever has
hit jeweled women in Paris, but they
won't be jeweled long....
Another thing the innocent people
would like to know Is whether jazz
musicians really get any pleasure oat
of what they are doing.
Native? of Tap, like those of other
parts of the world, go on dancing to
weird!, primitive strains without both
ering their heads about the topics ?f
the day. 1
Our foreign coal trade Is said te be
suffering from lack of demand in
France, but nothing that happens ever
.jeems to be of any benefit to the
Doctor Abbott of the Smithsonian
Institution, who has Invented a cook
stove that stores che sun's rays,
should now get busy on a furnace that
will stock up in August for February
Doctor Angeli of Tale advises that
one way of Improving education ls to
cut out teaching as a lunch station be
tween female adolescence and matri
mony. Is it unanimous, or shall the
clerk call the roll?
i X . . I
Making the Farm Attractive. |
That the "farmer, speaking collect
ively, is essential to the well being
?of the nation and the world is a
proposition so seli-evident thai it
needs no argument. And yet the
trend of population is steadily aw?y
from the farm and toward the cities
and towns. All writers on economics
and students of sociology agree that
the congestion of great cities is mor-'
ally unhealthful; a menace to our
national life and proper development.
What is the matter? Why do the
young men and young women leave
the farms and go to the cities?
The reason is evident. They go be
cause they believe the city offers
better business opportunities and a
more desirable social environment.
You may say that they are mistaken
and that they will be disillusioned7
by-'experience. Perhaps so but th?
fact remains that this desire for i
fuller life and for enlarged oppor
tunities is the impelling force that
drives them from the land" on winch
they were born.
What is the remedy? Make farm
life so attractive, both from a bus
iness and social standpoint that it
will overcome the lure of the city
How,, is that to be done? That, of
course is easier asked than answer7,
ed, and yet I think it can be an
1 Man naturally loves the soil. It
is natural for him to 'love to plant
and till.yHe Joves to watch the de
velopment of plant life, and espe
cially if he has sown the seed from
which it sprang. The city man, born
in the country, never forgets the
the scenes of his youth and in the
hour of his greatest triumph longs
for the green fields and woodlands
of his childhood.
But for the most part farm life
is a life of drudgery and isolation.
No other class works' such long
hours or enjoy so little of social
recreation. The financial rewards
are nof proportional to the amount
of toil, exposure and hardship in
curred. In no other world is there
so much risk and uncertainty. The*
farmer's crops are always subject
to the vicissitudes of the weather and
his flocks and herds are always lia
ble to be decimated by.disease. In
the market, he is subject to the ?dic
tation of the buyer of his products
and the seller of those things he.
needs in the conduct of his business.
The farmer is the only producer
of commodities who buys at retail
and sells at wholesale. The packer,
the manufacturer, the.money lender,'
the wholesale and retail merchants
manage to shift their share of tax
ation on to the shoulders of their
customers, but the farmer can not
shift his, and he is compelled to pay
taxes not only on what he owns but
on what he does not own.
ic?t schools; the farmer pays for
them and sends his own children t'o
inferior schools, poorly equipped,
poorly taught and for the most part,
with as dreary and uninviting envir
onment as can be imagined.
The remedy for farm conditions
is co-operation. The farmers must
get together and control the markets,
instead of dancing always to the
other fellow's music. The old unlove
ly country school must give way to
the consolidated* rural grade and high
school, with modern, beautiful build
ings and ample campus, laid out un
der the direction of the best land
The science of agriculture must
be studied to vastly increase pro
duction, and the science of distribu
tion learned, so that there will no
A Word tc
We want you just
of our 40c. Regu
you visit Augusta.
Established in 1909 and
bigger year after year.
Just four doors from thi
the Genesta Hotel.
I longer be the wide gap between the
produper and the consumer. The
ideal country social life must be de
veloped, so that it will offer great
er attractions than the life in the
In short, the causes which drain
the country and crowd the cities
must be removed.-T. A. McNcal in
The Christian Herald.
Protection of American Labor.
The labor department of Wash
ington estimates the number of un
employed persons in the United
States as 5,275,000, or about five
per cent, of the whole population of
Everyone knows that the principal
cause of the unemployment in the
?Upited States is the inability of Eu_
ropans to buy American products.
The Europeans' stocks of gold have
been depleted, they are short ,of
iciw materials and therefore they
are prevented- from producing and
buying..Europe can not import from
the United States without paying in
goods the main object of a protective
tariff enacted in this country would
be to prevent the entry of European
goods into it.
How can American labor be saved
from the competition of Europe by
preventing Europe from buying the
products of American labor? With
more than 5,000)000 American work
ingmen idle, will the congress de
liberately erect barriers against trade
with a certainty of a resulting in
crease of unemployment? That is the
It ought to-be obvious to intelli
gent people everywhere that the
only way through which the world,
struck down by a world war, can re
gain its feet is by cooperation of
all the people . of the world. * They
must help one another. The United
States is the ablest and richest of the
countries that remain, yet it is set
ting out to block the channel of
To talk about cooperation annd to
dam the arteries of trade at the
same time is nonsense.
The truth is that Americar labor,
and we refer to workers wit urains
as wells as hands, needs the s_
tition of European labor. Idl- 'i
the principal cause of cr
at low salaries and wages is
ter than no work. Americans can
live while Europeans starve, but their
prosperity is bound up with Europe's
recovery. Yet the United States is
about to enact laws carefully design
ed to perpetuate European industrial
prostration. This it is about to do
when more .than 5,000,000 of its
working people have nothing to do.
In the long run it would help the
American farmers more to sell their'
erops to Europe at prices below pro
duction costs than to allow them to
' The proposed tariff policy of our
country is worse than unChristian.
It is selfish, cruel and criminal. In
essence it is as barbarous as a Hun.
nish policy would have been had the
Hunnish war succeeded. Here are
we Americans, with granaries and
warehouses full to bursting while
millions of people in other countries
perish, while millions of our own
people have nothing to do and the
devil finds mischief with which
thousands busy themselves.
Trying to ' "cash in" on the pov
erty and destitution of the rest of
mankind, we are pauperizing our
selves. Responsible for this maligi
nant course are the rich owners of
the mines and factories who last
year deluded the voters and captur
ed the government.-The State.
Will Surely Sloo That Cout?
i ?he Good
to give us a trial
lar dinners when
have grown larger and
3 Square, right opposite
Train of Refrigerator Cars o? the Fruit Growers Express from the South
being rc-iced at Potomac Yards, Virginia, on its way .to Northern Markets
THE public lac'.rs reliable infor
mation on what it actually
moans to take an orange, a
grapefruit, a head of cabbage or let
tuce, a bunch of celery or a box of
strawberries from the warm South
ern climate to the table of the
Northern consumer and put lt there
in as fresh and edible condition as
though grown in the Northern man's
own back yard.
Realizing this lack of knowledge,
certain ollicials of tho companies
engaged in trajisportat&n under re-'
frigeration are seeking an. official
inquiry by the Interi-tate Commerce
Commission so that the farmer who
raises and ships his crop and the
man in New York who buys the
fruit and out-of-season vegetables
may know whether they are paying
fair charges for refrigeration cn
route to market, and whether the
transportation companies can give
proper services on the charges al
lowed by the Federal Commission.
9lt required over 600,000,000 pounds
of Ice, costing over $1.700,000 tc re
frigerate 25,713 carloads by lone
transportation agency in moving
perishable fruits and vegetables
from Florida alone in the 1920-21
season, to Northern markets. This
is in audition tu the movement of
10.000 cars of Georgia peachey, and
thousands of other carsx of small
fruits and vegetables under ice,
from thc Carolinas and Virginia.
In order to insure a sufficient and
regular supply of ice for these cars,
huge new icc manufacturing plants
have recently been built at Jackson
ville, Miami, Haines City and Lake
land, Florida, and large modern ice
plants also have been constructed in
the Carolinas and Virginia.
The volume of shipi^nts under
refrigeration out of Florida alone,
last year, was six times that of nine
years ago, and twice that of two
years ago. indicating the importance
of the question for the future both
to producers and consumers. 4
In the near -future the transporta
tion companies will make an effort
to'have the Commission throw the
light of publicity on the actual op
erations and all the costs involved
in protecting the products of, South
ern fruit and vegetable gro^brs
from their farms and plantations to
the tables of consumers In the
Barrett & Company
We have a high power, fast cutting outfit forced feed-a complete power
plant in itself for sawing logs to any length. Does the work of six to ten
men. Lever control of blade while
--y?jfaP- engine is running. Huve good as
^?H^fe^jK^^^ sortm;nt of Gasoline Engines. All
^p^^ZI^^^^^^ equipped with Bosch Magneto sud
COLUMBIA SUPPLY CO.
?Lever control starts and stops saw V 823 W. Gervais St., Columbia. S. C
The first ten orders received for this engine will be furnished for $125
each. Do not forget Bosch Magneto Equipment instead of Battery.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO. I
% Wholesale Grocers and Dealers In
Corn, Oats. Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Gloria Flour and Dan Patch Horse ?Feed
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May*.