Newspaper Page Text
Optimism Supplants Pe ss im:
There has been a marvelous cha
in the atmosphere of the bush
world during the past few weeks,
first of August came in with ev<
body dejected, with a poor outl
for a crop and price. Now everytr.
is changed. Despite the recent sit
in cotton the price is now aln
twice as much as it was abou
Despite the further fact that
cotton crop in this section is
worst failure in the .history.of E?
ern Georgia and Western South Ga
lina, there is a great deal of o;
mism, of confidence in this secti
There are certain conditions that
true and that will naturally stir
late business, aside from a large c
ton cr^p at a good price. In the fi
place there is a large carry over ?
though many farmers had to sa<
fice their cotton, still many oth
held on and ?re getting the beni
of the better prices. Then, too, 1
cotton mills are running full ti
and, with the, indications of big
ders ahead for many months to cor
there will be hundreds of thousai
paid out in wages.
There will be an immense arnot
of construction activity in this
cinity this fall and winter which \s
mean hundreds of thousands of d
lars paid out for material and wag'
The little cotton that is being rais
is expected to bring about $100 p
"bale or better and while this will n
begin to pay the cost of raising
still there are lots of peas and co
and potatoes-and sugar cane beii
raised and the farmers are living
home more than ever before and re
year there will be less goods in tl
way of provisions bought from tl
West than in the history of thip se
tion of the South. So much for loc
As for general conditions in ' tl
South the Manufacturers' Reco]
points our that the recent rise in tl
price of cotton will make the carr;
over in cotton and this year's ere
worth $500,000,000 more than a fe
The Record has this to say:
"In the last 60 days the advanc
in cotton has made the new crop an
the carry-over worth nearly $500
000,000 more than they would hav
"been worth at the prices then prevai
ing. Moreover, the gambling beai
were bent on beating prices still lov
' er, but fortunately they have bee
-caught in their own trap and are bc
ing gloriously punished.
"This $500,000,000 ?means 'i
change difficult to exaggerate it. 1
will wonderfully affect the whole at
mosphere of the South's business an
agricultural interests; it will sav
many a man and many a busines
from bankruptcy; it will revive trade
it will nourish every industry witl
new life blood; it will quicken th
hopes af the disheartened; it will pu
new courage into all the people; i
. will show the tremendous blunde;
committed when the former adminis
tration curtailed the credit and killet
the War Finance Corporation, ant
it will prove the power for good ol
the freer credit and the re-establish
ment of the War Finance Corpora
tion by the present administration
"This advance will also show tht
wisdom of reduced cotton acreage
with an increase in food stuff produc
tion. In this lesson the South should
find the road to permanent prosper
ity, greater than it has ever known,
"If the South will, now and for
ever, be independennt and rich, let
it curtail its cotton acreage heavily
for all time to come and intensify
the acreage it does cultivate in order
to reduce the cost of production and
then concentrate on foodstuffs for
itself and for the country. Then
home-made fertilizers will enrich its
soils, grains, grasses and cattle and
hogs will diversify its agriculture,
enlarge the horizon of its farmers and
add enormously to their prosperity.
Never was there a better object les
son than the present.
"If the South had raised 12,000,
000 bales of cotton, the price would
probably have gone to 6 cents a
pound ; but with a crop of only about
7,000,000 bales the price has gone
to more than three times that figure
and many a farmer will now live who
at 6 cents would have been hopeless
ly bankrupt and in poverty for years
to come. A crop of 12,000,000 bales
with a carry over of, say 8,000,000
bales, at 6 cents would have been
worth only $600,000,000 which would
have meant bankruptcy for the en
tire cotton-growing interests. A 7,
000,000 ibale crop and a carry-over
of 8,000,000 bales at even 18 cents
a pound-and it should go higher
would be worth $1,350,000,000.
"Let the South reverently thank
God for this increased wealth, take
courage and go forward with new
f zeal and energy."-Augusta Chron
The Significance of a Small
The Government estimate of a
crop of less than 2,000,000 bales of
cotton in Texas and only slightly in
excess of 7,000,000 for the nation
stampeded the cotton bears and sent
princes to new high levels for the
season. Many farmers have already
sold cotton for 16 to 18 cents, where
as a few weeks prior they did not ex
pect to receive 10 cents per pound.
The significance of a small cotton
crop in the South is not fully"appre
ciated by business men in the North.
A reduction of 5,000,000 bales, or
nearly 50 per cent from the normal
crop is construed as a disaster by
those who are inclined to look at
quantity instead of price as a busi
ness barometer. The grower of cot
ton and those directly interested in
cotton are not to pessimistic. Let us
consider results in dollars and cents:
It is generally conceded that a
12,000,000-,bale crop added to the
large holdover would have congested
the market and sent prices below
the average of 8 cents per pound. At
8 cents per pound a 12,000,000-bale
cotton crop would be worth $480,
000,000. While the market may fluc
tuate more or less, no one looks for
a permanent decline materially be
low 18 cents for the present crop ol
7,000,000 bales. Seven million bales
of cotton at 18 cents per pound
makes the crop worth $630,000,000,
or $150,000,000 more than a 12,
000,000 bale crop would probably sell
for. In addition ,there ar? several
million bales of cotton held over
from the 1920 crop v/hich will be sold
for the advanced price which is due
entirely to the low condition of the
1921 crop, all of which will add many
millions to the sum total.
The South, as a whole, is far bet
ter off financiallywith a 7,000,000
bale crop at this time than it would
be with a crop twice as large.-Farm
Farming With Heads Down.
A farmer whose name you have
seen and heard mf?ny times said to .
me the other day:
"We farm too much with our heads
to close to the ground we can't see
what is going on. It is just like put
ting a dime in front of your eye to
hide. the dollar. We have no vision,
we are so close to the ground. Neigh
bor Blank down the road half a mile
from my farm literally drove his two
boys from the farm because he con
tinually lamented the fate of farmers,
the 'most down-trodden class of peo
ple,' as he put it so often. One of the
boys told me he was going to learn
something that had a future.
For one, I agree with what this
man said. Even the farm papers-not
all of them, but a great many of
them-have taken upon themselves
the task of pointing out what a hard
lot farmers have; that farmers have
never had a decent return on the
money invested in their farms; that
farming requires long hours and hard
work; that farm women are over
Not much evangelism in that kind
of preaching. Would a preacher win
converts if he continually held out
the privations of his followers? Veiw
few farmers become millionaires, to
be sure, but have you seen any bank
rupt faimiers? Farmers do work long
hours, but they could work shorter
hours with their hands and longer
ones with their heads. Farm women
do work hard, but not so hard as they
If we want to interest the young
folk in farming, let us paint a beau
tiful picture, instead of an ugly one.
Let's not farm with heads down. Can
you think of any industry in which
there has been as much progress in
the last fifty years as in farming?
Farm and Ranch.
Does South Carolina Need An
The frequent occurrence of epi
leptic cases in South Carolina is not
generally known. Information in the
hands of the State Board of Public
Welfare sho ws that there are 61
cases actually on record at the pres
ent time who need colony care. No
general survey has been undertaken:
therefore the conjecture. These 61
cases include those now cared for
at the South Carolina State Hospital
and those on file with the physiolo
gist of the State Board. Our sister
state of North Carolina cares for her
epileptic in a colony under thc di
rection of the State Hospital. The
Biennial Report of the State Board
of Charities and Public Welfare for
1919 1921 shows 290 cases cared for
in the South Carolina State Hospital
and a colony.
To Prevent Blood Poisoning
apply at once the wonderful old reliaMe Ok
PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING OIL, a sui
?ical dressing; that relieves pain and heals at
:V sun? time. Not a liniment 25c. 50c. Si.OG.
Not nil the tragedies ure in Shake
They are revolting in Russia again
Civilization has too much unfinished
business on its hands.
What business needs is not the lld
on, but the brakes off.
. Mexico is enjoying peace-at least
Mexico is having peace.
America has decided to wind up
the watch on the Rhine.
Europe is willing to do anything with
Its debts except pay them.
The modern young man's Idea of
roughing it is rolling his own.
Spring onions are" wonderful, but
not for promoting friendships. .
Presumably the woman with bobbed
hair tried everything else first.
No man ever yet was "vamped" with
out his full knowledge and consent
There are no more excess profite,
but a profiteer ls always an excess.
The standards of the next generation
are being formed by the present one.
What has become of the o. f. little
girl who put on long skirts and played
Hitch your wagon to "a star; but If
the star proves to be a comet, cut Hie
The one thing cheaper than human
life ls the demagogue's talk about its
Seems like good old times, to meet
a man now and then, again, with egg
on his vest.
Too many pedestrians don't care
how badly they mess up an automo
Imagination will do a lot for a man
sometimes, but It will not help him to
pay his bills.
Every boy permitted to be raised on
the streets Is a potential law-breaker
?n after years.
It seems to be much easier for many
people to attend to anybody's business
but their own.
This would be a better world li
everybody would take a five-year ^holi
day from gossip.
"Apartment life destroys the old
home ideals," says a clergyman^ who
wants to deflat It
Hard hats for men are going- out
of fashion, but the heads continue as
adamantine as ever.
The captain of the ship that sunk
a United States gunboat may be an
advocate of disarmament.
"When a man ls drilling for drinking
water lt must be annoying to run into
a great deposit of petroleum.
Arrival of American coal In London
has caused alarm-and no wonder, If
its the same price over there.
Tt is refreshing to see a woman of
thirty who doesn't have to lift the pl
ano in order to?work up a blush.
It is probable that the women will
continue tn wear their overshoes
through next summer, only buttoned.
There arc 0,211,205 motor cars in
the United States and a shortage ot
1,500,000 homes. A luxurious people.
Nearly nil men pursue happiness.
Hero and there is one, the amazing fa
vorites of fortune, whom happiness pur
The reduction In living cost has
some way to go before the pre-war
price iags can again be brought into
A squlrtless srnpe fruit is nil rlprht
if lt ls not declared unconstitutional
as destructive of breakfast table com
If you are fond of working out puz
zles, lhere is the modem buckwheat
pancake. The object Is to lind the
The French are reported using pars
ley as a substitute for absinthe. An-'
other Ingredient for home brew ex
If the United States should take
Great Britain's West India islands Ja
maica would have to produce less gir
and more ginger.
Spring poetry of the cold in the head
variety ls due with the words muted
on the wrong letters instead of on th?
m's and n's only.
Speaking about optimism, an educa
tor says the solution of the "American
ization problem" is through the nu
trition clinic and school lunch.
"Now that Wrangel's effort hat
failed, it will do no harm to tell the
ruth about It," is the amazing con
>ssirni of a Paris correspondent. So,
hat's the kind ?t Russian now? ira
DEPLETION OF RANGE GRASS
Injury Caused by Premature Grazing
and Lack of Utilization of
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Hange depletion is due in a large
measure to premature grazing and to
lack of uniform utilization of the for
age crop, Investigations now being car
ried on at tbe Great Basin experiment
station by grazing specialists in the
forest service of the~United States De
partment of Agriculture show. These
experiments, which have been con
ducted over ia four-year.period, have
been for the purpose of ascertaining
Just how certain range bunch grasses
are affected by different systems of
It was found that the yield of violet
wheat grass when removed by cutting
once in a season, at the time the seed
crop matured, was four and two
tenths times as large as when It was
removed four times in a season and
three and eight-tenths times as large
as when herbage was removed twice
In the season.
Native brome grass, on the other
hand, yielded six times as much when,
harvested twice during the season,
but the yield from one cutting was
three and three -tenths times as much as
when it was removed four times. This
means In range revegetatlon that the
grass native there must be taken Into
consideration and a system of grazing
used that ls suitable to it.
The experiments also showed the
striking difference In water content
In herbage as the seaso> advances. In
the leafage of the vip' w*eat grass
harvested once In a seas ?st before
seed maturity, the wate ' ? t aver
aged 41 per cent P' twice,
late In the season, cd J aver
age moisture content or ?l y sr cent,
while plants cropped four times In a
season contained an average of 79
per cent of water. Early In the spring
the young leafage may contain as
much as 85 per cent of water. This
Part of a Big Herd of Hereford Steers
on a Texas Ranch.
ls sometimes the cause of many live
stock losses In the early spring. The
green feed is sparse and contains so
small an amount of food substance
that it Is necessary for an animal to
travel great distances to gather dally
approximately 85 pounds of succulent
leafage, which ls an equivalent to 16
pounds of dry hay.
When the difference in yield and nu
tritive value of the forage, in favor
of the less-frequently grazed areas, ls
taken into account, lt is clear that fre
quent cropping is an extravagant and
wasteful practice. Furthermore, about
85 per cent of a bunch-grass cover
harvested four times in a season is
killed out at the end of the third
year, thus subjecting thc soil to vary
ing degrees of depletion through
PUREBRED CATTLE PAY BEST
North Carolina Breeder Find? lt Wise
Plan to Use Best Animals
"Animals that will grow when well
fed are the ones that help the bank
account. I have a small dairy, and I
find It pays to get the best animals for
breeding or production. I am very
glad to see the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture help the fanners
and stockmen to weed out the runts,
and get better sires and have profit
able live stock."-Letter to the De
partment of Agriculture from a North
Carolina Live-Stock Owner.
GRAZING IS CHEAPEST FEED
Those Who Have Permanent Pastures
Should Conserve Them to
Grazing is the cheapest feed for 1) fe
stock. Those who have permanent
pastures should conserve them hy
grnzing only a limited number of ani
mals and conserving the grass to the
best possible advantage.
BEST FEED FOR YOUNG PIGS
Little Porkers Should Begin to Eat
Grain and Green Feed When
Three Weeks of Age.
At the age of three weeks the young
pigs should begin to eat gra'.n and
greea feed. A creep may be provided
for them In which ls placed a trough
with a little slop or ohelled corn.
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus.$175,000.00
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open your acconnt with ns for the year 1921. Invest your
Ravings in one of our Interest Bearing Certificates of
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable pa
All business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
Notice to Builders
We have Doors, Sash, Blinds, Ceiling, Siding, Flooring, Mantels,
Store Fixtures, and can do all kinds of high-class work. Designing and
estimates furnished on application.
We make a specialty of furnishing High-Class Flooring and Ceiling.
Get our prices on Porch and Lawn Sets.
Yours for Prompt Service
Sash, Door andLumber Co.I,
JOHNSTON, S. C.
We Can Give You Prompt Service
on Mill Work and Interior Finish
Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lumber on hand for
Woodward Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Sts., Augusta, Ga,
Consult Your Own Interest by Consulting Us
Metal or Composition Roofing
Mantels, Tiling. Grates
Doors, Sash, etc.
Youngblood Roofing and
635 Broad St. Telphone 1697
Penal No. 174
For Salo at your Dealer Made in five gradea
ASS FOR TK2 YELLOW PENCIL' WTTH THE RED BAND
EAGLE PENCIL COMPANY, NEW YORK