Newspaper Page Text
* New Session is Record Breaker
Clemson College, Sept. 16.-The
opening of the 1921-22 session of
Clemson College yesterday was a rec
ord breaker. While exact ngurjes are
changed every hour because of new
arrivals, there are now, counting all
classes and courses, 925 or 950 men
on the grounds. The one-year agri
cultural students will not report un
til October. President Riggs says that
there will likely be a thousand men
enrolled this session. The enrollment
on the opening day is fully a hundred
above that of any other opening day
in the history of the institution.
Especially to be noted are the large
number of old students returning.
After deduction for the graduating
class and for those not eligible to re
turn, more than 98 per cent of old
students are enrolled again. And bet
ter still, they seem determined to
make this year a success in every re
Large Freshman Class.
The freshman class approximates
three hundred and fifty men, the
largest perhaps, on record. These men
are well prepared and mature. The
average age of these freshmen is
about eighteen and a half.
The big chapel was full this morn
ing and even the gallery was almost
full. The Rev. J. K. Goode conducted
the religious exercises. Dr. W. M.
Riggs announced that S. C. Tillman
was expected to make the welcome
address, but that he had been de
tained at the last minute by court
business in Greenwood. President
Riggs, though not expecting to do so,
made a brief welcome address in
which he spoke of the advantages,
attractions and opportunities at
Clemson, reviewed the work of last
session and sketched briefly but most
interestingly the joys and hardships
of a college year. Earnestly and con
vincingly he spoke for a true college
spirit that would unsparingly con
demn any unfairness in sports, in
class work or in conduct and that
would demand honesty, integrity,
and gentlemanly conduct at all times,
in all places and in every relationship.
The New Commandant.
President Riggs introduced Col.
Madison Pearson (Major U. S. A.)
as the new commandarit. Col. Pear
son, who has been associate comman
dant last session, was heartily re
ceived and made a very brief state
. There have been very few changes
made in the faculty, probably the
smallest number of changes on rec
The work of the classes started
immediately after chapel exercises.
The students at Clemson are near
ly all South Carolinians, because the
rules require the college to provide
for these men first. Every nook and
corner of the state is represented.
Among the students are numbered 1
from Paris, one from Jamaica and
one from Madras, India, and a few
from other states.
Loss in Lice-Infested Hogs.
Lice on hogs are extremely ex
pensive. The fact was proved in ex
periments recently concluded by the
Bureau of Animal Industry of the t?.
S. Department of Agriculture. It was
shown that lousy hogs not only con
sume more food a*d make less meat,
but that they are uneasy or restless,
a condition that doubtless lessens the
pork producing abilities of the ani
mals. When not eating, the lice-rid
den swine spent most of their time
rubbing themselves or running about.
If strangers came near? they were no
ticeably excited. This did not hold
true of hogs free from lice.
Three experiments, each extend
ing three months or more and with
from twenty to thirty hogs as sub
jects, were conducted. In one experi
ment it cost exactly $l a hundred
pounds of pork more to feed the in
fested animals. In another, it cost
$1.50 more, and in the third, $2.94
more. The specialists who conducted
< the experiments reached the conclu
sion that the main reason why hogs
with lice consume more protein feed
is due to the fact that the lice suck
the blood from the animals, and the
latter must use more feed to replace
But the infested hogs cannot make
up for the blood sucked by their par
asites. For instance, at the beginning
of one experiment, fifteen hogs with
lice weighed a total of 1167 pounds,
and fifteen hogs without lice weigh
ed 1025 pounds. At the end of the
experiment the lousy hogs weighed
2872 pounds and the clean hogs
weighed 3150 pounds. More was eat
en by the lousy animals than by the
clean ones.-Farm and Ranch.
- Only One "BROMO QUININE"
To get the genuine, call for full name, LAX'
TIVB BROMO QUININE. Look for sienuture o
fi. W. GROVE. Cures a Cold in One Day, Stop?
cough and headitcbe, and works off coli. 25c
Is Silage Better Kept in Con
crete or Wooden Silos?
Is silage any better when put up
in stave silos than when it is saved
in concrete silos? Stave silos are
probably the most common kind;
they are usually less costly. Many
people, however, prefer the more per
manent concrete on account of the
greater durability and the fact that
the building material may be found
near the home in many cases; but
there is an impression on the part of
some people that the concrete silo
does not give good results in the pre
servation of the silage from spoiling
and from freezing. Experiments
made by the Dairy Division, United
States Department of Agriculture, do
not bear out this notion.
In experiments conducted on the
Dairy Division farm, at Beltsville,
Md., two silos were used, one "con
crete and one stave, standing side by
side. The stave silo was directly south
of the concrete one, and hence got
more sunshine and less north wind.
Otherwise they had exactly the same
conditions. Temperatures in the two
silos were taken by means of electri
cal thermometers buried in the si
lage, which made a record which
could be read on the outside. The
thermometers were placed at 3 inch
in and 18 inches from the wall and
also in the middle of each silo. Three
sacks of silage were carefully weigh
ed and buried in each silo at various
depths, close to the thermometers;
and when the silage was fed down
to where the sacks were, their con
tents were taken out and analyzed.
The quality of the silage was
judged by its appearance and odor
and its palatability to the cows. If
much difference had been apparent
a feeding trial would have been made
to see which lot of silage was bet
ter, but the results in the two silos
were so nearly alike that it was not
thought worth while to make the
In short, neither the temperatures
nor the chemical analysis of the two
kinds of solage revealed any marked
difference that could be ascribed to
the material used in the construction
of either silo. Cows ate the silage
from both silos with the same avidity.
It is concluded, therefore, that far
mers may build stave silos or con
crete silos, whichever they prefer,
without any fear of not getting good
silage from either one, if the silage
is put up right.
It is assumed, of course, that the
silo in either case will be properly
constructed, with smooth walls,
straight up and down, so as to be
free from pockets and bulges, and
properly coated inside with coal tar
or some similar preparation; and
that the silage will be properly pack
ed, so that all air will be excluded.
Silage wil not keep in any kind of
silo unless packed down and kept
Selling Farm Timber Calls for
Good Business Methods.
Based upon methods used by wood
land owners that have been success
ful in marketing their products, the
Forest Service of the United States
Department of Agriculture offers the
following 10 suggestions for aiding
others who have timber on the farm
Get prices for various wood prod
ucts from as many sawmills and
other woodusing plants as possible.
Before selling consult neighbors
who have sold timber and benefit
from their experiences.
Investigate local timber require
ments and prices. Your products
may be worth more locally because
transportation is saved.
Advertise in papers and otherwise
secure outside competition.
Secure bids if practicable both by
the lump and by log-scale measure.
Be sure that you are selling to re
Get a reliable estimate of the
amount and value of the material
Market the higher grades of tim
ber and use the cheaper for farm pur
Remember that standing timber
can wait over a period of low prices
without rapid deterioration.
Use a written agreement in sell
ing timber, especially if the cutting
is done by the purchaser.
Additional details concerning the
profitable marketing of woodland
products are contained in Farmers'
Bulletin 117, Forestry and Farm In
come, copies of which may be had
upon request of. the Division of Pub
lications, United States Department
of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
Found-On the street in Edgefield,
a gold pin. The owner can get it
by calling at the store of Israel
Mukashy and paying for this ad
vertisement,. M '?^
The Cause of Cotton's Rise.
Commercial authorities declare
that the chief reason for the welcome
rise in the price of cotton is the fact
that the new crop is one of the small
est in the history of the country, and
that the people are realizing that
they must resume the consumption'
of cotton upon a large scale.
In discussing the situation Com
mercial and Financial America says:
"The impression prevails, and is
probably justified that the world's
spinners have seldom had less cover
against forward requirements than
they hold this season and their re
quirements have been very poorly
defined. People have been buying
very little and the bottom of prices
found nearly everyone short of supr
There is no doubt that people quit
buying because they did not like
high prices, and of course when the'
consumers quit making purchases the
retail merchants quit buying. There
fore when the merchants quit buy
ing the manufacturers quit manufac
turing. It was a simple case of every
body refraining from buying. People
decided that for a season they would
get along without cotton goods. Un
derproduction was the natural re
When the people began to buy
again the merchants of course placed
orders with the manufacturers. When
the manufacturers found that they
were being showered with orders
they naturally found they had to have
more cotton. -
If the people of the South want
the price of cotton to continue to
rise let them continue to buy. To pur
sue any other policy at this time
would be most unwise. Cotton is sell
ing for a good price now but we want
that price to go higher, and we firm
ly believe it will go higher.
All indications point to the early
return of our former prosperity. Let
us renew our courage and our hope.
Let us face the future with determi
nation and with enthusiasm. . Let up
buy-not foolishly but wisely. This
is not the time to hoard.-Charleston
Penitentiary to Harbor Family.
Columbia, Sept. 15.-A whole
family, mother, daughter and son,
and two male friends of the family
took up their abode in the state pen
itentiary this afternoon to spend the
rest of their lives there, as guests of
the state. They were convicted in the
court of general sessions at Lexing
ton this morning for the killing of
Marcellus Cook, head of the family,
an aged paralytic.
Mrs. Julia Cook, Mimie Cook, Ira
Cook, Henry Wheeler (Mimie's fian
cee) and James Barfield, Sr., are the
prisoners. The verdict against them
was direcetd by Judge Sease, after
the attorneys for both sides had con
sented to it. It was "guilty of murder,
with recommendation to mercy."
Marcellus Cook was killed on Au
gust 5. His throat was cut from ear
to ear as he sat in his invalid's chair
in his home near Steadman, in the
Batesburg section of Lexington coun
ty. Ira Cook, his son, killed him while
his daughter, Mimie and her fiancee,,
Henry Wheeler, held the old man's
feet and hands. His wife, Julia, was
accused of having instigated the
crime, and Barfield, charged with hav
ing plotted the deed.
Barfield and Ira Cook confessed
their crime, after being arrested, and
later other members of the fanrrly
confessed complicity in it.
The only witnessoa sworn in the
case today were Secretary G. Croft
Williams, of the state board of pub
lic welfare, and Miss Louise Bishop,
psychiatrist for the board, both of
whom testified that the Cooks were
The case against J. C. Swygert,
charged with the murder of Dr. J.
C. Nicholson of Leesville, was to have
been tried at this term of court in
Lexington, but was postponed a week
on account of illness of Swygert's
brother. The Newt Kelly case, in
which Kelly is charged with the mur
der of David- Shull, of Columbia, was
continued to the next term of the
Money from Chickens and
Are you a 'doubting Thomas' when
it comes to the value of club work?
Well, if you are, be convinced. Think
of the $293.61 made clear of expens
es by Rose McGrath, a little club girl
of Florahome, Putnam county, Flor
ida, and throw no more cold water
upon efforts of those who support
club work among the boys and girls
of this state.
Rose had a few dozen Single Comb
White Leghorn hens at the beginning
of the present year. She has just as
many hens now, plus several younger
chickens. But ?that is not all. During
the first six months of the year she
collected $408.69 from the sales of
eggs and chickens. Her expenditures
for that period amounted to $115.08.
This left her a clear profit of $293.
In addition to all this profit, Rose
has received $50 as prize money. Miss
Sarah Partridge, State home demon
stration agent and Miss Floresa Sip
prell, home demonstration agent of
Putnam county, are very proud of
Rose's record as a club girl.-Farm
The pigs should be fed grain and
finished as early as possible if the
pork is to be economically produced.
Growth and development of pigs
should be rapid if the bacon is to be
profitable. A little neglect at this
critical season may retard the growth
When the pigs are to be finished
they may be confined in pens unless
there is a luxuriant pasture whence
plenty of grain may be fed. They
should have some green food occa
sionally to supplement the dry feed,
even if they are put in pens.
Slops are good, but they are sel
dom sufficient unless very rich. When
the pigs are being fattened they
should have grain. Corn is the best
grain for this purpose, but oats, rye,
barley, emmer of grain sorghum will
answer. The smallest grains are bet
ter crashed and fed in slops.-Farm
tual Insurance Asso
Property Insured $17,226,000.
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you may
desire about , our plan of insurance.
We insure your property against
destruction by .
FIRE, WINDSTORM, or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to you that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties of
Abbeville, Greenwood, McCormick,
Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda, Rich
land, Lexington, Calhoun and Spar
tanburg, Aiken, Greenville, Pickens,
Barnwell, Bamberg, Sumter, Lee,
Clarendon, Kershaw, Chesterfield.
The officers are: Gen. J. Fraser
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.,
J. R. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secretary
and Treasurer, Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. ?.
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
June 1, 1921.
Notice of Final Discharge.
To All Whom These Presents May
Whereas, J. H. Allen has made ap
plication unto this Court for Final Dis
charge as Executor in re the Estate of
Clara Penn, deceased, on this the 23
day of Augusta, 1921.
These are Therefore, to cite any and
all kindred, creditors, or parties inter
ested, to show cause before me at my
office at Edgefield Court House, South
Carolina, on the 28th day of Septem
ber, 1921, at ll o'lock A. M., why said
order of Discbarge should not be
W. T. KINNAIRD,
J. P. C., E. C., S. C.
August 23, 1921.
The "King" of Coal for
It is the most economical and
satisfactory coal in the world.
It is sold under absolute guaran
tee, is unexcelled for grates and
stoves and gives intense heat.
Distributed exclusively in Edg
field by M. A. Taylor. It will
pay you to personally see this
coal and test it out.
A. C. PHELPS
Sales Agt. Riddle Coal Company
Sumter, S. C.
I A Hen That j
\ Walked Backwards I
I By WILLIAM FALL ?
(?, 1921, Western Newspaper Union.)
"Why, Colonel Travers sends 500
miles for a Hate of strawberries cost
ing a dollar a ni*ce, If he takes a no
tion," was the >. ay Gregory Jones usu
ally descanted upon the Immense
wealth of the proprietor of Hillsdale
hall. "They say, too, that he has bank
notes bound up Into books in his
The Travers family lived in grand
style. They were pleasant, liberal, and
(.pent a good deal of money with the
village storekeepers. There was,
therefore, considerable regret when it
was known that tho hall had been sold
for a seminary.
In Hillsdale hall Gregory was very
much Interested. He was given many
an odd task well paid for by the col
onel. The matron of that lordly es
tablishment was Mrs. Susan Morton.
She was a buxom widow, cheery but
On the day that the hall family
moved, Gregory brushed up his best
suit and started for the hall with a de
termined, though anxious face. He ex
pected to find Susan there, and he did
-seated on the top step of the porch.
The house had been divested of all its
furniture and moving vans were visi
ble down the road. Susan had the keys
of the house In her hand and looked
^ "You've been crying, jSusan," ob
served Gregory, sitting down beside
"Yes, I'll admit It," confessed Susan,
making room for him. "It grieves rae
to leave such a kind, liberal family."
"Susan," said Gregory, wlvh longing
eyes, "you know my feelings towards
"I do, Gregory," acknowledged Su
san, frankly, "ind feel honored by
them. It ls useless to talk tbont that,
though, just now. All I have Is the lit
tle plat of farm land my mother left
me. You will have to walt till you get
some steady position."
"And then, Susan?' pressed Greg
"Why, the day you can make a
start to stock up the farm I will be
glad and willing to go Into life part
nership with you."
"It's a good, sensible woman you
are," declared Gregory, warmly. "I'm
going to deserve you, and then I'm
going to have you."
"I hope so," returned Susan with an
encouraging smile. "Oh, Gregory,
would you do a favor for me?"
"You don't need to ask that."
"The colonel sold off all his barn
stuff, the chickens among them.
There's a poor witless hen the pur
chasers wouldn't take. They said lt
was crazy and would annoy the other
layers. They've left the homeless
thing behind. Won't you take care
"I will," promised Gregory, "and
think of what a kind-hearted woman
3-0U are every time I look at IL"
Gregory located the lone chick on
Its roost, found a bag, said good-by to
Susan and took his prize home. The
keeper of the village general store was
Just getting ready to put up the shut
ters for the night when Gregory
rushed Into the place.
"Hello!" hailed the storekeeper,
"going to move?"
"Pretty nigh that, Silas?" replied
Gregory. "See here, I want a little ac
commodation of you."
"What is lt, Gregors-?"
"I want to borrow $25."
The storekeeper proceeded to his
old Iron box of a safe. Gregory be
came immersed in reading the glaring
poster on the wall of a circus exhibit
ing 50 miles away.
"Just in time," he said to himself.
"Thank you, Silas, I'll pay you back all
right," he added aloud.
There was great gossip as to the
mysterious departure of Gregory.
A week later there came a letter.
"Dear Sweetheart Susan," lt read,
"I've ordered that farm outfit and I'm
coming home. Get ready to begin
that life partnership this fall-beauti
ful sunsets, harvests and alli"
. Susan gave a scream of delight as
she opened the door one morning and
found Gregory on the doorstep.
"Gregory," was her first word as
they were seated on the sofa, "what
does It all mean? Did some one leave
you a fortune?"
"Better than that," replied Gregory
buoyantly-"a chance to earn every
dollar I've got. It was ?he chicken,
"What chicken?" asked Susan for
"The one you asked me to care for.
Susan, that was a wonderful fowl. No
more crazy than you or I-only queer."
"How queer, Gregory?"
"Well, lt walked backwards. Think
of a hen that walked backwards-the
only one in the world. I .vent straight
to the city where a circus was show
ing. A side show was intarested. Not
that a chicken that walked backwards
was so strong an attraction of Itself,
but with the tattooed boy~ and the trick
porcupine lt made a big draw. A show
man offered me $1,000 cash for the
curiosity, so I'm here with the money
to stock up that farm. What do you
"That you are a husband worth
walting for," replied Susan tender^.
Headed for Trouble.
"Did yon congratulate the groom?"
"New. Would you congratulate a
fellow Just going to the dentist'?
chair?"-Detroit Free Press.
PROFITABLE DAIRY IN SOUTH
Home Demand Supplied for Products
and Soil Fertility Built Up and
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
More than 9,500,000 pounds of but
ter was made by 93 creameries in the
Southern states in the year ending De
cember 31, 1919. Thirty of the 54
cheese factories scattered throughout
i?e mountain region turned out 431,
0U0 pounds of Cheddar cheese. SiJosr
modern dairy barns, and purebred
dairy t cows are becoming common.
"Fifteen years ago dairying as an in
dustry had been scarcely started in
the southern states," said a. specialist
In the dairy division, United States
Department of Agriculture. '''The
South probably has made more prog
res? In the last 13. years than any
other section of the country. The In
crease In the number of dalry cows
from 1907 to 1920 was more than 50
per cent. The Increase for the enr
tire United States durirng the same
period was 13.8 per cent."
While the increase in number of
cows. has been large, lt is pointed out
by men working co-operatively with
the federal government and the state
agricultural college that the Improve
ment in quality has been of even great
er importance. Purebreds have beeu
shipped In every year in large num
bers, and great Interest bas been
shown In the use of purebred - sires:
There are now 48 bull nsocintlons in
these states. The latest census lig
ures available show there are 5,184
head of purebred dalry cattle In South;
Carolina and 9,586 in Virginia.
"Dairy development began In the
southern states shortly after 1906,"
said one of the specialists, "but the.
improvement was slow at first It
was difficult to convince growers in
my territory that there was anything,
for .them In dairying. But an object
lesson was found that finally conr
vlnced them. On one side of a road
was a field of cotton that yielded two
bales per acre; on the other side a
field gave half a bale. The farm that
grew two bales to the acre had kept
cows for five years, and the manure
had produced the change. Farmers
were taken from miles around to see
these two fields.
"This little demonstration illustrates
the purpose for which dalry cows wjere
Purebred Holsteins on a Louisiana
Farm-Cows Have Been Dipped Reg
ularly for Ticks Without Loss in
recommended In sections of the South
-not to make dairying a major Indus
try, but. rather to estai lish a system
that would supply the home.demand
for dalry products, and at the same
time build up and maintain soil fer
tility, both by supplying manure and
by enforcing a proper rotation of
crops. This would make possible the
production of cotton and other staple
crops at greater profit This was the
aim of the southern dalry extension
work, the first large scale extension
project attempted, which was started)
under the direction of the dalry di
vision of the Department of Agricul
ture in 1906, and carried forward co
operatively by the department and
the state agricultural colleges.
One of the first things corrected:
was the poor feeding methods. Cot
tonseed meal and hulls formed the
basis of the ration; farmers had no
knowledge of balanced rations; silos
were few in number, and lt was not
known generally that they could be
built by farm labor. A few silos were
erected In 1906 as demonstrations, and<
the Idea began to grow slowly In pop
The value of silage compared with
cottonseed hulls was very striking,
even in the days when hulls were only
$4 or $5 a ton. A dalry farm near
Blloxl, Miss., where 40 tons of silage
were fed Instead of cottonseed hulls,
reported a saving of $250 for the whi
"From a local standpoint," writes
one of the federal agents of the dairy
division, "the establishing of dairying
In the boll-weevil districts of Mississip
pi ha3 been one of the greatest
achievements. Anyone acquainted with
the despondency of farmers In 1912
In southern Mississippi, and who was
enabled later to see the ?mange wrouelit
by the dalry cows, will agree that en
thusiasm for dairying is well founded
In a region that was floundering fot
some means of a livelihood, .now
changed to a country In which thc
farmers are supplying whole milk for
New Orleans and other points. This
means good methods are being used."