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Kaolin Soon be Great Industry.
Kaolin-a derivation of the Chi
aiese word Kao-ling meaning a high
How many people in Augusta know
what kaolin is composed of, where
the bulk of it comes from, or what
And further, how many Augusta
folks know that the Kaolin mines of
Aiken and Richmond counties are
the greatest in the world?
Yes, it is a fact that what promises
to become one of the truly big indus
tries of the world is right at Augus
Some interesting* facts about kao
lin were divulged by John D. Twiggs
at the weekly Rotary meeting Tues
day. Here are some of them- .
There is enough kaolin in Aiken
' and Richmond counties to supply the
entire world a hundred years.
The finest grade of kaolin in the
world is found in Aiken and Rich
The kaolin in these counties con
tain from 38 to 44 per cent of alu
Fortunes have been made in the
mining of kaolin.
Seventy per cent of the kaolin
mined in Aiken and Richmond coun
ties is used in making paper.
The other 30 per cent is used in
pottery, paint, drugs, automobile
tires, shoe polish, cosmetics, etc.
The revelations of Mr. Twiggs in
?his talk Tuesday were positively
amazing:, not a member of the Rotary
Club, much less the public at large,
being informed as to the quantity
and value of kaolin in this section.
Plan co Extract the Aluminum
.Experiments are now being made
whereby the aluminum in kaolin may
be extracted, and this accomplish
ment alone will no doubt revolution
ize the industry.
Mr. Twiggs pointed out that the
kaolin in this section is pure white
when mined. It is shipped away in
some instances in bulk and in sacks
while in some cases the local mines
pulverize the kaolin before shipment
is made. Kaolin, which is nothing
more than a white clay substance, can
be pulverized finer than wheat flour.
By this process about 25 per cent of
the clay is lost in the form of a mist
substance passing into the air.
About 500,000 tons of kaolin are
consumed in the United States each
year, Mr. Twiggs told the Rotarians.
About 50 per cent of this is mined
in the United States, the bulk of it
coming from mines in Georgia and
the Carolinas. There are several
mines south of Columbia and others
around Macon. In Aiken and Rich
mond counties there are six mines.
The kaolin as shipped from this sec
.tion is of the crude variety, while
that in middle Georgia is of the wash
type, which means that it must be
washed to remove thc. grit that is im
'bedded in it.
North Carolina Pottery is Worth
In North Carolina the kaolin is
used entirely for pottery. From this
is made the rough types of earthen
ware as well as the finest grades of
china. The value of china products
for 1918 was $65,000,000, about four
times that of 1908.
The bulk of the kaolin that is ship
ped into this country comes from
E.agiand, according to Mr. Twiggs,
and is found in Japan, China, France
and Germany. On this country kaolin
is found in Pennsylvania, Florida,
Georgia and the two Carolinas.
Mr. Twiggs told of a pottery es
tablishment on the edge of Aiken
and Edgefield counties by his great
.grandfather prior to the civil war. He
said this pottery was made to pay at
one time, but the business was bank
rupted by the war between the states.
After the war the mines were bought
up by a Mr. McNamee, who operated
them with great success, and left an
estate valued at several millions of
dollars when he died.
When the Twiggs' of the '5O's op
erated the pottery across the river
there was no local market for the
ohinaware the mines turned out.
The product, though was sold to eas
tern houses and then reshipped to
Augusta and this section and sold in
the same form as when it left the fac
Kaolin Beds Around Here of Great
The kaolin beds in this vicinity are
to be found in solid layers o? great
depth, Mr. Twiggs pointed out. They
were probably washed down into the
' valley millions of years ago, and in
this movement the clay caught up'
many impurities. For this reason it
has to be mined by hand and select
ed in order to get absolutely pure
kaolin. One big tire concern is now
mining kaolin in South Carolina for
its own use.
Mr. Twiggs also went into the mat
ter of making high grade brick from
kaolin. He told of a test that he and
other? associated with him had made.
A burnt brick that sells at $J each
was placed in an electric oven along
side one of the kaolin bricks. After
a period of seven hours the burnt
brick broke down under the heat
pressure of 3,000 degrees, while the
kaolin brick maintained its shape
and was intact. The kaolin brick was
then put under 4,000 degrees of heat
pressure for three hours and was even
Aho Used for Making Fine Plate
In addition to the many uses of
kaolin, Mr. Twiggs pointed out that
high grade plate glass is also made
of this clay, and that glass linings
use'd in places where heat is severe
are also made of kaolin.
After his talk Mr. Twiggs passed
out among the Rotarians for inspec
tion a small brick of kaolin in the
form of which it was taken from the
mine. The kaolin was pure white. He
also exhibited a half-filled jar of pul
verized kaolin for the Rotarians to
examine. They not only looked it
over, but tasted it, and all pronounc
ed it "good."-Augusta Herald.
Women Students vs. Men.
Women's and men's colleges have
not up to now attempted to compete
with each other in athletic rivalry,
owing to the fact that women are
considered a weaker sex physically.
The time may come when the girls
who are fast growing in physical abil
ilty may be ' able to cope with the
boys in both baseball and football.
Already girl swimmers are showing
When it comes to the field of men
tal ability, women students are fully
able to compete with men. Back when
women's colleges were first started,
people scoffed at the idea that the
girls could do equally severe mental
work. But they long since found out
that the girls were just as good
scholars if not better.
An instance of women's tendency
to assert themselves in competition
with men in all activities is seen in
the joint debate soon to be held be
tween a team of girls from Smith
college and a team of boys from Dart
mouth. The time has come when the
girls can't be kept down. They have
confidence in their mental powers
and want to test them out in com
petition with men.
The students of men's colleges
have had some tendency to look down
on girls' colleges, regarding them as
a little inferior. But such claims are
like to be attacked. The girls will not
be content to be considered oh a
lower intellectual par. If the boys
claim any mental superiority, they
will have to accept such challenges
or see their assertions discounted.
It will be interesting to see which
will come out ahead when such de
bates become more common. Women
have sometimes been considered in
ferior in logic. But they are hard
workers and very practical, and
would marshal many instances out
of actual life to prove their points
in such a competition. The boys will
have to quit so much football and
pretty girl talk and get down to bus
iness if they are going to win such
Beautiful Pictures at Small
What a glorious thing it would be
if it could be said with simple truth
that every farm home in the South,
no matter how simple, had at least
one picture by one of the world's
great artists! I don't mean of course
that we should buy a picture just be
cause it is by a great artist, regard
less of whether or not it appeals to
us as beautiful. But there are so
many wonderful pictures by world
famous artists from which we can
make a selection, buying only those
of which we know that each individ
ual picture will be indeed "a thing
of beauty and a joy forever" in the
If you will send 5 cents to the El
son Art Publication Co., Belmont,
Mass., or 10 cents to the Perry Pic
tures Co., Malden, Mass., you will
get a catalog containing hundreds of
miniature reproductions of famous
pictures. With such a catalog, you
can then take your time to decide
which of these pictures in larger size
you would most delight to have; and
you will find that you can get these
really beautiful and artistic pictures
for less than the tawdry, botchy,
splotchy daubs of color which travel
ing agents and furniture store have
so often palmed Dff on the unsuspect
Eyes scientifically examined and
glasses properly fitted.
GEO. F. MIMS,
Edgefield, S. C.
Says 5 Million Children Are
Washington, Nov. 2.-Five" mil
lion children are starving in the Vol
ga basin in Russia and one-half to'
two-thirds of the entire population
of fifteen million will die before the
next harvest, unless far greater re
I lief than the charitable organizations
I are now able to afford is extended.
Five million more children and ten
million additional adults in the prov
inces surrounding the Volga district"
also are in dire straits although not
actually facing starvation as yet
Asks for Aid.
These startling official statements
on conditions in famine-stricken Rus
sia were made by Secretary Hoover,
as chairman of the American Relief
Adminsitration to the House Military
Affairs Committee today. Secretary
Hoover urged that legislation be en
acted to turn over to the relief ad
minsitration surplus army medicines,
surgical and hospital supplies and
used blankets, originally values at
four million dollars.
The committee in executive ses
sion, instructed Chairman Kahn to
introduce a joint resolution granting
the desired authority to the war de
partment. The resolution was offered
and will be formally reported out by
the committee tomorrow, Chairman
"The advocates of this relief legis
llation presented the most pathetic
?picture the committee has ever lis
tened to," said Mr. Kahn.
Disease is Demon.
Disease, sweeping over the strick
en land, is finding a ready harvest
among the millions weakened by the
lack of food and is taking an enor
mous toll of life, the committee was
told. Medicines and hospital supplies
are entirely exhausted in most com
Fifty per cent of the children in
some -sections were declared to be
suffering from malaria and quinine
is not to be had. Typhus, typhoid fe
ver, cholera and smallpox are racing
and inevitably will spread to other
countries unless means to check the
epidemics are provided, Secretary
Hoover warned. He said:
Danger to America.
"The greatest danger to America is
lin the spread of Asiatic cholera and
luther dread diseases."
Secretary Hoover said conditions in
Russian Armenia are vitually as had
as in the Volga basin, aid will be ex
tended in that territory as rapidly
as possible, he explained.
Vernon Kellogg, one of Mr. Hoov
er's chief aides in relief work sinae
1919, who just returned from Russia
told the committee the conditions in
the stricken district were far worse
than he had ever seen in his six years
experience among destitute peoples.
Cotton Prices Will be Higher.
Boston, Nov. 3.-As a result of
the present condition of the cotton
crop, seriously diminished by the dep
redations of the boll- weevil, buyer
and consumer must not be surprised
if cotton prices are higher, Russell
L. B. Lowe of Fitchburg, president
of the National Association of Cot
ton Manufacturers, told the semi
annual convention of that body here
tonight. Speaking at a banquet that
marked the conclusion of a two day
session, Lowe asserted that the wee
vil had destroyed more than $200,
000 worth of the crop and that the
question of the raw .cotton supply had
"Looking into the future," he said,
the general opinion is that the cot
ton industry is headed for prosper
ity with a shortage of production
when demand becomes normal.
"The whole textile industry faces
too much uncertainty in regard to
the purchase of cotton. The price
fluctuates to such an extent that the
manufacturer can not plan his work
nor can the garment manufacturer
be certain of any price on which to
base his product. There are few in
dustries, if any, in which such a spec
ulative feature is present."
Shipping board efforts to procure
for American ships "the carrying of
a proper share of our imports of
Egyptian cotton" were approved in
a resolution adopted.
"The possession by the United
States of a merchant shipping of its
own, rightly proportioned to the
strength of other American indus
tries, is essential to the security of jj
our commerce and vital to the; na
tional defense," the r?solution added.
American diplomatic representa- (
tives abroad were called upon in oth
er resolutions to be watchful "that I
there be no improper discrimination | <
against the products of the United
States by any country."
The convention also announced | \
in resolution that in view of the pres
ent depressed condition of American
industry, abnormally low cost of .pro
duction abroad and the foreign ex
change situation, it- entertains the
"solemn conviction that it is impera
tive that there be no further delay
in the enactment of an adequate pro
tective tariff bill."
Talking about roi
your own cigarettes,
tell you right here
Prince Albert tobaccc
'em all lashed to the r
You've got a handft
happiness coming you
rection when you pal it
P. A. and the mah
papers! For Prince A
is not only delightft
your taste and pleash
its refreshing aroma, bu
exclusive patented pr
frees it from bite and p;
County Treasurer's Notice.
The County Treasurer's office will
be open for the purpose of receiving
taxes from the fifteenth day of Oc
tober, 1921 to the fifteenth day of
All taxes shall he due and pay
able between the fifteenth day of
October, 1921 and December the
thirty first, 1921.
That when taxes charged shall not
be paid by December the thirty first,
1921 the County Auditer shall pro
ceed to add a penalty of one per
cent, for January and if taxes are
not paid on or before February the
first 1922, the County Auditor will
proceed to add two per cent, and
five per cent additional, from the
first of March to the fifteenth of
March, after which time all unpaid
taxes will be collected hy the Sheriff.
The tax levies for 1921 are as fol
For State purposes_12
For Ordinary County_ll
For Past Indebtedness_5
For Constitutional School tax_3
For Antioch _8
For Bacon School District_14
For Blocker _8
For Colliers _14
For Flat Rock_._8
For Oak Grove_3
For Red Hill_8
For Edgefield _10
For Elmwood No. 8_8
For Elmwood No. 9__2
For Elmwood No. 30 ______2
For Hibler _8
For Elmwood L. C._3
For Harmony _3
For Meriwether (Gregg) _2
For Brunson School_4
For Trenton _14
For Wards _ 8
For Wards No. 33_4
For Blocker R. R. (portion_6
For Elmwood R. (portion_6
For Johnston R. R._."3
For Pickens R. R._3
For Wise R. R. __._3
All male citizens between the
iges pf 21 and 60 years, except those
sxempt by law, are liable to a poll
tax of One Dollar each.
All owners of dogs are required to
pay the sum of $1.25 for each dog of
the age of six months or older. This
is not included in the property tax
but a tag must be purchased from the
County Treasurer for each dog be
tween October 15, and December 31,
jf each year.
The law prescribes that all male
?tizens between the ages of 18 arid
55 years must pay $4.00 commuta
tion tax. No commutation is included
in the property tax. Sn ask for road
tax receipt when you desire to pay
road tax. Time for paying road tax
?Viii expire February 1, 1922.
J. L. PRINCE,
Co. Treas. E. C.
Duly One "BROMO QUININE ?
fo net the seaulne. C3ll lor full name, LA*
UVE BROMO QUININE. Look for signature o>
S.W. GROVE. Cures a Cold In One Day. Stop?
cough and headache, and works off cold. 25c
bert's a new
n the joys of rolling 'em!
And, for a fact, rolling
up Prince Albert is mighty
easy! P. A. is crimp cut and
stays put and you whisk it
into snape before you can
count three ! And, the next
instant you*re.puffing away
to beat the band!
Prince Albert is iso good
that it has led four men to
smoke jimmy pipes where
one was smoked before! It's
the greatest old buddy
smoke that ever found its
way into a pipe or cigarette!
Prince Albert ie
mold in toppy red
bags, tidy red tine,
and half pt und tin
humidors mid in the
pound crystal glees
itional joy smoke
by R J. Reynolds
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus ...... $175,000.00
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open vour account with ns for the year 1921. Invest your
'savings in one of our Interest Bearing Certificates of
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable pa
All business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Gloria Flour and Dan Patch Horse^Feed
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia Ru R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
?0&~ See our representative, C. E. May.
Barrett & Company
'M.I H I M ! ):<,; H I M I M I.M.i M I M . M I >< ..>< I M I'M'