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Large Per Cent Now in School.
k J. E. Swearingen. state superin
tendent of education, has prepared a
statement in which he sets forth and
interprets' some figures taken in
South Carolina in 19.20. He shows
"tha't more than 62 per cent of the
people of school age attend school,
being a net gain of 14 per cent dur
ing the .past ten years, which is the
best record for any of the 48 states.
Other figures of Interest are drawn
Jfrom the census by Mr. Swearingen.
Sis statement follows:
., According to the census of 1920
South Carolina outranks 14 states in
the percentage of her population be
tween 5 and 20 years of age attend
ing school. The number of the state's
inhabitants between 5 and 20 years
of age when the census was taken in
january, 1920, was 675,152. The
number attending school in this group
was 423,740, or 62.8 per cent. ,
This is in striking contrast with
the corresponding percentage as
shown uv the census of ten years ago.
In ,1910 only 48.6.per cent of the
state's population between five and
20 years of age was attending school.
Th^is means a net gain , of 14.2 per
.cent durjng the decade. This is the
best retord shown for any of the 48
states, .the next being 12.4 per cent
This group practically presents the
number pf children to be taught in
xhe commonwealth; The. school age
Hilder our constitution begins on the
sixth birthday and runs to the 21st 1
ibiiihday.^Th ecensus group includes j
boys and girls between five and six (
years of age. These tots ought to be j
in kindergarten and many o#f them
would be receiving kindergarten
training but for the age restrictions
of the constitution of 1895. ,
As to Attendance Law. <
The census figures also show the J
, population between seven and 13 ;
years of age.- This group embraces 1
the boys and girls affected by the 1
compulsory attendance laws in most h
of the state. South - Carolina's local J
option attendance law wa3 enacted in 1
1917. This was followed by the state- (
wide attendance law of 1919. x j
* In 1920 the state had 315,069 boys -J
and girls in this group. Of this num- '
.ber 274,4.29-87.1 per cent-were
attending school. Here again, South :
Carolina outranks 12 states. This per 1
centage stands in striking contrast
with the corresponding figures ten
years ago-67.6 per cent. The gain i
during the decade was, therefore, i
19.5- per cent., or 195 per thousand.
Here again South Carolina made the
best record of any of the 48 states. ;
Legislators, , taxpayers, teachers 1
and patrons have every reason to be
gratified over South Carolina's
achievement in outstripping every
other state in her gain of school at
tendance among children between
the ages of five' and 20 years as well
as in her gain of school attendance i
under the compulsory education law 1
between the ages of seven and 13. To
make this record in ^either respect
would ? be a significant accomplish
ment, but to lead the nation in both
respects points emphatically to the
educational spirit of our- folk. The
continuance of our educational efforts
during the decade from 1920 to 1930
ought to bring still better results.
? y Leads the South.
The state now leads the South in
both of these groups. However, it is
still behind the average for the na
tion. For the country as a whole the
percentage of children between the
ages of five and 20 years attending
school is 64.3 and the percentage, of
children between the ages of seven
and 13 attending school is 90.6. For
the South Atlantic seaboard these
percentages ?re 60.2 and 85.6.
Stated in another way the figures
.mean that now 628 persons between
the ages of five and 20 yeara are at
tending school, whereas only 486 of
.such persons were attending school
^ ten years ago.
Among children between seven
and 13 years of age the figures mean
that 871 boys and girls are attending
school against 676 in 1910. The re
duction of adult illiteracy goes hand
in hand with this improvement in '
. The slogan of the next ten years '
might well be "Let's put South Caro
lina in the front rank in 1930."
Big Paying Jobs Attract
. The trial of Frank McNeal, negro,
featured the city court session yes
terday morning. Chief Strickland
said McNeal was collecting $2 from
Columbia negroes on a promise to
land jobs at Tampa paying from $4
per day up. One negro said a; large
number of. negroes "fell" to McNeal's
proposition and he for one wanted
his money back. The witness said Mc
Neal claimed that $2 would pave the
way for the job at Tampa and that
the Columbia party would -leave on a
.midnight train. 'The negro said when
train time arrived McNeal would
name a later train and after several
trains had departed with none of the
Columbians on board he became sus
picious and notified the police.
McNeal said he was acting for the
plasters and brickmasons' union and
that those who paid the entrance fee
were entitled to assistance. He said
each'man was required to pay $2
cash when he signed thc papers. The
judge sent the case to the criminal
court where McNeal will answer to a
charge of obtaining/ money} under
false pretenses. Bond was fixed at
Georgia Raised Melons Class?
' ed as Luxuries.
Atlanta, Nov. 25.-The Georgia
Bureau of Markets gives some inter
esting figures in regard to the water
melon crop. Texas is shown to have
devoted 38,000 acres to melon cul
ture and Georgia came second with
30,000 acres. i
It requires 44,000 cars to trans
port the melons to their destinations.
The highest price a car was $1,3.50
and the average worth of a car was
'"If we consider that watermelons
belong somewhat to the1 luxury class
of good produced from the ground,
the widening demand for them would
indicate that the buying power on the
part of the public during the summer
was not in such dreadful shape after
all,"- declared Lem B. Jacksoh, di
rector of the St?te Market Bureau.
"Of courfee with the small boy and
the colored brethren, watermelons
do not represent a luxury. They are
the sheerest sort of necessities."
?> Fall Plowing.
The writer has recently been be
tween the plow handles in turning
some sod land for corn and potatoes
next year. Now that ten-acre field is
plowed and ready for winter freezes,
to gather winter rains and for the
tens of thousands of grub worms
turned up to freeze or at least to be
made uncomfortable. These advan
tages are J well understood but he
could not help but think that he was
irlad that some of the clods in some
packed ground would have several !
months in which rain and freeze J
would vie with each other in break
ing them down before time to plant
a crop there.
. Still, after all the big thing is the
preparation this year for next year's
crop. It is like a bank account or old
corn in the -crib when the new
2rop comes in. It is getting ahead of
the game, or in the game. With just
a two-horse'plow and the feeding to
do it is the putting behind us of sev
en or "eight days of next year's work.
In some Februarys we have" no plow
ing weather and sometimes this is
about as much plowing weather .as
we have in March. On a one-team
farm this ten acres fall plowingmay
mean almost/a month saved in the
spring, for plowing weather is gen
erally abundant in the late fall and
is liable to be scarce in February
and March. It is worth straining to
the limit to get started at fall plow
ing, then it will be easier than it has
been not to do it; for the work can
be kept up better clear through the
Gave 15 Tons of Milk in Year.
Lincoln, Neb.-Oak Ledge Corona
Clyde is vieing with La Verna for \he
queenship of Nebraska's dairy cows
by taking her rank among the na-j
tion's 2-score dairy cows that produc
ed more than a thousand pounds of
butter and more than twelve hundred
pounds of butter is Oak Clyde's rec
ord for the year, W. J. Jenkinson,
owner, has been notified by the Hol
stein-Fresian Association of America.
La Verna", queen" bf Nebraska
dairy herds, owned by the dairy hus- \
bandry department of Nebraska agri
cultural college, set a record of 29,
555 pounds of milk and 1,048 pounds
of butter fat, which, converted into
butter made a total of 1,310 pounds.
Oak Clyde, according to official fig
ures, produced 30,250 pounds of milk
for a total of 1,009 pounds of fat,
which converted into butter, made
1,262 pounds. This represents a dif
ference of only forty eight pounds of
butter and La Verna ranks sixteenth
in the country..
Fleece Lined Highways Now.
Fleece-lined roads for getting mo
torists over desert sand have recently
made their appearance, and have sur-v
prised a great many motor tourists
traveling through Arizona. There is
such a low market value upon cot
ton in certain sections that it scarce
ly pays to haul it to the railroad sta
tions. Much that is raised, therefore,
goes into the making of roads.
Ranchmen ,of the California Im
perial Valley, and the Salt River Val
ley, of Arizona-both great cotton
producing regions-are doing .with
cotton just what farmers in other
sandy sections do with straw or )
brush. Cotton is simply thrown down.1
upon the road over stretches where;
the sand is annoying. Traffic over the
road then packs the cotton down into
the sand until it forms a firm, smooth
and resilient surface, over which mo
tor vehicles may progress with al-j
most as much ease as over a paved
street, in a city.
We still have a few of the new
style Fords on hand. Better^et one
before they are all sold.
YONGE & MOONEY.
County Treasurer's Notice.
The County Treasurer's office will
be open for the purpose of receiving
taxes from the fifteenth day of Oe
tober, 1921 to the fifteenth day of
All taxes shall be due and pay_
able between the fifteenth day of
October, 1921 and Decermber , the
thirty first, 1921.
That when taxes charged shall not
be paid by December the thirty first,
1921 the County Auditer shall pro
ceed to add a penalty of one per
cent, for January and if taxes are
not paid on or before February the
first* 1922, the County Auditor will
proceed to add two per cent, and
five per cent additional, from the
first of March .to the fifteenth of
March, after which time all unpaid
taxes will, be collected by the Sheriff.
The tax levies for 1921 are as fol*
?For State purposes_-_12
For Ordinary County_r---ll
For Past Indebtedness_._5
For Constitutional Schotol tax_3
For Antioch J_8
For Bacon,School District_14
For Blocker _1_8
For Colliers _)4
For Flat Rock_8
For Oak Grove.-.-3
For Red Hill --.1-8
For Edgefield -._:-10
For Elmwood No. 8_8
For Elmwood No. 9_2
For Elmwood No. 30 -,_2
For flibler _8
For Elmwood L. C._3
For Harmony _-.1-3
For Meriwether (Gregg) --2
(For Brunson School_4*
j For Shaw-4
For Sweetv/ater_' _ _ -,-4
For Trenton _14
For Wards .-.- 8
For Wards No. 33_4
For Blocker R. R. (portion_6
For Elmwood R> (portion -:-26
For Johnston R. R.._3
?For Pickens R. R. __.3
I For Wise R. R._r_3
Ali male citizens between the
j ages of 21 and 60 years, except those
exempt by law/are liable to a poll
I tax of One Dollar each.
All owners of dogs are required to
I pay the sum of $1.25 fdr each dog of
the age of six months or older. This
is not .included in the property tax
j but a tag must be purchased from the
County Treasurer for each dog be
tween October 15, and December 31,
of each year.
The law prescribes that all male
citizens between the ages pf 18 and
55 years must pay $4.00 commuta
tion tax. No commutation is included
in the property tax. So ask for road
tax Teceipt when you desire to pay
road tax. Time for paying road tax
[will expire February 1, 1922.
J. L. PRINCE, %
Co. Treas. E. C.
! Abbeyille-Greenwood Mu - j
tual insurance Asso- x
Property Insurred $17>226}000.
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you r?ay
desire about oar plan of insurance.
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM, or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
- pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to you that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties of
Abbeville, Greenwood, McCormick, !
Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda, Rich
land, Lexington, Calhoun and Spar
tanburg, Aiken, Greenville, Pickens,
Barnwell, Bamberg, Sumter, Lee,
Clarendon, Kershaw, Chesterfield.
The officers are: Gen. J..Fraser
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.,
J. H. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secretary
and Treasurer, Greenwood, S. C.
, -DIRECTORS- '
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M.-Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S.i C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
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