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Steady Recovery in Europe
Washington, Dec. ll.-The eco
nomic recovery of Europe, while nec
essarily slow and difficult is making
substantial progress, Secretary Hoov
er declared in a review of interna
tional trade conditions made public
tonight. The situation "contains great
danger' he said, but it is "not at all
as gloomy as some statements would
make it appear."
A survey of European conditions
he said, "will show that the danger
of bolshevism is past," partly through
improved standards of life and partly
"through the salutory lesson of
The "one field of continuous de
generation," he declared to be that of
government finance, citing as factors
"unbalanced budgets and consequent j
currency inflation." The commerce
of tt?e whole world, the secretray said
suffers from this failure in govern
ment finance, and unless remedies j
are found the great recuperation ef
fected in social, political, industrial,
agricultural and commercial life will
The most dangerous of the unbal
anced inflation situations, Mr. Hoov
er said, is Germany whose case "de
pends upon the' .method and volume
of reparation payments."
"As the United States does not
participate either in its control or its
receipts," he said, "we have no voice
or right to interfere. It is earnestly
to be hoped that the present nego
tiations upon reparations may suc
ceed in finding a sound basis that will
secure permanent ?conomie and po
litical stability to Germany and cer
tainty bf regular payments to the al
lies. With this effected the way is
open for constructive consideration
of the situations in other states. The
American people have never been and
will not be amiss*in participation in
these further measures, but our peo
ple can. not successfully enter until
, those who have control of the repar
ations have settled this major issue
upon so sound an economic basis that
i we can look upon the future of Eu
rope with confidence."
The Post Office Department.
' ' Declaring that the United States |
' postal service is*the largest distinc
tive business in the wqrld, Postmaster
Hays gives some striking figures con- j
cerning that department. According
to the data which he furnishes, the
postal service has 320,000 employees.
It serves 110,000,000 customers. It |
. spends $600,000,000 annually, and
. the annual turnover of business is
more than $3,000,000,000. In every
single hour of the 24, 1,400,000 let
ters are mailed, or more than 12,000,
000,000 letters a year.
To carry this mail over 14,000,
000,000 postage stamps and 1,125,
000,000 postal cards are sold annual
ly. The money order department sells
each year more than 150,000,000
money orders, in ari aggregate sum
The parcel post division of the
Postoffice department is the largest]
express company in the world, car
rying over 2,500,000,000 packages
a year. The postak savings depart
ment is the largest postal savings
bank in the world, having ever 500,
000 individual depositors.
'The dead letter office handles "19,
000,000' undelivered letters each year
practically all of which are due to
the neglect of the public in properly
Everyday 43,000 rural mail car
riers start on their journeys, serving
6,500,000 families and travelling ly
170,000 miles before they.return to
The Postoffice department in hand
lingmail consumes 800,000 miles of j
twine a year, enough to- girdle the
earth.30 times; ?.,200,000 lead pencils'!
and 25,000 quarts of mucilage.
The Postmaster-General expresses
the hope of making the posts self
sustaining. This is not the idea..Ser
vice is what is expected-and what
must be given.-Augusta Chronicl?.
. Notice is hereby^given that hunt
ing and all manner of trespassing J
upon my land ??J prohibited and the|
law will be enforced against all per
sons who fail to heed this notice.
This is meant for everybody, without |
any exception. ,
Mrs. ELLEN W. STROTHER.
Notice is hereby given that all
hunting, fishing and traspassing of j
every manner whatsoever on the
land of the undersigned is hereby j
prohibited. Cattle must not be allow
ed to run at large on land.
W. A. CARTLEDGE.
For S. F. Cartledge.
ll-23-3tpd Colliers, S. C.
To Prevent Blood Poisoning
ipply at once the wonderful old reliable DR;
PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HFALING OIL. a sur
gical dressing that relieves pain and heals at
toe same time Not a liniment. 2So-V*^%??
Recommend: tiona Mad? by the Ex
tension Se-/ice of Clemson College.
Clemson College, Dec. 12^-The Ex
tension Sen ice of Clemson College
has published Extension Bulletin 48,
"Farming ui der Boll Weevil Condi
tions," and l as secured through Sen
ator N. B .1 ia] the publication of a
revision of the "Report of the South
Carolina Bol. Weevil Commission."
Both of these publications, which
may be had from county agents or
from the Extension Service, Clemson
College, S. C. .contain valuable sug
gestions on growing cotton under boll
weevil conditions. Some of these are
given below. J '. ,
i Stalk Dest uction and Cleaning up
the Farm.-The hordes of weevil's
that ravage .he cotton crop are the
^offspring of parent weevils that pass
ed the preceding winter successfully.
The weevils developing late in the
fall are the, ones most likely to. sur
vive the winter, as they are not worn
out by long flights and by egg laying.
The greatest number of weevils will
survive in those fields on which cot
ton stalks tog ether with grass, weeds
and other refuse material offering
shelter, are a lowed to remain. The
early destruction of cotton stalks by
chopping and- plowing them under,
the planting o I! winter covers, and the
cleaning of terraces, ditch banks,
edges of wooes, and other places of
fering winter shelter, constitute the
first step in malting the next year's
Thorough Preparation.-When *
cover crop is grown on the land dur
ing fall and winter, it should be
plowed under early in the spring so
that the land will have ample time to
settle before i lanting. Cotton comes
up more quickly and starts growth
earlier if planted on a firm well-set
tled seed bed than if planted on a
loose one. If the land- has been in
corn and velvet beans, or corn and
peas during the summer and can be
conveniently planted to a cover crop,
this should be grazed .during the
early winter months and plowed un
der in. mld-wit;ter for best conservar
tion of nitrogen, and this will give
time for the laud to settle and the or
ganic matter to humify before plant
ing time. Wher? no cover crop is
used, the land should be plowed in
the fall or early winter for a heavy
clay soil, or ti the early spring in
the ease of a sandy soil, and the seed
beds should be made up early in the
spring so that they will have ample
time to settle before planting.. Clay
spilB when plowed in the tall should
be plowed deep to give more soil for
root development. No soil should be
^plowed deep in the late spring or just
before planting. . .
Planting only Approved Varieties.
-Numerous experiments in the boll
weevil infested area of this state and
other states ha?e amply justified the
recommendations of the following
varieties for '.he conditions desig
IA. . Short staple varieties.-(1)
Cleveland Big >?oll for wilt-free land.
(2). Dixie Triumph for wilt-infested
B. Long Staple varieties.-(1)
Webber No. 49. (2) Delta-Type Web
It is important to have an early
fruiting variety but it ls also impor
tant to have a variety which contin
ues to fruit throughout the season.
The boll weevil prefers to puncture
squares and will do so if they are
present in th9 plants; out if none are
to be found, he will then puncture the
half-grown bolls. This explains why
it is important for a variety to con
tinue fruiting throughout the season.
It should be understood that other
varieties may in a given season and
under favorable conditions yield more
than these, but when taken for a per
iod of years the above named varie
ties have proved their superiority.
Planting as Eeariy as Safety will
.Permit.-Cotton Should be planted as
early as possible after danger of kill
ing frost is over and the ground is
warm enough to insure quick germi
nation and rapid growth. In order to
insure a good stand without replant
ing, more seed should be used than"
has been the custom in the past It
ia well to use from one to two bush
els per acre, depending on the con
dition of the land, more seed, feeing
used where the land is rough and
cloddy or cold. It is a distinct ad vant-1
age when practicable to delint the
seed, because delinted seed will germ
inate more quickly by several days,
under adverse conditions, than will
Judicious Fertilizing.-A liberal ap
plication of commercial fertilizer is
also advisable, and this fertilizer
should contain an abundance of phos
phoric acid, as this ingredient hastens
the maturity of the crop up to a point
where the plant has all it requires in
its growth. On most soils in this state
about 300 pound:; of acid phosphate
per acre will give most profitable re
sults. A liberal amount of ammonia
hastens the maturity of the crop up
to a certain point. Too much am
monia delays the crop as does too
little, hence the importance of hav
ing the correct amount of ammonia
for each soil. Each farmer should
study the needs of his soils and use
the amount of ammonia which he
Ands best for his land. Potash is nec
essary on most of our sandy soils and
on some of our Piedmont soils.
Where a good system of .farming is
practiced in the Piedmont section,
where th? crops are rotated and or
ganic matter supplied, no potash
should be required. An excess of pot
ash also tends to delay the maturity
of the crop, and for this reason mod
erate applications will generally give
best results. A well balanced fert
ilizer which supplies the needs of the.
soil to which it is applied gives the
earliest crop and the largest crop.
All of the phosphorus and the pot
ash ?and most of the nitrogen should
be- applied by the time the first
squares begin to form. On very light
sandy soils it is advisable to apply
more of'this nitrogen after the cotton
is up, but in no case should this ap
plication be delayed until late in the
season. Where large applications of
fertilizer are made at planting time,
?lt is important to mix the fertilizer
with the soil thoroughly so that it will
not interfere with the germination
and early growth of the cotton.
Rapid Cultivation.-From the very
start, cotton should be cultivated In
tensively to prevent weeds and grass
from ever getting a start. To ac
complish this, frequent shallow culti
vation is advisable. Cotton should'
never be cultivated so deep as to de
story the roots of the plants, and un
der no conditions should .weeds and
grass be allowed to get a start in the
cotton, as they will delay the growth.
Collecting Weevils. - It may be
helpful to pick weevils from the
young cotton pants before the squares
appear whenever cheap labor that
costs practical^- nothing in cash is
available. If weevil collecting is done
with the utmost care, giving special
attention to places where the greatest
number of weevils hibernated, the
majority of the weevils may be caught
before they lay their eggs. It i'- esti
mated- that weevil collecting when
upon thorough search less than 50
, weevils per acre are found, is not pro
Collecting Squares.-When low
priced labpr is available, square col
lecting will be helpful If properly
?done. Collecting should be begun
about ten days after the first bloom ,
is seen in the field. But unless it ls
? done thoroughly it is umprofitable.,J
About every five flays every square
must be picked, not only those on the I
ground, but also those that have'dried .
oh the plants, as well as those which |
show yellow color or are flared. This
should be continued during the first
weeks of the square-forming period.
During wet seasons when cultivation
is impossible, plow labor may be used | .
until cultivation can be resumed.
Special attention should be given to
places where . a large number of
weevils passed the winter, such as
bottom lands, woods and fields ad
Joining waste land or other places [*
where rubbish occurs.
It-is advised that all collected
squares, instead of being destroyed,
be plac?d in a box having one of its
walls made of ordinary wire window
screening. Instead, of a box, a barrel
covered with ordinary window screen
ing may be used and this laid hori
zontally at some convenient place.
The box or barrel must be tight so
that no emerging weevils can escape.
The meshes of the wire screens are
too small for weevils to escape, yet
sufficient large to permit the escape
Attempts at poisoning the cotton
boll weevil in W21 gave variable and
generally unsatisfactory'results. Com
paring the work and results secured
in. South Carolina with the work and
results secured in other states, it is
believed that the' results secured in
this state during 1921 were due to ad
verse weather conditions during the
poisoning period, and that poisoning
is profitable when properly done on
high yielding land, provided that the
weather is favorable.
Use of Winter Cover Crops.-The
value of winter crops in fighting
the boll weevil can not be over-esti
mated. In the first place, the boll
weevil can not spend the winter in a
green, cover crop, as it is impossible
for him to evaporate a sufficient
amount of water from his body to en-,
able him to live through the winter.
In the second place, winter cover
crops prevent washing and leaching,
thus saving a very large amount of
nitrogen, which is our most expensive
fertiliser. If legumes are used as
cover crops, they not eely save a large
amount of nitrogen from leaching ont
of the soil but may actually add sev
eral dollars worth of nitrogen to tho
soil. They also greatly increase'the
organic matter in the ?soil, wnvr
one of the most important" factors in
developing an early cotton soil.
Hens vs." Pullets.-One of the im
portant problems that the poultry}
man has .to deal with is how to get
the largest number of eggs from his
flock. How can he do this? By se
lecting pullets to comprise about two
thirds of his entire fllock* rather than
by having a majority of hens. Sta
tistics show that pullets lay about 30
eggs more per year than hens. This
is true for both the heavy and the
light breeds. The ne* profit therefore
is in favor of the pullets. They lay
more eggs in the fail and winter when [ \
the prices are high, and so tend fur
ther to increase the profit. During
the pullet year an estimated profit
above feed of $3.80 per bird is netted,
while for the hen year a profit of
$2.52 per bird is netted.
Why then keep a large flock of
birds which will decrease the profits
rather than increase them? Keep
mor? tn?iets and fewer hens in the
flock. It pays and means better p
suits all 'round.
You'll get somewhere
with a pipe and P. A.!
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County Treasurer's Notice.
The County Treasurer's office will
be open for the purpose of receiving
taxes from the fifteenth day of Oc
tober, 1921 to the fifteenth day of
All taxes shall be due and pay.
able between the fifteenth day of
October, 1921 and December the
thirty first, 1921.
That when taxes charged shall n*
be paid by December the thirty firt?t,
1921 the County Auditer shall pro.
ceed to add a penalty, of .one perl
cent, for January and if taxes are
not paid on or before February the
first 1922, the County Auditor will
proceed to add two T?er cent, and
five per cent additional, from the
first of March to the fifteenth of
March, after which time all unpaid
taxes will be collected .by the Sheriff.
The tax levies for 1921 are as fol.
For State purposes-12
For Ordinary County-ll
For Past Indebtedness-5
For Constitutional School tax -3
For Bacon School District-14
For Blocker -.-8
For Colliers _--- )4
For Flat Rock_8
For Oak Grove-3
For Red Hill_8
For Elmwood No. 8-8
For Elmwood No. 9-.-?--2
For Elmwood No. 30 _2
For Hibler _._8
For Elmwood L. C. _-3
For Meriwether (Gregg) -.'-2
For Moss _-- .3
For Brunson School-4
For Talbert _
For Trenton _;_14
For Wards _ 8
For Wards No.. 33-4
For Blocker R. R. (portion-6
For Elmwood R. (portion-6
For Johnston R. R. J-3
For Pickens R. R._.3
For Wise R. R.-3
All male citizens between the
ages of 21 and 60 years, except those
exempt by law, are liable to a poll
tax of One Dollar each.
All owners of dogs are required to
pay the sum of $1.25 for each dog of
th? age of six months or older. This
is not included in the property tax
but a tag must be purchased from the
County Treasurer for each dog be
tween October 15, and December 31,
of each year.
The law prescribes that all male
citizens between the ages of 18 and
55 years must pay $4.00 commuta
tion tax. No commutation is included
tn the property tax. So ask for road
tax receipt when you desire to pay
road tax. Time for paying road tax
m\\ expire February 1, 1922.
J. L. PRINCE,
* Co. Treas. E. C.
Only One "BROMO QUININE"
f o eft the Eenuin e, call for full name, L AX.
riVB BROMO QUININE. Look for aiguature oi
E W. GROVE. Curca a Cold in One Day. Stopf
Boaga and headache, and work? oft cold, 25c ,
. FOR THE
Best Value in Tin Roofing
> : CALL FOR
f Youngblood s I. C. Old Style J
Manufactured under our special instructions,
and absolutely all right.
Youngblood Roofing and I
635 Broad St. Telphone 1697
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus.$175,000.00
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Open your acconnt with ns for the yearslP21. . Invest yonr
savings in one of our Interest Bearing ( Certificates of
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable pa
pers, etc. . *
AU business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
handled. We Solicit Your Business.
Your Blank Book Supplies for 1922
CARRIED IN STOCK IN COLUMBIA
Sheet Holders Day Books Ledger Sheets
Journals Figuring Books Columnar Sheets
Ledgers Cash Journals Post Bindera
Cash Books Loose Leaf Ledgers Bing Books
We Carry the Most Complete Line of Blank Books and Loose Leaf Supplies
in South Carolina.
COLUMBIA OFFICE SUPPLY COMPANY
Job Printing Office Equipment Rub Der Stamps
COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA