Newspaper Page Text
J. L. M?MS. _ _ -._..Editor.
Published every Wednesday in
The Advertiser Building at $2.00
per vear in advance.
Entered as second class matter at
the postoffice at Edge?eld S. C.
No cummunications will be pub
lished unless accompanied by the
Card of Thanks, .Obituaries, Res
olutions and Political Notices pub
lished at advertising rates.
Wednesday, December 21.
Fertilizer Companies Consolidating.
Several days ago the daily papers
carried the announcement that 29
fertilizer manufacturers had consol
idated or combined their interests
* into one great corporation, to the end
-that operatnig expenses may be re
duced. If such a result be accomplish
ed, it is well for fertilizer manufac
turers to' combine, for farmers need
to have fertilizers furnished them at
.the lowest possible figure.
ll The recent combination does not
< include all of the leading manufactu
rers, however, six of the largest yet
operating as separate .units. The
1922 prices which will soon bex issued
will indicate whether or not a pooling
of fertilizer interests will be of real
benefit to farmers.
In this connection, it seems, that
farmers would themselves learn a
lesson in co-operation. By pooling
their interests, putting their heads
. and -shoulders together, in buying
and in selling, instead of acting as
. individuals, farmers could greatly
promote their interests. JBut it seems
that they'Svill never learn and put
into practice the advantages of co
? m ?% m
.'. ? * . i . - ?
. Lower Freight Rates Needed.
Much; of the business stagnation
which has existed for many months
throughout the country hus been due
to excessive freight rates. Many en
terprises i have been forced to shut
down on account of the stagnation
and depression caused by high cost
of transportation, both on raw ma
terial and on manufacturt d products,
throwing hundreds of thousands of
people out of employment. It is en
couraging that a beginning has beert
made by the railroads .in' reducing
rates by first making a reduction on
agricultural products. But the reduc
tions should not stop there. There
should be a gradual reduction, just
as the increase to the present rate
was gradual, along all lines. Agricul
tural products are generallyv "raw
material" which has to be "manufac
tured" before it can be utilized, and
it is the hauling and rehauling of
manufactured products that con
tribute so much to the high cost of
commodities that are daily necessi
ties to teeming millions of our peo
It is probable that nothing else
would contribute so much to a res
toration of normal conditions as a
general, but gradual, reduction of all
freight rates in every section of the
' ' . . * .
Farmer on Federal Reserve Board.
.Senatcr Smith has introduced a
resolution in the senate providing for
the fiHing of the vacancy on the Fed
eral Reserve Board by the appoint
ment of a farmer. Provided the far
mer be a man of broad vision, one
capable of taking, an unbiased and
impartial view of the business and
financial conditions, we think it ex
tremely advisable that a farmer
should be selected. It ^s said that
President Harding has expressed the
-opinion that bankers only should
-serve on the board. By holdnig such
? an opinion The Advertiser believes
that the President.is in error. While
'the members of the Federa! Reserve
Board function as the nation's bank
ers, they at the same time maintain
or should maintain the business equi
librium of the country, and for that
reason the personnel of .the board
.should not be confined to bankers
-alone. We confidently believe that
.had the board been directed or domi
nated by men of broad vision and
splendid business acumen in the past,
men who saw not alone, through the
glasses of a banker, as did Governor
Harding, this country would not now
be prostrated and in the very throes
Had a farmer of strong, virile per
sonality been a member of the board
two years ago, the agricultural in
terests would not have been, dealt
so severe a blow by the board. He
would have urged a less drastic pol
The agricultural interest is the
biggest interest in the country, the
basic industry 'upon which all others
rest and are directly dependent;
therefore, whenever possible, agri
culture should be represented by one
who knows how best to foster and
promote its welfare.
The following program of special
Christmas music will be given at the
Baptist church, Sunday morning, De
cember 25,th at 11:30 o'clock:
Prelude-"Silent Night" by, Or
Hymn-"Hark, the Herald Angels
Men's Chorus-"Follow the Guid
Solo-Miss Ruth Tompkins.
Offertory-Anthem, "Come and
*Hymn-'While Shepherds Watch
ed Their Flocks."
Hymn-"Joy to the World."
'At the evening' service Christmas
Carols will be sung by the children of
the Sunday ?chool.
Christmas Seal Sale.
Paralyzed in both arms and legs,
confined always to his wheel chair,
Mal Ro?te, vigorous of mind and in
domitable of soul, composed on twen
ty-four hours' notice a^id dictated the
following poem for the 1921 Christ
mas Seal Sale: ?
I Am a Little Christmas Seal.
I am a little Christmas Seal,
Oh, please, sir, won't you buy me?
For I've a mission that is real,
And no one should deny me.
A penny, sir, will pay for me,
I'm sure you'll never rue it
My mission is to fight T-B,
And you must help me do it.
It's more than just a one-hand stunt
.To slay this thing of terror,
So I'm the army at the front
And you're the stretcher-bearer;
For where we come pr where we go,
In foul or fairest weather,
Tubercviosis is our foe,
And we must stand together,
Both life and health we may prolong
If you will pay the penny;
Let's help the kiddies to be strong,
For unfed tots are many; /
And, house to house, town to town,
Let's work to save the babies
Oh please, sir, do not turn me down
With promises and maybes..
Just kindly kiss me on the-back ?
And stick me to a letter,
And for a penny and a smack,
We'll make the whole world better;
And oh, how glad we both shall feel
If you'll but trust and try me;
I'm just a little Christmas Seal,
' Oh please, sir, won't you buy me?
Three-Power Naval Ratio
The Washington Conference, orig
inally called for disarmament, under
the Borah Resolution, and later
changed to a conference about naval
ratios and limitation of sea armament
by the three powers chiefly interest
ed in the Far East, reached an agree
ment yesterday upon the naval ratio
known by the formula "5-5-3." "
This means, in b?ief-, that there is
to be a naval holiday of ten years, at
the end of whi'h the three navies of
America, Great Britain and Japan
will stand to one another in that ra
tio, or England and America having
each a percentage of 100* to 60 of
Japan, or ten units each to every six
units of Japan.
The Japanese at first objected to
the ratio-never once to the princi
ple of limitation-as being less than
is warranted by the conditions and
situations; but England and America
uniited against her to the point of
declaring that a demand for any in
Coijrr ly- i .McClure Mtwip^ar Syndicds.
crease of this small ratio allotted he:
in the plan would be considered foi
"aggressive purposes." '?
Japan has now yielded,' but has
done so by forcing the acceptance o:
her single demand-the retention iro
ner navy of her latest sea-monster
the gigantic Mutsu, which is the most
powerful vessel afloat or contemplat
ed in any naval program. ,x
The two allies have, thereupon, in
sisted 'that America should have thc
right to retain, instead of scrapping,
two ships of the Maryland class, and
Great Britain to build two super
Hood dreadnaughts. This will, event
ually, bring the fixed ratio to some
thing near ljO-10-7, or a little less
than 7 units to every ten' units of
the British and American navies
which was the. Japanese contention.
It may be said, therefore, that the
parley has proved successful in reach
ing a satisfactory naval basis and
ratio, without friction or cause for
So far as naval conflict is con
cerned, the. world may again "resume
business at the old stand" or "as
usual." Tr* agreement.means a long
peace in the Far East, which was fast
becoming* the danger spot of' the
It is^to be notfed, however; that the
questions Of submarines and aircraft \
and aircraft-carriers are still to be
settled. England may insist upon the
total abolition of the submersible
craft for war purposes. Also,, the
problem of poisonous gases may have
to be solved. So long as the air and'
underseas are left to the warlike
powers to do'with as they please, the
restriction of navies alone can not in
Again, the time may, and probably
will, arrive long before this ten-year
hpliday expires when the big battle
ship and big cruiser will be scrapped
by forces beyond the ?control of ad-j
miralties and war-boards and confer
enees. Very soon, perhaps, the big'
ship will,be utterly at the mercy of j
aircraft, and the ratios adopted by
conferences and parleys, whether
"5-5-3" or any other whatsoever, will
be as futile a consideration a's the
number of the Greek 4hips at Troy or .
of the. Persian galleys at Salamis. I
In the meanwhile, however, the I
world is to be felicitated upon an J
agreement, so pacific and friendly in j
character, that insures tranquility j
and amity and free exchange of com- I
merce for years to come.-The State, j
Advertising Helps Merchant's
' Credijt. i
Atlanta, Ga.,--Anent the promo
tion of credit facilities:
' Here are some ideas of ah adver- ]
tising man put into a little news story J l
for the edification of the merchant i
or manufacturer who has complained ? i
that the banks have been a little. 3
tight on him.. ?
There is one way in which a man's 1
credit is improved and that is by the '
policy, of consistent advertising. J
Bank men believe in advertising. ]
Their'usual feeling is, when a mer- 1
chant who is a) good advertiser ap- J
plies for a loan, that a reasonable ?
amount of goods bought by him on ^
such credit, is likely to be turned ]
over quickly and promptly paid for,
on account of his methods of keeping i
his goods constantly before the pub-n
lie. They would have confidence that n
turned into cash before they get out <
the/ goods would be, disposed of and 1
of date. ]
The store that advertises consist- '<
ently creates a reputation and good ?
will that must be a help to a mer- I
chant in getting the credit with which i
to build up his business. Bankers dp '
not like to tie up money in non-liquid, 1
stock. If they loan money on any .
kind of merchandise they want to .
see -that stock go through the process
of sale promptly, in a minimum of
time, so that the loan can be paid off
and the money u sed'to finance new
Any merchant therefore, who is
ambitious to expand and lacks capi
tal takes a long tsep towards getting
accommodation, when he creates a i
public good will through advertising.
WANTED: Representative for fast
selling line of Auto Accessories. Mo
tion Picture for advertising furnish
ed. $350.00 up per'month. Box 275,
St. Joseph, Mich.
I will thresh peas at 10 cents per
bushel and bale hay at 10 cents per
J. P. TIMMERMAN,
Trenton, S. C., Route 1.
WANTED: Salesman with ,car ca
pable of earning $150.00 per week
and able to manage salesmen in this
district. 10,000' mile cord tires at
lowest price. This is a rare opportu
nity for a producer. '
SMITH .ONE HEAT SYSTEM,
1106 S. Michigna Ave.,
Chicago, 111. I
CHRIS TM AS
i / ' ' ' ' . '..,
I # ' V's / .
TO ONE.AND ALL IS' \
OUR FONDEST WISH
While we realize that times are hard with a go?(T *
many bi our customers, and that there will be
many an empty stocking throughput, the country, %.
we should be thankful that we have oiir good
health and enough to eat. The doctors say that
this is the healthiest year we have had in five *
years, so we all should be merry this Christmas
THE CORNER STORE
How Soil Nitrogen is Lost.
? ?Clemson College, Dec. 17.-It was
pointed out in a previous article that
there is enough nitrogen over , every
icre of farm. land to produce maxi
mum crops for a half million years.
Brief mention . was also made of
some of the methods which nature
ases to "fix" that nitrogen; that is,
bring it down into the soil in such a
lorva, as to make it available for grow
lng plants. However, in spite of the
unlimited supply, of nitrogen in the
lir, this element is the- CDstliest of
ill when^ bought as fertilizer or as
Pood for animals. This is because it
is very easily lost from the soil.
There are three important ways,
states Dr. C. A. Ludwig, associate
plant pathologist, in- which narogen
may be lost from the soil. The first
jf these is removed in crops. Every
;ime a bushel of com, a gallon of
nilk, a meat animal, or practically
my other farm product is sold off the
farm, and every time anything is
jurned, a certain amount of nitro
jen is removed. The nitrogen came,
>f course, from the soil. Quite natur
ally some crops remove more nitro
Aside from th
of possession i
Gifts worth cc
814 Broad Street
gen than others. For instance, cotton
fiber and cottonseed oil ca"rry scarce
ly any, while, cottonseed meal carries
a great deal. The loss of nitrogen in
this way may reach good sized to
tals; but in general it is less than
that due to other causes; and-often
the price of the products sold is suf
ficient to make it worth while to sell
them anyway and then buy commer
A more serious source of loss in
some soils is "denitrification," which
is a breaking down of nitrates due
to a certain kind of bacterial action.
The bacteria change the nitrogen
from the nitrate, form, in which it is
available to plants, back to the form
of a gas. In this form it escapes from
the soil and rejoins the, great, inac
tive, unavailable, reserve store in the
air. This denitrifying action is par
ticularly active in water-logged, poor
ly aired soil, and is not important in
soil which is well drained and in good
By far the greatest loss of soil ni-,
trogen, however, is 'caused by leach
ing. Whenever a drop of water seeps
through a portion of soil it dissolves
Evenings Until Chlri
Leir wonderful beauty \
they give the owner, ]
msidering, ?specially a
' ' _. '\ '.* " . "V:
'Tour Jeweler" v
AUGUSTA, G?. " ?
, and carries out a portion- of any sol
uble material which may be present.
Nitrogen in the nitrate form is very,
soluble in water,. and. the amount
which the water r?move3 annually is
enormous, especially if there- are no
growing plants on the soil to use up
the iatrogen as fast as it becomes
Stated in a nutshell, nitrogent is
lost^::rom the soil artificially by the
removal of plant materials produced
on the soil, and naturally by Benitri
fication andNleaching, the last named
being tremendously more important
that the others, especially on bare
Owing to contemplated changes in
our busniess, we request' and urge
that ill persons having . accounts
against us will present them for pay
ment by* December 27 and all per
sons who are indebted to us are re
quested to come in and make pay
ment or arrange their accounts sat
YONCE & MOONEY.
md the pride
,t our present
Sylvester's Next Door to