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HE INSTITUTION of the festival
of the birth* of the Savior ls
attributed by some authorities
; ti> Pope Telesphorus, who died A. D.
s In tlie early days of the Christian
'religion' it was one of the most mov
able of feasts, being often con
founded with the l?piphany and cele
brated hy the ' eastern churches in
-April and May. In the Fourth century
the urgency of St. Cyril'of Jerusalem
.obtained from Pope Julius^ I. an
-order ?for an ' investigation to be
mad? concerning the day of Christ's
.nativity. The result of the inquiry,
made by theologians of the East and
the West, was an agreement upon the
. twenty-fifth of December. *
? As told In the gospel of St. Luke,
.Christ was born in the night. There
fore, divine service is performed' on
ithe night of December 24-25. It Is
the custom in Rpraan Catholic
churches to usher In Christmas day
by the celebration of three masses,
one at midnight, the second at early
dawn, and the third In the morning.
This custom dates from the sixth
Preparatory to Christmas the bells
are rung at midnight throughout Eng
land and rhe continent After the
.solemn celebration of the mass in the
. churches of the continent, which are
'magnificently adorned for^the festival,
'.It Is customary for the worshipers to
.partake ?f a collation.
Senators Attack Report on
? / Cotton.
Washington, Dec. 15.-Senators
Smith and Dial have proceeded in the
senate against the recent report of
the department of agriculture on the
cotton crop of 1921. The report pre
dicted a production of approximately
2,000,000 bales in excess of the pro
duction forecast two months ago.
Senator Smith introduced a resolu
tion which passed rsquiring the di
rector of the census' to ascertain
from ginners for the period from
August 1 to December 1 ,the number
??t &mvcaxt? Iff ab
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If is gtorg Bp*ll*?.
rn tn tipa irmtblri* ?plypri?,
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t pir?umi ipr*:
mast tritt ?tttittt grorc
ll tit??i bttttB?i ita bom.
i . ?.. . _. .
/Jj? ISTLETOE. Hang it up. Form
J/4*l a circle- A flipper is required.
Also a nice, slippery floor. The
first player slides the slipper. He tries
to land it under the mistletoe. If he
fails another makes the attempt If
he succeeds there is a lively scramble.
It concerns the young lady toward
whom the slipper points.. She must
seize it ?nd got feway before caught
Then the guests are given humorous
gifts (previously wrapped), and are
admitted (one at a time) to the Christ
mas room, to deposit them in the
Another jolly game is played with
Christmas stockings., a number of
which are previously hung up. , ,
These are'placed In a sepnrate^room
and the name of the person for whom
each is intended is concealed upon lt.
Another Christmas stocking game
calls .foi* a. huge stocking of tough tls
siie pnper filled with toys of all-kinds.
Each guest is blindfolded, given a
light rod or cane, turned three times
around and told to hit the bag. The
first to break the stocking gives the
signal / for a general scramble, each
guest being supposed to get one of the
trinkets or souvenirs thus scattered.
Conserving the Tablecloth.
When the t?blecloth Is partly worn
cut an inch off one side and one end,
and rnnke a new hem. When it ls
Ironed the" creases will come in new
places and the wear thus be redlstrlls
of bales ginned by each ginner, to
tal weight of the cotton ginned, aver
age weight per bale and the total
number bf bales ginned, the report
not to include linters. '
Senator Dial proceeded against the
alleged inaccuracy of the department
report, deplored the fact that nobody
paid serious. attention to it, and in
sisted that the department needed re
organizing and "overhauling."
The recent ginners' report caused
a terrific slump in the cotton and the
belief of Southern senators is that
it is not accurate.
Tries Toil Plan to Market
"The- Warrant Export company,
having a capital of $1,000,000 with
headquarters in Birmingham, is ; en
gaged in exporting cotton to central
Europe on the 'tol' plan," said,J. J.
Fretwell, a leading citizen of Ander
son, in Columbia yesterday .
"The toll plan," said Mr. Fretwell
in response to nn inquiry, "means
simply this: I ship 500 bales of cot
ton, the company of Birmingham
handling the transaction for me and
charging me commissions for the
service, standing back of me, to
Czecho-Slovakia, where it is spun
and woven, or both, by mills in that
country. Mr. Freeman, the represen
tative of the export company in Eu
rope, selects the mills and; the manu
facturing is done under his direc
tion, that is, as to the kinds of yaifo
and cloth manufactured. I have not'
'parted with the title of my property.
The mills charge for the service* of
manufacturing, which . is equivalent
to taking toll for .what they do. Mr.
Freeman markets the -goods Sn Lon
don or Manchester. He does not han
dh the money. When the sale of the
goods is made they are n?id'for to
me through a check good for .Ameri
can dollars. That is the simple pro
Mr. Fretwell is 'now, through ihe
Birmingham company, seeding a con
siderable consignment of cotton' to
Czecho-Slovakia to be manufactured,
the goods to be sold for him. He safd
yesterday that the company has (ar
rangements by which 200,000 bales
of "cotton are to be taken by Czecho
slovakia. It has: an agency in Los
Angeles and considerable quantifies
of cotton raised in the Imperial Val
ley is being shipped by it. In some
cases in this far Western 'region cot
ton is hauled by drays 150 mibas.
.Mr. Fretwell's information is that
in this'way producers1 are'realizing
from 25 cents net a pound for their
short staple cotton when it is spun
into yarn up to 27 cents of 29%
cents when it is made into cloth. .
Of conditions in Anderson, Mr.
Fretwell spoke cheerfully, althoagh
he said that the crop would not be
nearly so large this year as it was in
1920. The boll weevil caused consid
erable damage. Numbers of farmers
are, of course, heavily in debt. On
account of the higher prices last
spring for food and supplies, the cost
of producing the crop this year was
much higher than it was before the
world war-the labor had to live. He
spoke of negroes coming from the
Southern part of Georgia and some
of the counties of South Carolina into
Anderson county seeking employ
ment, saying that they were glad; to
get work for shelter enough to keep,
them and their families ,going.-The ,
San Jose Scale.
I Clemson College, Dec. 17.-The
sprays used for controlling San Jose
scale on fruit and other trees can not
be used on trees in foliage, but must
be used during the fall and winter
months when the trees are leafless
and dormant, accoding to Prof. A.
F. Conradi, entomologist, who urges
owners of orchards to use ; limesul
phur to fight the scale now' for the
sake of fruit next season. The lime- !
sulphur spray may be prepared at
home, either by the use of steam, or
with fire, using an iron kettl,e. Direc
tions for making are 'given-in Ex-]
. p?riment Station Circular, 30 which !
may be obtained upon application.
The liquid lime-sulphur may be pur
chased also in some of the local mar
kets with directions how to mix with
water to make the proper spray.
There are on ?the market several
brands of dry lime-sulphur which are
mixed with water at the rate of fif
teen pounds of the'powder to fifty
gallons of water. In buying limesul
phur compounds it is necessary to
obtain the mas fresh as possible and
u^e theni^as soon as possible. The!
drums in which the material is re
ceived should not be open unneces
sarily to expose the material to the
atmosphere. This material * handles
quite conveniently, but has the dis
advantage of being more expensive.
There are several brands of oil
used for controlling scalp, and full
information regarding these may be
obtained upon request. When using
oil, it is urged that ? simple separa
tion test be made before spraying the
trees, to make certain that the oil
does not separate.
Before the spraying, the tree
should be properly pruned, with spe
cial attention-to twigs and branches
shot-holel by the twig bark beetle,
and the prunings should not be left
in the orchard-1 but should be burned
immediately. Not only is pruning a
necessity in fruit growing, but pruned
trees can be sprayed more thorough
ly in less time and with less material.
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