Newspaper Page Text
J. L. MIMS..Editor.
. Published every Wednesday in
The Advertiser Building at $2.00
per year in advance.
Entered as second class matter at
the postoffice at Edgefield S. C.
No cummunications will be pub
lished unless accompanied by the
Card of Thanks, Obituaries, Res
olutions and Political Notices pub
lished at advertising rates.
Wednesday, January 18.
The Three Duties.
A recent editorial in The State
entitled, "The Two Duties," stated
that "Upon the General Assembly
rests two obligations:
"First, to reduce the state tax levy
by reducing appropriations to the
lowest point consistent with the ef
. ficient conduct of the state govern
ment and its educational, charitable
and public health activities.
- "Second, to discover and enact
new measures of taxation so that
lands and houses shall be relieved of
a considerable part of the burden,
that burden to be shifted to other ob
The Advertiser would impose upon
the legislature a third duty, that of
so amending the law as to preclude
the possibility of defeating justice
through the appeals to higher courts
?when there is no shadow of ground
in fact for the reversal of the lower
tribunal. Appeals are made frequent
ly upon the veriest pretext and.unless i
the tendency is checked there will be 1
a tremendous increase in lynchings ''
and mob violence. Our courts, the *
very machinery established for met- '
ing out justice, should not be used 1
as a means of defeating justice and 1
encouraging lawlessness. There is '
enough legal learning in the General 1
Assembly to improve court condi- '
.tions in South Carolin?. *
Railroad Deserves Loyal Support. 1
In this issue one of Edgefield's ?,
Jfiading business men, who signs his *
article "Citizen," makes an appeal to *
our people to patronize the Southern
railroad,' instead of the Augusta-Co
lumbia Truck Line. The appeal is ]
timely and should be heeded by Edge- J
field's business men. Railroads, like
every other line of business, have \
been hit hard. The high cost of op- 3
eration, together with the shrinkage J
in volume of business, has made it '
exceedingly difficult for railroads to
make ends meet.
Automobiles have made heavy in- 1
roads into the passenger traffic and
now if the truck lines that are spring
ing up here and there are patronized '
by shippers, then the problem of 1
meeting operating expenses will be j
made more difficult for the railroads. ]
Furthermore, the interests of the .
public will suffer along with the rail- '
roads for it will be impossible for
railroads to render satisfactory ser
vice without adequate funds.
The Southern Railroad has always
dealt very generously with Edgefield, (
furnishing the town with almost as '
good railroad facilities as if it were (
located on the main line. It is very ?
probable that some of the trains op- (
erated in and out of Edgefield are .
run at a loss, yet the management of 1
the Southern continues these trains *
for the benefit of our people. If a t
considerable portion of the freight
be diverted into other channels- '
for example, the motor truck line c
?which parallels the Southern between ^
Columbia and Augusta-and these T
trains become too heavy a financial *
burden for the Southern to carry it
will discontinue some of them, just 1
as has been done in Saluda, with its
one train a day .
Our people should be loyal to the
road that has stood by Edgefield and
not divide the patronage with a truck
line which means ABSOLUTELY
NOTHING to Edgefield. It pays not
a dollar of taxes in this county and
does considerable damage to our
roads without paying a penny for
their upkeep. When we patronize the
Southern Railro?d we are helping
ourselves and when we patronize the
Truck Line we do it to our own in
Whenever You Need a Genera* Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic properties of QUININE
and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives
ont Malaria, Enriches the Blood and
Builds np the Whole System. 50 cents.
N ... ? - - ^ ? i
- J. S. BYRD
Office Over Store of
. Quarles ic. Timmerman
Office Phone No. 3
Residence Phone" 87
How to Grow Early Potatoes.
So many people have sought infor
mation about the growing of early
potatoes that I . would thank you to
publish the following which is all I
know about it:
Potatoes should be planted in as
rich land as you have and land that
ts well supplied with humus. Plow it
deep once or twice and then harrow
it, leaving the field level for the
planting. Lay off rows four inches
deep, thirty-three inches apart and
drop your potatoes sixteen inches in
the drill. The guano should be put in
the drill and not less than 1,500
pounds to the acre of a grade at least
7-5-5. Better 2,000 pounds per acre.
This looks like a big lot but the pota
to needs the quantity to grow quick.
It will leave a. large portion in the
ground for the second crop to be
grown on the same land. After'the
potatoes are dropped, put two fur
rows on them and clean out the mid
dles. These furrows should remain
there until the potato is about ready
to come through the four inch level,
which is made by dragging down the
field with an irontooth harrow. In
Dther words, you start with your
land level and when your potato
:omes through, the land should be
level as it was when you began plant
Great care should be taken in out
ang the potato. Cut them only as you
ire ready to put them in the ground.
The quicker it is put in the ground
ifter it is cut the better. A small po
:ato, say less than the size of a hen's
?gg, should not be cut at all. A po
tato as large as a hen's egg or a lit
tle larger, cut in half. One just a lit
;le larger may be quartered and the
large potato cut each eye singly with
is much of the mother potato to each
piece as possible. Cut the potato from
sud to stem. The stem is not an eye,
is some people suppose. The plant
feeds from the mother potato all
:hrough its life and when the mother
potato dies, the plant dies. You will
lave ample opportunity to observe
;his fact. If, next spring you walk
mrough the field and find a plant with
;he blight, pull it up and you will find
;he mother potato is decayed and
rone. On the other hand when your
veil grown plant has produced a fine
lill of ripe potatoes, you will ob
serve the mother potato still there,
?ound, but of course, its substance
las been spent in feeding the brood.
Work your fields level. Not with a
plow but with a five hoe harrow. At
irst go close to the potato. A little
ater when the spuds begin to form,
lot so close. There is danger of bruis
ing the tender spud and thereby in
juring it. At the last working put a
dight hill to the plant, not a great
Dig hill, just enough dirt to cover the
;ubers well and keep them from ex
posure. Potatoes grow near the sur
cace. Most of them are formed only
lbout two inches from the top of the
soil. This is a fact that has not al
ways been understood. They are nev
;r hoed by hand. Frequent cultivation
s necessary after each rain. The ob
ject is to keep the land well open and
light, as close to the plant as possible
without injury to the tubers.
. If you are planting for the North
ern markets, plant only the Irish
hobler. The Edgefield Produce Ex
mange has ordered a car for the
planters, but if you wish to plant and
lid not get your order in this car,
fou can get the seed through a local
lealer. For the home market and
four own use, the Red Bliss is as
rood as any. Some people prefer
:hem. Plant them early. Get them in
he ground as soon after the 20th of
ianuary as the weather will admit,
four chances for growing a good
:rop will be better if planted early.
There will probably be fifty acres or
nore planted in the Edgefield sec
ion. Forty barrels to the acre is a
air crop and ought to be realized
inder favorable conditions.
G. W. M. TAYLOR.
Pt OLE (5MANS KIN-FOLKS
GINALLY FETCHES LONG
A PECK O' TATERS WEN
DEY COMES T' VISIT
WE-ALL -EN PEN PEY
STAYS LON6 'NOU6H T'
EAT U? A BUSHEL !
CeprHht, ? IO toMrthm N??|p*|Mr ***** j
"Citizen" Speaks Out on Im
I am no writer, but I will ask you
just to give me a small space in youl
paper to express myself in regard tc
our latest enterprise, our Freight
Line by Truck.
Now, Mr. Editor, in justice to oui
rail road, which gives employment to
about 15 men, all of whom I suppose
have families. These men all get good
salaries which they get monthly and
most, if not all, is spent in Edgefield
by them or their families.
The railroad is one of the heaviest
tax payers in the county, besides they
pay a city tax to do business.
This truck line pays nothing. I
never heard of one of the men get
ting a meal here. Besides running
these heavy trucks are sure to in
jure our public roads, and if the
railroad is run at a loss we will soon
be like our neighbor, Saluda, one
train per day. So I think we had all
better think, and act before our
trains are discontinued. Suppose we
have a heavy snow or a prolonged
rainy spell, making the roads almost
impassable, who will you look to
I would like to add that I am not
connected any way with the rail
road, but just a plain citizen of Edge
field, an J am doing my mite to help
; Honor Roll of Edgefield Public
I For Month ending January 6, 1922.
First Grade: William Yonce, Edith
Quarles, Dorothy McClendon, Homer
Advanced First: Henry Quarles,
[Horace Mellichamp, Earl Cogburn,
I M. L. Mauney, Luke Thomas, Lucile
Turner, Frances Johnson.
Second Grade: Albert Bartley, Ce
[cil Thomson, Mary Anderson, Addie
Lue Covar, Helen Franklin, Mary
Ouzts, Frances Prescott, Richard
Clark. Distinguished, Sallie Anderson
land Lina Jones.
Third Grade: George Erwin Can
Itelou, Gladys Parks, Floyd Nelson,
Benjamin Ouzts, Annie Nicholson,
Carrol Kemp, Helen Deal, Martha
Gibson, Mary Gibson, Mary Ellen
Rowe, Ruby Berry, Cornelia Holmes,
Pattie Padgett, Essie Turner. Dis
tinguished, Esther Daitch, Hettie
Jones, Katherine Mims, Gfertrudje
[Lanham, Ruth Kemp, Elizabeth Po
Fourth Grade: T. A. Broadwater,
Jim Covar, Evelyn Rheden, Esther
Rubenstein. Distinguished, Charles
Byrd, Emma Perrin Mims, Elizabeth
Nicholson, Frances Paul, Floride Tur
ner, Helen Dunovant.
Fifth Grade: Dorothy Marsh, Ja
nie Edwards, Mary Cantelou, Corrie
Louise Cheatham, Ralph Morgan,
Elizabeth Kemp, Eva Berry, Mary
Lorene Townsend, Harry Paul, Wal
ton Mims, Maxie Holston.
Sixth Grade : George Edward Shep
pard, Fitzmaurice Byrd, John Nixon,
Tom Timmerman, Mary Thurmond,
Byrnes Ouzts, Margaret Lyon. Dis
tinguished, J. R. Timmerman, Ned
Seventh Grade: Martha Thurmond,
June Nicholson, Effie Allen Lott,
Frances Louise Townsend. Distin
guished, Charlton Tolbert, Frances
Wells, Margaret Strom.
Eighth Grade: Carrie Dunovant,
I John Feltham, Mary Lily Byrd. Dis
I tinguishec'l, Elizabeth Timmerman.
Ninth Grade: Willie Mae McCar
ty, Addie Sue McClendon. Distin
guished, Robert Strom, Felicia Mims,
May Rives, Magdalene Redd.
Tenth Grade: Gladys Lawton, Mary
Lyon. Distinguished, Isabelle Byrd,
[Elizabeth Lott, Sarah Reeves.
Eleventh Grade: Elyse Hudgens,
Eleanor Mims, Dixon Timmerman.
Distinguished, Robert Ouzts, Corrie
Mill School: Sybil Sharp, Jessie
Ouzts, Albert Ouzts, Helen Padgett,
Esteen Coward, Fay Turner, Baxter
Van Buren, Fred Stalcup, Edith Stal
cup, Edith Wood, Annie Bilton.
Thirty per cent of enrollment on
! honor rolls.
W. 0. TATUM, Jr.
Tribute to Monroe Goodwin
Monroe Goodwin was born Febru
ary 12, 1887 and departed this life
January ll, 1922. He was a son of
Mr. and Mrs. G. M. Timmerman, of
Pleasant Lane section. He was one
of eleven children, and is survived
by both parents and all of the broth
ers and sisters.
He never cared for the things of
the outside world. His only thought
was of home and loved ones. He was
ever dutiful to his aged parents, his
father being eighty-one and his
mother, seventy-four. With his hands
clasped tightly in the hands of his
Saviour, he entered that house not
made with hands.
. ' A FRIEND.
BITTERb Family Medicine
See Our ,
The Truth About Florida.
By N. L. Willet.
Two young men friends of mine,
preparing themselves for the truck
ing business, went the other day one
to Beaufort and one to Florida and
the pertinent inquiry as to which
one of the two had the greater
chances. Florida today is one of the
most heavily advertised states in the
Union and this is attracting a goodly i
amount of immigration. Its citrus in
dustry, of course, is the supreme
thing in Florida. No one kan compete
but it takes a long time to grow an
orange grove ' and it takes a great
deal of capital to carry on one or to
buy a ready made one. The vegetable
interest, too, is large but this also
has its handicaps. I questioned a
friend of mine the other day who
lives in central Florida and I have
secured some plain truths about that
state and it is well worth while to
make note of them.
He tells me that immigrants-into
Florida are now mostly of the poor
er class who have been unfortunate'
afc home and who are simply fortune
seekers. These men are not desirable,
Florida doesn't wish them, and in
fac^'Florida is getting now very
tired even of the tincan tourists that
she welcomed several years ago. Thc
truth is, said my friend, that only
rich men are indicated for Florida
and this is true also of California. It
takes big money to do this Florida
business, whether it is citrus growing
or whether it is vegetable growing
and the man of small means, accord
ing to my friend ,had better stay out
of the state.
Florida is a large state and ex
very long. The haul from Florida
to selling points is a big one. Freight
rates are extremely high. Icing costs
are heavy. This is especially true of
Southern Florida. Trucking in south
ern Florida carries not only the han
dicap of great distance but though
these muck lands are rich yet they j
the full of stumps and underbrush
and clearing up is expensive and
they have all got to be drained. It
fills an ordinary man with despair
when he thinks of labor and cost of
transforming southern Florida rich
muck lands into arable lands.
Before the citrus industry got its
foothold in Florida this/ state was
considered a kind of poor man's
waste land given over principally to
razor backs and three or four hun
dred pound scrub ticky cattle and
containing a native population that
was exceedingly discouraging and'al
most hopeless. Except southern Flor
ida, according to my friend, is a poor
land state. Its palms and its live oaks
look picturesque and pretty and so do
its lakes but these matters can't be
thought of in terms of economic
crops. A trip fifteen years ago
through Central Florida was about
the most discouraging trip that a
man could possibly undertake. The
state carried climate and seemingly
nothing else. We must remember that
the pleasure seeker who finds climate,
palm trees, and winter bathing and
good fishing in Florida-this man is
wholly a different proposition from a
would-be economic settler and any
settler is apt to see discouragement
and failure ahead of him where this
settling must be on poor land.
My friend was from Central Flor
ida and his yellow countenance show
ed that he was full of malaria. Flor
ida is badly infested with malaria
and in the old days was subject, too, !
lays if you look around
md it. Nearly every s
rid to-day is putting o
o meet the times.
SO-Cent Window J
to continuous yellow fever. Summer
living, in most of Florida is, inmany
respects, a dangerous proposition and
carried on with great discomfitures
to the body. Winter life in Florida
is one thing and summer life is .to
tally a different thing, and it isn't
every man who is able to get away in
the summer time. In fact, a man at
Jacksonville told me a few years ago
that the banesvof Florida were ma
larial mosquitoes and flies and that
they had them for about nine months
in the year and these two insects are
known as probably man's greatest
The Labor Situation.
One will never find poor whites
and negroes in close proximity. They
do not mix. In fact, they both hate
each other and for this reason there
are few neg: es and these constitute
the labor of the south to be found in
Florida. The trucking industry and
the citrus industry need more labor
than any other industry. For pxample
we will frequently find at. one time
on a moderate sized trucker's farm
at Beaufort two hundred laborers at
work. To attempt the citrus or truck
ing industry where ' labor is scarce
and where labor is high is a most per
ilous undertaking and yet this labor
handicap obtains throughout the
whole of Florida.
The Florida Cracker.
In the old days Florida was filled
with what are known as the Florida
chacker or what the negroes some
times call poor white trash. They
made a poor living and life was ex
ceedingly crude and hard. These
Florida crackers still remain in the
state. They are very numerous be
cause the Florida legislature cannot
today pass a no fence law. Probably
Florida is the only state in the Union
where a man is compelled to fence
in his crops. These men are vindictive.
They blow up tick vats and they do
not mind destroying property and
committing any kind of depredation.
My friend recently wanted to open
up, as a taxable matter, a road near
him and several of these people came
.to him and told him that if he did
not desist they would "get him." He
kept on with his road project and ?
they burned his outhouses and a fine
new automobile and even some of
THE FARMERS BANK
As rendered to the State Bank I
December 31, 1921.
Loans and Discounts_'_
O ver-Drafts_ _ ..._
Liberty Bonds Owned by Bank_
Banking House, Furniture, etc_
Other Real Estate Owned_
Cash in Banks and Vault_
Paid in Capital'.
Due to Bank and Bankers...
Member of New Orleans Cott
DAILY COTTON LETTER Fl
Commercial Trust Bi
his fields and they threatened his'
life and this man today is going
around with pistols in his hip pock
ets and it was all ebcause they didn't
want the public road. The newspa
pers of Florida wanting a no fence
law in Florida' are many but they
are afraid to say so. Legislators are
cowed. A no fence law means that
the chrub and cow owner must keep
up these animals and this is what the
Florida cracker does not propose to
do, and as I see it, my young friend
who went to Florida will find all of
these handicaps there. My friend who
went to Beaufort will find no crack
ers; he will find a shorter haul to
big vmarkets, he will find rich land;
he will find no malaria and he will
find more labor than obtains in any
place in the United States.
By virtue of distress warrant is
sued to me by Rebecca Daitch, land
lord, of Edgefield, S. C., I have levied
upon and taken the "oods, wares and
merchandise, and store fixtures of L.
T. May, tenant, as contained in the
store house occupied by him at Edge
field, S. C., which I shall sell at pub
lic auction in said store house at ,
Edgefield, S. C., on the 27th day of
January, 1922, at ll o'clock a. m.
Terms of sale Cash. Itemized list of
goods and fixtures can be seen in
meantime at my office.
' W. R. SWEARINGEN,
Sheriff Edgefield Co., S. C.
Edgefield, S. C.
January 11th, 1922.
All persons indebted to the estate
of James Miller, deceased, will please
make payment to A. S. J. Miller, Ex
ecutor, at Trenton, S. C., on or be
fore the' first day of February, 1922.
Anyone having a claim against
the estate will please present the
same properly verified to A. S. J.
Miller, Executor, at Trenton, S. C.,
and the same will be paid.
A. S. J. MILLER,
N. G. Evans,
' CONDITION OF
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Examiner at the close of business
. 6,756 73
. 69,570 89
on Exchange and New York
IEE TO ALL INTERESTED
od9 S. ?.
uilding- Phone 362