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ficicntly revenue to support the si
government and to provide for
different institutions and ac ti vit
It lias occurred to me that s<
explanation of the budget recomn
dations for 1922 is appropriate
connection with the subject of r<
nue and taxation. The following si
mary of the budget recommendati
for the pr?sent year gives a com
and, I think, intelligent statement
the purposes of expenditure.
I". For expenses of legislative
2. For expenses of judicial
partment, including the eire
3. For educational purposes,
eluding $1,668,740 for the admii
tration and aid for public schoi
$961,951.67 for the five state coll
es and $134,942.04 for the School :
the Deaf and Blind and John de
Howe Industrial school, $2,765,63
4. For the six charitable and c
rectional institutions and for the si
port of the blind children and 1
Catawba Indians, $1,067,128.36.
' ?. For Confederate pensions,
eluding the infirmary and aid for t
veterans' reunion, $610,429.50.
6. For agricultural work, includi
public service under Clemson collei
all regulation and inspection by t
department of agriculture and ?
penses, cotton warehousing, gradi
and. inspecting by the warehou
commissioner's office, $403,317.3
7. For public health, .including e
penses of tubercular sanatoriun
. . 8. For interest on bonded del
$247,299.12. - .
9. For road construction and s
pervision by the state highway d
10. For aid in defraying expens
of county governments, includir
salaries of auditors and treasurer
and for county expenses of electic
to be held in 1922, $41,325.
12. For maintaining the Nation!
Guard, including the 23 units, $34
13. For public printing, includin
the 1922 code, $70,000.
14. For the administration of th
executive departments, boards an
commissioners, including about 3
Grand total, $6,466,240.15.
Explains All Items.
Items one and two need no con
ment from me. Item three represent
the largest item and the most impoi
tant business of government. Ther
are those who believe that our stat
appropriations are too high. I do no
believe that South Carolina is spend
ing too much money for the educa
tion of our youth. We still have th<
problem of illiteracy. There are mani
boys and girls in the state withoui
adequate facilities for education. Ii
there be those in the general assem
bly, or elsewhere, who^ would reduce
the amount of money recommended
for public education, let them explain
to the man whose only hope for his
offs?pring is such provision as may be
made for their education, from the
public treasury. I will insist always
on adequate appropriation for public
education, because here is the basis
of our material prosperity as well as
the future of our civilization. Sure
ly, even in these times of chaos and
sacrifice, we will not fail'to provide
for the future. We are committed to
the policy of higher education by the
state. If it be possible to so organize
our work as to inaugurate measures
of economy and reduce the expendi
tures necessary for the efficient sup
port of our educational work, I will
support it gladly, but I will never con
sent to any measure which means a
backward step in the splendid work
now being done by our educational
Item four. This appropriation sup
ports our State hospital, our indus
trial schools for delinquent boys and
girls, the support of the blind and the
Catawba Indians, and the state peni
tentiary. The major part of the ap
propriation is for the State hospital.
The amount recommended for this
institution is considered the mini
mum, if these unfortunate people are
to have any degree of comfort in
what is necessarily a miserable exis
tence. Before you cfecide to reduce
here may I suggest that you visit the
institution and see for yourselves the
conditions under which the mentally
diseased must live.
Item five is self-explanatory. I do
not believe the state is too generous
in the provisions made for the Con
federate soldier. If you would reduce
the amount of this recommendation
it means not only that in their declin
ing years the men who followed Lee
and Jackson will be deprived of the
means of a comfortable sustenance,
but they will feel the keen dagger of
ingratitude from the very people who
enjoy the rich legacies of the greatest
army that ever marched to battle.
Item six represents'an appropria
tion intended to be used directly for
the improvement of our agriculture.
It is the-total amount of the enl
appropriations by the- state, inten?
to aid that class of our citizens v
are the creators of all wealth,
whom every businses and indus
depends. The farmer, of all men, ',
suffered during the past year. 1
ravages of the boll weevil have b<
such as to leave him face to face w
a condition of bankruptcy, and
needs now constructive leaders!
and helpful direction in reorganizi
his business, as he has never needec
Item seven ought to appeal 1
every person. If you would curt
the \vork of our public health serv
go first to those in our state tuber?
losis sanitorium who are sufferi
from the dread disease, and who, I
for the provisions made for them
the state, must necessarily fall
victims, or go to the home in whi
preventable disease has plucked t
fairest flower, and explain to a gri
stricken mother that a great state
unable to keep from her door the d
ease which by intelligent treatme
could be eradicated from the stal
Item eight needs no comment. Ite
nine can not be reduced if the hig
way department under the prese
act is to exist and render the servie
required. Even with this appropri
tion it will be necessary for certa
expenses of our road work to 1
borne by the state.
Item ll is a necessary appropri
tion and needs no comment.
' Item 12 represents the amount ne
essary to maintain our Nation
Guard organizations. South Carolir
accepted the provisions of the Fede
al law and has organized its full qui
ta of National Guard units. Tr
young men who compose these o:
ganizatiohs have placed themselvf
subject to call in case of an erne:
gency, without compensation ? fro]
the state. Surely the people whos
homes and liberties they stand read
to protect can afford an approprii
tion sufficient to maintain their oi
ganizations, not to compensate thei
for their time and service.
Item 13 represents total amoun
required for the entire executive de
partment of the state government, in
clinding all of its boards and depart
ments, as well as the $75,000 contin
gent fund and the fund for law en
forcement. If you will add to this
items one and two, you will have ?
total of $705,353, which represent
the entire cost of the state govern
ment in its three departments.. Witl
this amount all of the governmenta
machinery may be kept in motion anc
a tax levy of one and three-fourths
mills is adequate to meet the neces
sary expense. The cost of the organ
ized government of South Carolina
is not excessive. It would be impos
sible to discontinue our . educational
ivork on the part of the state, close
our charitable and correctional insti
tutions, send the old Confederate sol
lier from the infirmary to the chari
ties of the various communities;
abandon the work in behalf of agri
culture and public health, provide
for the interest on the public debt
md all the departments of the state
government, including the amount
?ecessary for the salaries of the corni
ly auditors and treasurers, and re
luce the state levy to two mills; but
vho would approve of such a pro
gram? Who would contemplate it for
i moment? The tax payer who is now
"aping a loss instead of a profit ano*
md property that is now bearing an
injust burden must have relief. But
;he children, who are the hope of the
:uture, the unfortunate insane, and
>ur delinquent boys and girls must
lot be neglected. The Confederate
soldier, whose record is a rich legacy
;o us all, must be the object of our
constant care. If you will enact the
measures which I have recommended
;he burden of taxation now resting un
justly, as I have tried to show, upon
the shoulders of those least able to
bear it, may be transferred to those
who are able to bear it without un
iue hardships, and the state move on
ward and upward to a greater and
more glorious future.
The special legislative committee,
which during the past year has made
extensive investigations with a view
to economy and consolidation, will
submit its report. I am sure the
members of this committee will sub
mit recommendations which, if car
ried out, should enable us to reduce
in some departments, expenditures
necessary under our present organi
zations. I believe there can be con
solidations and changes which will ef
fect economies, and I trust that the
report of this committee, will be giv
en the consideration which it merits.
Burden in Counties.
The tax burden is not attributable
as much to the state levy as to the
counties, cities and towns. In the
year 1912 the average mileage in the
various counties was 15.35. In 1921
26.05, or a total increase in ten years
of 10.71. This increased levy has
meant better service in the counties,
improved highways and schools, and,
therefore, greater opportunities for
all of our people.
The increase in the levy for state
purposes do not by any means repre
sent the increased cost of the state
government, but on tlje contrary rep
resents the increased appropriations
for public education, the Confeder
ate soldier and our charitable insti
tutions. For instance, in 1912 the to
tal appropriation for public schools
was $145,00.0; in 1921 it was $1,
500,000. In 1912 the appropriation
for the Confederate soldier was
$270,000; in 1921 it was $640,000.
The appropriation . in 1912 for the
State Hospital for the Insane was
$273,000; in 1921 $784,000. In 1912
the appropriation for all institutions
for higher education was $253,000
and in' 1921 $820,000. It is not de
fied that there has been some in
crease in the actual cost of the three
governmental departments, but the
increase here would not have made
an increased levy necessary. It has
been negligible. These increased ap
propriations mean that those who
need the state's aid have been bene
fited and have not been neglected.
But the tragedy of it all is that the
increase in taxes as a rule has fallen
on those who have been least able to
bear it. Our government, I wish to re
peat, is not too expensive, but our
method of raising revenues is intol
erable and indefensible.
I submit herewith an abstract
showing aggregate tax levied on all
counties for all purposes, to which I
invite your careful attention. The to
tal state and county taexs amount to
$18,257,021.25. The constitutional
three mill and special school tax in
various counties amount to $6,467.,
328.71. The tax for ordinary county
and roads is $6,335,438.67. The total
state levy for all purposes amounts
to $5,429,927.13. Of this total state
tax, $1,486,410.76 is returned to the
various counties to supplement the
It is estimated that the revenue
measures recommended will yield ap
proximately $3,000,00.0, and this
amount, plus the present indirect
sources, leaves a balance of about
?2,500,000 (or less than the amount
for education), to be raised by a di
rect levy on property. This will re
quire a levy of not more than five
mills and possibly a reduction of ap
proximately seven or eight mills be
low the rate for 1921.
I have endeavored to present to
you a true picture of the fiscal affairs
>f our state government in as brief
form as possible. I hold myself ready
;o cooperate with you in any effort
;o serve the state and relieve the dis:
xess of our people. I am sure a way
:an be found out of our present^flif
iculties without injury to our educa
;ional, charitable, agricultural and
jublic health work.
R. A. Cooper,
WANTED: Man with car to sell
ow priced GRAHAM TIRES. $130.
)0 per week and commissions.
GRAHAM TI?E CO.,
Benton Harbor, Mich.
Whatever the cause-overwork,
worry, grief, loss of sleep, ex
citement, business troubles,
stimulants, narcotics - there's
one medicine that will help you.
Dr. Miles' Nervine
has relieved thousands of cases
of headache, dizziness, irrita
bility, sleeplessness, hysteria,
epilepsy. .Buy a bottle of your
druggist and start on the road
to better health today.
You'll Find Dr. Miles' Me
We Can Give Yo
on Mill Work an
Large stock of Rough and I
Corner Roberts and Di
Lot of Money.
Henry Ford gets richer 3nd rich
er. He said in an interview the other
day that he has about $140,000,000
cash in bank and that his business
could be capitalized and sold for a
billion dollars. His raw material bill
is $750,000 a day and his labor bill
half a million a day.
Ford says he does not salt his prof
its down in bonds, as many rich men
do for safety, but constantly invests
theni in new enterprises. In other
words, he is always starting some
thing to develop the country, give
employment to laborers and service
to the public.
Roger Babson, the famous business
adviser and statistician says that
Ford is experimenting with a com
pound based on cotton for making
tough, light automobile bodies. If
car wheels can be made of paper,
surely auto bodies can be made of
cotton. And if anybody can work it
cut, it is Henry Ford. Another far
reaching benefit: Cotton prices sta
bilized, and thousands of tons of ir
replacible iron ore annually con
Babson relates this incident of his
visit to Ford: As they sat down to a
real good dinner, Ford said to his
wife. "Do you remember seventeen
years ago you and I walked the
streets of Detroit hunting somebody
to credit us for a Christmas chicken?
And last year," he said thoughtfully, :
"I paid the United States government
over seventy-six million dollars in .
Young man, there is still hope of :
succeao .' the world.-Newberry Ob- :
Will Ship Cotton to Foreign
Anderson, Jan. 13.-Three weeks
ago Joseph J. Fretwell, farmer of :
this county, shipped 510 bales of cot- :
ton to Czecho-Slovakia, to be sold ;
under the toll plan. A "trust receipt" '.
is given for the cotton, and then
when it is spun at the mills of Czecho
Slovakia the cloth is sold on the Lon- ?
don market and the owner of the cot- 1
ton gets a per cent of the price the 1
cloth sold for. This is the plan of a
discount and export company of -
which Mr. Fretwell is a director. j
Saturday there will be another ,
shipment made to a compress com
pany of Columbia, and it is expected
that this will be 500 bales. Mr. Fret
well is furnishing a part of this ship
ment and the farmers of Anderson
county are furnishing the other part.
Mr. Fretwell will have 100 bales.
..This cotton will be loaded Satur
day night and on. Monday the com
press company of Columbia will start
work on it, shipping it direct to
Charleston, and by the middle of the
week it will be on the way to Ham
burg', thence to Czecho-Slovakia.
J. S. BYRD
Office Over Store of
Quarlet & Timmerman
Office Phone No. 3
Residen e Phone, 87
Dr. Miles' Guaranteed Medicines.
Dr. Miles' Nervine
Dr. Miles' Heart Treatment
, Dr Miles' Tonic
Dr. Miles' Blood Purifier
Dr. Miles' Anti-Pain Pills
Dr. Miles' Laxative Tablets
Dr. Miles' Tonic
dicines at your Drug Store.
u Prompt Service
d Interior Finish
dressed Lumber on hand for
igas Sts., Augusta, Ga,
County Treasurer's Notice.
The County Treasurer's office will
be open for the purpose of receiving
taxes from the fifteenth day of Oc
tober, 1921 to the fifteenth day of
All taxes shall be due and pay
able between the fifteenth day of
October, 1921 and December the
thirty first, 1921.
' That when taxes charged shall not
be paid by December the thirty first,
1921 the County Auditer shall pro
ceed to add a penalty of one per
cent, for January and if taxes are
not paid on or before February the
first 19*22, the County 'Auditor will
proceed to add two per cent, and
five per cent additional, from the
first of March to the fifteenth of
March, after which time all unpaid
taxes will be collected .by the Sheriff.
The tax levies for 1921 are as fol
For State purposes_12
For Ordinary County_ll
For Past Indebtedness _5
For Constitutional School tax_3
For Antioch _8
For Bacon School District_14
For Blocker _8
For Colliers _)4
For Flat Rock.-8
For Oak Grove_._3
For Red Hill_8
For Edgefield _10
For Elmwood No. 8_8
For Elmwood No. 9_2
For Elmwood No. 30 ___2
For Hobler _._8
For Elmwood L. C._3
For Harmony _3
For Meriwether (Gregg) 1_2
For Brunson School_4
For Trenton _14
For Wards_ 8
For Wards No. 33_4
For Blocker R. R. (portion_6
For Elmwood R. (portion_6
For Johnston R. R._3
For Pickens R. R._.3
For Wise R. R. .-3
All male citizens between the
ages of 21 and 60 years, except those
exempt by law, are liable to a poll
tax of One Dollar each.
All owners of dogs are required to
pay the sum of $1.25 for each dog of
the age of six months or older. This
is not included in the property tax
Augusta - - .
WE wish to ext
your help ir
most successful yei
ness career, and soi
of your patronage
635 Broad St.
For Salo at your Dealer
ASK FOR THE YELLOW P?
EAGLE PENCIL COA
but a tag must be purchased from 1;he
County Treasurer for each dog be
tween October 15, and December 31,
of each year.
The law prescribes that all male
citizens between the ages of 18 and
55 years must pay $4.00 commuta,
tion tax. No commutation is included
in the property tax. So ask for road
tax receipt when you desire to pay
road tax. Time for paying road tax
will expire February 1, 1922.
J. L. PRINCE,
Co. Treas. E. C.
tual Insurance Asso
Property, Insurred $17,226,000.
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you may
desire about our plan of insurance.
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM, or LIGHT
I and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to you that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties of
Abbeville, Greenwood, McCormick,
Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda, Rich
land, L?xington, Calhoun and Spar
tanburg, Aiken, Greenville, Pickens,
Barnwell, Bamberg, Sumter, Lee,
Clarendon, Kershaw, Chesterfield.
The officers are: Gen. J. Fraser
j Lyon, President, . Columbia, S. C.,
J. R. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secretary
and Treasurer, Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C,
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C. ,
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S. C. .
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE, s
Greenwood, S. C.
r: M : M :><:>?<: > : i : es?
< ; ) < ; ) c ; > ( ; > < t x ; > < ; > < jagi
end bur thanks for
i making 1921 the
ir during our busi
licit a continuance
Pencil No. 174
Made in five grades
NCIL WITH THE RED BAND
SPANY, NEW YORK j