Newspaper Page Text
Automobiles in 1921.
The registration of automobiles ii
South Carolina during the year 192
totalled 90,546 autos and trucks. Th
number in 1920 was 93,843; and ii
1919 there were 70,143 auto licens
es issued. Between 1919 and 192<
there was an increase of 23,700 reg
istrations, or approximately 34 pe
cent. However, a decrease of 3,29'
or approximately 3 1-2 per cen
marks the difference between 192?
The 14th census of 1920 gives 1,
683,724 as the population of Soutl
Carolina. Simple division shows tha
during the year 1921 there was a ca:
for every 18.6 persons in the state
In 1920, similar figures indicated on<
car to every 18 people; and in 191.
there was an automobile for everj
Density by Counties.
Greenville county leads with ai
automobile for every 11.8 persons
Richland is a close second with -m<
car for each 11.9 of its population
Anderson ranks third with 13.2 in
habitants per auto.
' In 1920 Marlboro was at the to]
of the list with 12.3 inhabitants pe:
auto; Anderson came second, ant
Darlington third. As shown in the ac
companying table, sixteen countie:
rank above the State average. Dilloi
county, with 18.5 inhabitants pe:
auto is closest to the average for th<
State, thirty-one counties ranking be
low this figure. Berkeley county ha:
approximately 60 inhabitants pe:
auto, the largest number in any coun
ty in the state.
Greenville county ranks first in th<
total number of cars, the figure be
lng 7,508. Richland is next with 6,
571 autos and trucks; Spartanburf
third with 6,078; and Anderson witl
5,782 occupying fourth place.
Value of Cars.
Though cars have declined ii
prices considerably during the pas
year, p?rhaps $1,100 would represen
a conservative average price. At thi:
valuation, there is in the 90,546 cari
a total investment of $99,600,600
The corresponding figure for 192(
That numbers of new cars wer<
bought last year, replacing thos<
worn "out is undoubtedly true, but n<
estimate of these is possible from th<
Figures secured from the State De
partment of Agriculture, and basec
on the eighth of a cent a gallon tas
on gasoline, gives 36,737,715 gallons
%s the amount used in South Caro
lina in 1921. At the average value oJ
25 cents a gallon, this item totals $9,
184,428.75. The most of this was
.used by automobiles and trucks. Th?
number of gallons consumed in 192(
was 41,225,067, indicating a decreas
ed consumption of approximately five
millions of gallons in 1921.
Rating the average number oi
miles per gallon at 13, there were
477,590,295 miles travelled on thi:
' It would perhaps be conservative
to estimate the operating expenses oi
a car at 10 cents a mile. This woulc
include gasoline cost, tires, repairs
and depreciation on car. Such an es
timate would indicate approximate^
$47,760,000 as the cost of operating
the cars in South Carolina last year
The total production of cotton ir
South Carolina in 1921 according tc
thc- National Ginners' Estimate oi
January 16, 1922, was 772,000 bales
The New York spot quotations oi
December 1, 1921, was 17.55 cent;
per pound. On this basis the value ot
the 1921 cotton crop Was $67,743,
000. After the automobile expend?
tures of 1921 were accounted for, i
little less than twenty millions re
mained for other purposes.
The report of the State Superin
tendent of Education estimates thi
value of public school property ii
South Carolina at $19,965,267. Th<
value of automobiles in 1921 was ap
proximately $99,600,000, or abou
five times as great. This is the sam?
ratio as prevailed in 1920.
The total expenditures for all pur
poses connected with public school
for 1921 was $10,029,444.45. Balanc?
against this the $47,760,000 spen
for operation and maintenance o:
automobiles last year and we discov
er that we have spent more than fou
times as much for the operating o:
our public schools.
The State Bank examiner give
$17,970,000 as the total amount o
capital stock in State banks on Sep
tember 6, 1921. Compare with thi
this $99,600,000 invested in automo
biles and draw whatever conclusion
that may seem logical.-Universit;
FOR SALE or EXCHANGE: Reg
istered "Hereford beef cattle fo
milch cows or mules.
2-l-2tpd J. M. VANN.
Trenton, S. C.
Birth Rate for State Second in
* When it comes to the baby crop of
e 1921, the year of financial depres
1 sion, South Carolina is second to only
'<- one state in the union, according to
0 the records in the bureau of vital sta
'- tistics. The one state that outpointed
t South Carolina in the matter of
7 births in 1921 was North Carolina,
t In 1921 the total number of births
0 in this state was 49,342, which is at
the rate of 29 babies per 1,000 popu
- lation. This was next to the highest
a rate in the registration area in the
t United States, according to health
Not only was the birth rate high,
2 but the death rate was low-the
* lowest South Carolina has maintain
^ ed since she was admitted to the r?g
intration area. This total number of
deaths in the state in 1921 was 20,
1 162, whidi was at the rate of 11.9
; people per 1,000 population. These
? figures "were taken from the records"
; of the bureau of vital statistics of
- the state board of health.
South Carolina was admitted to
j the registration area not very long
r ago. The admissions means that r.a
1 tional health officials recognize the
- statistics furnished as approximately
3 accurate, and recognition was award
l ed after an investigation had shown
r that the figures and records kept at
? the office were accurate and reliable.
- The bureau of vital statistics has
s registered and indexed the 49,342
r births, according to the state health
- officer.-The State.
? When Speculators Go to Work.
For an inanimate, nerveless sub
- stance, cotton, advisedly speaking,
* appears exceptionally sensitive to
l every form of influence, real or im
aginary. According to the market let
ter of a prominent New York bank
l ing company, threatened financial
|. trouble of a local nature, in the city
j. of Chicago, caused a decline on the
, cotton market of approximately $4
, per bale, but when the trouble did
not materialize, the recovery was
J only $1 per bale. Other farm prod
ucts were affected likewise, but no
one noticed a decline in the price of
' steel, of lumber or other building ma
terial, or of any other manufactured
} article. Occasionally world events will
affect the speculative value of stocks,
but seldom the selling price of the
article produced by the company rep
- resented by these stocks.
? Cotton is a fiber of many uses. It
c represents real value. Yet, if the King
; Timbuctoo should have a bad night's
; rest or rain fall in the Sahara desert,
* the cotton markets would respond
* with a decline, in price. It would be
J brought about by insistent selling in
J the future markets of New Orleans
' and New York and >by a lot of "specu
' lators who pose- as honest business
* men under the name of "Cotton
Brokers" and who have no interest
f in the staple, raw or manufactured,
i except as the price rises and falls.
5 The socalled market influences are
99 per cent artificial and the alleged
> business men who disgrace the staple
I by calling themselves "cotton men".
I merely bet with each other as to the
5 course the market will take. By so
. doing, however, they influence the
r welfare of thousands of producers
r and create an unstable market for the
. manufacturer. The man who sells fu
tures pledges himself to deliver the
cotton thus sold on a specified date
and the man who buys promises to
. receive the cotton, but the contract
is a mere form and neither intend to
j fulfill its provisions. What they in
tend to do is to get together through
. their representatives on that speci
? fied day and settle the bet by one of
them paying the difference between
the price at the time the bet was
made and the price on the alleged
day of delivery.
It is this speculative feature of the
markets for agricultural products
that has been instrumental in driving
the farmers into commodity organi
zations. Should their efforts to con
trol the distribution of their products
prove successful and thus' enable
them to warehouse cotton, grain and
other nonperishable or seminonper
ishable products so that factories and
5 mills the world over can be supplied
* regularly and as the demand calls,
the men who maka a living or grow
wealthy through the control of the
market by fictitious and artificial in
fluences, will have to seek another
form of gambling or go to work.
When producers also become dis
tributors through co-operative agen
cies there wili be no further need for
anti-gambling legislation. Seats in
grain and cotton exchanges will be
come a drug on the market.-Farm
?Whenever You Need a General Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic properties of QUININE
and IRON. It acts od the Liver, Drives
oat Malaria, Enriches the Blood and
. Builds np the Whole System. 50 cents
ONE-MAN ROAD GRADER PAYS
Profitable Plan for Farmers In Com
munity to Get Together and Pur
Once two teams of horses and at
least two men used to be required to
level and grade roads. Now we have
the one-man machine, which does the
Job In half the time and never gets
tired. Like all modern devices of this
nature, it is, of course, driven by gaso
The single operator manipulates all
the levers that control the cutting
blades and also takes care of the en
gine. All the controls are placed at
If you live In * community where .lt
ls the custom for each man to con
Gaaollne-Drlven Device Saves
tribute his share of labor toward keep
ing the roads In condition, it will pay
the men of the neighborhood to get
together and purchase a one-man road
grader and reduce the time and labor
ordinarily necessary for this task.
Popular Science Monthly.
BETTER ROADS HELP BABIES
Farm Is Made More Accessible to
Doctor and Nurse-Danger in
Travel Is Reduced.
It may seem a long way from good
roads to better babies, and yet the
two are closely connected.
America has a great rural popula
tion, throughout which babies are be
ing born every day.
These babies and their mothers
need care, the vlsi* of the nurse, the
services of the physician, often of the
surgeon, and how are they to have lt
if between He miles of road impassable
alike to automobile or buggy?
Of what use ls the little hospital at
the county seat if the woman whose
life depends upon its care cannot be
taken there swiftly and comfortably?
What difference does it make that
the town physician may be a very wiz
ard at treating diphtheria, if long be
fore he can arrive at the farm the lit
tle throat has been closed by the
deadly film, or the little heart stopped
by the depressant poison?
Medical and surgical honors are
generally claimed for the city-when
as a matter of fact the country doctor
ls often possessed of a skill as com
plete as his heart is big.
Make the farra accessible to the doc
tor and nurse, make the hospital and
the health center accessible to the
farm. Nature and skill will do the
THIN ROADS ARE EXPENSIVE
Ordinary Rock Surface Under Motor
Traffic Coming in Next
MacAdam was years ahead of .his
age arid years behind this one. The
builders of the Appian Way knew
more about building a road for a mo
tortruck than MacAdam. strnnze as it
may appear. It ls the general opinion
among road builders-an opinion
greatly quickened and altered by the
war-that the light stone road, be it
surfaced or oil treated In what way
you will, Is not the road to build in
the face of an avalanche of motor
trucks that Is coming in the next few
years. The motorcar brought oil to
the road as a necessity. The water
bond, which worked so well with iron
tires and iron shod hoofs, is useless
against the suction of the pneumatic
tire. But the oiled stone road that
holds the 3,000-pound car with ease
will not carry the five-ton truck-and
The railroad builders have found
that for heavy traffic lt pays to use
the heaviest steel ralls^he finest wood
for ties and the best broken stone,
and plenty of lt, for ballast
Vegetables in Fall Garden.
It should be remembered that prac
tically all vegetables grown in the
spring garden can be grown also in
the fall garden, and such vegetables
seeds as were left over from spring
plantings may be used la. the fall.
No Doubt of Need.
There Isn't .any doubt about the
need fur more and berter roads when
automobiles and trucks are the only
means of bringing food no your cit}'
The weather has been' real cold,
ub is much warmer now.
Our school has had thirty-five
cholars enrolled, but as so many
ave stopped to attend the Harris
chool it now leaves us twenty-three.
Mr. and Mrs. Albert Reel have
ioved to the Bunch Timmerman
lace near Cleora postoffice.
"We are glad to say that Mr. Clack
eigler is better as he has been ill
or about a month.
We have organized a Sunday school
t our school house with Mr. W. L.
Mrs. C. L. Quarks and little Ro
elle have been spending a while with i
Irs. Quarles' parents at Plum j
We are sorry to hear of the ill
ess of Mr. Homer Williams. We
ope he will soon recover.
Miss Ruth Morgan left Sunday to
ttend a business college at Green
Mrs. J. R. Griffis and little daught
r, Lula, Mr. and Mrs. Fuller Griffis
nd Mrs. Jack Griffis were the guests
f Mrs: Stonewall Morgan of McCor
lick Thursday, January 19.
Mr. Osmond Williams of Belvedere
pent last week end with his brother,
lr. Herbert Williams.
Miss Wilmath Seigler has been
pending a while with her grand
aunts, as they have been sick with
WO BRUNSON SCHOOL GIRLS.
Vhen Life's Sun Goes Down.
rhen life's sun goes down
.t the close of our day,
Till God's stars abound
b light up our way
brough the gates of eternity?
Till the night be short,
?Till our dreams be sweet, ?
fith good things fraught
rom the mercy seat
o cheer when the morning we greet?
Hil the sun in glory bright
pread around us soft rays,
efreshing memory of light
hat has hallowed our days
s we struggled thro' earthly ways?
rill the new da> bring
o us sweet joy and peace
hat will tune our hearts to sing
ed's praise for his release
rom worldly cares that now cease?
es, we will be happy;
od's promise remains true.
'. we live as He shows the way
; means rest for me and rest for you
hroughout endless eternity.
W, S. G. HEATH.
J. S. BYRD
Office Over Store of
Quarles & Timmerman
Office Phone No. 3
Residence Phone 87
Profit by h
DID you get a bale of cott
generally known that a s
Plenty of fertilizer, plus plent;
crop diseases and adverse we<
that plenty of complete fertili:
boll weevil conditions.
If you have no cotton to sell y?
than 10 cent cotton.
Your job is to decide the exter
to make sure of a crop at the
using Swift's Red Steer F?rtil
Fertilize peanuts and other cr
crops must be produced at lov
Buy Swift's Red Steer Fertili:
Charlotte, N. C.
LIMITED quantity SELECT
Cotton Seed. $1.00 per bush
TERMS CASH. Average yi
for total acreage of eighty-foi
cotton; 409 pounds of lint cot
W. M. BOUKNIGHT
Governor Signed Marketing
Columbia, Jan. 30.-Governor
Cooper has affixed his signature to the
cotton cooperative marketing con
tract and given out a statement ex
pressing the earnest hope that the
organization Of the South Carolina
Cotton Growers' Cooperative Asso
ciation would be successfully complet
"Now that the boll weevil is upon
us it is going to be necessary for the
farmers of the state to do three
things," said the governor. "First,
they must diversify their crops; sec
ond, they must cultivate intensively
the cotton they do plant, and third,
they must market their crop intelli
gently so as to get the best possible
price for it.
"I am convinced after a study of
the matter that the solution of the
marketing end of our problem lies
in cooperative marketing! It is our
We have just opened a
Fancy Groceries in the stor<
L. T. May under the opera
ronage of the people.
As we will buy for cash
make very close prices.
? Come in to see
ist year's lesso]
on per acre last year? It is becomi
miall percentage of Southern farmers c
y of hard work, overcame the boll wee
ither conditions. Last year's lesson prc
zer at planting time is essential uni
su are no better off with 20 cent cot
it of your farming operations and then
lowest cost per pound or per bushel
ops as well as cotton and tcAacco.
/est cost to make the most profit. -
sers from your local Swift dealer or wi
New Orleans, La.
iel (bulk).in lots of more thar*
eld for year 1921 (last year)
ir acres, 1183 pounds of seed
ton per acre.
JOHNSTON. S. C.
only hope for a stabilized market.
"A campaign is now beit?g conduct
ed for signatures to the contract in
South Carolina and I earnestly hope
that the organization committee will'
be successful in securing contracts
representing 400,000 bales so that
the organization of the association
may be successfully completed. I
would admonish every farmer who ex
pects to grow a bale of cotton in
1922 to get a copy of the contract,
study it carefully and when he has
made up his mind, as I believe he
will, sign the contract so that South
Carolina will sell her cotton coopera
tively next fall as will the farmers of
Texas, Oklahoma, North Carolina,
Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, Ari
zona and other states of the cotton
"I am informed that good progress
is being made in the sign up in this
fresK stock ot Heavy and
e formerly occupied by Mr.
house and solicit the pat
; and sell for cash, we can
us. It will be a
) serve you
Make cotton in
spite of boll
Swift's Rpd Steer Fertilisers
aro the resuis of years of re
search and practical experi
Swift's Red Steer Fertilizers
for cotton are prepared espec
ially to get ahead of the boll
weevil. They contain the rijjht
amount of quickly available
plant food to C?,use a quick
start and a sufficient amount
of moro slowly available plant
food to insure continuous
jrrowth and eariy. complete
Use Swift's Red Steer Ferti
lizers and play safe. Use
brands containtr g more than
l4'r of plant food and save
money. Use the amount per
acre that has proved the mwt
profitable in your locality: