Newspaper Page Text
Citadel Board Gives Statement
Senator Padgett, in behalf of the
board of visitors of the Citadel, yes
terday submitted to the senate a
statement explaining in detail the ac
tions of the board in building the new
Citadel plant and the operation of
the school in every way, this being in
answer to the report of the joint leg
islative committee on economy and
consolidation which severely criti
cised the work of the Citadel.
In the report of the legislative
committee several faults were found
with the operation of the Citadel. A
summary of these were: Per capita
cost remarkedly higher than any oth
er state supported college, in con
struction of the new plant interests of
the state not properly protected and
the intent of the legislature apparent
ly not carried out, intent of legisla
ture disregarded as to some salary in
creases, number of heads of depart
ments larger than necessary and
scale of pay for teaching staff liberal,
places too much emphasis on military
training and money spent for adver
tising should be saved.
The statement submitted by Mr.
Padgett and ordered printed in the
journal says the charge that the in
terests of the state appear not to
tiave been properly protected and
that the intent of the legislature was
not carried out can not be supported
Dy facts and was made without the
proper study of the transactions in
connection with the award of the con
tract. "This is a serious statement,
and an imputation against the good
faith of the board which it believes is
unjustifiable and which it resents,"
says the statement.
In regard to the "expensive type
if construction" charge made by the
committee, the board says it did not
feel justified in spending the money
?xcept for permanent work to be a
iignity and finish worthy of the state.
As to the per capita cost the board
ieclares it is unable to see how the
:ommittee arrived at ?ts statement
md shows that the cost of the Citadel
was $345 as compared with $359 for
:he medical college, $343 for Win
throp and $311 for the University of
South Carolina.' The committee said
:he per capita cost was about $500.
. The board also submits figures
purporting to show that the Citadel
las no such salaries as would warrant
;he committee to single it out for re
faction. The per capita salary is giv
m as follows: University, $170; Cita
lel, $160; Winthrop, $141; medical
The board says the recommenda
;ron of the committee to.abolish the
mgineering courses appears to be a
'useless and foolish thing to do."
Needs of the Citadel for this year
ire set forth as follows in the state
"The board wishes to say that
vhile it has carried out to the best of
ts judgment and ability the project
)f the building of a greater Citadel
vhich would meet the immediate
leeds of the military college of the
?tate, and has completed the build
ngs which it has planned could be
constructed with the funds which it
lad it must call the attention of the
egislature to some needs of the. plant
vhich they could not take care of,
md for which they ask appropria
ions at the present time. The imme
liate needs are (1) a .building for
i cadet hospital and (2) houses for
he administrative officers who ought
o live on the campus.
"The necessity for these buildings
s so pressing that the board feels
unstrained in spite of the general
lemand for curtailment of expenses,
vith which it heartily sympathizes,
o urge the approval of these two
terns at this session of the legisla
ure so that the Citadel can begin its
?ext session at the new plant and en
er upon a new era of usefulness to
he state."-The State.
Paying for Passports.
Our country is often called the
'Home of the Free," and it may be
rue that citizens ?re free after they
;et here, but it is by no means a case
?f "free admission" to America. Bei
num is the only country that one
nay enter with a free pass, all others
:harge heavy entrance fee, with Un
:le Sam making the top charge. The
iditor of Hearst's in a recent edito
Every country in Europe-and
America for that matter-has box
?ffice prices for admission. There is
me exception across the water-lit
le Belgi?m. You can enter Belgium
ree, on a pass.
Other countries are annoyingly
igid in their passport rules. Within
he last few months some of the lead
ng countries have raised their prices
or vises. Italy has raised her vise
:harge from $2 to $10.
Spain raised hers from $2.60 to
?10. Mexican consuls demand two
photographs of the applicant, a cer
if?cate of trustworthiness signed by
an employer, by a b?nk, or by some
notable guarantor-and $10. Chile
last year raised her vise price frorr
$2 to $3. France used to pay $2 foi
a vise; but she has advanced the
price to $5, and she demands that ap
plicants shall answer eight questions
and give two references in France
, and in America.
Japan, however, behaves herself
in the vise matter, asking only $2.5C
and some information as to the trav
eler's purposes in visiting Japan
Great Britain, too, reduced her vise
charge last July. She used to charge
a traveler $2.50 to pass through Eng
land and $5 to remain there. But now
a "transit" vise has been devised
One may pass through England foi
the small sum of twenty-eight cents
The traveler who wishes to remain ir
England must pay $2. And Holland
makes the low rate of $1.50 for an j
sort of vise.
In the face of these various charg
es it is interesting to note that ari
American vise costs $10. The Ameri
can Congress itself fixed Uncle Sam's
vise at that high price and has hele
it there. Yet, in spite of the cost, the
United States, by the recent immigra
tion act, has been forced to regulate
Campaign for Relief of Jewish
Charleston, Jan. 30.-One hundred
thousand dollars will be sought ir
South Carolina for the relief of Jew
ish war sufferers in Europe in a state
wide campaign to be conducted Feb
ruary 5 to 9. The campaign in this
state is part of a nationwide drive
to raise fourteen milion dollars foi
ministering to the needs of millions
of starving and destitute people in
the war-stricken regions. "We save
them or they die," is the slogan of
Preliminary work has been under
way in South Carolina for several
weeks and the state body is rapidly
perfecting its district and county or
ganizations. The state committee is
headed hy August Kohn of Columbia,
as honorary chairman .Louis M. Shi
mel of Charleston as State chairman,
and Montague Triest of Charleston
as chairman of the state executive
committee. Other officers include'Ar
thur V. Williams of Charleston, sec
retary; Joseph Hepler of Charleston,
treasurer ,and Joseph R. Freifeld of
Aiken, campaign director. The ad
visory board consists of Rabbi J. S.
Raisin, of Charleston; Rabbi F. K.
Hirsch, of Sumter; Rabbi Emil Ho
rowitz, of Charleston; Dr. Josiah
Morse of Columbia; Rabbi Zorach
Bielsky, of Charleston and Rabbi 'D.
A. Karesh of Columbia.
The state, for the purpose of the
campaign, has been districted in ac
cordance with congressional districts,
with a district chairman in charge of
each. These district chairmen are:
first district, L. Wetherhorn, Charles
ton; second, M. S. Polier, Aiken;
third, Morris Rosenbaum, Greenwood;
fourth, Gilbert Harris, Spartaniburg;
sixth, J. M. Levkoff, Hartsville; sev
enth, I. C. Strauss, Sumter. Each dis
trict chairman is responsible for the
counties in his district and each
county has a chairman and organiza
tion of its own.
In sections of the county where
the campaign has already been held,
unexpectedly large results were ob
tained. Chicago, with a quota ofi
$1,000,000 subscribed about $2,500,
000. New York has a quota of $5,
000,000 and is expected tb exceed it.
Campaign leaders in South Carolina
are confident of success in this state.
Mr. J. Rubenstein is the chariman
for Edgefield county.
Auditor's Notice For Return of
Personal Property and
All persons owning property, both
real and personal, or in any capacity,
as husband, guardian, executor, ad
ministrator or trustees are required
to make returns of the same to the
Auditor under oath within the time
mentioned below and the Auditor is
required by law to add a penalty of
50 per cent, to all property that is
not returned on or before the 20th
day of February in any year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable
polls. The 50 per cent, penalty will
be added for failure to make re
For the convenience of tax pay
ers, I or my representative will be at
the following appointed places on the
dates mentioned to receive tax re
The office will be open to receive
returns from first day of January till
the 20th day of February, 1922, as
prescribed by law.
j. R. ZIMMERMAN,
Auditor, E. C., S. C.
Invigorating to the Pale and Sickly
?i?>P,y."Standard Puerai strengthening tonic,
GROVE'S'TASTELESS chill TONIC.drives out
Malana.enrichc* the blood, builds up the system.
A true Tonic, For adults and children. SOo
Increase in Cotton Acreage
i If the South planted 32,332,000
: acres to cotton in 1921, there is
; real need for a most thorough and
- comprehensive campaign to prevent
5 an increase in acreage in 1922. The
? official estimates are that 31,427,000
acres were picked and that 2.8 per
E cent of the acreage planted was aban
I doned. If this be true then 31>427
? 000 acres are 97.2 per cent of the to
. tal plantings, which means that 32
! 332,000 acres were planted in 1921
i Accepting the final estimates of the
- plantings of 1920, as 37,043,000
r" acres, the reduction of the acreage
. in 1921 from 1920 was 12.7 per cent
. This is a very material reduction, for
. it means that where eight acres were
i planted in 1920 only 7 acres were
[ planted in 1921, but it is not as great
r a \reduction as was made in 1892
from 1891; and 1895 from 1894
- 1905 from 1904 and in 1915 from
It must, therefore, be plain to any
s thinking man that instead of increas
[ ing the acreage in 1922, as we al
; ways have done following an advance
? in price, we should really reduce the
i acreage in 1922, at least sufficient
to bring the combined reductions of
1921 and 1922 down to where they
i would equal the reductions of 1905
and 1915. I
[ Even though we admit that the of
, ficial estimate of the acreage planted
in 1921 is too high and that the esti
. mate of the yield per acre, 126.9
pounds, is too low, it must be appar
; ent to everyone that had an average
i or normal crop per acre been made
. in 1921, we would have had too much
; cotton.'For 30 years past the South's
average yield per- acre has been 175
, pounds. Even thirty million acres
? with a yield of 175 pounds per acre
means a production of 10,120,000
. bales. That is more cotton than we
neede in 1921 and is every bale as
. much as we shall need in 1922.
It is probable that we planted 30,
; 000,000 acres in 1921, that a total
crop of slightly over 8,000,000 bales.
, We do not want such a low yield per
acre again in 1922, for cotton cannot
be economically produced with such
a yield per acre. Moreover, there is
not one chance in fifty for such a low
yield again next year. Therefore, we
must hold the acreage down to at
most 30,000,000 acres, or run a most
serious risk of cotton prices that will
mean disaster next fall.
-The sections where the boll wee
vils were destructive last year will
reduce the cotton acreage but that
is not going to be enough. We must
organize during the winter and bring
pressure to bear on every cotton
planter to reduce rather than in
crease his acreage in 1922. No coer
cive measures will be effective. They
will always fail as they did in 1921,
but by reasoning together and by
persuasion nearly every cotton plant
er can be induced to hold his cotton
acreage down in 1922 for his own and
the general good. The end justifies
the service of every good citizen to
this task. It is a large and difficult
task, this canvassing of every cotton
producer, but the necessity will jus
tify the effort.-Progressive Farmer.
Many Miles of Highway Built.
A total of 782 miles of the state
highway system was constructed dur
ing 1921, at a total cost of $4,9(76,
383, according to the annual report
of the State Highway 'Commission
and its chief engineer, Chas. H.
Moorefield, which is to be made to the
legislature this week. These totals in
clude 290 .miles of road constructed
by the counties, independent of the
state highway department, at a cost
of $1,510,000. A total of 508 miles
was graded by the state highway de
partment, at a cost of $3,466,833,
492 miles being completed. Sixty-five
bridges of more than 20 feet in span
each were completed during the year.
The report shows that the program
already in sight for 1922 totals $5,
429,906, under the state department,
and $2,250,000 by the counties.
On the last day of the year the de
partment had approximately five bil
lion dollars worth of road work un
der way, providing for the construc
tion of approximately 450 miles of
road, and- eight bridges.
The report shows also that 411
miles of road were maintained by the
department throughout the state, at
an average cost of $251 a mile.
The cost of operating the state
highway department was only $213,
712. It spent for road work in the
state $3,738,797. Of the funds used
$1,359,453 was federal aid; $698,
132 was motor vehicle license re
ceipts; $1,681,212 was furnished in
the cost of operation was the cost of
handling $56,830 worth of war ma
terial, furnished gratis by the feder
al government, and also the cost of
issuing automobile licenses.
During 1921 the state highway de
partment licensed 91,3ol motor ve
hicles as compared with 94,751 in
1920. The receipts were $733,820, as
compared with $527,868 the year
BUTTER SHIPPED IN SUMMER
Parcel Post Will Prove Entirely Satis
factory if Proper Condition?
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment ot Agriculture.)
Parcel post shipments of butter are
likely to be subjected to conditions,
especially during the summer, which
may cause deterioration and injure the
quality of the butter. It is highly de
sirable, say specialists of the United
States Department of Agriculture,
that every possible precaution he tak
en before shipment Particularly Is
this true of farm-made butter, because
conditions affecting its quality and
condition usually cannot be controlled
as easily as in creameries. Farm
made butter, however, should be mar
keted just as satisfactorily as cream
ery-made butter when It is properly
made and prepared for shipment.
It is necessary to maintain proper
conditions -'n the care of the milk and
Several Thicknesses of Old Newspa
pers Should Be Wrapped Around the
Butter Before Inclosing lt in the
cream and the making of butter If a
marketable product is to be produced.
Too much importance, it is said, can
not be given to maintaining cleanly
conditions in the stable and in other
plac'es where the milk, cream, or but
ter are produced or kept, for they ab
sorb odors and spoil very quickly. It
ls Important, too, that these/ products
be kept In a cool place. High temper
atures should always be avoided, as
they produce a soft, olly condition of
the butter which ls undesirable.
In manufacturing butter on the farm
or tn a factory the buttermilk must
be removed and washed out, and the
proper amount of salt must be Incor
porated evenly. Frequently parcel
post shipments'of farra butter are un
satisfactory to customers becaus?
proper methods were not used In mak
ing lt, and-the quality and condition of
the butter thereby Injured before lt
was shipped. For the satisfaction of
customers lt Is Important that a uni
form quality of butter be produced.
Methods used In preparing butter
for parcel post shipping depend large
ly upon the local conditions and stylf
of package used. To insure deliver}'
in the best possible state, butter, after
being packed, printed and placed In
carions, should be chilled or hardened
thoroughly before lt ls shipped.
One of the most satisfactory ways
of preparing butter for shipment ls in
regular one-pound prints, the stand
ard print measuring 2% by 2% by 4%
Inches. Every pound print should be
neatly wrapped In ^ regular butter
parchment or paper. A second thick
ness of such paper has been found to
add materially to the carrying possi
bility of the butter. Waxed paper may
be used for the second wrapping. As
a further protection to' the print, lt
should be placed in heavy manila
paraffin cartons, which" may be ob
tained from folding paper-box com
panies, either plain or printed as a
stock carton or with a special private
Corrugated fiber-board shipping con
tainers of various sizes may be ob
tained for shipping one-pound prints
of butter. These boxes or combiners
practically Insulate the butter and fur
nish much protection against heat.
Further protection may be obtained by
wrapping the container In stout wrap
ping paper. The whole should be tied
securely with a strong cord. In tying
the twine lt should be drawn tightly
around the package ,so as to Insure
Its proper carriage.
Some persons ship butter by parcel
post In Improvised <Ar home-made con
tainers. Clean, discarded, corrugated
paperboard cartons are obtained from
the grocer or other merchant at small
cost or frequently without any cost at
all. It ls possible to cut a piece of
paper board in such shape and size
that when lt ls folded It will form a
LIKE FEEDING COWS IN DARK
Wisconsin Farmer Praises Cow-Test
ing Association as Guide-Board
to Better Dairying.
"When I bought my farm two years
ago there was a herd of scrub cows
on lt." writes a .Wisconsin farmer to
a field agent of the dairy division,
United States Department of Agricul
ture. "I joined the cow-testing associ
ation, and soon found that my scrub
cows were a failure, so I disposed of
them and bought some purebred and
grade Holstein cows. The cow-test
ing association ls a gulde-toard on
the way to better dairying and a big
saving In feeds, as one can feed to
so much better advantage where th?
production Is known. Trying to feed
with out records of your cows ?is like
feeding lu the dark."
Missouri Lady Suffered Until She
Tried Cardai.-Says "Result
Was Surprising."-Got Alonjj
Fine, Became Normal
Springfield Mo.-"My back waa so
weak I could hardly stand up, and I
would have bearing-down pains and
was not well at any time," says Mrs.
D. V. Williams, wife of a well-known
farmer on Route 6, this place. "I
kept getting headaches and having to
go to bed," continues Mrs. Williams
describing the troubles from which
she obtained relief through the use qt
Cardui. "My husband, having heard
of Cardui, proposed getting It for me.
"I saw after taking some Cardui
... that I was Improving. The result
was surprising. I felt like a different
"Later I suffered from weakness
and weak back, and felt all run-down.
I did not rest well at night, I was so
nervous and cross. My husband said
he would get me some Cardui, which
he did. It strengthened me ... My
doctor said I got along fine. I was in
good healthy condition. I cannot
Bay too much for it"
Thousands of women have suffered
as Mrs. Williams describes, until they
found relief from the use of Cardui.
Since it has helped so many, you
should not hesitate to try Cardui If
troubled with womanly ailments.
For sale everywhere. E.83
WANTED: Salesman with car ca-1
pable of earning $150.00 per week
and able to manage salesmen in this
district. 10,000 mile cord tires at
lowest price. This is a rare opportu
nity for a producer.
SMITH ONE HEAT SYSTEM,
. 1106 S. Michigna Ave.,
WANTED: Salesmen with car to
call on dealers with a low priced 6,
000 mile fabric and and 10,000 mile
cord tire. $100.00 a week with extra
UNIVERSAL TIRE & RUBBER CO.
Michigan City, Indiana.
.l< : lix in ? > *:Z m 1 m i ?MK&I? I >
Agents for FLEXA
the roofing with a ,
For Sale at your Dealer
ASK FOR THE YELLOW PEI
EAGLE PENCIL COIV
tual Insurance Asso
OSGi. iZED 1892.
Property Insurr ed $17,226,000.
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you may
desire about cur plan of insurance.
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM, or LIGHT
I and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to you that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan pf insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties of
Abbeville, Greenwood, McCormick,
Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda, Rich-,
land, Lexington, Calhoun and Spar
tanburg, Aiken, Greenville, Pickens,
Barnwell, Bamberg, Sumter, Lee,
Clarendon, Kershaw, Chesterfield.
The officers are: Gen. J. Fraser
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C., ,
J. R. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secretary
and Treasurer, Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C
R..H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
Eyes scientifically examined and
[ glasses properly fitted.
GEO. F. MOIS,
Edgefield, S. C. /