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A Word for De la Howe.
Several days ago an article appear
ed in The State from the superinten
dent of De la Howe, J. B. Branch, in
which he discussed the "non-plac
ables" among our destitute children5
The. problem is one that has not
received the attention it should from
the thoughtful and Christian people
of our state. A good way to get at
the seriousness of the situation and
to feel the imperative demand for ac
tion is, to somehow manipulate one's
imagination and make one's self en
ter into a helpless, homeless invalid.
To go through the tortures of soul
when you realize that you must con
sent to separation for the good of
your child, and having done so, to be
told that no home can be found, that
he is a "non-placable." Then, if you
have enough of that imaginative ge
nius, imagine yourself dead-go to
your own funeral and see your lit
tle fellows tearfully grouped about
your grave-see them turn back to
go-home? where?-then have the
Child Placing Department say in de
What shall become of your babies?
You want to keep them together, and
somebody says, "There's De la
Howe." You thank God for De la
Howe and are comforted* It is a good
thing to put yourself in the other's
place, it brings out the truth.
. It seems to us that, unless we hold
manhood and womanhood cheap, un
less human life is worthless, all child
hood must be held dear. Not that of
our own, only, but all children. It
seems to us that this must be the
highest duty of our state. It is at the
peril of our civilization to allow the
waste of any chiliho?d. We can not
safely let children die or grow up
handicapped. That all shall have a
chance to become strong, efficient and
good should be the deepest anxiety
of our age.
That the least of these are not de
spised in the thoughts of God, that
their angels do always behold His
face, gives dignity to childhood, and
the heart that beats with sympathy
for these least ones, beats in time to
the march of the Son of God.
Whether these least ones are In
dians, Negroes, Chinese, Japanese or
Anglo-Saxon, it makes no difference;
we can not make a difference since
God does not.
It seems to us that it was Divine
leading and guidance that caused Dr.
the rescue work mat tanes xaiiusueu
little bodies and minds and souls, and
restores them to normal growth, the
little out-casts, the little non-plac
ables," is not to be spoken of in the
class with Bowery (?) "Mission, bread
lines and rescue work for grown-ups.
It outclasses them so far as the east
is from the west, for who can meas
ure the potential good shut up in the
heart of one of these little famished
"non-placables?" Shall we not heed
the call to save the lowliest, for it
shall be the holiest of crusades. In
deed, what nobler deed, what greater
work can any state perform than that
of rescuing her 700 homeless future
citizens from the jaws of ignorance
and vice, who are now appealing for
help from South Carolina?
And who can measure the possibili
ties shut up in Dr. De la Howe's gift
if we but give it a chance to unfold?
We can pot afford to do anything
else. The denial of sufficient appro
priations, thus handicapping our
childhood, our young manhood and
womanhood is a shortsighted policy
and spells disaster to a serious degree.
To the readers of this column may
we suggest that perhaps the ballot in
your hands has a greater significance
than you realize and perhaps you
have been led onto the stage of ac
tion for such a time as this.
When you lie down tonight let
your last lingering thought be of the
700 orphan children knocking at the
door of South Carolina and many of
them "non-placables," and let your
waking thought be of De la Howe.
E. A. D.
Good Advice to Editors-and
Editor Pitt of the Religious Herald
gives his brethren of the editorial
fraternity some very good advice in
a recent issue of his estimable jour
nal. Editors, like their fellows of the
dust, some times suffer from that aw
ful malady known as "criterionism."
This peculiar ailment affects a man
thus-wise: It enlarges that certain
brain cell which renders the subject
possessed of a magnified idea that
he is set for setting his brethren right
in their "orthodoxy." Dr. Pitt says:.
"The editor of a religious weekly
has a post of high responsibility, but
he will make a serious mistake if he
thinks of himself as charged with the
To Stabilize Agriculture.
An Individual Thing.
To stabilize the farm, or in other
terms, to make the farm worthy of
bank credits-this is the great need
today. But farms are just as differ
ent and individual as men are for
men, after all, have to run farms;
farms don't run themselves. There are
some men in the world who probably
never will be worthy of credit while
many other men certainly are highly
deserving of it. lt is up to the individ
ual farmer, therefore, to make his in
dividual farm a safe thing for a bank
In thc Old Days. ,
Even in the old days cotton was
not always a sure credit niatter. Of
tentimes we overproduced in cotton.
Many years guano men did not collect
their bills nor did the merchants who
advanced collect theirs. Advancing
even under cotton conditions to some
people was somewhat of a gamble and
it was always a gamble whenever the
farmer bought his plantation supplies
and probably at a high cost, with
which to make cotton. In the old day^s
the weak part in'our agricultural sys
tem was that practically on all plan
tations farm supplies had to be
bought out of the West and the south
ern farmer, in turn, had to pay ex
tremely high-time prices.
Agriculture lias made a great ad
vance today in the fact that we no
longer buy western goods for our
farms. Southern farming today was
never in all its history possibly more
independent, sc far as a mere living
is concerned, than it is the present
time. It is quiv.e true, that the farm
that has to buy its supplies today is
far less worthy of credit than at any
time in the past. So far as I know it
is an exceedingly rare farm today
that is not an independent unit in this
matter of living.
The first step in farm stabiliza
tion is the independent farm. The
second step is a process of killing
weevils from October to October.
?The South has only made war here
tofore upon tiie summer weevil and
then only in a desultory way. Per
sonally I believe strongly that by
killing the fall weevils, by turning
-/wH-nn and .thus killin^
make cotton growing a bankable mat
ter. I repeat that I believe that cotton
growing can be made a bankable
matter just so soon as the farmer, in
turn, is willing to use the complete
boll weevil control methods.
Already Some Bankable Farms.
Professor Sewell at Hephzibah told
me that on some of his share crop
per and renter farms there had only
been an advance last season of seven
dollars per farm unit. These Sewell
farms were certainly and already a
bankable ma~ter. Mr. J. C. Lamar
who told me that all of his thirty-two
tenants at Kathwood, S. C., had
"paid out" and had money to boot
this Lamar farm unit was certainly
worthy of banking credit. These two
examples show that not all southern
farms today have passed beyond a
credit or banking status. All of these
farms which an; today credit matters
are interesting exhibits for examina
tion. The great problem before the
southern agriculture today, and this
applies to every individual farm unit
is to make itself a bankable matter.
The formula is not the same for
every man except that in boll weevil
control, the formula is always the
same. Ignorance and laziness is not
going to control boll weevil. The fun
damentals, however, of ^yeevil con
trol are no harder matters for agri
culture thaftj.was the elimination by
it of the. Wpchase of western farm
supplies.-N. L. Willett in Augusta
duty of superintending the conduct
of the universe. Even in the line of
his own special work there are others
who share his duties and obligations.
When he undertakes to pose as a doc
trinal martinet walking up and down
before the ranks of the brethren, or
dering one to elevate his chin and an
other to pull down his vest, he is very
likely, soone:: or later, to be reckoned
as a public ruisance. Far better bear
his witness i:or the truth as he con
ceives it, in firm and modest fashion,
setting his face against hurtful error,
and remembering his own limitations
and frailties, forbearing in love his
brethren who.do not accept all his be
liefs, granting to them some measure
of that liberty which he claims and
exercises for himself."-The Baptist
Necessary to Save Shipping
Costs on Water in Face Af
BEST TO GROW NECESSITIES
Specialized Farming Has Created Pe
culiar Conditions - Poultry Is
Quickest Meat Supply to Pro
duce on Farm.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
"The American farmer is not going
to be able this yeur to pay freight on
water," said a department official.
"Water makes up a large part of fresh
fruits and vegetables. The answer ls
that he must grow his own table food.
He must also study the possibilities of
substitution. ' This applies to vegeta
bles, fruits, poultry, eggs and dairy
products which must be transferred
from commercial channels to ?orne
consumption if they are to come with
in the reach of the average fanner's
I Peculiar Condition Created.
"Specialized farming has created
conditions of which comparatively few
persons are aware. The grain farmer
in many instances buys even his pota
toes and green vegetables; the fruit
fanner buys his dairy products; and
even the man who raises milk for
creamery, condensafy or cheese fac
tory is likely to send his cream or
milk away, feed the skim milk or whey
to the calves, and not make his own
butter. This year, just as far as pos
sible for him to alter his system In
a single season, the department offi
cials advise that he get back to the
old plan which was aptly described as
'living at home.' This means not so
much remaining on the farm as it
does deriving every practicable prod
uct for consumption from the farm.
"The average American fanner
knows how to raise other crops than
those on which he specializes, but lt
has seemed good business, or at least
expedient, to devote his energies to
very few or even a single cash crop
and buy his necessities, Just as is
done in other specialized industries.
The grain farmer is perfectly capable
of raising his own potatoes, his green
garden stuff, and melons, tomatoes
and other garden fruits, to take the
place of orchard fruits which in many
parts of the country have been killed
i- *-??- -?- T* how
"The same may be said of poultry.
With the increased freight rates this
year, the general farmer's principal
The Garden ls a Good Source of
meat supply will come out of his poul
try yard, either in eggs or in table
chickens and other fowls. Poultry is
the quickest meat supply to produce,
and tlie farmer will do well to build
up a small flock as rapidly as possible.
The increased freight rates on but
ter and eggs, together with ' i farm
mouey shortage due to the disappoint
ing returns from last year's crops, will
make it advisable for many farmers'
wives to return to the butter-making
arts which they learned as girls from
their mothers and which have been
largely discontinued as farmers be
"Fruit Is likely to be scarce in large
and Important farming regions, but Its
place can largely be taken by vegeta
ble products. Two things are clear.
In the first place, the average farmer,
as It stands now, cannot afford to pajj
freight on the water which makes ur,
the larger part of both fresh' anc
canned vegetables.and fruits. In tin
second place, under existing: condition?
he can rajse those things cheaper him'
self tban he can buy them, and he car
make many substitutes out of thf
garden and poultry yard if he sets
out to do it. He has the material foj
the crops, while he is short of money
It ls not good business to run lu debi
except for essentials of production.'
The Department of Agriculture wil
be g.'ni co give Information and ad
vice to those who wish to diversify
their home-grown food supply.
DISINFECTING DOES NOT KILL
Painting Roosts and Dropping Boards
of No Value in Destroying
? , Chicken Parasites.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
. >nt of Agriculture.)
There have been many advocates of
the theory that chicken lice ' can be
killed by painting the roosts and drop
ping boards or the whole interior of
the poultry house with various oil mix
tures, the iden being that the vapors
or gases arising from these points
penetrate the feathers of the roosting
fowls and kill the lice. This method
has been given a very extensive trial
by specialists of the United States De
partment of Agriculture, and not one
of tlie 42 diff?rent preparations tested
was found to be of any value. These
preparations contained one or more of
Dusting ls Most Satisfactory Method
, . of Killing Vermin.
the following ingredients: Phenols, tar
oils, hydrocarbon oils, creosote oil,
carbon dlsulphid, wood-tar distillate,
benzol, nitrobenzene, naphthalene, an
thracene oil, and pyridine.
In these experiments the roosts and
dropping boards or the whole interior
of the house were thoroughly painted
or sprayed just before the fowls went
to roost, and all doors, windows, and
ventilators were closed during the first
in small boxes, it is apparent that the I
ineffectiveness of house treatment is
dui* to the fact that the fumes do not
become concentrated enough to kill the
lice. Tests were also made with lime
sulphur applied in the same way; this
also was found to be of no value.
GIVE CHICKENS FREE RANGE
Growing Fowls Are Enabled to Obtain
Quantities of Bugs, Worms,
Green Feed, Etc.
When the garden crops have reached
maturity or aro far enough developed
to suffer little damage from chickens
the flock should be given free range.
There are times in late summer and
early fall when the boneflt received
by the poultry will exceed the slight
Injury some garden products may in
Free range enubles growing chick
ens to obtain quantities of green, feed,
bugs, worms and other things. The
chickens therefore require less grain
and are less liable to sickness or dis
ease. Exercise and ability to range
for even a few hours a day Is bene
ficial to a flock that has been kept
In confinement during spring and early
CONTROL OF LICE AND MITES J
Dust Bath Will Aid Materially, but
Should Not Be Depended
. Upon Entirely.
While It Is well to provide a good
dust bath for chickens, It cannot be
depended upon for louse and mite
control, say specialists of the United
States Department of Agriculture. It
ls far better to eradicate the pests
completelj'. The main difficulty about
depending upon dust baths ls 'hat
some fowls seldom dust themselves,
and those which dust freely never
completely free themselves of ice. The
dust bath should be kept under cover
and may consist of fine road dust with
coal ashes added.
I WATCH HATCHING DUCK EGGS
Care Must Be Taken That Empty
Shells Do Not Telescope Over
Eggs Just Pipped.
When hatching duck eggs under s
hen, watch the eggs while ducklings
are hatching and romove empty shells
from the nest at once. Sometimes
empty shells telescope over eggs just
pipped, causing the death of the un
hatched duckling. If the hen is at all
nervnur. and Inclined to tramp on th? i
duck'.inin, lt is well to remove then
as soon as hatched to a warm lined
basket until all are hatched.
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THE STRONGEST BANK IN EDGEF1ELD
: ; s
SAFETY FIRST IS AND WILL BE OUR MOTTO
Open your account with us for 1922. At the same time start a
Savings Account with us, or invest in one of our INTEREST BEAR
ING CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT.
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable papers.
All business matters referred to us pleasantly and carefully
handled. . y
WE SOLICIT YOUR BUSINESS
LIMITED quantity SELECTED Wannamaker-CIeveland
Cotton Seed. $1.00 per bushel (bulk) in lots of|more than
TERMS CASH. Average yield for year 1921 (last year)
for total acreage of eighty-four acres, 1183 pounds of seed
cotton; 409 pounds of lint cotton per acre.
Mulberry Hill Plantation
W. M. BOUKNIGHT
JOHNSTON, S. C.
I * S
Large Stock of
I Jew eh to Select Fr cm ?
0 . 2
We invite our Edgefield friends to visit our store o
8 when in Augusta, We have the largest stock of o
1 DIAMONDS S
* WATCHES S
vn. It will be a pleasure to show
partment is constantly replenished
with the newest aesigns.
We call especial attention to our repairing department, which has
every improvement. Your watch or clock made as good as new.
Work ready for delivery in a short time.
? 980 Broad St.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Gloria Flour and Dan Patch Horse^Feed
Corner Cumming and Fenwicv Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.
All persons are notified not to ?hunt
or trespass in any manner whatso
ever upon lands of the undersigned.
The law will be enforced against
those who fail to heed this notice.
This notice is meant for everybody
and for all forms of trespassing. .
J. H. CANTELOU,
J. R. CANTELOU,
J. M. MAYS, JR.
Hemstreet & Alexander
647 Broad Street
Dealers in Guns, Revolvers and
Repairing of Firearms, Bicycles,
Key Fitting a Specialty.
vR.KING'$ NEW S?COVEtlt
mi Surely Stoo Thai Co?t?.
Foundry, Machine, Boiler
Works and Mill Supply
Cotton Oily Gin, Saw, Grist, Cane,
Shingle Mill, Machinery Supplies ami
Repairs, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangen;,
Grate Bars, Pumps, Pipe, Valves and
Fittings, Injectors, Belting, Packing
Hose, etc Cast every day.
GASOLINE AND KEROSENE
Pumping, Wood Sa win? and Feed
FOR SALE; Nice, gentle 800
pound, six-year-old pony, will work
anywhere, $75; nice three-year-old
mule, $125; nice three-year-old horse
shows extra style, $125. Pure Poland
China beauties four months old
breeders, 2 sows and six boars, $8
each. Can be seen at my farm.
S. B. MARSH,
2-l-3tpd Trenton, S. C.