Newspaper Page Text
"Cut Taxes? Show Us
and We Will," Legis!,
Columbia, Feb. 4.-"We
down to talk a little about
He was spokesman for a del
from home, and one of his c
representatives was lending
. his appeal. His delegation of <
was just one of the many seei
?under the dome of the capitol
the legislature is m ression.
"All right," said the'legi
'Tye eaten and slept and talke
es so much, I'm beginning to
"It occurred to us," the spok
said, as hundreds of other hui
of other spokesmen have said,
the states' .property, tax levy
to be brought way down. ^ An
Tates on this income tax bi
house has passed, and the senate
is to debate, are something 1
Couldn't the knife be used a
more on the budget?"
The member of the legislature
, . "Brother," said se, "get out
^ pencil and piece of paper. We'l
ure a little."
"What's your total tax le
asked the solon.
"About 58 mills, I think."
"All right. The state's levy
year was 12 mills. It will be less
year, but this will be partly mad
in the new indirect revenue n
ures, such as the gasoline and
come taxes. Subtract the 12 n
and you find your city and coi
taxes amounted to 46 mills."
"Those 46 mills," said the leg
tor, "are upon you because you w
ed them there. You wanted sch?
- ' you wanted roads, you wanted a
ter jail and you wanted a lot of ol
things," Then followed a leng
statement of where the city and cc
ty funds went.
"Well, said the Citizen, "we d<
mind that so much. Matter of f?
out in our school district we wan
little heavier levy so we can hav
longer term and better teachers. 1
we see where the city and coui
taxes are going. How about
"Yes," the legislator was talki
4 again, "let's get down to business
' the state taxes. You show me how
reduce them and where to redi
them and I'll do it"
Pencil and paper were in 1
"How about the Confederate vi
erans? They're getting some $60'
^ , "No" the spokesman for the ci
zens promptly said, "let them ha
every penny of it."
"Very well, we'll take care of tl
\ veterans. They won't be with us mai
"The state hospital for the insai
certainly costs a Bunch of money
continued the legislator. "They haA
2,100 people out there. Nine hundre
new ones came in last year, and 3C
f died, making an increase of 60*
Looks like we've got to take care c
x them ; and it would be much more e:
pensive if each county tried to cai
for its own." Just here, it is interesi
ing to note' that between 100 and 20
of the inmattes are Greenville count
people; but this was not a Greenvill
"Oh, we couldn''; think of impaii
ing that work," the citizen agreed
"I suspect they really need mor
"Well, that's disposed of. We'l
continue to support the asylum,'
agreed the representatives of the peo
peo. "Now, the building and mainte
nance of roads costs a lot-"
"Good roads are not only desir
able but are absolutely necessary ii
this day and time," said the citizen
"Let's not touch the roads."
One by one the other phases of th?
state's work were taken up, and one
by one each was eliminated as a pos
sibility for budget knifing. Finally,
the- citizens wanted to return to a
discussion of the county levy. The
same thing happened, until the group
struck the reduced appropriation for
the county farm demonstration agent.
"Can't it be reduced a little more?
Or cant' we cut it out altogether this
"With the boll weevil, we need the
farm agent more than ever," the so
. lon remarked as he figured more on
the sheet of paper wjth his pencil.
Turning to the spokesman, who pre
sumably was a good friend, he asked:
"How much property do you return
for taxation, Bill?!' "Oh, around a
.couple of thousand dollars, as it is
returned," the citizen replied.
"The farm agent," said the legis
lator, "costs the taxpayers about a
dime on each thousand dollars worth
of property. Bill, twenty cents is
pretty heavy, I know. But I'd like to
see the work continued' and I'll take
care of the 20 cents you owe up if
you'll let this item stand."
The citizens were about ready to
"Just one more thing, said the
. . ' . *
spokesman. "We feel that we need a
new road badly to-'* . 1
"But man," said the legislator,
"how can we even consider new roads
or new schools when we must reduce
Silence for a moment among the
I group. Then solon broke it.
"What will your expense per man
be for this trip to Columbia?" asked
I the representative.
"Around twenty dollars, I guess."
"That twenty dollars would almost
?pay your 1922 taxes," said the repre
Finally, from the spokesman:
"Tom," or perhaps it was John or
I Harry-"every time I talk taxes to
I you you outtalk me. I guess you must
?be right about it. You win."
Taxes, taxes, taxes! The hue and
! cry about taxes has come to be a con
tant din. From all parts of the state
I they come to talk about taxes, to lob
!by against the hydro-electric power
tax, the income tax, the tax on soft
drink syrups, the.tax on tobacco, the
[property tax, the gasoline tax and all
the others. *
The people of the state know more
about taxes today than they ever
knew before. So says W. G. Querry,
of Spartanb?rg, a member of the
si:ate tax commission and who prob
ably will be the new chairman of that
"Gradually but surely we are com
ing to a solution of our tax problems"
.said Mr. Querry, speaking informally
of the situation. "It'is well that it is
coming by evolution rather than by
But many other'matters are press
ing the senators and representatives ^
while the tax muddle is being ironed
out. Not the least important of these
is the amendment to the 47-hour bill
to make the weekly working limit in
cotton mills 55 hours.
"H. B. Hendricks, of Anderson j j
county, who lives near Easley, and J.
K., Hamblin, of Union, introduced the
48-hour bill. After committee confer
ences, Mr. Hamblin and Eugene S. |j
Blease, of Newberry, intrduced an
amendment making the limit 55
hours. The bill, in its amended form,
passed the house this week and now
goes to the senate. The amendment
bill is meeting some opposition, but U
indications are that it will pass.
Mr. Hendricks, co-author of the
original 48-hour bill, had the measure
of the Pickens and Anderson delega- j
tions to place the issuan&e of auto: ?
license tags upon the clerks of court j
in the various counties, taking away f
this work from ,the state highway de- s
partment, recommitted to the ways r
and means committee this week. j.
"The bill is not to be pigeon-holed o
but will be revised or a substitute t
sent to the house," said he. r,
Brighter Outlook for Agri- a
Washington, Feb. 12.-Optimistic '
dews of improved conditions in the t
country's agricultural industries are c
warranted by reports received by the t
ivar finance corporation from its field t
agents, according to a statement is- t
med tonight by Managing Director b
"Corn is now selling at country '
elevators in Nebraska and Iowa at
10 cents a bushel as .against 20 cents *
four months ago. Hogs command a *
rood market. Reports indicate that ^
farmers are getting the equivalent of
30 to 90 cents for corn in meat val- 1
izes when fed to stock. The market ^
for sheep is stabilized. They are sell
ing in large quantities and at prices '
:onsidered satisfactory to the grow- '
ers and feeders.
"The cattle market is no longer de
moralized; the breeding herds are be
ing held; the young stock is no longe'
being sacrificed and the feeding aid
fattening business is proceeding -n
good volume and with fairly satisfac
"There is a broad market for 'ool
and hides at good prices.
"The grain markets are shov-ng a
good consumptive demand. The-nove
ment of cotton has been largr this
season than that of last year .nd the
prices are much fairer tp th? produ
cers'. The large lotton coPerative
marketing associations hav demon
strated their ability to conuct their
business on a sound ' asi?and have
proved to be a stabilizing actor.
"All this means that tl* farmer is
being put in position to iquidate his
debts gradually and th? his normal
purchasing power-so vital to. the
commercial, transport^011 and in
dustrial interests-is *ing restored."
All persons-are.n;ified/not to hunt
or trespass in an- manner whatso
ever upon lands c the undersigned.
The law will b-enforced against
those who fail > heed this notice.
This notice is ?ant *?r everybody
and for all forr of trespassing.
/. H. CANTELOU,
J. R. CANTELOU,
J. M. MAYS, JR. .
- t- -
General Assembly Faces. 1
Responsibility of Lower
ing State Levy.
Columbia, S. C., Feb. 12.-The
ginning of the sixth week of the g
eral assembly tomorrow will find
senate faced withvthe sole respoi
bility of lowering the state levy
visible tangible property, from
present levy of 12 mills to three
four mills. The early passage of 1
luxuries tax bill by the house is n
certain and once the house has. s<
Ithis measure to the senate the wi
and means committee can safely ri
on its laurels, having in the two ye?
successfully , drawn and pass
through the house the entire series
new revenue measures, which it is i
timated by members of the comm
tee, will produce funds/sufficient
eventually eliminate the state tax i
visible property, which it is point
out, has until now been forced
be?r an unjust and unequal propc
tioh of the expenses of the state ai
county governments. The eliminate
of visible property from the ti
sources of the state would allow tl
counties to raise their needed rev
nues from this source and to do wi|?
out undue hardships upon the owne
of such tangible property.
Two of these tax bills, the inher
tance tax measure and the gasolir
tax bill, have been passed by bot
houses, but both were amended so i
to arouse opposition in the lowe
house and so be thrown before cor
ference' committees. The retroactiv
clause of the inheritance tax,.whic
would have made it an immediate re\
enue producer, was eliminated by th
senate, which also amended the gase
tine-tax so as to increase the tax oi
gasoline from one cent to two cent
a gallon, to eliminate the tax on kero
sene and crude oils and to divide thi
revenue so obtained equally betweei
:he state and counties. It is this las
provision that has aroused*the ire oi
:ertain members of the house whe
?ee in it only a*n effort on the part ol
)ther members of the general assem
)ly "to play politics" for the benefil
)f the "folks back home" and de
lecrease the county properly levies
it. the expense of the state levy. The
irguments of the opponents , of this
livision of the revenues derived from
he tax were epitomized in the state
nent of Senator Jerimiah Smith that
'two and two are four/'
The corporation license bill, which
>assed the house without a single
lissenting vote, has so far been vic
orious in the senate, having success
ully survived a vigorous attack on
econd reading, it was passed on third
eading and ordered enrolled for rat
fication without further opposition
mly to be recalled later upon the mo
ion of Senator Baker, who has inti
nated that he is prepared to take lip
tis cudgel against the measure once
igain. The bill has therefore,' again
aken its place on the senate calendar
yhich also now contains the income
ax- bill, the foreign corporation l?
ense measure and the hydro-electric
ax bill, ell of which are to be given
he fight of way over all measures
his weet. The# motion picture license
i\ll has met with formidable opposi
ion in che senate and is not expected
0 sur1 ive the attack, despite the ef
orts jf Representative E. A. Brown,
he ?uthor of the bill, to secure its
l?ssige by the upper house as he se
ined its passage in the lower body.
'Tie senate," Mr. Brown charged in
hi course of his debate in ^position
r the luxuries tax measure, which,
iso seeks to tax motion picture's,
has messed up the motion picture
ill as it messes up everything we
,The Wells resolution to postpone
ie payment of state and county tax
>, which has received the approval of
oth houses, is also in the hands of a
inference committee, which U charg
1 with making a correction in the ti
e, which inadvertently escaped the 1
otice of the proponents of the meas- ?
re when it wai under consideration J
y the lower house. The house during
ie week sent to the senate a joint
.'solution empowering county treas-** '
rers to borrow funds needed to con- 1
nue the operation of schools in the ]
;ate. The postponement of the pay
lent of taxes, it was argued, might
?sult in the closing of many schools ^
iroughout the state and this resolu
on was offered to prevent such/ an
The final passage by the house of
ie luxuries tax bill, which is expect
1 either Monday night or on Tues
ay morning, will clear the "way in
ie house for the introduction of the
inual appropriation bill, Which has
;en practically completed by the A
ays and means committee. The com
ittee will meet this afternoon to C
ve the measure its final reading and S
ill be prepared, it is predicted, to B
troduce the bill probably by Tues- G
ly night. Members of the committee F
ive been silent as to the contents of B
ie measure, but the bill is under
ood to carry many reductions from
ie items proposed by the governor p
the budget, which suggested ap-.G
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;hose of last year. Reductions of the
?tat? levy, of the ways and means
committee, are not to be sought in
?he appropriation bill but in the new
.evenue measures. There is however,
i 'rather sarong sentiment in both
louses for further, reductions and the
?onsideration of the bill will be the
lignai for one of the warmest b?t
ies to bo seen this year.
In th 2 house members are still
vaiting the report of the ways anti
neans committee on the Brown
lughes-Elerbe-Buckingham bill to
ibolish the state highway commis
ion, the introduction of which resul
ed in the resignation of State High
ray Engineer Charles H. Moorefield.
?he state highway commission meets
his week to consider Mr. Moorefield's
esignation while the authors of ?the
ill have announced their willingness
o agree to a substitute measure,
dvich i\ is features of the present
ct. In the claimed embodies all of
tie "good ' senate, however, the
Wightman bill, aimed at the highway
ommission act, was defeated by an
verwhelming vote and friends of the
tato highway commission are con
dent, that the Brown-Hughes-Elerbe
?uckrngham measure would meet its
Waterloo in the senate even should it
ass the house in its original form.
A number of bills were killed in
tie senate during the past week,
hief among them being the Simon
off marriage license measure which
as stirred women leaders through
ut the state in an effort to revive it.
'he bill was killed Thursday night
n what was annou\ced by the lieu
snant governor to be an 18 to 15
ote. Several reporters, taking the
;;llot at the time, tabulated the vote
s a tie, 15 to 14. The record shows
?ie vote as 15 to 14. This fact is said
j be the "thread" by means of which
: is hoped to again attempt to revive
ie bill, the first effort to recall the
leasure by a vote of 18 to 13.
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