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Controlling Poultry Diseas
The success of poultry rau
either on a small or commercial-sc
1 depends largely on being able to 1
the birds thriving, vigorous and
from diseases. One of the most s
cus obstacles that confronts the :
in the poultry business is dise
Two of the most important factor
preventing diseases among pou
are cleanliness and regular disin
Locate the poultry house on a h
well drained place, and if possible
sandy soil. Haul and scatter gn
around the house to avoid mud
Lack of proper food, exposure
dampness or drafts 'invite dise?
into your poultry house. Lack of
ercise and fresh air cause *diges1
troubles. Plenty of green food
only aids digestion but helps mater
ly in keeping the birds healthy ?
vigorous. Do not forget to feed o
ter shells, charcoal grit and ch
Watch for lice and mites. Lice
ritate chickens only by sucking bio
Chickens infested with lice catch c
eases easier. Spraying for lice a
mites should be done carefully a
thoroughly, preferably in Februa
A creosote spray makes a good d
infectant. This should be appli
with a fine mist sprayer and spray
into every crack and crevice. Do r
fail to spray the wafts, droppi
boards ,r?osts, etc. Keep inside
house dry and well ventilated, and ]
member to change your litter at lez
once a week. The success of contro
ing lice and mites depends upon t
regularity and thoroughness of t
Roup and chicken pox are cauei
by wetness and cold drafts at nigl
Fowls begin to sneeze and coug
Their eyes become inflamed, heai
swollen, and have a watery discharj
from their nostrils. In case of rou
disinfect drinking water as follow
To each one gallon of water add tl
amount of potassium of permang,
nate that will rest on the surface <
a dime. Coal oil injected in the no
trils is also very effective. There ai
several good roup remedies 'on tl
market. Advanced stages of rou
should be eliminated. To effect chid
en pox (or sometimes called son
head) apply carbolated vaseline t
the comb, wattles and head twice
Diarrhea, or cholera, is caused b
improper feeding, indigestion, col
wet spells, presence of worms, eti
First have chicks dry and warn
Avoid green feed, Feed plenty c
wheat, also sour skimmilk, or corr
mercial remedies. Avoid overfeedin
and chilling. White diarrhea is inhei
itable because; the germ lives in th
yolk, of the egg. Clean milk is one o
the best remedies known for diai
rhea. Use a fountain pen and giv
each chick a few drops of milk whil
still in the incubator.
Bowel trouble can be cured by us
ing boiled rice sprinkled with cinna
mon or bran moistened with lime wa
If chicks are infected with gapes
procure a long feather and strip of
the web within an inch of the tip
Saturate it with turpentine and in
sert it in windpipe of the chick, re
moving it quickly with a twisted mo
A very common ailment among
fowls is worms. Give a dose of castoi
oil, and administer a little sugar con
taining two or three drops of tur
Scaly legs is a disease caused by
a small parasite, working under the
.skin, or scales of the legs, and puts
them in a severe condition. Wash legs
thoroughly with soap suds, then rub
with coal oil and lard mixed, once a
day for three or four days. Then rub
off scales and give a vaseline bath.
Birds with consumption or some
times termed "going light" should be
killed, these's no cure.
Tumors both internal and external
are not curable and treatment is
useless. Wind tumors are found mos-t
ly in young stock. Pierce skin with
needle and let air escape, or cut out
a small piece of skin and anoint the
place with carbolated vaseline.
Weak legs is a disease among
young cockerels more frequently
than pullets. Too rapid increase in
weight is the cause, also constitution
al weakness. Feed barley, millet,
ground raw green food and tincture
of iron in drinking water.
To kill blue bugs use carboleum
and crude oil, and to kill lice use one
gallong of water to one ounce of dip.
Dip chicken into wash tub.
Sores, wounds and frosted combs,
use carbolated vaseline, 2 ounces;
tannin, 1-2 drachm, and glycerine,
1-2 ounce. In treating obstinate or
. ulcerous sores, powder well with iodo
form, before applying the ointment.
First learn the cause of the disease
before applying a remedy. Tf effect a
cure we must understand the disease,
and remember, in treating poultry
Living-Making Versus Money
A Firm Basis.
There is a great deal of oratory
going on just now in agriculture but
agriculture can not live off of ora
tory. There sems to be, too, a gener
al belief that all that our present agri
culture neeas is a fuller credit sys
tem, but neither oratory nor the f?ll
est of credits could put of themselves
a boll weevil farm on a firm basis. A
farm, of course, like a building must
have a base of something different
from sand and mud. Its weight must
rest upon something that is substan
Where Responsibility Rests.
Under boll weevil conditions the
responsibility of the landowner, the
banker and the advancement' man
have largely increased in the ?outh.
Upon them' more than upon any other
men does the burden of putting agri
culture on a sound basis rest. As to
the farmer himself, it must be quite
plain that it is no longer possible for
him to go to the bank and buy his
way out of his present troubles. In
the old days this was largely possible
but today the emphasis is on working
out of our troubles rather than buy
ing our way out.
To Begin With.
A f?rm in the old days with ?its
vast system of credits and its one
crop stood upon a very unstable ba
sis bub the boll weevil has forced us
into putting our farms on a firmer
basis. The real facts are that credit,
seemingly, is not indicated for the
farm that does not carry certain fac
tors which make for agricultural sta
bility. I refer to those great agricul
tural necessities-the cow, the hog,
and the hen, and I repeat again that
credit is not indicated for that farm
on which does not obtain ithe follow
ing outfit, viz., one cow, one sow,
two dozen hens and a rooster or two.
If the farmer has not got this equip
ment let him borrow or rent it and
pay rent in the young or progeny of
Without these animals there can be
no living* making on the farm. In
these days ^f weevil there can not be
money-making without first of all this
living making status. In other words,
money making today in agriculture
presupposes first a living making. -
A Great Indictment.
The low level of our southern ag
riculture is plainly shown by the fact
that about sixty per cent or nearly
two thirds of its farmers carry neith
er the cow, the hog, nor the hen. A
goodly proportion of our farm chil
dren never drink milk and eat only
bought butter and then only occasion
ally. A child without milk is apt to
be a deficient child and this deficiency
is a parental responsibility.
Going Still Further.
It would be far better if our land
lords should require besides the fore
going certain other requisites on their
farms. For cattle growing there must
be a green crop all the year. In other
words, broadcast ten pounds of rape
now on one acre of land and in the
summer time when this dies out plant
in two foot rows five pounds of green
grazing the year around and this
acre should be kept up year after
year. And oin this one horse farm, too,
should be an acre in pecans, and two
crops that should always be found
there are Otootan soy beans, a fine
stemmed hay, and Biloxi soy beans
for a rough forage. Why would not a
farm carrying all of the foregoing
factors be a safe farm for credit for
the compelling reason that all money
crops on it would be made practically
free of cost?-N. L. Willett in Au
Handy Electric Milkers.
Great strides are being made in the
developments of milking machines
and with the improvements that have
been made no farmer who has any re
gard for economical production of
milk can afford zo be without a ma
The most recent development is
one in which all of the operating
mechanism, including the motor and
air pump, is mounted on the milk
pail itself. The operating mechanism
consists of a light, powerful electric
motor, a small but very efficient
vacuum pump and the pulsator, all
being enclosed in an aluminum cover.
All that is said to be required is to
attach the cups to the teats, fasten
the plug to a light socket and the
milker is ready for work. No belts or
gears are used and there is nothing to
wash but the cups, tubes and pails,
and as the-whole operating mechan
ism comes off with the pail cover,
this is a simple thing to do. With the
motor runmng, the cups may be plac
ed in a bucket of water and easily
cleaned by the water which is quickly
drawn through them.-Business Farm
diseases, an ounce of prevention is
worth a pound of cure. The ax, kero
sene and matches are the three best
remedies for fowls with a contagious
disease.-Farm and Ranch.
Picture Umpire Will Have Ve
Power on Films.
Los Angeles, Feb. 9.--Arranj
ments have been made for a revi
of each picture that is prepared. 1
report of this review will go to ?
Hays and his decision will be fin
If he orders the picture changed
will be changed. If he orders
"scrapped" it will be discarded wii
We felt that in selecting Mr. Ha
for a position of this kind we h
done wisely wJien we picked a m
who has had no previous connecti
with motion pictures. He cannot
prejudiced and he will favor no or
We know that his usefulness in t
post to which he has been chosen w
depend wholly upon his complete ,i
dependence of action.
He was not chosen by me,, nor 1
Mr. Zukor; he does not represent JM
Fox nor Mr. Goldwyn; he is not tl
friend of theJJniversal nor of Famo
Players-Lasky. He stands for tl
whole motion picture industry, ai
his job is to view the interests of tl
entire industry as against any inc
vidual producer or collection of pr
For instance, let us suppose thi
some film concern turns out a pictui
that is below moral tone and that M
Hays decides this must not be e:
hibited. It is very natural that th
concern might, if this decision wei
rendered by a collection of its bus
ness rivals, feel that discriminatio
was being practiced against it. Bt
when the picture is "scrapped" by oi
der of a man who represents the ir
terests of the entire industry thi
same feeling can not exist. Added t
this is the fact that the associate
producers also have agreed that whe
ever a picture is rejected for caus
they will repay to the produce
whose film is d?nied presentation
sum of money representing a fourt
of what he expended in preparinj
Mr. Hays will be in close touch a
all times with the exhibitor-and th'
exhibitor is the individual who know
oest just what the people wish to see
Some one producer might think tha
a certain type of picture would brinj
him rich returns. And his belie:
might be true so far as he individual
ly was concerned. But^ the exhibitoi
to whom the film was er^nded foi
presentation would know that the
showing of such a picture would be
bad business. It might increase at
tendance of a certain class for on?
week, but it would lower the tone, ol
the theatre and would make for heavj
losses in the long run. Mr. Hayes will
get the views of exhibitors and will
take them intimately into account
when he is perfecting the close-up or
ganization which we expect will re
sult from his taking hold.
"To Keep Confidence."
Mr. Hays will be entrusted with
the job of keeping the public confi
dence-which is something that is
basic to the success of the entire mo
tion picture producing structure.
Very much has been said on the
subject of "sex" in pictures. But
there exists a' confusion in the minds
of many regarding the definition of
A great many think that the word
sex is synonymous with salaciousness.
This is not true.
The sex picture will continue to
lead in presentation on the screen.
But the salacious picture will not be
There is an appeal of sex in every
thing. The cleanest and most whole
some love story is based-cannot help
being based-on the attraction be
tween opposite sexes-"the love of a
man for a maid." The very world it
self and everything that goes on upon
it has sex as a foundation. B|Ut it is
not necessary to treat the appeal of
sex in a vulgar or obscene way. And
it will be one of the principal parts
of Mr. Hays' duties to see that this is
Gets No Percentage.
Let me add that Mr. Hays will re
ceive a straight salary. He will not
obtain a percentage of anything.
Therefore he will be in a position to
take direct action without in any way
interfering with his income, so he
cannot be accused of being merce
While I was the individual produ
cer who first broached to Mr. Hays
the matter of accepting the motion
picture position which has been creat
ed for him he will no more represent
me than he will Selznick, Zukor, Rob
ertson & Cole, Associated Producers,
Metro, Goldwyn, Fox, First National,
United Artists or any of the other
production concerns which have band
ed together to place him in the po
sition which he will occupy.
We we're first attracted to Mr.
Hays by the wonderful ability for or
ganization which he demonstrated
in handling the republican national i
campaign, and we feel that we have
the right man in the right place.
rpns Taken From Rev. A. T.
Allen's Calendar of Last
0 worship the King all glorious
And gratefully sing His wonderful
Our Shield and Defender, the An
cient of Days,
Pavillioned in splendor and girded
O tell of His might, and sing of
Whose robe is light, whose canopy
His chariot of wrath the deep
thunder clouds form,
And dark is His path on the wings
of the storm.
Thy bountiful care what tongue
It breathes in the air, it shines in
? the light;
It streams from the hillsides, it
descends to the plain,
And sweetly distills in the dew and
the rain. \
Jesus, keep me near the cross,.
There a precious fountain,
Free to all-a healing stream,
Flows from Calvary's mountain.
In the Cross, in the Cross,
Be my glory ever,
Till my raptured soul shall find
Rest beyond the river.
(Near the cross a trembling soul,
Love and mercy found me,
There the bright a d Morning Star
Shed its beams around me.
Near the cross, O Lamb of God,
Bring its scenes before me;
Help me walk from day to day,
With its shadow o'er me.
How firm a foundation, ye saints
of the Lord,
Is laid for your faith in His ex
What more ,can He say than to you
He hath said,
You who unto Jesus for refuge
In ev'ry condition, in sickness, in
In poverty's vale or abounding in
At home and abroad, on the land,
on the sea,
As your days may demand, shall
your strength ever be.
The soul that on Jesus hath leaned
I will not, I will not desert to its
That soul, tho' all hell should en
deavor to shake,
I'll never, no never, no never for
Alabama Lady Was Sick For Three
Years, Suffering Pain, Nervous
and Depressed-Read Her
Own Story of Recovery?
Paint Rock, Ala.-Mrs. C. M. Stegall,
Df near here, recently related the fol
lowing interesting account of her re
covery: "I was In a weakened con
dition. I was sick three years In bed.
Buffering a great deal of pain, weak,
nervous, depressed. I was so weak,
I couldn't walk across the floor; Just
had to lay and my little ones do the
work. I was almost dead. I tried
avery thing I heard of, and a number of
doctors. Still I didn't get any relief.
I couldn't eat, and slept poorly. I
believe If I hadn't heard of and taken
Cardui I would ?ave died. I bought
six bottles, after a neighbor told me
what it did for her.
"I began to eat and sleep, began to
gain my strength and am now well
and strong. I haven't had any trou
ble since ... I sure can testify to the
good that Cardui did me. I don't
think there ls a better tonic made
and I believe it saved my life."
For over 40 years, thousands of wo
men have used Cardui successfully,
in the treatment of many womanly
If you suffer as these women did?
take Cardui. It may help you, too.
At all. druggists. I 85
I take this means of notifying-the
public that I have reopened my black
smith and repair shop at my old
stand to the rear of The Advertiser
building, facing the street leading
east from the residence of Mr. W. A.
Strom. I respectfully solicit the pa
tronage of the people and will do my
utmost to give entire satisfaction, al
ways guaranteeing my work. I ma.ke ,
a specialty of horseshoeing. Call to
Do You Want a Job?
If you are out of employment, or
tfould like to make a change, consult 1
Standard Employment Serice,
t* Spartanburg, S. C.
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THE STRONGEST BANK IN EDGEFIELD
SAFETY FIRST IS AND WILL BE OUR MOTTO
Open your account with us for 1922. At the same time start a
Savings Account with us, or invest in one of our INTEREST BEAR
ING CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT.!
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable papers.
All business matters referred to us pleasantly" and carefully
WE SOLICIT YOUR BUSINESS
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Gloria Flour and Dan Patch Horse Feed
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R,R.vTracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.
.I</.p:r: >*?^:? : >:I r>:< . . YA Zrt sffl YA . u z YA Z YA tit a ii I YA
Barrett & Company S
COTTON FACTORS j
Augusta - - - - - Georgia ?
We are in position to offer for im
mediate shipment from our Augusta
stock very low prices on the follow
ing building materials:
Galvanized Corrugated Iron Roof
ing in all lengths.
Tin and Galvanized Shingles.
Builders' Hardware, Mantels, Tiles
We have complete stocks and can
save you money on anything you may
require in our line. Write us to-day
for catalogue and prices.
David Sluskyft& Son
Hemstreet & Alexander
647 Broad Street
Dealers in Guns, Revolvers and
Repairing of Fire'Arms, Bicycles,
Key Fitting a Specialty.
' Telephone 679
ito tax now
* %*P straight
GIVE QUICK RELIEF,
Famous Yt Uar ftoVff
53 Sold Iht wmld orrr
Eyes scientifically examined and
glasses properly fitted.
GEO. F. MIMS,
' Edgefield, S. C.
tual Insurance Asso
Property Insured 817,223,000.
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you may
I desire about our plan of insurance.
I We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM, or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to you that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties of
Abbeville, Greenwood, McCormick,
Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda, Rich
land, Lexington, Calhoun and Spar
tanburg, Aiken, Greenville, Pickens,
Barnwell, Bamberg, Sumter, Lee,
Clarendon, Kershaw, Chesterfield.
The officers are: Gen. J. Fraser
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.,
J. R. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secretary
and Treasurer, Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrel?, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C*
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C. >
Foundry, Machine, Boiler
Works and Mill Supply
Cotton Oil, Gin, Saw, Grist, Cane,
Shingle Mill, Machinery Supplies -and
Repairs, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers,
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GASOLINE AND KEROSENE
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