Newspaper Page Text
Figures of the Income Tax for
1919 Annur ced.
Washington, Feb. 19.-After
more than two years of feverish days
and sleepless nights the bureau of in
ternal revenue was today able to an
nounce the income tax figures for
Herewith are the outstanding items
Five persons paid taxes on incomes
over $5,000,000. Their names are not
permitted to be revealed.
About one person in every twenty
in the United States paid in an in
There were six personal returns of
$3,000,000 to $4,000,000; seven of
from $2,000,000 to $3,000,000; 47
of from $1,000,000 to $2,000,000.
. This is a total of 65 persons paying
taxes on more than a million in 1919.
The total number of incomes over
$100,000 a year was 5,526. -
A total of 5,332,491,498. As com
pared with 1918 there was a gain of
907,646 returns, an increase of $3,
934,852,093 on incomes and $141,
908,363 on returns.
Per Capita Income
The per capita net income report
ed was $1S7.32 and the per capita
On the basis of returns "filed"
"that phrase certainly has a cold,
doubting sound" the average net in
come "reported" was $3,724.05 on
which the average tax was $238.08.
The number of corporations in
come tax returns other than those of
personal service corporations was
320,198. Of these 209,634 reported
net incomes amounting to $9,411,
458; war profits and excess profits
tax $1,431,805,890; total tjax $2,
For 1918 the number of corpora
tion tax payers was 317,579 of which
202,061 reported total net incomes of
$8,361,311,249, the taxes aggregat
The bureau is already at work on
the figures for the year before last.
No one could be found in Washing
ton tonight who would hazard a pre
diction as to when they will be an
Suspending Preparations For
The United States government will
immediately stop an expense of $5,
000,000 per month in the construc
tion of capital ships, and this is but
a small beginning of the huge saving
in the war establishment of the na
tion due to the armament congress
edict at Washington. What the Unit
ed States is saving other nations will
save and there will be hundreds of
millions eventually saved each year
by the five great nations which are
parties to the pact that has been
agreed upon by the Washington con
ferees of these nations. \
We would roughly estimate the
saving to the world in terms of sever
al billion dollars annually and the
groaning populations of the various
countries will be relieved of at least
a large share of their huge burden of
taxes, while the generations of the
future will not be taught war, the de
fense of frontiers, compulsory mili
tary training, etc., from babyhood.
What the world will be able to ac
complish in the pursuits of -peace
with billions of dollars turned into
the advancement of science and edu
cation can not be estimated. The gov
ernments may double their appropria
tions for the advancement of the
agricultural and live stock industry,
may lend their aid unstintingly to
movements that will conquer diseases
which have never before been con
quered, will be able to develop inland
waterways for commerce, dredge the
swamp land, irrigate the arid land.
Indeed, there is no way of estimating
the good that can be done with a few
billion a' year. The day of the super
dreadnaught and battle cruiser
brought huge burdens to the tax
payer, to say nothing of the terrible
damage inflicted by these engines of
war and standing armies of Europe
kept the populace strained to the
bursting point to pay taxes to main
tain them. While there have 'been no
definite agreements regarding armies
and their reduction in size, still it is
entirely logical 'that this will follow
the naval holiday that is to be de
Indeed, the war torn world is slow
ly awakening and is now rubbing its
eyes and wondering if there isn't
some mistake. That there is no mis
take and that it is all a glorious real
ity is a fact which will bring the full
est joy with its complete realization.
All persons are notified not to hunt
or trespass in any manner whatso
ever upon lands of the undersigned.
The law will be enforced against
those who fail to heed this notice.
This notice is meant for everybody
and for all forms of trespassing.
J. H. CANTELOU,
J. R. CANTELOU, |
J. M. MAYS, JR.
Darlington County Leads in
A tabulation of last week's returns
shows that Darlington county, with
17,004 bales signed, is still leading
all other counties in the cotton co
operative marketing campaign, ac
cording to figures given out by the
South Carolina Cotton Growers' Co
operative Association. Dillon county
tis second, Sumter third and Spartan
burg fourth. Dillon led in the number
of contracts sent into headquarters
last week, Newberry being a close
second in this respect.
Last week was one of important de
velopments, according to a statement
from the association, which says that
"sentiment for the movement which
has baen growing steadily during the
past few months assumed the pro
portions of a tidal wave in some sec
tions of the state during the week."
The visit of Dr. Clarence Poe, who
made four speeches in the ?tate dur
ing the week, has set the movement
going strong in some of the counties,
it was said.
Aiken Banks Indorse.
The association yesterday received
a statement sign?d by the banks at
Aiken-the Bank of Western Caro
lina, the Fii'st National Bank, the Cit
izens' Bank 1 and the Farmers and
Merchants' bank-strongly indorsing
the movement, expressing the belief
that the association "will greatly aid
in establishing the cotton market"
and strengthen the credit of-the far
mers. W. B. Turner, president of the
Bank of Western Carolina, which op
erates a chain of seven banks, signed
the contract himself and has given
a ringing indorsement of the plan.
Mr. Turner operates a farm himself
and hence is eligible for membership
in the association.
Similar statements have been is
sued by the banks in a great number
of the counties of the state and in
some counties the bankers have tak
en the initiative in the campaign ex
pressing the belief that the state's
greatest hope lies in jthe successful
organization of the cooperative asso
A speakers' bureau is being organ
ized for the last two months of the
campaign and hundreds of South Car
olina business men and professional
men and farmers will be asked to
give a special amount of their time to
the prosecution of the campaign.
This course, the association says, was
followed in all of the other states and
there was a ready response on the
part of those asked to contribute of
their time. The South Carolina asso
ciation says that it feels 'sure that
the response in South Carolina to this
request will be no less liberal than
it has been' in the other states.
The women of the state will be
called upon also to contribute their
part to the success of the campaign,
it was stated. Officers of the asso
ciation said yesterday that one of the
most enthusiastic members of the as
sociation was a woman farmer, who
has not only signed the contract her
self, but has written to headquarter:1
for contracts, saying that she wants
to make some of her neighbors join.
The liquor-makers and the boot
leggers had as well take notice of
the fact that the screws are being
tightened. While under the federal
law, it seems, the judges are not al
lowed to punish by imprisonment,
alone, but must impose alternative
punishment by fine, yet the punish
ment grows more and more severe.
This week Judge Watkins fined one
man ?450 and another $200 for vio
lation of the liquor-making laws.
These fines, while they do not so
much deter as imprisonment, are suf
ficient to cause the liquor-maker
even to hesitate before he breaks the
law. It was not so long ago that fines
were imposed for like offenses of $25
or $50, or terms of 30 days were sub
stituted, and the man convicted was
allowed to go home and rest a while
before he commenced to serve his
sentence, or before he was required
to pay his fine. Perhaps he was allow
ed to remain at home until lay-by
time arrived, so that he might serve
his sentence in the vacatjon period.
But that time has passed. 1* he time of
small fines and short terms of pun
ishment is passing, and in a little
while the law will provide a punish
ment for the liquor-maker and the li
quor seller which is commensurate
with his crime, considering the fact
that these crimes are but the breed
ers of other more flagrant crimes.
Let the time soon come.-Abbe
ville Press and Banner.
J. S. BYRD
Office Over Store of
Quarles & Timmerman
Office Phone No. 3
Residence Phone 87
. -i-1 "-.
i Story of Mt. Vernon.
To preserve Mount Vernon per]
? ually unchanged, in memory of W'
. ihgton, is the sacred trust of
: Mount Vernon Association.
The nation owes the rescue, rei
' ration and preservation of this c
secrated spot to a South Carol
woman, Ann Pamela Cunningham
"Rosemont, "Laurens County, w
in 1853, founded "The Mount V
non Ladies' Association."
Mr. John Augustine Washingt
who- inherited the estate from
Uncle, found himself without me?
to keep up the property, and at 1
felt forced to offer the historic ph
for sale. He offered it to the Uni1
States Government for 8200,000, 1
the Government declined to pur?ha
He then offered it to the state of V
ginia at the same price. Virginia a
refused to buy. One of those^Corj
rations, which cater to the enterta
ment of the people, then proposed
buy it for 8300,000, with the inte
tion of turning . it into a place
amusement and public resort. Jo
Augustine Washington showed his r
ble patriotism by refusing this off
About this time a South Carolii
lady, Mrs. Cunningham, traveling 1
steamboat down the beautiful Pot
mac to Washington, passed by Mou
Vernon and was much touched by tl
solemn effect of the tolling of tl
steamer's bell in reverent salutatie
of the spot. She" was writing to hi
daughter at the time, and continue
with this sentence, "What a gre;
destiny it would be if the women <
America could buy this sacred sp?
and preserve it as a shrine for tl
Her daughter, Ann Pamela Cui
ningham, a great sufferer from spin?
trouble, read the letter while in gre'
pain, but was so struck by the suj
gestion that she immediately said 1
will do it!" Her family and friend
tried to laugh her out of the ide?
but in vain. She at once wrote a rou;
ing appeal to the Southern Wome
of America signing it "The Souther
Matron" and sent it to the press.
There was a prompt response, nc
only from the South, but from wc
men all over the country, who wer
anxious to join in the endeavor. Mis
Cunningham, whose vision and powe
of organization were great, the;
brought into being the first patrioti
association of women only, eve
formed in these United States o
America. From, the moment the move
ment began, it never suffered a pause
The enthusiasm grew steadily am
rapidly, and before the end of 185!
the huge sum of $200t000 was raised
Now came an unexpected difficulty
John Augustine Washington refuse?
to sell to a party of women. Mis;
Cunningham then made the terrifi<
effort, for her, of journeying t<
Washington, a portion of the time oi
a cot, and laid before the 'owner ol
Mount Vernon the plan and higl
aims and ideals of the Association
He listened coldly at first, but latei
become greatly impressed, and or
the next morning gave his full un
qualified consent to the sale. The
$200,000 was paid over in 1860 and
Mount Vernon became the property
of "The Mount Vernon Ladies' As
During the War between the States
the Association had' to face terrible
difficulties. The soldiers of the two
armies, however, respected and pro
tected the place equally. There could
not be paid a greater tribute to the
universal love of Washington.
As soon as normal conditions re
turned after the War, people flocked
to the revered spot. The Constitution
of the Association had provided that
an entrance fee of twenty-five cents,
for the maintenance of the place,
should be charged at the gate. Owing
to the love and veneraticn of the
whole nation, so many individuals
sought Mount Vernon that in a very
short time the gate receipts began
to enable the Association to make
necessary repairs, and then to buy
back gradually, piece by piece, the
original Washington furnishings.
Each visitor at that time, and since,
by giving that little sum at the gate,
became a sharer in the upkeep' of the
beautiful place, which today is as
nearly perfect as it can be. The man
sion is furnished as it was' when
Washington lived there, and the gar
dens, the grounds, the outbuildings,
everything, are just as they were
when he looked out upon them.
This Association now consists of a
Regent, who is its head, and a vice
Regent from each State, as far as it
has been posible to get one, the effort
being to obtain a specimen of the
very best type of^ womanhood in each
state. These ladies give their time,
thought and services as guardians of
Mount Vernon, absolutely without
money and without price. It is truly
a labor of love, and felt to be a great
An Englishman (Mr. E. V. Lucas)
has written of Mount Vernon, "The
Old Country has something to learn
from the New in the matter of dis
On tart Hind col fon men
botU rc o-h ms tut i ty bo*
ion iring mtttKkfd by
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tinguished custodianship. We have no
place of National pilgrimage in Eng
land that is so perfect a model as
Washington's Home at Mount Ver
Opposition to Cut in School
.Columbia, Feb. 19.-The senate is
expected to hear a great uproar of
protest from the school folk and those
interested in vhe school activities on
account df the, reductions recom
mended in the appro priation bill by
thc ways and means committee of the
house and passed by the house. There
is considerable disapproval of the
out, according to the protests that
are beginning to come to light.
The first of these guns was fired
Saturday when the Lexington County
Teachers' Association authorized the
drawing of a set of resolutions urg
ing that the public appropriations not
be cut and that the governor be com
mended for the ideas contained in
his special message to the general
It is understood that one or two
other bodies have taken similar ac
tion and it is believed that others will
The appropriations for public
school purposes have been cut by
about $333,000 and Governor Coop
er, in a message to the general as
sembly, foresaw the crippling of the
schools. The ways and means com
mittee explained its stand, stating
that the appeal for a reduction of
taxes had to be adhered to and that
the committee did not intend, nor
did it anticipate its action would crip
ple the school system.
The house stood by its committee
to an item and refused to change an
iota in the section.
The next step will be up to the fi
nance committee of the senate. There
is speculation as to- what it will rec
ommend, but if it does not restore
some or all of the stricken out items
it is then expected that the fight will
be carried to the floor of the senate.
It seems safe to predict that the plans
have the appropriations continued
will be urged to the last possible de
"Billy" Sunday Collects $22,
654.80 in Spartanburg.
Spartanburg, S. C., Beb. 19.-Rev.
William A. Sunday closed a six
weeks' revival campaign here today
speaking four times to audiences of
more than eight thousand in each
gathering, and was escorted to the
railway station upon his departure
tonight by ten thousand people, and
hundreds of them carrying flaming
torches. During the campaign twenty
thousand peopie have responded to
his invitations. Tonight the free will
offering to Mr. Sunday amounted to
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