Newspaper Page Text
JSouth Carolina at the Top in
The following article appeared in
xhe Woman's Home Companion, and
is interesting to ail South Carolinians.
Edgeneld is one of the few counties
having no home demonstration agent:
"Eas the woman vote stirred the
civic consciousness of women in your
Has it done anything to make life
?afer and sweeter for women and
children; anything comparable to
v.hat wide-awake women are doing
in South Carolina and Kansas?
Everybody who talks statistics
points to South Carolina as a 'sad ex
ample of infant mortality and illit
eracy. But other folks who travel and
pin their faith on human-interest
facts know that many interesting and
helpful things are in that same state.
For example, it claims and proves
that it had the first county agent in
the United States, Miss Marie ' Cro
mer; that it had the first canning
clubs ever organised among girls and
women; and that it leads the entire
South in the number of women en
rolled in home-demonstration work,
and in its marketing work.
The South Carolina county home
demonstration agent is a college
graduate, specially trained in home
.economics. Each year she goes to
Winthrop College, at Rock Hill, to
be instructed in the latest fine points
of domestic science, and she also
^brings to the college wonderful infor
mation about, the problems of the
farm women whom she visits the
other fifty weeks of the year.
When she learned that the far
mer's money was tied up in cotton
and the farmer's wife had just no
rooney at all, she decided that some
thing must be done-and done quick
ly. The result was the formation of
the community or club market.
Women-and men-were encour
aged to raise vegetables and chick
ens, to make butter and cottage
.cheese. Then, aided by chambers of
.commerce, club women and progress
ive business men, these home demon
strators secured the use of public
squares, halls or vacant stores, and
established public markets practical
ly overnight. In two towns, Green
wood and Bennettsville, the town
councils have appropriated funds for
"building small but attractive mar
kets. In twenty other places, resource
ful women are solving the problem of
.housing the rural saleswomen.
One farmer, thoroughly discourag
ed with cotton market conditions,
was amazed when his wife averaged
$125 per month from the sale of
farm products at the Camden mar
2<et. The money thus earned kept a
five-tenant farm going for eight
Another farm woman marketed
300 pounds of butter, neting her
$175; in addition to which she sold
cream, cottage cheese, and other
dairy products. A third woman, fa
mous for her preserves, received an
order for 200 jars from a Northern
housekeeper. Almost pathetic is the
, story of an old farmer who had cot
ton a-plenty but no cash, and who
drove twenty-two miles under a hot
sun to sell les- than fifteen dollars'
worth of produce, and left the mar
ket grinning over his profits.
Miss Christine South, the state
home demonstration agent, and Mrs.
Francis Y. Kline, the state marketing
agent, are marketing canned prod
ucts for the wives of farmers through
cooperative associations, as another
method of helping the farm woman
solve her need of cash.
The community market not only
meets the financial needs of the farm
women, but it is teaching their hus
bands the value of crops other than
cotton, and it is bringing about a bet
ter understanding betSveen women
of towns and farms.
Do you want a community market
"in your town? Then write to Miss
Christine South, Winthrop College,
Rock Hill, South Carolina, for sug
gestions on organizing one.
Time for Old to Quit Says
Washington, Feb. 19.-"Uncle
.Joe" Cannon, who will retire from
the house of representatives at the
-end of his present term after a ser
vice of 46 years, declared today in an
open letter to his republican con
?stituents of the 18th Illinois district
"that the time had come for old heads
to give way to young hearts, alert
and active minds and vigorous bod
Writing, as he explained, on the
golden anniversaiy of his first elec
tion to the house, Mr. Cannon said
that in turning back his commission
he did not wish to shirk any respon
sibility of public duty, but simply to
open the door of opportunity to
To Preveut Blood Poisoning
.pply at once thc wonderful old relia?-ic DI
TORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING OIL. a sm
gical dressing that relieves pain and heals a.
s? svn? time. Not a liniment 25c. 50c. SLOG.
Legislating for Farmers.
The appropriation bill as present
ed to the house of representatives
contemplates a state tax levy of five
mills, which is exactly the levy made
?by the "Reform" legislature after
?the election of Captain Tillman to
be governor in 1S90. That is to say,
if the bill shall pass, the taxation of
farms, houses and other visible prop
erty will be no larger than it was
after the "Farmers' movement" had
swept the state.
It will be said, however, that more
than $2,000,000 is to be raised by
other kinds of taxation, and that is
true, but it is also true that in 1890
the public schools were receiving no
assistance from state taxation, that
the Conferedate veterans were receiv
ing about one-thirteenth of the sum
provided for them now, that Clemson
college was not open, that the ap
propriation for Winthrop was then
under $10,000, that the Medical col
lege received no state support, that
numerous other educational and char
itable institutions have been opened
since then and that the people of
South Carolina are receiving the ben
efits from them. Further, while the
people are now to be indirectly taxed,
it is recalled that, through the state
dispensary a large indirect tax was
collected three years after 1890 and
thenceforward till 1907.
The new taxes to be imposed by
the present General Assembly will
fall lightly on the farming class.
Even those farmers who ordinarily
are well-to-do, if they have had heavy
losses from the boll weevil infesta
tion and from other causes, will pay
little or no income tax. That burden
will for the most part fall upon men
and women who draw salaries or
whose ' income is derived from divi
dends and interest on money lent,
from professional fees, manufactur
ing and merchandising. By far the
larger proportion of the gasoline to
be taxed is consumed in the cities
and towns and the luxury taxes, too,
will be paid in the main by the inhab
itants of towns and cities.
As The States already has said, this
General Assembly is a "Farmers'
movement body" if ever was one in
South Carolina. It is extending "spe
cial privileges" to the farmers as, in
a veritable agricultural crisis, it
ought to do. Npt many people engag
ed in the other pursuits are complain
ing about it.
The State does not know how the
farmers of South Carolina will accept
these' measures. It has been hinted
that many of them will be resentful
toward the legislature because it does
not abolish taxes altogether, and that
resentment will be stirred in the bus
iness classes besides. Be that as it
may, the General Assembly is doing
its duty. It is proce'ednig with a cor
rect and patriotic understanding of
the emergency. It is doing what is
right-and it can do no more. It is
certain, we repeat, that no body of
legislators has ever assembled in this
state that was more bent on favoring
the farming people, of relieving them
of every possible ounce of the tax
load consistent with carrying on with
out the destruction of the institutions
and activities that define the state as
civilized and as progressive.
The new methods of taxation are
discriminatory. They shift radically,
heavily and severely a great part of
the tax load to the business and pro
fessional classes. If the farmers are
not grateful they have their recourse.
They are a tremendous majority of
the electorate of South Carolina. It
is in their power ot turn out every
legislator, not a farmer, to elect a
farmer governor and to fill every
other office with a farmer.-The
Lime in Heavy Soils Facilitate
Long before scientific study on lim
ing was begun, it was asserted by the
practical user of lime-the farmer
thatliming the soil makes tillage eas
ier and effects a better condition of
seedbed. For years, observations in
the field by technologists have afford
ed some confirmation of the sound
ness of these assertions. Manifestly,
the physical effects of lime, as well
as the more frequently noted chemi
cal effects in> correcting soil acidity,
must be credited with part of its ben
efit in farm practice.
Scientific study has been directed
mostly at ';he chemical and biological
effects of lime to the neglect of the
gathering of adequate data on the
magnitude of its physical effects on
the mechanical, constitution or tilth
of soils. Naturally, little of a definite
character is known as to the extent
to which the changes induced in soil
structure by liming accelerate plant
That lime does granulate soil and
thus improve its physical character is
well established. This is shown by ob
servations in both the United States
and England.-Farm and Ranch.
Peanuts Should be Shelled Just
Before Time of Planting.
Delay in planting peanuts after
shelling the seed causes considerable
loss in germination, it has been learn
ed during the course of investigations
conducted by the United States De
partment of Agriculture. The inves
tigations involved tests cf shelled* and
unshelled peanuts and the effect of
the time of shelling on the germina
tion of the seed.
Peanuts planted after being shelled
for different lengths of time showed
great differences in germination.
Those shelled 68 days before planting
gave only 3.7 per cent germination
and a yield of 3 1-3 bushels per
acre 'planted 19 days after shelling,
the germination was 78 per cent and
the yield 41 1-3 bushels per acre;
planted 1 day after shelling, the ger
mination was 94 per cent and^ the
yield 64 2-3 bushels per acre. A de
lay of even 9 days after shelling gave
appreciably lower results than those
obtained by immediate planting. The
germination was only 85 per cent, as
compared with 94 per cent when
.there was a delay of but one day af
ter shelling. The yield in the last
case was only 55 1-3 bushels per
Particular stress therefore has been
laid by department specialists on the
importance of holding the peanuts
unshelled until just before the time
they are to be planted.
Testing Seed Corn.
Clemson College, Feb. 20.-It is
now the time of year that farmers
should test their seeds to see that
they are in good condition for plant
ing the spring crop. This is especially
true of seed corn. A-method of test
ing for diseases as well as germina
tion is discussed below, and detailed
information concerning this method
may be secured by writing to Clem
son College or to the U. S. Depart
ment of Agriculture.
If a farmer wishes to test his seed
corn for germination only, without
making test for diseases, there is a
very simple plan which any farmer
may follow readily. The necessary
materials .consists of a box, some
muslin, and some sawdust or old
chaff. The box may be made any
size to suit the needs of the individ
ual. The sides should be made of 2x4
timber while the bottom may be made
of any convenient material. A box
48 inches long, 28 inches deep will
test two hundred ears at one time.
This is enough seed to plant about
sixteen acres. It usually requires
about 12 ears to plant an acre. . De
tailed instructions for testing seed
corn by this method have been pub
lished several times and will be fur
nished upon applicatio. .
Testing Seed Corn for Disease?. .
Every once in a while somebody
learns something that upsets a lot
of our well established ideas about
things. This has recently happened
concerning corn diseases, t We used
to think that corn is practically free
of important diseases, but we have
to change our minds. We now know
that there are some very serious ones,
and while we are still very far from
knowing all about them we do know
how to avoid them to a large extent.
The most destructive corn diseases
are connected with the seed and our
method of dealing with them is mere
ly to test the seed and discard those
ears which are diseased. We used to
think that a germination test is the
only one necessary. We now know
that more is needed. An ear that ger
minates 10.0 per cent is sometimes
diseased and unsuitable for planting.
The most practical method of test
ing seed corn for disease is by the
"modified rag doll," a modification
of the rag doll method of testing for
germination, which makes it possible
to determine not only the germina
tion but also the condition of each
ear as to the vigor and disease.
By this test it may be found that
among the best appearing seed ears
are many which germinate poorly,
many which produce weak plants,
many which produce diseases plants,
and many which show various combi
nations of these. Not only this, but
many of the weak and diseased ears
germinate 100 per cent and under
the old system of testing would be
(used for seed and would produce
stalks that are stunted, barren, eas
ily blown over, or produce nubbins
Further details and full directions
for testing s,eed corn can be found in
Farmers' Bulletin 1176, which can
be secured from the U. S. Depart
ment of Agriculture, Washington, D.
C., or from the Extension Service,
Clemson College, S. C.
WANTED: Salesmen with car to
call on dealers with a low priced 6,
000 mile fabric and and 10,000 mile
cord tire. $l>'/0.00 a week with extra
UNIVERSAL TIRE & RUBBER CO.
Michigan City, Indiana.
An Estimate of Billy Sunday.
Mr. W. H. Wallace, editor of the
Newberry Observer, writes from
Spartanburg to his paper a letter
from which we quote this paragraph,
of more than ordinary weight and sig
"I have heard many great preach
ers, such as Bishops Wightman,
Pieice and Duncan of the Metho
dist church, Dr. Benjamin Palmer of
the Presbyterian, Dr. Dashiel of the
Lutheran, Dr. John A Broadus and
Charles Spurgeon of London, of the
Baptist church; but none of them
ever came up to Billy Sunday, in the
influence a'.d power over the people.
The powe - is in what he says and in
the way he says it; but there is nc
wild excitement, no appeal to the
emotions, no sensationalism-just
the plain truths of the gospel present
ed in his unique and original and sin
cere way. It is wonderful and inde
scribable. He has done a great and
lasting work here. I wish everybody
in Newberry could hear him. He will
close his six weeks' meeting here Sun
day, the 19th."
When a man of Mr. Wallace's ex
perience and extended observation
places the Rev. Mr. Sunday before
the distinguished divines whom he
mentions it means something-it
means a great deal. It should go a
long way to arouse interest in Co
lumbia in the prospect that Mr. Sun
day will conduct a meeting here next
Buy Good Dairy Cows.
Clemson College, Feb. 20.-The
profit to be made from a dairy herd
depends largely upon the selection of
good dairy cows to start with. It re
quires from 50 to 75 per cent of the
feed a cow is capable of consuming
to maintain her body. It is therefore
much cheaper to produce say 30 gal
lons of milk with ten cows than with
fifteen cows, says J. P. LaMaster,
chief of the dairy division.
A good dairy cow is one which,
first, is well bred and carries that in
herent tendency to convert feed into
milk and butter fat; that is, she
comes from a breed and family of
heavy producers. Her owner should
know something about her history.
Second, the dairy cow should be an
gular, clean cut, of medium length
and with a feminine appearance.
Third, she should have a strong con
stitution and be rather large, indicat
ing that she can consume and digest
large quantities of feed, especially
roughages. (Which make the cheap
est milk). Fourth, she should have a
large pliable udder, teats of good
size and well placed, and large, long,
crooker milk veins. Fifth, she should
appear alert and energetic. Sixth,
she should have a mellow loose skin
of medium thickness ,and soft silky
hair, a clean fine bone, and should
appear free from beefiness through
A dairy cow which produces 300
pounds of butter fat in one year
makes three times as much profit as I
one which produces 150 pounds.
Thomas Alva Edison is the most
remarkable American of the times
in which he lives.
Edison has been a great dreamer.
But he has been a practical dreamer,
who has worked for the progressand
development of the race unselfishly
and with splendid idealism.
When Edison celebrated his seven
ty-fifth birthday, a few days ago,
those who know him best, and appre
ciate him most, could hardly realize
years past the allotted span of the
Many men and women endowed
with peculiar genius, never seem to
grow old. It seems that the very spark
of genius keeps them always young
The Wizard of West Orange is a
great inventor-one of the greatest
the world has ever known. In the
opinion of many of the thoughtful he
is the greatest inventor in history.
Possessing many splendid qualities,
Mr. Edison is a real American who
loves his country. He hates all things
un-American. He is a devoted believ
er in the everlasting principles of
Justice and of Truth for which the
fathers fought. He is a fine citizen.
Great Edison! We wish.him many
more happy birthdays! Our world is
so in need of faithful men.
We by no means agree with Mr.
Edison in many of his views of public
policies. It seems to us, that he of
ten speaks without authority, upon
matters of grav? public importance.
But be that as it may, he is always
honest, always sincere, ever the up
right American gentleman.
Edison's services have made for
him an eternal monument, which
shall grow larger and more splendid
with the passing of the years.
The Best Hot Weather Tonic
..IRO^E S TASTELESS chin TONIC cinches UK
Diood, builds up ?he whole system r.nd will won
derfully Strenet-in and fortify you to withstand
the depressing effect of the hot summer. 5Gc
PLUM BRANCH, S. C., February 6, 1922.
SPECIFICATIONS :-QUALITY : All Ties shall
be free from any defects that may impair their strength
or durability. Ties shall not have sap wood more than
two inches wide on top of tie between twenty and forty
inches from the middle. All ties shall be straight, well
manufactured, cut square at the ends, have top and bot
tom parallel and have bark entirely removed.
AU Ties must ?e 8 feet and 6 inches long.
White and Post Oak
Grade 1 Grade 2 ' Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5
Size 6x6 Size 6x7 .Size 6x8 Size 7x8 Size 7x9
30c. 40c. 60c. 70c. ' 80c.
Your particular attention is called to the fact that a
piece of timber must square the above sizes in order to
make the grades, and that it will be more economical in
getting all grade fives, if possible, and by all means cut
out ones and twos.
Inspection will be made and cash paid as ties are hauled'
in and properly placed on Charleston & Western Caro
lina Railway Company's Right-of-Way at Plum Branch,
Prices subject to change without notice.
R. M. WINN
Plum Branch, S. C.
Southern Railway System
Mardi Gras Celebrations f
Mobile, Ala. >
New Orleans, La.
February 27-28, 1922
Tickets on sale February 25 to 28 inclusive at one^
and one-hall; times the regular one-way fare, limited to
reach original starting point' prior to midnight March
7, 1922. Extension of final limit may be had until
midnight March 22 by presenting ticket to agent and
payment of fee of $1.00.
For detailed information concerning fares and sched
ules call on ticket agents.
SOUTHERN RAILWAY SYSTEM
Large Stock of
Jewelry to Select From
We invite our Edgefield friends to visit our store
when in Augusta. We have the largest stock of
I WATCHES X
g Cur GLASS , )
I AND SILVERWARE
? of all kinds that we have ever shown. It will be a pleasure to show
g you through our stock. Every department is constantly replenished
a with the newest designs.
We call especial attention to our repairing department, which has
g every improvement. Your watch or clock made as good as new.
& Work ready for delivery in a short time.
I A. J. REIN KL
g 980 Broad St. Augusta, Ga.
EAGLE "MKAD0">^^^s%Pendl No. 174
For Sale at your Dealer Made in five crades
ASK FOR THE YELLOW PENCIL V/ITM THE RED BAND
EAGLE PENCIL COMPANY, NEW YORK