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Industry ls Rapidly Gaining Favor
in Several of Northern
States of Country.
MANY ANIMALS IN CAPTIVITY
Best Location for Farm ls Where
Winters Are Cold and Opportunity
Offered to Develop Fur-Big
Price for Pelts.
. (Prepared by the United States Department
Fox farming is fast gaining favor
in the United States. The industry,
barely known a decade ago, is fairly
common in some states of the northern
tier, is represented in all states in this
tier and in that next to it, and' is
growing rapidly. There is money in
it for the raiser who starts modestly,
lennis the business, and then expands
his holdings. There are losses in store
for the type who starts with a big
ranch, no knowledge of the business,
and only a desire for quick profits.
At the present time the Industry ls
undergoing a process of stabilization.
Most fox farmers raise animals for
breeding purposes, and comparatively
few have adjusted the business to a
pelt basis. All told, there are between
10,000 and 15,000 silver foxes being
grown in captivity on American fox
farms at this time.
Many Animals in Canada.
Such are some of the conclusions
of a representative of the biological
survey, United States Department of
Agriculture, who has just returned to
Washington after an extensive inves
tigation of American fox farms and
A Silver Fox.
the methods of their operation. In
Canada, where the industry originated,
and especially on Prince Edward is
land,- where there are approximately
15,000 foxes in captivity, fox farming
is conducted on a much more extensive
scale than in the United States. Its
promise of good financial returns to
those willing to master its problems,
give 'indication .that within a compara
tively short time in this country it will
rival in proportions the Industry in
The best location for a fox farm Is
where the winters are cold and the
fox may have opportunity to develop
fur in keeping with the needs of the
climate. The Industry is thus confined
by climatic conditions to the northern
states. Therfe the raising of foxes for
breeding and for the fur markets flour
ishes. Most of the foxes raised in
captivity are on farms, or "ranches,"
- with pens for from 25 to 50 pairs, al
though in occasional instances the
ranches are much larger, containing
pens for as many as 150 pairs.
The foxes generally breed in Janu
ary and February and the young are
born within 52 days. A pair of foxes
raises one family a year, the number
of young varying from one to ten,
though rarely exceeding five or six.
Most of the fox raiser's troubles come
when the young are a few weeks old
and ave peculiarly susceptible to at
tacks from worms. Great care is nec
essary to carry the young foxes
through this period.
Most Foxes Sold for Breeding.
It is not advisable to kill a fox for
the pelt before IS months of age for
at that time its fur is more valuable
than at a younger age. Comparative
ly few of the foxes raised on Ameri
can, ranches are sold at the present
time, however, for their pelts. Mos;
of the ranchmen obtain higher values
than the worth of the' pelt by selling
the live animals for breeding purposes.
A good pelt may fetch as much as
$601). though the average is much
lower, approximating ?250 to .$350. The
furs are comparatively little known be
cause of their rarity. Silver foxes
vary from those in which the color
is entirely silver to those in which it
. is entirely black except for some
white-banded hairs on the back and
rump. In the black fox the white Is
absent from all parts except the tip |
of the tail, which is generally white
in all phases of the animal.
PROVIDE DUCKS WITH WATER
Wher^ Supply ls Lacking Fowls Gum
Up About Eyes, Become List?
' less and Die.
A duck must have water about Its
head and eyes dally or It will not
thrive. However, If? tank of suflicient
depth is provided'for the ducks to
sink their heads In the water clear
ont of sight when they drink, then
they can do without,a pond or stream
of running water. When they have no
water f ? all, ducks often gum up about
the eyes, become listless, sit about,
don't eat and soon die.
SIDELIGHT ON SYRIAN LIFE
Writer Gives an Insight Into His Life
as a Small Boy in That Little
The roads were open. Travelers
came Into our village. Scarcely a
night was the guest house in our court
yard unoccupied. I liked to sit with
ray father and his guests in this room,
built after European style with four
large windows over which in winter
oiled paper was passed to keep the
cold out. The walls of the guest room
were white and on them were hung
the choicest rugs brought back from
Kurdistan by my Grandfather Mirza.
There were chairs in this room. I
was *ery proud that we should own
chairs, but I found them most uncom
fortable to'Sit on. After a few mo
ments my legs began to ache and I
slipped down on the cushions. In the
alcove of the guest chamber were
some old manuscripts bound in course
leather. They were holy books with il
luminated margins. Among tnera was
a Bible in Syriac. I carefully retrained
from touching lt. It was too holy. I
might perhaps be struck deud for my
Among the travelers that came along
the road was Hady, the singer. He
was the ugliest man that I had ever
seen, sore-eyed, pock-marked and dirty.
But he was very wise. His Ivory han
dled dagger in its silver sheath was so
long that lt reached from his chest to
his hips. My playmates and I would
have laughed and jeered at him, per
haps, lt he had not carried this dag
ger.-Youel B. Mlrza In Asia Maga
BARGAIN AT $30 A MONTH
Chinese Boy With "Exceptional Knowl
edge of English" Should Have
Been Snapped Up Quickly.
The following application for em
ployment was received by a Shanghai
hong from a student In the Shanghai
"Nothing Is of less importance than
the age of a person; nevertheless, lt
is proper to begin that I am in my
twenty-first year. Having a firing am
bition to do some service in the busi
ness world, I grasp this opportunity
I to insert myself into the sphere. It
is true that many are now wandering
Idly in the market awaiting employ
ment. But It is true to the same ex
tent that many of these, if not all, are
.good for nothing. To take notice upon
them, or to put some duty upon them
is to give gun powder to children as
a plaything. The danger can be imag
"I ara now going to give some ac
count of ray personal abilities. It is
not too much to say that my knowl
edge of English can hardly be repre
sented to the full color by such a little
adjective as 'thorough.' It is excep
tionally excellent, to be outspoken.
As to the art of typewriting, my hands
go on as smoothly as to skate on an
icy river. With such intellectual
weapons any hard duties can be as
easily conquered as an egg shell by
a wave. The salary I look for would
be ?30 a month.
"Awaiting your answer earnestly. I
am. Slr, -."-North China Ga
Robin ls Inventor.
The robin lives in trees and part
ly on the ground, so that it some
times hops, like birds that live in
trees, and sometimes walks or runs,
like birds that live on the ground.
The robin is a plucky little fellow.
He will stand up for himself, and
refuses to let other birds put upon
him. Generally he lives alone-some
times with a mate, but never do you
find robins in flocks.
This little bird can claim to be the
inventor of pottery.
Look at a robin's nest and you will
see that it is a clay pot, set into a
pile of straw. When a robin has fin
ished with a nest, take it and put it
on the .fire, having first thoroughly
dried it. Leave it on the fire until all
the straws have been burnt, and if it
lias not broken, you will find that
you have a perfectly good earthen pot.
Peculiar Manx Cats.
The origin of Manx eats is now at
tributed to the arrival of these cats
on the Isle of Man from ships belong
ing to the Spanish armada that were
wrecked there. They were probably
brought from Japan or eustern Asia.
They are a distinct species with short
forelegs, and elevated hindquarters,
and differ from oilier cats somewhat in
call, ways, and character. They vary
in color. People who have owned them
for long periods say they are not good
mousers or hunters. In character they
are rather similar to a dog. being high
ly companionable and.having some of
the qualities of a guardian, but they
are not considered hunters in any
sense of the word.
Sense of Obligation.
"What a wonderful thing lt would
be if Shakespeare were alive todayV
"I wish he were," said Mr. Stonn
ington Barnys, earnestly. "I should
like to meet him. I'm sure he would
be very grateful to me for the manner
in which I have interpreted his po
Her Present Occupation.
"You say that your wife went to col
lege before you married her?"
"Yes, she did."
"And she thought of taking up law,
you iii IV"
. "Yes ; but now she's satisfied to jaj
TESTING AIR IN OLD MINE
Of AM Methods, the Lowering of a
Miner's Safety Lamp ls Acknowl
edged to Be Safest.
Raising and lowering a bucket sev
eral times, to bring into a long-disused
mine fresh air from the surfnce, is
common practice. Methane .may be
expected in abandoned shafts or pits
driven in coal measures or carbona
ceous slates, or where a heavily tim
bered shaft Is partly filled with wa
ter. If methane is suspected, it ii best
to lower nothing but a miner's safety
lamp. If the light is not extinguished,
rhe descent cnn be considered reason
ably safe. When no safety lamp is
available, and lt ls necessary to test
with an open light, care should be
taken io immediately withdraw all
persons in close proximity to the sh-'ft
or pit as there may be an explosion.
Generally, there ls no physiological
warning of oxygen deficiency in the
air. The first deciden; feelmg ls one of
extreme weakness accompanied by diz
ziness, better described as partial
paralysis, and the victim collapses
practically without warning. To guard
against this danger, a man should not
enter old workings without having a
rope tied around his body and at least.
two men on the top. The rope should
be kept taut. Then if a distress signal
is given, the explorer will not only be
prevented from falling, but can be
quickly pulled to fresh air and his life
RELICS OF AGES LONG PAST
England Has Three of the Most Re
markable That the Whole World
Has to Offer.
A loaf of bread more than GOO years
old, It is said, is to be found at Ambas
ton, in Derbyshire, England. It was
Included in a grant of land from the
crown In the reign of King John, and
has remained in the Soar family ever
Almost us great a curiosity as this
ls a house \100 years of age, and yet
fit for habitation. This old dwelling,
the oldest inhabited house in England,
was built in the time of King Offu of
Mercla. It is octagonal In shape, the
walls of Its lower story being of great
thickness. The upper part Is of oak.
At one time the house was fortified
and known by the nanie of St. Ger
man's Gate. It stands close to the
River Ver, and only a few yards from
St. Albans abbey.
A marriage proposal 3,400 years of
age is In existence In the British
museum. It is the oldest marriage
proposai of which there is any definite
record. It consists ef about ninety
eight lines of very fine cuneiform writ
ing, and is on a small clay tablet made
of Nile mud. It is a marriage pro
posal of a Pharaoh for the hand of
the daughter of the king of Babylon.
It was written ubout the year 1530
Making the Hammer Safer.
The hammer is a useful tool, but Its
use Is not quite free from danger to
the user or from injury to materials.
The fiat, highly polished surface Is
likely to glance off the nail unless "the
blow is squarely delivered; and when
the nail ls of cast metal, Its head
often flies off and inflicts quite severe
One firm had innumerable accidents
from this cause, and some of the men
were permanently injured. Thereupon,
the managers tried hammer heads with
scored faces as an experiment, and
owing to the success of the experi
ment, the polished faced hammer has
been abolished in that firm's factory,
except for special classes of work.
When the hammer's face is scored
or roughened it is very much less
likely to glance off the nail head. The
fact that this type of hammer has
proved so conspicuously successful and
safe, has encouraged many manufac
turers to place it on the market.
A family that figures prominently
in the annals of New York owes the
origin of its great wealth to a hum
ble but Industrious rodent, the beaver.
The same rodent has conferred Its
name upon a downtown street in that
city. There survives the tradition of
a Beaver brook that once meandered
its picturesque way through what is
now the downtown section.
But the beaver himself ls a van
ished species in this .country. The
beavers that inhabit the little ponds
In the zoological gardens are Immi
grants from Canada.
In these restricted ar'eas, surround
ed by high wire fences, these citizens
by adoption are a? busy as were^their
ancestors who once ranged along
the streams that watered the woods.
Could Drink a Big Fog.
It takes a big block of fog to make
one good swallow of water,' says Dr.
W. J. Humphreys of the United States
weather bureau at Washington. The
densest fog off Newfoundland banks
contains some twenty thousand drop
lets in a cubic Inch, Dr. Wells and Dr.
Timms of the bureau of standard.'
found. To get one gulp of water
enough fog to fill a space 3 feet by fi
feet by 100 feet long would have tr:
be condensed. In a fog of that size
there are GO trillion particles of WUUT
or three timos as many particles a
the number of dollars spent by till
United States during the world war
"It would take about a half hour ti
count a*' inch of fog pnrtlrh's " snv.?
Pr. ".Ii ..iphre/s. "placed side by ?Uh
2,000 to H.Oi.'O droplets would be a?edei)
.to till that lergth."
National Industrial Conference
Report Says Problem War
rants Deep Study.
MANY WHO WILL NOT WORK
Factors Entering Into Relatipns Be
tween Employers and Workers
Loses 42 Days a Year.
New York.-Unemployment Is a
continuous industrial problem, suffi
cient in Importun?e to warrant con
certed effort by economists and busi
ness men to remove certuin of its
causes, is the stand taken by the na
tional Industrial conference board, In
a report on "The Unemployment Prob
lem." The report gives a comprehen
sive survey of the exteut of unem
ployment during normal periods and
during the present business depres*
sion, discusses the causes and analyzes
The object of this study is to set
forth fundamental principles to be tak
en into account in considering the
problem, derived from analysis of data
and experience, and from basic eco
nomic considerations, in order to pro
vide a guide by which employers or
organizations may approach their un
employment problems more Intelli
"The report," says a statement from
the board, "makes a careful distinc
tion between Idleness and unemploy
ment, which refer to very different
causes. Idleness proceeds from three
principal sources: Unwillingness to
work on the part of those who Are
capable of.performing work; disabil
ity, physical or mental, of otherwise
willing workers, and /lastly, unemploy
ment of those who are .capable and
willing to work, but cannot find work
because of Industrial maladjustments
within the plant or industry, or be
cause of general economic conditions
nt home or abroad.
Causes of Unemployment
The statement then takes up tbe
causes of unemployment. They fall
into two classes, described In the re
port as fol lom's:
1. Internal causes arising from con
ditions within individual manufactur
ing plants. -These embrace:
(a) Personal factors such as strikes
and lockouts, and disability; (b) im
personal factors relating either to
failures of management, resulting v In
faulty factory organization, to high
production costs within the control of
management, ineffective sales methods,
lack of materials and equipment, high
labor turnover, or to failure of em
ployees because of inefficiency, or to
the displacement of hand labor by
In the aggregate these causes pro
duce a more or less continuous per
centage of unemployment from month
to month and from year to year.
2. External causes due to influence^
operating outside of the plant. These
(a) Of economic origin, rosulting
from seasonal variations, business de- j
pressions, wasteful systems of com
modity distribution, deficient labor
placement facilities; (b) of political
origin, due to immigration and tariff
policies and international relation
"It is estimated," the statement says,
'that in 1920 the total, number of per
sons engaged in gainful occupations in
the United States was about 41,000,
UOO. Most of the available employ
ment statistics pertain to wage-earners
in the groups of manufacturing and
mechanical industries, which numbered,
in 1020, about 12.SU0.000. During nor
mal times, 'it is estimated that about
l.SW.OOO of these are out of work,
since, on the average, about 42 days
per year, or about 14 per cent of his
total working time, ls-lost by each in
dustrial wage-earner. About seven
days of this lost time ls due to sick
ness. Deducting this, the total loss
caused by unemployment of tre aver
age wage-earner in the louted States
is about 35 -days a year. This does not
include loss from part-time employ
ment, for which no reliable figures are
to be had.
Days of Unemployment.
"The average of 35 days does not
apply to every industry, for the work
ers in many industries are subject to
longer periods of unemployment, while
in others the average is low.
The report estimates that more than
one-quarter of the industrial wage
earners were out of work on June 1,
1921* representing an estimated v>tal
of 3,500,000 persons.
Many concerns, the report says, are
Inventing means to better arrange
ments within their plants affecting the
cause of unemployment attributed to
personal and Impersonal factors within
the establishment. Better methods and
more thorough organlf.ntion to reduce
friction and to develop Industrial co
operation between employers and em
ployees are being tested In many In
dustries. The report points out that
in attempting to remedy the causes of
unemployment attrlbutoil to Influences
operating outside the plant, there ls
need for,more adequate system of col
lecting and disseminating information
showing the ti-end of prices, the actual
cost of operation and revenues from
industry. "Such a system." It is sold,
"will nf?o*tl a reliable bhsls nf com
r>nnr >r -.ffhin plants nt different timen
and between individual plants In th?
industry as a whole."
PLUM BRANCH, V C., February 6, 1922.
(SPECIFICATIONS :-QUALITY: All Ties shall
be free from any defects that may impair their strength
or durability. Ties (shall not have sap wood rriore than
two inches wide on top of tie between twenty and forty
inches from the middle. All ties shall be straight, well
manufactured, cut square at the ends, have top and bot
tom parallel ano! have bark entirely removed.
All Ties must be 8 feet and 6 inches long.
White and Post Oak
i ' .
Grade 1 JGrade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5
Size 6x6 Size 6x7 Size 6x8 Size 7x8 Size 7x9
80c. . 40c. 60c. 70c. 80c.
Your particular attention is called to the fact that a
piece of timber must square the above sizes in order to
make the grades, and that it will be more economical in
getting all grade lives, if possible, and by all means cut
out ones and twos.
Inspection will be made and cash paid as ties are hauled
in and properly placed on Charleston- & Western Caro
lina Railway Company's Right-of-Way at Plum Branch,
Prices subject to change without notice.
R. iH. WINN
Plum Branchy 5. C.
Southern Railway System
Mardi pr?s Celebrations
New Orleans, La.
February 27-28, 1922
Tickets on sale February 25 to 28 inclusive at one
and one-half times the regular one-way fare, limited to
reach original starting point prior to midnight March
7, 1922. Extension of final limit may be had until
midnight March 22 by presenting ticket to agent and
payment of fee of $1.00.
For detailed information concerning fares and sched
ules call on ticket agents.
SOUTHERN RAILWAY SYSTEM
Large Stock of
Jewelry to Select From
Wc invite our Edgefield friends to visit our store o
when in Augusta. We have the largest stock of
AND SILVERWARE %
of all kinds that we have ever shown. It will be a pleasure to show %
you through our stock. Every department is constantly replenished g
with the newest designs. , S
We call especial attention to our repairing department, which has Q
every improvement. Your watch or clock made aa good as new. ?
Work ready for delivery in a .short time. g
A. J. REIN KL
980 Broad St. Augusta, Ga.
EAGLE "MlKADO'^t^^^Penc? No. 1.74
For Sale at your Dealer Made in five grades
ASIC FOI? TKZ YELLOW PENCIL WITH THE RED BAND
EAGLE PENCIL COMPANY, NEW YORK