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SWEET POTATO CROP
DAMAGED BY WEEVIL
.Outline of Successful Measures
Review of Work Done in Florida and
Georgia Where Situation Was
Worse-Use of Clean Plant
ing Stock ls Urged.
(Prepared by the United States Department
A method of rendering negligible the
heavy damage that would otherwise be
Inflicted by the sweet-potato weevil
has been found by the United
States Department of Agriculture. A
review of the work done in Florida
and Georgia is contained in depart
ment circular 201, bureau of ento
mology, United Stares Department of
Agriculture. Measures successful in
the eradication of the pest in that sec
tion are outlined briefly as follows:
The old field should be thoroughly
cleaned over at harvest, the vines be
ing fed to stock or burned, and the
field hogged over.
The potatoes should be hanked as
far away as possible from the old
field and from the site selected for the
next year's potato field.
All potatoes on the farm should be
disposed of early.
No potato or plants from the old
crop should be used on the farm and
no draw-bed should be planted.
Old potato banks should be cleaned
as soon as empty.
Only draws from sources known to
be free from the weevil should be used.
The Georgia-Florida location was se
lected for the test because the situa
tion there was serious, the section in
land, climatic conditions adverse, and
many growers unused to ways of co
operation. No more unfavorable con
ditions, it was thought, were likely
to be encountered anywhere in the
country. All these, and other minor
difficulties, have been surmounted,
however, and the department, in its
circular, announces the following con
"The results of the work offer con
vincing proof that the same methods, '
followed with painstaking care, will
be successful in eradicating the sweet
potato weevil in almost any infested
locality where abundant wild food
plants do not offer a fresh and con
tinuing source of new infestation.
Careful sorting of the crop, the use of
clean planting stock, and an annual
change of location fdr the main plant
ing, even in a continuously infected
locality will reduce infestation of the
tubers to a practically negligible
"There is no more reason for al
lowing a sweet-potato crop to be de
stroyed ann ? V -. ! . .? i .? . :
?* ?nr h-.'i-t: :.' ..? v h : !
to the department at Washington,
SIMPLE AND EFFICIENT POKE
Device Recently Invented to Prevent
Animal From Forcing Itself
The Scientific American in illustrat
ing and describing an animal poke, the
invention of H. Gerdes of Benkelman,
An object of the invention is the
provision of a poke of simple and
efficient construction which is formed
Showing the invention as Applied.
with spurs mounted to automatically
engage the neck of an animal when he
attempts to force his way through a
fence; by means of a lever the spurs
are so held that they will not engage
the neck of the animal under nonnul
PRODUCE HIGH-GRADE SEEDS
Many Farmers? Are Not Careful to
Prevent Mixture and Keep Out
Even in communities where a sin
gle variety of a crop Is raised almost
exclusively there is a place for the
production of pure seed for local sale,
says D. W. Frear, extension specialist
in field crops for the Missouri College
Many farmers do not go to the trou
ble to keep their seed up to a high
standard but allow it to become mixed,
weed-infested and diseased and are
glad to pay a good price every few
years for high grade seed.
Those who are favorably situated
can produce pure seed to meet this
local demand. Seed produced for ?his
purpose must be of high quality ?nd
considerably better than the average
in the cr-mmunity, because farmers
will ?H* pay an advanced price for
seed that is very little belter thau
LUCK SURELY WITH CARNEGIE
In His Autobiography the Ironmaster
Has Told of an Amazing Piece
Business acquaintances and rivals
of Andrew Carnegie's used to declare
that in addition to his remarkable abil
ity and farsightedness he was blessed
I with amazing luck. An incident early
in the ironmaster's career seems to
justify the assertion. A piece of care
lessness that might have ?ruined an
other man resulted, in Carnegie's case,
only in a brief scare.
One morning, he relates in his auto
biography, he set out from Al toona
for Pittsburgh with a package of pay
rolls and checks under his waistcoat
for the package was too large for his
pockets. He was a very enthusiastic
railroader at that time and liked to
ri$e on the engine. It was a very rough
j ride over the mountains, and at one
place, uneasily feeling for the pack
age, he was horrified to find that the
jolting of the train had shaken it out!
"There was," he says, "no use in dis
guising the fact that such a failure
would ruin me, for to have been sent
for the pay rolls and checks and to
lose the package was a dreadful show
ing. I called the engineer and told
him that it must have been shaken out
within the last few miles. Would he
reverse his engine and run back for it?
Kind soul, he did so. I watched the
line, and on the bank of a large stream
within a few feet of the water I saw
the package. I could hardly believe
my eyes. I ran down and grasped it.
It was not damaged. Need I add that
it never passed out of my fi?m grasp
again until it was safe in Pittsburgh?
"I never ventured to tell the story
until long afterward. Suppose that
package had fallen just a few feet
farther away and been swept down
by the stream ; how many years of
faithful service it would have re-?
quired to wipe out the effect of that
one piece of carelessness!
*T have never since believed, says he,
In being too hard on a young man,
even if he does commit a dreadful mis
take or two ; and in judging such acts
I have always tried to remember the
difference it would have made in my
own career if I had not found that lost
That "Groundhog" Belief.
According to popular superstition,
the groundhog has his day Febru
According to biological and weather
experts, Mr. Groundhog is a pest and
no prophet. The people that believe
in the "six weeks more of winter," if
he sees his shadow are fooling them
selves. Whether or not the sun shines
February 2 and casts the shadow of the
groundhog, who may come out looking
for something to eat, the weather will
not be aff *
nave examined the records fer the past
years, and they find that whether it
was sunny or cloudy on past February
2nds, the weather for the succeed
ing six weeks goes on in about the
same way.-Science Service.
Che?p Living in Germany.
An American visiting Germany has
written to the home folk a letter cov
ering several features of living costs
. In that country. Here are a few
sarr.ples: A ride from Hanover to
Hamburg, six hours, first class, 25
cents. Lunch for two on the dining
car, consisting of asparagus soup, a
good drink of schnapps, a good por
tion of fish, roast veal, vegetables,
coffee, pudding, bottle of good red
wine, two liqueurs, at a total cost for
two of about 70 cents in American
currency. A taxi for two hours cost
in American currency 40 cents. Din
ner for three, including poultry, ev
erything from soup to nuts and a
bottle of wine, at a total cost of 00
cents. Laundry bill for ten handker
chiefs, seven collars, five pairs of socks,
one suit of underwear, one pajamas,
10 cents. Until recently a handsome
suit of clothes could be bought at about
$10. Derby hats, 50 to 75 cents, and
so on. all along the line, he writes.
Harvard's New Astronomer.
Harold Shapley, just elected as
tronomer at the Harvard college ob
servatory to succeed its long-time as
tronomer, Edward C. Pickering, who
die?' before his great life work was
finished, is only thirty-five years old.
He made his world-wide reputation in
the Wilson observatory, California, in
what may be called space-sounding, a
process accomplished by the super
science, celestial spectrum photog
"Tour collection doesn't seem com
plete," said the visitor to the Natural
"What do you mean, sir?"
"I don't see here that most.baleful
of all insects, the one that brings dis
appointment, spoils pleasure, causes
divorce, deceives the credulous, frus
trates, hope and leaves the fondest ex
pectations unfulfilled-1 refer to the
fly in the ointment."-Boston Tran
A Test of Skill.
"The co-stars make love beauti
"The fact that they are married
to each other is apparently no handi
"Mm ?Md wife, eh? Then they are
artists to their finger tips."-Birming
THE MISSING MISS.
Returning: home at close of day,
Who quietly chides my long delay?
Who greets me in a cheerful way?
Who caters to my every care?
Who makes me take the easy chair?
Who puts my cosy slippers, there?
Who has my dinner steamlng'hot?
Who for my welfare cares a lot?
Who heeds if I am sick or not?
But who will presently do this?
Who's going to give me cheery bliss?
Who-Must you knuw? Well, it is Miss
AFRICA LOSING WILD GAME
Unless Speedily Afforded Protection
Many Species Will Shortly Be
come Utterly Extinct.
South Africa, which has long been
regarded as having an almost iuex
haustible supply of wild game, is
threatened with extinction of several
of its most valuable species, animals
for which explorers aud hunters like
Colonel Roosevelt sought in modera
tion, and which others have slaugh
tered wantonly for their hides, horns,
or merely for the pleasure of killing.
In an article in the Zoological So
ciety Bulletin, A. K. Haagner, direc
tor of the National Zoological Gardens
of South Africa at Pretoria, says that
many wild animals may soon be as
scarce in Africa as others are in the
The white rhinoceros, the graceful
nyala-a species of antelope-the
bontebok and the mountain zebra, a
quaint little animal with the stripes
in which children at the zoo delight,
are rapidly vanishing from the South
African hills and plains, and those In
terested in their pre. ^rvation are find
ing great difficulty In arousing the
people of the country to the necessity
for protecting them In preserves.
EXPLAINING KNOTS ON TREES
They Mark Spots Where the Branches
Have Left the Parent Stem
Trees are formed of three parts
the roots, the parent stem or trunk;
and the branches. When the trees
are cut up Into lumber, the first of
these parts ls useless, and generally
Is left in the ground to be salvaged
later for other purposes.
The branches of the tree are also
comparatively useless, but the trunk
produces a number of valuable planks
In proportion to its diameter.
In spite of the fact that the branches
have been lopped off, they leave their
mark upon the parent stem in the
shape of hard, round or oval spols,
which AC call "knots." Each of th s>4
' -? where the limb ot rLe
'-.cruse the lini^
' -art of the
at the base of the limb than farther
Weasel Displayed Cunning.
A fair example of cunning was af
forded by a weasel at a sawmill In
Bruce county, Ontario. The animal
took ^n the job of killing a number
of rats. After exterminating the lot
excepting one large fellow, the weasel
dug a hole under the corner of a lum
ber pile and then tackled his heavier
antagonist, which chased him into the
hole. When the sprrtators thought
the weasel was "done for" he came
out the othi?r end and went in after
the rat. It was not long before the
ingenious weasel came out with the
dead rat. On Investigation lt was
found that the weasel luid made the
hole small nt one end so that the ro
dent could not k'et through, and lt was
then attacked from the rear.
Aunt Lucy-I'm afraid you are get
ting too familiar with Mr. Huggins.
You know I told you he should be
held at arm's length.
Vera Pflippe-Yes, I held him at
arm's length, all right and the length
of my arm was Just enough to reach
around his neck.
Two Trees in One.
At Greenspond, Newfoundland, there
Is the rotted remains of an old tree,
still standing. A new tree has grown
up right through the heart of the rot
Oh, You Naughty Daddyl
Little Pansy Peavish says the rea
son they didn't have brandy sauce on
their Thanksgiving pudding was be
cause papa got Into the kitchen while
marinna was sweeping the porch.
Wonderful Alpine Plant.
One of the most wonderful little
plants to be found In the Alps ls a
little Alpine Soldanelln. This plant
can melt Ice with Its own bodily heat.
Partridge Paid for Dinner.
When dressing a partridge for din?
ner a hunter in Victoria, county, N. B"
found a gold nugget in the bird's gir
Old Chronicles Tell of Some Re
According to Newspapers and Maga*
zines of the Last Century They
Were a Rugged Lot.
Tales of the prodigious feats of cen
tenarian and near-centenarian ances
tors have been handed down in many
families for generations, until now.they
are accepted only as the fanciful
dreams of the aged, exaggerated by
retelling. A study of old magazines
and newspapers, however, shows that
during 'the Eighteenth and early
Nineteenth centuries, remarkable men
tal and physical powers were attrib
uted to very aged people.
Many such stories are found in the
"intimations of death" found in old
English newspapers. The custom in
those days was to give in these no
tices a brief outline of the activities
of the deceased as well as his position
in life. These notices gave quaint
pictures of life of the times, as they
recorded the death of many well
known men and women they have
great historical value.
Early volumes of Blackwood's Mag
azine tell of many instances of men
and women attaining the age of 120
and even 130 years. A writer in The
Scotsman who selects a few interest
ing examples from Blackwood's tells
of the death of Mr. Dirrane of Galway
in his 120th year. "To the last he
could read without glasses, and until
the last three or four years could
walk some miles a day."
An entry on May 27, 1920, shows
that Anna McRae, the widow of a Kin
tail fanner, died at the age of U2,
The notice concludes, "Not many
months ago she could run a race with
any of her sex of the third and fourtl:
generation." The notices record th?
death of a colored woman in Jamaica
at the age of 140 and another at 13(
One unusual record concerns th<
death of William Heginbottom at th?
age of 95. The intimation states "H<
was father of ten, father-in-law to ten
grandfather to 131, great grandfathei
to 153, great-great-grandfather t<
one, in all 305, the last of whom h<
walked 32 miles to see in his ninetietl
Margaret McDougal, who died Ir
Garth in 1823 In her 103d year, wai
also a woman of extraordinary vigor
"When above 100," the notice reads
"she thought little of walking fron
her own house to Weem or Aberfeldy
a distance of seven miles, and return
lng before "breakfast. Last year sh<
traveled to Drummond castle, whicl
is 30 mile? distant, and returned tin
j Did .
Boston naruoi, tum it was on one o
these annual joy rides that the mein
hers of this gallant crew got a distinc
shock; they were captured by tl?
British. By mistake their little boa
got outside the harbor and was snappee
up by the British blockading squad
They were confronted by the terri
ble thought of what was going to hap
pen to them. But instead of bei nj
hung as spies, they were actually ban
tmeted by their enemies. The Britisl
officers were probably tired of thei
own company, and here was an oppor
tunity for a good time. That was be
fore the eighteenth amendment. B;
the time it was time to go home, thi
Harvard navy had to be slung over thi
sides of the British vessel in the sling
which were used to bring tbe horse:
aboard, and how their own ship go
back to port will forever remain I
Rabbit Sandwiches Are Good.
Oakesdale, a hamlet near Othello
Wash., is known as the sandwich towr
of the Northwest. Overland train.'
stop at Oakesdale and there are al
ways many hungry folk on board.
Comely lasses, wearing whit?
aprons, enter the cars or sell from tl?
platform an endless variety of sand
wiches, said by experienced traveler!
to beat anything ever seen elsewhere
The trains are delayed long enougl
so that all west-bound tourists hav<
an opportunity to taste Oakesdale'i
newest and most popular sandwiches
jackrabbit or sage hen. The roastet
meat of these two local products, be
smeared with butter and eomforte<
between two slices of fre&.i bread, ar<
the temptation placed before new
For 15 cents a traveler may buy om
of thirty varieties of sandwiches, eacl
as large as a pie plate.-New Yorl
"No wonder the Gadders don't ge
along well together. Why, when Mrs
Gadder goes away for weeks at i
time Mr. Gadder doesn't even writ?
to her, but lets his stenographer typ<
letters saying how lonely he is. Wha
kind of a man would you call that?
"A very, very busy man," said Mi
Bibbles, with a far-away look in hil
eyes, "and I'd give $9 in nickles t<
know what he's up to."-BIrmlnghan
An inventor of Chicago has mad<
an arrangement of mattress corabin
lng with ?t the tubing of a radiatoi
und tty bitching this up to the stean
or hot-water heating system, the bet
THE STRONGEST BJ
SAFETY FIRST IS AND
Open your account with us for
Savings Account with us, or invest
ING CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSF
Lock boxes for rent in which to
All business matters referred
WE SOLICIT Y
Corn, Oats, ]
Gloria Flour and Dai
Corner Cumming ar
On .Georgia ]
DSF" See our representativ
.5.;IrX Z->*Im2 WZ >:?vl >c;? t<-?-i
.re in position to offer for ?m
plate shipment from our Augusta
stock very low prices on the follow
ing building materials:
Galvanized Corrugated Iron Roof
ing in all lengths.
Tin and Galvanized Shingles.
Builders' Hardware, Mantels, Tiles
We have complete stocks and can
save you money on anything you may
require in our line. Write us to-day
for catalogue and prices.
David Slusky & Son
"I was weak and run-down,"
relates Mrs. Eula Burnett, of
Dalton, Ga. "I was thin and
just felt tired, all the time.
I didn't rest well. I wasn't
ever hungry. I knew, by
this, I needed a tonic, and
as there is none better than
The Woman's Tonio I
... I began using Cardui,"
continues Mrs. Burnett.
"After my first bottle, I slept
better and ate better. I took
four bottles. Now I'm well,
feel just fine, eat and sleep,
my skin is clear and I have
gained and sure feel that
Cardui ls the best tonic ever
Thousands of other women
have found Cardui just as
Mrs. Burnett did. It should
At all druggists.
ifE.KING'? NEW tfgSCaVKz?n
Uf?J Surely Stoa That Coua?>
ELD, S. C.
WK IN EDGEFIELD
1922. At the same time start a
in one of our INTEREST BEAR
keep your valuable papers.
to'?us| pleasantly and carefully
BROS. & CO.
s and Dealers in
Ray and all
i Patch Horse?Feed
id Fenwick Streets
R. R. Tracks
e, C. E. May.
i : >:< : > ( : >:c I n I I I Zm
tual Insurance Asso
Property Insurred $17,226,000.
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you may
desire about our plan of insurance.
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM, or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to you that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties of
Abbeville, Greenwood, McCormick,
Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda, Rich
land, Lexington, Calhoun and Spar
tanburg, Aiken, Greenville, Pickens,
Barnwell, Bamberg, Sumter, Lee,
Clarendon, Kershaw, Chesterfield.
The officers are: Gen. J. Fraser
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.,
J. R. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secretary
and Treasurer, Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
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