Newspaper Page Text
Government Tackles Big Task in
Depriving Poorer Classes of
TRIED MAW TIMES BEFORE
Conquistadores Found the Aztecs
Drinking Pulque, and lt Has Been
Favorite Tipple of People
Washington. D. C.-"If the Mexican
government lias undertaken io abolish
pulque drinking, as dispatches say, it
has assumed a task beside which the
enforcement of our own eighteenth
amendment would seem a minor de
tail of Administration," according to
a bulletin to the Washington (D. C.)
headquarters of the National Geo
"Edicts against pulque are nothing
new in the Mexican's life. As early
as 1602, at least, a Spanish viceroy
thought it would be a good thing to
stop pulque drinking, and precipitated
a riot which ended in- the burning of
public buildings, and as recently as
1917 an anti-pulque section was in
corporated in the new Mexican consti
tution. But the Mexican has bliss
fully ignored such prohibitions, as did
the Aztec before him, and as did the
Tpitwc before the Aztec.
. "Drunk only by the poorer classes,
pulque can lay one claim, that of age,
to be an aristocrat of new world bev
erages. The conquistadores found the
Aztecs drinking pulque, and the Az
tecs told ttte legendary tale of how a
certain Toltec saw a mouse gnawing
at the heart of a growing maguey.
Peering closer he discovered a fluid
oozing forth. The observant Toltec
sent his daughter to convey a sample
of the fluid to his king. The monarch
liked both the beverage and the girl.
To them was born a child named Me
conetzin, meaning 'Child of the Ma
guey.' From that time forth, so runs
the story, the Toltecs began to decline
in power and. their vitality sapped by
the wine of the maguey, they fell easy
prey to the Aztec conquerors in the
Valley of Anahuac.
"Pulque has long entered into Mex
ican history, and is closely related to
social and labor conditions there, be
cause the geography of certain dis
tricts of the states of Hidalgo, Tlax
cala. Mexico, and of the federal dis
trict itself, is extremely favorable to
growing certain varieties of cactus.
There are 33 kinds of cactus which
thrive In the Mexican plateau, all of
which are grouped under the generic
name of 'maguey.' The Greek 'Agave'
(noble) also is applied to this group,
a characterization which is defensible
even If the maguey ls comparable to
a Gargantuan artichoke.
Shipped by Trainload.
""'.The visitor to Apam, a town of
southern Hidalgo, might mistake the
long lines of cars constantly moving
away from the sidings as milk trains.
Instead, they are pulque cargoes, many
of them hound for Mexico City, where
the gluey, whitish fluid will lind its
way imo the exaggerated 'schooners,'
set out on the long counters of the
"The most picturesque thing about
pulque is the method of Its gathering.
If undisturbed a maguey plant would
devl in:) a stalk from three.to five times
as tall as a man, and thousands
of yellow flowers would bloom on
this st;:Ik. When the flowers are
about to sprout this stalk is cut off.
the lieart of the plant is hollowed out,
and into the receptacle thus formed
flows rho sap of the plant. This sap
.the natives call aguamiel, honey
"Ailing comes the harvester, recog
nizes a plant which is ready for him
by the fact that the heart has been
stuck on one of the sharp spines of
the cactus, and proceeds to empty the
'honey-water' into a pig-skin bag.
A Difference in Viewpoint.
"Fermentation of pulque is has
tened by the introduction iifro the
fresh liquid of 'mother-pulque' which
lias been kept for ten days or two
weeks.? (.me's attitude toward the fin
ished product is akin to that toward
the olive-only much more so. The
disinterested partaker's reaction is al
most invariably the same-that pulque
tastes like sour milk and smells like
"This beverage is drunk so gener
ously by the lower classes, least able
to restrain their appetites, that it has
become an economic problem of great
magnitude in Mexico because ci the
immediate enforced idleness it carnes,
and because of the degeneracy that re
sults from tts long-time use.
"Pulque is not to be confused with
mescal and tequila, both distilled
liquors derived from the maguey, or
with aguardiente, a brandy, distilled
either from sugar-cane or from grapes.
"In lesser altitudes than that of the
Mexican plateau the maguey matures
very slowly, a fact which led to giving
the nickname 'century plant' M the
variety found in the Southwest of the
United States. The abolition of pulque
would not affect the high esteem in
which the maguey plant is held in
Mexico. Not only is its beverage very
ancient, but its uses always have been
many. A 'miracle of nature' Prescott
called It, and small wonder. Its leaves
provided papyrus on which many Aztec
manuscripts were preserved, the na
tive?: .--iled out a thorn with its
attached fiber, and had a needle
RECALLING "GOOD OLD DAYS"
Seriously, Were They Really So Very
Much Better as Most Elderly
The vanity of age is a curious thing.
As we approach fifty most of us WILS
have survived plagues, pestilence and
famiue, wars, pauics and the other
perils that flesh is heir to begin to
hark back to the good old-times wheo
everything was different Because
things were different we foster the de
lusion that everything was better. We
expect youngsters to listen with rapt
attention to our reminiscences. 1 con
fess that I myself find it necessary to
fight constantly a tendency to corner
some hapless youngster and describe
to him the old statehouse, or the Union
station as it used to be in the good
old times before the tracks were ele
vated and the mortality list lowered.
Or, in a mood of condescension, I
speak of that glorious year when our
town figured in the schedules of the
Baseball, I intimate, reached perihe
lion in that year of wonder. When I
speak of Kelly and Clarkson and other
giants of those days and their visit
to our capital, or recall Jack Glass
cock as the most efficient and capti
vating shortstop tilt? diumond has ever
known, he merely smiles sadly; and
if you continue he may be driven co
ask you what you think of Babe Ruth
and some other luminaries of the de
generate present. There have been
great men since Agamemnon, and we
needn't imugine that the youth of to
day are not aware of the fact. Suffi
cient unto the day are the heroes
ANATOLE FRANCE AND INGRES
Great Author, as a Youth, Glad of Op
portunity to Be of Service to
Ingres lived 200 feet away from my
home, on the Quai Voltaire. I knew
him by sight. He was more than
eighty years old. Age, which ls a dis
aster for ordinary mortals, ls an
apotheosis for men of genius.
I was in the Theater du Chatelet on
the night when "The Magic Flute" was
sung for the first time by Christine
Nilsson. I had an orchestra seat. Long
before the curtain rose the theater was
full. I saw M. Ingres coming toward
me. It was he, his head like a bull,
his eyes still black and piercing, his
short stamre^ his powerful irait. It
was known that he loved music. I
realized that having the entree lo the
theater he had come in and was vainly
?ook??fg for u seat. I was about to
offer him mine; he did not give me the
"Young man," he said, "give me your
place; I am M. Ingres."
I rose, radiant. The venerable old
man bad done me the honor of choos
ing me to give up my place to M.
Ingres.-Anatole France, In the Dial.
Milk Bottle Thermometer.
A North Woodward housewife, who
lives in a house boasting a back
porch, says she can always tell how
cold lt ls by the length of the cone
of frozen milk in the neck of the
bottle she finds on her back porch
every morning. By comparison with
a nearby thermometer, she soys, she
finds that at about 20 above the cap
of the bottle is barely lifted and the
contents frozen about two inches
down. At 14 above she found the cap
shoved up about two inches and the
milk solid some three inches down.
Seven above is good for a projection
of "solid" milk some four or five
inches above the bottle neck and the
contents semi-solid throughout. The
bottle of milk thermometer is reliable
only for above-zero temperature, as
lower temperatures must be judged by
the curvature of the frozen neck of
"Maxim Gorky" a Pseudonym.
"Maxim Gorky," who was reported to
be on his way to England on a visit to
H. G. Weils, but is sfill held up by the
Bolshevist authorities on the frontier,
is Alexei Pyeshkof, the poet and
chronicler of the pariahs and vaga
bonds of Russian society.
"Gorky" means "hitter." The full
name. "Maxim Gorky," may, perhaps,
be read to mean the "bitterest of the
hitter." The pseudonym effectively
symfjolizec Pyeshkof s attitude toward
life, for his fiction is the distilled es
sence of the disappointed.
He was not at first a Bolshevik, and
he seems only to have joined the
Bolshevist ranks under pressure.
Given his choice between low diet and
high office he preferred the latter,
which ls one, happily, that does not
require him to take any active part
In the perpetration of atrocities,-Liv
Haiti's Scrapping Roosters.
Roosters that crow day and night
and never seem to recognize the differ
ence between day and night were re
cently described by William Almon
Wolff In Colliers. Mr. Wolff visited
Haiti while he was serving as a
sergeant In the marine corps reserve*
"When it comes to cock fighting in
Haiti," he wri*- -
a very Importi
noon is the gr
all day Sunda]
cock or two ur
are two rings
thousands of n
Sunday aftern.v. ijT-i vu meir
favorites. Haitian cock fighting Is
not a ve'.-y brutal affair; th.? birds
aren". *:iiurr?nk It is tl e custom for
the ov ner ol the hising rooster to cry
units' before much damage is done/"
BRED IN ENGLAND
Introduction of American Variety
of Rodents in Parks Causes
DEST??Oy NESTS OF WARBLES
Spread From London and Are Invading
Country Over Wide Areas-Drive
Out Red Squirrels-Popu
?ar in Parks.
London. - American gray squirrels,
which have been introduced into Eng
land, are causing some difliculties, ac
cording to the Times, which remarks
LL an editorial :
"The introduction of North Ameri
can gray squirrels into this country has
had un unexpected success, which, if
we may judge from many letters sent
to us, has not gained universal ap
proval. English visitors to Central
park, New York, have often been de
lighted by the bold and confiding hab
its of these little rodents, which seem
never to have acquired the red squir
rel's distrust of mau. Doubtless fhere
have been several attempts to acclima- j
tize them in this country, but their
definite establishment is recent.
Introduced Into Park.
"Some dozen years ago the Zoolog
ical Society of London obtained a num
ber of individuals from a private col
lection IL bedfordshire, for the purpose
of inducing them to breed at liberty In
the gardens in Regent's park. They
were first given the relative freedom of
a large, open-air inclosure, from which,
when they had become accustomed to
receive tribute from visitors, they were
allowed to pass In and out by a rope
bridge to a tree. It was anticipated
and indeed hoped, that they would
spread from the gardens to the park.
The office of works took a benevolent
Interest in the experiment and re
strained visitors from taking dogs, ex
cept on lead, through the main avenue.
"After two or three years, in which
they seemed to be disappearing, they
suddenly became ubiquitous, forming a
charming addition to the sparrows and
wood pigeons, hitherto the only crea
tures attracting popular attention. The
gray squirrels are plainly happy and
equally plainly give happiness tb the
London population-two weighty rea
sons for their presence In the London
parks. But It ls alleged against them
that they destroy the nests, of warblers,
fl failing accusation easier to bring
than to justify. In fact, there Is room
for both; possibly a few nests have
been destroyed, but the squirrels fr?
quent the regions of the porks where
dispensers of huts most abound, where
as the shy singing birds covet the more
secluded thickets. Careful observers
of birds are inclining to the opinion
that the avian population ls improving
in numbers and in variety, and that it
might Improve still more were some
small and suitable sanctuaries to be in
Spread to Country.
"On the other'hand, the gray squir
rels, whether by taking advantage of.
tubes and busses or by deliberate hu- !
man connivance, have spread from
London and are invading the country
over very wide areas. They are said
to drive out the red squirrel, to raid
gardens, and to add to the anxieties
of the" pheasant breeder. We hope1
that fuller inquiry will not sustain
these charges. On general grounds we
doubt if a creature with so marked a 1
preference for living as a sturdy beg- i
gar will settle down to the hardships 1
of a predatory and hunted life. The j
biological problems following on the J
introduction of an animal to a new
country are interesting, and we a<flmit ;
fully that there has often been no
middle way between complete failure '
and disastrous success."
WRITER TO WED SON-IN-LAW ,
Old Enough to Be His Mother, But
lt's Logical Thing to Do, New
York Woman Says.
New York.-Mrs. Sarah Wright Mc
Danuold, founder and vice president I
of tile Woman's Tress club of this
city, and her son-in-law, George' Uthe, ;
planned to go before a city magis
trate and be married.
"Of course I know I nm old enough
to be his mother," she said, "but I,
have been at the head of the house
hold for a good many years. In a
way- we were business partners and
were interested in the Slime things.
It is the logical thing to do, and there
isn't any reason lo make any fuss
Mrs. Uthe, daughter of Mrs. 11c
Dannold, ?lied a year a?o.
Yield and qu
However, thousands of s
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WILL FLY TO THE POLE
Explorer Amundsen Counts on
Airplanes for Dash.
Will Start From Seattle in May to
Study Phenomena-Trip Expected
to Last Five Years-Now
Seattle. - Final provisioning and
equipping of the exploring ship Maud,
In which Capt. Roald Amundsen,
j noted Norwegian explorer and discov
erer of the South Pole, will resume
his interrupted Arctic expedition next
May, ls being completed as the stout
little ship lies in the land-locked
waters of Lake Union here.
A smashed propeller blade, lost In
the ice off the northeastern Siberian
coast last year, forced Capt. Amund
I sen to bring the Maud to Seattle for
i repairs. When the Journey is re
j sumed the vessel will carry four ex
i tra blades, so ihnt a similar accident
i may cause only a temporary halt to
the expedition. The Maud will carry
provisions for seven years. Although
! the explorer does not expect the trip
! to occupy more than five years nt the
The most Important of the Maud's
equipment, In Capt. Amundsen's opin
ion, will he the two airplanes, pur
chased in Norway and shipped here
recently and which' will he used in
the making of extensive ?eogrnphic
and hydrographie surreys r ?1 thou
sand unies on either side e ves
sel's track through the no 1 ?Jens.
The primary purpose o' edi
tion, which ls operating the
auspices of the Norwin n . ern
ment. is tn study the movement af five
Arctic ice pack, tile effect of ocean
currents, magnetic Influences and
other phenomena of the polar regions.
The airplanes Captain Amundsen
expects will he of great value in this
work. He said thar he would probably
use them to reach the North Pole
should his plan to drift past the pole
with the Ice pack prove not feasible.
A wireless equipment installed aboard
the Maud will he used to broadcast a
message when he reaches the top of
Captain Amundsen expects to strike
Immediately into the outward or north
ern drift of the ice as lt leaves Beh
ring sea next sprinjr and to swinff with
the northeasterly current early In the
. With the explorer - wHI he Capt.
Oskar Wisting, sailing master, who
stood at his side "on" the South Pole;
G. donkin, engineer; Dr. H. V. Sver
drup. scientist of the expedition, two
Irwegian aviators and a crew of six
erlan natives who joined the Maud
. car to
g Michigan City, Indiana.
ts Old Sorb?., Uta*. s???*??& 'Von ? eui?,
.worst cases, vio matti:: :i tiowlonjrstandir.
cuied by the tvooccrfu], clJ reliable L
er's Antiseptic Hen Has Oil. It rettev?
anJ Heal* at the SHJ;H? 25c. Sac. ii>
th? boll nrK mutt'
int in lariat yimlda
ol bitter grada cotton
ality decide profit
the extra yield from the use of
tion when figuring profit.
outhern farmers Jcnow that the big
er quality crops is due to the use of
to consider every factor possible
berally lo grow the greatest possible
high grade cotton which bring the
your profit--yield-how much you
rice you get.
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ity and enable you to make the most
nth. the local Swift dealer or write
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PLUM BRANCH, S. C., February 6, 1922.
SPECIFICATIONS:-QUALITY: All Ties shall
be free from any defects that may impair their strength
or durability. Ties shall not have sap wood more than
two inches wide on top of tie between twenty and forty
inches from the middle. All ties shall be straight, well
manufactured, cut square at the ends, have top and bot
tom parallel and have bark entirely removed.
All Ties must be 8 feet and 6 inches long.
White and Post Oak
Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5
Size GxG Size 6x7 Size 6x8 Size 7x8 Size 7x9
30c. 40c. 00c. 70c. 80c.
Your particular attention is called to the fact that a
piece of timber must square the above sizes in order to
make the grades, and that it will be more economical in
getting all grade fives, if possible, and by ali flqeans cut
out ones and twos.
Inspection will be made and cash paid as ties are h???ed
in and properly placed on Charleston & Western Caro
lina Railway Company's Right-oft Way at Plum Branch,
Prices subject to change without notice.
Plum Branch, S. C.
TRUSTEE'S SALE IN
In the District Court of the Uni
ted States, for' the Western
District of South Carolina.
In the Matter of G. A. Hutto,.
Pursuant to an order of S.- M. Smith,
Referee in Bankruptcy, made in the
above case, dated the 1st day of March,
1922, I will offer to the highest bidder
for cash, subject to the approval of
this Court, at the store room formerly
occupied by G. ?. Hutto at Johnston,
S.. G., on the 16th day of March, 1922,.
the stock of goods, consisting of gro
arles- and fixtures, which have been
appraised at $371.00.
Any further information may be ob
tained from the trustee.
S. E. MORGAN,
NOTICE TO TEACHERS?
Our State Teachers' Association tvill
be held in Columbia, S. C., March 16,
17- and 18. Teachers who wish to at
tend may do so without loss of time,
and we hoDe to have a goodly number
from Edgefield county, because those
who attend will be better prepared for'
W. W. FULLER,
County Supt. Education:
WANTED: Good, sound corn for"
milling purposes, sixty-five cents; paid
for same in shuck or seventy-five
J. G. ALFORD.
WANTED: Representatives to sell
monuments. Attractive proposition.
Write Charlotte Marble & Granite
Works, Charlotte, N. C. Largest in