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THE RURAL HEALTH NURSE.
' Hats off to the Rural Health
Nurse! Only a few years has she
been with us but she has proven her
worth. She has stayed "on her job"
twenty four hours out of twenty four
many a time. She has walked many
a mile to relieve a suffering woman
or childe she has travelled with a lit
tle old horse and a worn-out buggy;
she has travelled with a mule; per
haps now she has a "Ford".
Hats off to the Health Nurse. It
is a long and beautiful story of the
little nurse who went into the mill
community, during a typhoid fever
epidemic and became the "good
angel" of the community; the
stories are? long and-beautiful of the
Rural Health Nurse who has gone
over the wide prairies, and up into
the mountains to help in the fight
against ignorance and disease. The
Rural Health Nurse has given an edu
cated and a consecrated service.
Often, at first, she has been an un
welcomed visitor; often she has not
been appreciated by the community.
Now we know her. Now we appre
. During the great world war, when
the women of our country were unit
ed in service, through the Woman's
Committee Council of National De
fense, I began to watch the work of
the Rural Health Nurse. Whatever
she was serving I found her to be a
blessing to the community.
During "The Children's Year"
there came the week when the chil
dren in a certain mining section of
one of the states, were to be weigh
ed and measured. The mothers
from the mining district, came into
the little town, six, eight, ten-little
children clinging to their skirts.
When fer some great reason, the
mother could not come, the father
brought the children, for "the gov
ernment has said all the children are
to be weighed."
Local physicians gave their ser
vices, and there happened to be vis
iting in the town for a few days, a
prominent eastern physician who al
so offered to assist. More and more
his amazement increased as the chil
dren registered almost one hundred
per cent healthy. The reason was
soon discovered. The mining com
pany had for some years employed
a visiting nurse, who had taught the
mothers prenatal care, who had
taught the mothers how to care for
We are Beginning to Realize That
if we are to be a Healthy people we
must take care of the health of All
the people -in Both city and rural
One hundred years ago the United
States was a nation of farmers;
there were few large cities. The
lai'gest cities, New York and Phila
delphia, had a population of only
about one hundred thousand people.
As the number of large cities in
creased, as we became more and
more of an industrial nation, more
and more thought was given to hiws
pertaining to cities.
Cities have gone on and on with
their improvements, and there yet
remains much to be done, but unit
ed efforts in behalf of human wel
fare and human health in Rural
America, have not kept pace with
those put forth in cities.
Country children deserve good
health as much as city children;
country children deserve educational
and recreational advantages equally
with city children.
Many- cities have mandatory laws
which provided for medical and den
tal inspection in the public schools.
In many cities there are school
nurses giving most of their time to
the school work, while this is true in
only rural schools has demonstrated
the Great Value of her services.
According to the United States
Census, three out of every five chil
dren live in rural communities of
less than 2500 people. Dr. Thomas
D. Wood says, "More than half, about
two thirds, of the school children of
the United States, are attending
rural schools. Country children at
tending rural schools, are, on the
aveiage, less healthy and are handi
capped by more physicial defects!
than the children of the cities, in
cluding all the children of the slums."
Dr. Wood gives a table showing
health defects of rural and city chil
dren, this table based on reports of
over a half million children.
Health Defects of School Children, City and Country Children Compared.
Percentage from all available statistics.
Dr. Wood says, "If rural America
is to continue to be a satisfactory
nursery of human life for the nation,
it must be made beautiful and at
tractive; it must provide conditions
favorable for the cultivation of the
The, improvement of human health
and welfare in rural America is a
problem of the greatest signific
ance in relation to our national wel
fare. It is a problem affecting
national safety, national prosperity,
national perpetuity. It is a prob
lem dealing with the most essential
and most endangered of all our
resources. No factor is of greater
fundamental importance for secur
ing national preparedness either for ''point. Soon after, schools open?d
her work has been The Improvement
of Sanitary Conditions in Rural
Ruth A. Dodd, Supervisor of Pub
lic Health Nursing, South Carolina
writes of her experience in a pioneer
county in one of the states. "When
I first found myself in this big
County with only a horse and buggy
with which to cover the ground, I
had very much the same sensation
that one might have who had been
suddenly dumped overboard in the
briny deep. But x'ortunately for me,
one of the towns was planning a baby
conference and asked me to assist.
This conference was at least a '"howl
ing" success and gave me a starting
peace or for possible war."
Obviously the Rural Health Nurse
is the messenger who is to carry the
gospel of health into the rural home,
who is to examine the school chil
dren, who is to inspire and stir the
rural school child to enlist in the
Julia Lathrop has said, "The pub
lic health nurse must be a woman
of broad training. She is really
creating a new profession. She must
know many things the hospital nurse
does not know. She must have
courage, independence and social un
derstanding. She must use in
genuity in meeting practical condi
In all these qualifications the
Rural Health-Nurse has proven her
self true. In the past so much has
been required of her, that her duties
have been many and varied. She
has been the dietitian, the home dem
onstrator, the maid-of-all work, as
well as the nurse, her activities have
included pre-natal work, birth regi
stration, instruction to mothers,
supervision of sick and bottle-fed
babies, improvement of sanitary con
ditions in homes, instruction classes
for mid-wives, bringing babies and
mothers to public clinics, supervision
of tuberculous patients, assisting in
control of epidemics, examination of
school children, and not the least of
and we began medical inspection.
We inspected sanitary conditions of
school buildings and endeavored to
correct the improper heating, light
ing, ventilating and seating of those
buildings that were injuring the chil
Along this line we had the seats
changed in many of the schools;
sanitary closets were installed
throughout the county; sanitary
towels and first aid cabinets were in
stalled in many of the schools; the
hot lunch system was tried out and
most successfully, even in the little
one-room schools; water coolers and
individual drinking CUDS were insist
ed upon, and you would be surprised
to know how many of the schools
were found with the open bucket and
dipper. Even in the second year of
my work there, I found still two lit
tle schools with the bucket ard dip-)
per, and the teacher told me that the
trustees had refused to buy the cool
ers. A short time after I had the op
portunity to address a farmers' club
in that neighborhood, and I knew
that two of those trustees were pres
ent. So for their benefit I recited
Little Jack Horner, went to the
To get a drink from the pail;
He picked up the cup; and took al
But the water was dusty and stale.
Uncovered and warm, and causing
much harm, .
The bucket stood open to all;
Bad colds -and the croup, and the
cough with the whoop,
Were scattered like leaves in the fall.
The cup had been used, and sadly
By all of the children in school;
For the trustees cared not, said that
'germs were all rot'
And the State Board of Health was a
But Jacky got sick, for he failed not
The germs from the edge of the cup;
The people then said "Let's now go
Since the thief's got the horse, we'll
They provided a way for clean water
Through a free bubbling fountain
Now the sickness they found dis
By the cups and the water is past".
Mrs. Dodd tells of her health
talks to the children of the co-opera
tion of the teachers, and of the in
spection of the school children.
The school nurse should be wel
comed to the public school. If we
require children to attend school, we
should so assist them to perfect phy
sical health that they can assimilate
the knowledge which is given them
from day to day. Health work car
ried on in the public schools is not
charity work. It should be a digni
fied and honored part of the public
We look forward to the time when
Every state shall have an efficient
public health nursing service, when
each community shall have its corps
of Public Health Nurses.
Let us work to secure the Public
Health Nurse in Our Community; let
us assist her with equipment if she is
not fully equipped; let us furnish
the emergency layettes and Mother's
Comfort Kit if she is not supplied,
and let us not forget first of all to
give her a Great measure of appre
ELIZABETH A. PERKINS
Ann Arbor Michigan.
I take this means of notifying the
public that I have reopened my black
smith and repair shop at my old
stand to the rear of The Advertiser
building, facing the street leading'
east from the residence of Mr. W. A.
Strom. I respectfully solicit the pa
tronage of the people and will do my
utmost to give entire satisfaction, al
ways guaranteeing my work. I make
a specialty of horse shoeing. Call to
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SENT BY RADIO
Quotations on Agricultural Prod
ucts Are Broadcasted by
KEEP FARMER WELL POSTED
Government Aims to Make the Amer
ican Farmer the Best-Informed
Farmer in World-States
/ Also Interested.
Washington.-The wireless is now
being used by state and federal agen
cies to broadcast national and local
agricultural market reports through
out virtually the entire country. Re
ports on tlie national markets are dis
patched daily by the United" Slates
Department of Agriculture from wire
less stations of the post office depart
ment at Cincinnati, Omaha, Washing
ton, North Platte, Neb., Kock Springs,
Wyo., Elko, Nev., and Reno, Nev.
These reports are received by hun
dreds of amateur wireless operators.
National market reports are also re
ceived by state bureaus of markets
and agricultural colleges, supplemented
with local market reports, and re
layed bj' wireless telegraphy and tele
phone to farmers, shipping associa
tions, r:ewspapers, bunks, and other
The St. Louis university at St. Louis,
Mo., was perhaps the first among ed
ucational institutions to broadcast
market reports by wireless. Their re
ports *re received by hundreds of
farmers, shipping associations, banks,
and other agricultural Interests, and
a telephone company in eastern Illi
nois which receives t^e reports tele
phones the news regularly to its 5,000
Telephone and Telegraph.
At Lincoln, Neb., the University of
Nebraska and the Nebraska Wesleyan
university are co-operating in broad
casting crop and market reports fur
nished by the state bureau of mar
kets. Both radio telephone and tele
graph are used. In Wisconsin the
State department of markets broad
casts national and local market re
ports from the University of Wiscon
sin wireless station at Madison. At
Minneapolis, crop and market reports
are broadcast from the University of
Minnesota radio station. The Minne
sota college of agriculture has also
assigned an extension representative
'to Instruct the farmers In the use of
wireless" receiving apparatus. The
college of agriculture of Cornell uni
versity has assigned an expert for
gimliar work, and to assist rural ra
clubs that are being organized in
A high-powered transmitting wire
less telephone hus been installed in
the office of the Missouri state mar
ket bureau at Jefferson City, Mo.,
and will disseminate market informa
tion. Government reports "from the
larger market centers of the coun
try will be received by means of a
"drop" from the leased wire system of
the United States Department of Agri
culture, and transmitted by radiophone
to all sections of Missouri. Demon
strations Intended to Interest farmers,
dealers and shippers installing the
necessary wireless receiving appa
ratus will be held in var! 9 rural com
munities of the state, ... '* is antici
pated that telephone of. newspa
pers, chambers of com ."ounty
agricultural agent? high
schools, and co-opera eting
associations will be among the first to
Install receiving sets.
A most complete program in the dis
semination of market reports by wire
less is being planned by the state bu
reau of markets iu Ohio, a specially
constructed radiophone transmitter of
the most improved type being installed
in the radio station of the University
of Ohio for that purpose. The Texas
markets and warehouse departments
are also planning a market news serv
ice by radiophone for farmers, deal
ers and shippers In Texas, arrange
ments being made to use the radio
equipment of the University of Texas
The first national market report to
be broadcast by wireless anywhere In
the world was sent out by the United
States Department ol Agriculture
from the radio station of the United
States bureau of standards only a lit
tle over a year ago. The department
soon demonstrated the practicability
of utilizing the radio for disseminating
market information, and rapid prog
ress in expanding the work has been
made possible through the co-opera
tion of state and federal agencies.
To make the American farmer the
best-Informed farmer in the world ls
the aim of these agencies, and equal
progress during the coming year will
go far toward securing that result,
say officials of the federal department.
Raises Big Hog.
Westfield, N. Y.-Local pride in ac
complishment looms large In the breast
of the majority of the Inhabitants of
this village, and it is made manifest in
varied instances. 1 The latest ls that
Jay Anderson of East Main road has
raised a hog weighing 411 pounds, and
undressed 550 pounds. This means a
growth of two pounds for every day of
its life, thc- hog being nine months old
The V? was a Jersey red, and An
derson challenges anyone to beat thlf>
THE FARMERS BANK
OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THE STRONGEST BANK IN EDGEF1ELD
SAFETY FIRST IS AND WILL_BE?OUR MOTTO
Open your account with us for 1922. At the same time start a
Savings Account with us, or invest in one of our INTEREST BEAR
ING CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT.
Lock boxes for rent in which to keep your valuable papers. :
All business matters referred to"[us] pleasantly and carefully .
WE SOLICIT YOUR BUSINESS
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO. 1
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Gloria Flour and Dan Patch HorseTF?ed
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.
.Iv;>:? I uri ) ?^1 rr*) ( : >:( . >:(;; J( I >:c I YA t nz >:< I >( ; >%
Barrett & Company
Augusta - - - - - Georgia
We are in position to offer for im
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David Slusky & Son
Augusta, Ga. ????
bedford's Black-Draught High?j
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grocer of this city. "It Is wlthoul
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Thedford's Black-Draught liver med?
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Accept no imitations or substitutes
. Always ask for Thedford's. E. g
.^.KING'S I^JEH ZMS?/?Y??n
Will Surely Stao That Couok
tual Insurance ?ss o- ?
Property Insurred $17,226,000.
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you may
desire about our plan of insurance.
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM, or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to you that ours is the safest
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Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties of
Abbeville, Greenwood, McCormick,
Edge?eld, Laurens, Saluda, Rich
land, Lexington, Calhoun and Spar
tanburg, Aiken, Greenville, Pickens,
Barnwell, Bamberg, Sumter, Lee,
Clarendon, Kershaw, Chesterfield.
The officers are: Gen. J, Fraser
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.,
J. R. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secretary
and Treasurer, Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Dodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
I Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAXE,
Greenwood, S. C.
Foundry, Machine, Boiler
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Cotton Oil, Gin, Saw, Grist, Cane,
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GASOLINE AND KEROSENE
'umping, Wood Sawing sad Feed